Petaling Jaya

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Petaling Jaya
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese八打灵再也
 • Tamilபெட்டாலிங் ஜெயா
 • Jawiڤتاليڠ جاي
Skyline of Petaling Jaya
Flag of Petaling Jaya
Flag
Official seal of Petaling Jaya
Seal
Nickname(s): 
PJ, Bandar Raya Inai Merah
Motto(s): 
Mesra, Cepat, dan Tepat
(English: Friendly, Fast and Precise)
Location of Petaling Jaya in Selangor
Coordinates: 03°05′50″N 101°38′40″E / 3.09722°N 101.64444°E / 3.09722; 101.64444Coordinates: 03°05′50″N 101°38′40″E / 3.09722°N 101.64444°E / 3.09722; 101.64444
StateSelangor
Establishment1954
Granted municipality status1 January 1977
Granted city status20 June 2006
Government
 • MayorMohd Azizi Mohd Zain
 • Deputy MayorJohary Anuar
Area
 • Total97.2 km2 (37.5 sq mi)
Population
 • Total638,516
 • Density6,600/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Postcode
46xxx, 473xx, 474xx, 478xx, 52xxx
Area codes+603-56, +603-61, +603-62, +603-7
Websitewww.mbpj.gov.my

Petaling Jaya is a major city located in the Greater Kuala Lumpur (known as Klang Valley),Petaling district, Selangor. Petaling Jaya is part of the metropolitan area of Kuala Lumpur with an area of approximately 97.2 square kilometre (37.5 sq mi). Petaling Jaya is the closest city to Kuala Lumpur, and the only city that adjoining and direct link to Kuala Lumpur.

Petaling Jaya is currently govern by the Petaling Jaya City Council (Malay: MBPJ) and was granted city status on 20 June 2006.

Petaling Jaya city be considered the most important and popular city in Selangor state, by reason of Petaling Jaya is located in the central hub of Greater Kuala Lumpur. As it is located in between Kuala Lumpur and surrounding suburbs or municipalities. Petaling jaya surrounded by the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur to the east, Sungai Buloh to the north, Shah Alam, the capital of Selangor and Subang Jaya to the west and Bandar Kinrara and Puchong to the south.

Petaling Jaya city has a extraordinary comprehensive road system that is supported by extensive public transport networks such as the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), Light Metro (LRT), Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)commuter rail, these public transport has make peoples in Petaling Jaya city much more convenient, For extras, in the year of 2015, the Petaling Jaya government also provides free bus service that only for journeying in Petaling Jaya city.

Petaling Jaya has the largest shopping mall in Malaysia and the 7th largest in the world, which is 1 Utama.

History.

The city was developed during British Malaya on a piece of 1,200 acres (486 ha) rubber estate (the Effingham Estate) around Old Klang Road to address the overpopulation of the capital Kuala Lumpur in the 1950s.[1] Since 1952, PJ witnessed a dramatic growth in terms of population size and geographical importance. The development of Petaling Jaya commenced in 1952 with the construction of 800 houses centred on the area known as "Old Town" today.[citation needed]

Lieutenant-General Sir Gerald Templer (then the British High Commissioner of Malaya and Petaling District council chairman) planned for Petaling Jaya to be a satellite town to prevent people from assisting the communists; the earlier housing areas were fenced off from the surrounding area. The first two main roads built in Petaling Jaya were simply called "Jalan 1" or Road 1 and "Jalan 2" or Road 2. Road 1 was later named Jalan Templer while Road 2 was named Jalan Othman after Othman Mohamad, former Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Selangor.[citation needed]

Until the end of 1953, the town was administered by the Kuala Lumpur district officer. The Petaling Jaya Town Authority headed by N.A.J. Kennedy commenced administrating Petaling Jaya in 1954. On 24 August 1959, Encik Abdul Aziz bin Haji Mohd Ali became the first Malayan to head the PJ Authority. Administratively and historically, it was considered part of Kuala Lumpur. However, Petaling Jaya ceased to be part of Kuala Lumpur when the latter became a Federal Territory on 1 February 1974. It then became a township in its own right within the state of Selangor.[citation needed]

PJ South (also known as PJS), from Section 8 to PJ Old Town, had the first settlements, which were established around 1953. As development progressed, PJ North, on the other side of the Federal Highway was developed.[citation needed] The first shopping complex in Petaling Jaya was Jaya Shopping Centre (better known as Jaya Supermarket), located in Section 14, which was built in 1974.

On 1 January 1977, the Petaling Jaya Town Authority was upgraded to become Petaling Jaya Municipal Council or Majlis Perbandaran Petaling Jaya (MPPJ). Petaling Jaya progressed rapidly due to the massive rural-urban migration. As more people from rural areas immigrated, Sungai Way and Subang districts along with areas such as Subang Jaya, Seksyen 52 (New Town or colloquially known as "State", the name of the first, former cinema in the area) developed in areas under the jurisdiction of the municipality.

In a boundary realignment exercise in early 1997, parts of Petaling Jaya including Subang Jaya, USJ, Putra Heights, and Bandar Sunway were placed under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Subang Jaya Municipal Council or MPSJ. Petaling Jaya is the central hub of Klang Valley as it is located in between Kuala Lumpur and surrounding suburbs.

Due to the proximity of the city to the capital of Malaysia, Petaling Jaya had and have been the headquarters of many federal government departments such as Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara (National Registration Department, 1958-2004),[2] Jabatan Arkib Negara Malaysia (Malaysian National Archive Department, 1961-1982)[3] and Jabatan Kimia Malaysia (Malaysian Chemistry Department, 1957-).[4]

Climate

Petaling Jaya is one of the wettest cities in Malaysia. It is warm with an average maximum of 30 degrees Celsius and receives heavy rainfall all year round, roughly more than 3,300 mm (130 in) of average rainfall annually. The city has no particular true dry season, but June and July are the driest months. Mostly each month average rainfall receives more than 200 mm (7.9 in). Thunderstorms and extreme rainstorms are common, and it is one of the highest lightning strike areas in the world. But due to normal global temperature variations, Petaling Jaya is experiencing severe drought with frequent water rationing among neighbourhoods.

Climate data for Petaling Jaya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
33.3
(91.9)
33.5
(92.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.4
(92.1)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
32.1
(89.8)
31.9
(89.4)
32.8
(91.0)
Average low °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.8
(74.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 189.8
(7.47)
210.1
(8.27)
273.5
(10.77)
298.9
(11.77)
243.1
(9.57)
128.7
(5.07)
141.1
(5.56)
168.9
(6.65)
198.1
(7.80)
280.1
(11.03)
330.3
(13.00)
261.2
(10.28)
2,723.8
(107.24)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11 12 16 16 14 9 10 11 13 17 18 15 162
Source: World Meteorological Organisation[5]

Governance

Locations of Petaling Jaya and its suburbs

On 20 June 2006, Petaling Jaya was granted a city status and Dato' Ahmad Termizi Puteh, a former Yang di-Pertua MPPJ, automatically became the first mayor (Datuk Bandar) of Petaling Jaya. Petaling Jaya's local council changed its name to Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya (MBPJ) or Petaling Jaya City Council following the granting of city status. On 15 August, Dato' Ahmad Termizi Puteh retired from the post of mayor.[6] He was later replaced by Dato' Hj. Mohamad Roslan Sakiman.

The residents of Petaling Jaya are served by four Members of Parliament from Pakatan Harapan, which is DAP's Tony Pua in Damansara, PKR's Maria Chin Abdullah in Petaling Jaya, PKR's Sivarasa Rasiah in Sungai Buloh and PKR's Wong Chen in Subang.

City sections

Petaling Jaya city sections

Petaling Jaya is divided into several sections. Some are subdivided into smaller neighbourhoods (kejiranan), for example SS5D. Some sections have their own names (SS1 as Kampung Tunku), while other sections are grouped together (SS3, SS4, SS5, SS6 and SS7 as part of Kelana Jaya). Besides that, Petaling Jaya also comprises the affluent township of Damansara. Note that SS is not the same as Seksyen but as the short acronym for Subang-Sungai Way instead.

Demographics

As of 2014, Petaling Jaya claimed 613,977 residents living in the area of 51.4 square kilometres (19.8 square miles). The actual population by 2015 would have been a little over 550,000 residents without taking into account the total population of the Kuala Lumpur-Petaling Jaya conurbation which would have resulted in a total population of 1.5 million.[7]

Landmarks

The Kota Darul Ehsan arch over the Federal Highway, as seen from the Kuala Lumpur side.
IPC Shopping Centre in Mutiara Damansara, PJ

A prominent landmark in PJ is the Kota Darul Ehsan arch which symbolically marks the boundary between Kuala Lumpur and Petaling Jaya. This arch straddled the Federal Highway (Lebuhraya Persekutuan) which was originally the only highway link between Petaling Jaya and Kuala Lumpur. However, many links now exist as alternatives to the congested Federal Highway.

Close to the Kelana Jaya Line's Taman Jaya Station are the Petaling Jaya Museum, as well as the Thai Wat Chetawan temple. This ornate building is very popular amongst the Buddhist community. A short drive ahead is PJ State, the nickname for the Central Business District of Petaling Jaya with the landmark Menara MBPJ as a focal point. PJ State is more formally referred to as PJ New Town.

Damansara is the main shopping hub of Petaling Jaya with many of the city's shopping malls being located there. Some of the notable shopping malls in the city include The Curve, IKEA, located in Mutiara Damansara, Selangor, in 2003. The new IKEA store in Mutiara Damansara was the largest in Asia at that time with a shop floor area of approximately 27,000 square metres (290,000 sq ft), IPC Shopping Centre, 1 Utama , 3 Damansara (formerly: Tropicana City Mall), Empire Damansara, Sunway Pyramid, Paradigm Mall, The Starling and many more.


Economy

The Amcorp Mall & Business Centre as seen from the Taman Jaya LRT station.

There's many big company in Malaysia that's based in Petaling Jaya, For example Malaysian Newsprint Industries, PLUS Expressways, Sime Darby Property and Sunway Group.

The 1980s saw the establishment of shopping malls like The Atria in Damansara Jaya and Subang Parade in the nearby suburb or satellite town of Subang Jaya. The Atria provided the opportunity for residents to patronise either the Japanese Kimisawa or the French Printemps department stores, as well as a Burger King restaurant.

In 1995, 1 Utama commenced operations at Bandar Utama. Jaya Jusco, a Japanese department store which had operated since 1984 at Taman Tun Dr Ismail later relocated as one of the anchor tenants of 1 Utama.[citation needed]

Tesco supermarket commenced operations in Mutiara Damansara in 2003. This was quickly followed by the Ikano Power Centre in 2004 and The Curve in 2005. The Ikano Power Centre (now renamed as IPC Shopping Centre since 2011) houses Southeast Asia's largest IKEA Swedish furniture store. At about the same time, the 1 Utama new wing had commenced operations.[citation needed]

The Dataran Sunway commercial hub in Kota Damansara, Petaling Jaya

In 2004, Giant Hypermarket commenced operations in Kelana Jaya. This complex houses the Giant Hypermarket and some shops to create a more shopping centre style. It is easily accessed off the Damansara–Puchong Expressway. Nearby is the SStwo Mall, which was opened at the end of December 2010, and Paradigm Mall, which opened in mid-2012.


Cambridge Analytica claimed to have an office in Kota Damansara; checks shown that the reported address was used for residential purpose.[8][9]


Properties in Petaling Jaya

Active property developers in Petaling Jaya are PKNS, (which are the main pioneer of development for PJ), Sunway Bhd, Tropicana Bhd, AmCorp, Mah Sing Group and Guocoland as well as many others. Due to the size of Petaling Jaya township, properties development in the area also includes small to medium-sized developers such as Sri Aman Development and Nusmetro.

Before the rapid development and commercialisation of Petaling Jaya, there were only a handful of residential developments which comprises mostly low to medium-cost apartments as well as terrace houses. By 2005, luxurious condominiums, semi detached houses and bungalows are a common sight within the area. These high end properties are mostly located at Bukit Gasing, Section 16 & 17, SS7 Kelana Jaya, and more recent ones such as Tropicana, and Ara Damansara.

Transport


Petaling Jaya city has a extraordinary comprehensive road system that is supported by extensive public transport networks such as the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), Light Metro (LRT), Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)commuter rail, these public transport has make peoples in Petaling Jaya city much more convenient, For extras, in the year of 2015, the Petaling Jaya government also provides free bus service that only for journeying in Petaling Jaya city.

Highway in Damansara, Petaling Jaya

The PJ City Bus operated by Petaling Jaya City Council has the same concept with CAT Penang (and Selangor Smart Bus in other region), which now provide 6 routes around Bandar Utama, Damansara Damai and PJ Old Town.

The introduction of the PUTRA LRT service in 1998 saw the addition of the Putraline feeder bus services. The combination of Putraline and Putra LRT brought a relief to many Petaling Jaya residents especially those who had to rely on public transportation.

In 2006, RapidKL took over the operations of IntraKota, STAR and PUTRA LRT. Today, public transportation is provided by RapidKL in the form of buses as well as the KL Light Rapid Transit System - Kelana Jaya Line. The line has seven (previously five) stations within Petaling Jaya.

More recently, since 2017, the newly-constructed Sungai Buloh–Kajang MRT line, Sungai Buloh-Kajang Line, part of the KVMRT project, runs through the northern part of Petaling Jaya's municipal area, including Mutiara Damansara, Kota Damansara and Bandar Utama.

Petaling Jaya has three access points to the national highway system: North–South Expressway via Kota Damansara, Damansara, and Subang. Internally, highways such as the Damansara–Puchong Expressway, Sprint Expressway and the Federal Highway exist.

Highway for instance, Damansara–Puchong Expressway ,New Klang Valley Expressway, Sprint Expressway and Federal highway for example, New Pantai Expressway, Jalan Templer ,Jalan PP Narayanan, Petaling Jaya Inner Ring Road, Jalan Universiti, Jalan Gasing, and Kota Darul Ehsan which is a row of arches symbolizing the border on Malaysian Federal Highway between the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and Malaysian state of Selangor. Erected on Federal Route, it is the biggest arch in Malaysia.

Petaling Jaya is also served by the Subang Airport which is located immediately to the west of Petaling Jaya.

Education

Petaling Jaya is the best place to study in Malaysia, it has more than 25 colleges and universities including International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM/UIAM), MARA University of Technology (UiTM), Tun Abdul Razak University (UNITAR), Stamford College, SEGi University, International University College Of Technology Twintech.

Primary School

  • Beaconhouse Sri Inai International School
  • SJKC Puay Chai National Type School (Chinese)
  • SJKC Puay Chai 2 Primary School
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Megah
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Tunku
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Tropicana
  • SJK(C) Yuk Chai
  • MAZ International School PJ
  • SK La Salle PJ
  • SK Sri Damai
  • SK Sri Petaling
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Methodist
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan (1) Petaling Jaya

Secondary and High School

Universities and Colleges

Sports

Stadium MBPJ Petaling Jaya Malaysia.jpeg

Petaling Jaya has a fully equipped, multi-purpose stadium known as Petaling Jaya Stadium. Petaling Jaya Stadium is the home of Petaling Jaya Rangers F.C. in Malaysia FAM League and has a capacity of 25,000.

The Football Association of Malaysia is also located in Petaling Jaya.[10]

Places of worship

Wat Chetawan Thai Buddhist temple.

The Muslim community can pray at mosques such as those at Jalan Templer, Section 17, Section 14, Section SS1 and Damansara Utama. Masjid Kelana Jaya Putera, which was built in the late-2000s, is located in Kelana Jaya. Masjid Jamek Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah at Jalan Templer is likely the oldest mosque in Petaling Jaya. This mosque was declared open by HRH the Sultan of Selangor on 23 October 1964. Later in 2008, the mosque was modernised and rebuilt.

The Roman Catholic Christian community can attend mass at churches such as St Francis Xavier's, located on Jalan Gasing, which was established in 1961. Two other Catholic churches are the Church of the Assumption on Jalan Templer as well as St. Ignatius in Taman Mayang. The Assumption church is the oldest: it dates from 1959.[11] The Trinity Methodist church dates from 2 August 1959 and is at Jalan 5/37. An Anglican as well as a Lutheran church is located at Jalan Utara. Glad Tidings Assembly of God church is at Jalan Bersatu 13/4. Several shophouse-based churches exist across Petaling Jaya. In 2005, the former Ruby Cinema in SEA Park temporarily became the Damansara Utama Methodist Church. Harvest Community Church (an Assembly of God church) is located at D-1-36, 8 Avenue Business Centre, Jalan Sungai Jernih 8/1, 46050, Petaling Jaya. Small "shoplot" churches can be found all around the city; some of these transform into larger churches, like Grace Assembly PJ (an assembly of god church). These attract a larger following and can be found in many places around the city.

The Thai Chetawan Temple along Jalan Gasing and at the Cempaka Buddhist Lodge in SS23 Taman SEA. Chinese temples such as Poh Lum Fatt Yuen along Jalan Gasing fulfil the needs of the Taoist community. Taoist temples can be found in PJ Old Town and in Section 11.

The Sri Sithi Vinayagar Temple (Sanskrit: श्री सिद्धि)at Section 4 along Jalan Selangor serves as the main religious facility for Petaling Jaya's Hindu community. The main God worshiped here is Ganesh, (Sanskrit: गणेश). Vinayaga is a common name for Ganesh. There is a Mariamman Temple in Jalan 17/47, and the Geeta Ashram is a north-Indian style Hindu Temple dedicated to Krishna. The Geeta Ashram can be found in Lorong Utara B in Section 52.

There is a Sikh Gurdwara located in Lorong Utara B, beside the Tun Hussein Onn Eye Hospital and the Geeta Ashram.

Notable people

International relations

Sister cities

Petaling Jaya currently has four sister cities:

References

  1. ^ "Executive Summary". Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya (MBPJ). Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  2. ^ "National Registration Department". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Arkib Negara Malaysia". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Jabatan Kimia Malaysia". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  5. ^ "World Weather Information Service — Petaling Jaya". World Meteorological Organisation. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Archives | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. 17 August 2006. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  7. ^ http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/malaysia-population/cities/
  8. ^ Home. Cambridge Analytica. Retrieved on 19 May 2017. "16, Jalan Kenyalang 11/4G, 47810 Kota Damansara, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia"
  9. ^ "Mystery over data analytics firm's Kuala Lumpur office". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Football Association of Malaysia". Football Association of Malaysia. Football Association of Malaysia. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  11. ^ "[1]." Assumption Church. Retrieved on 24 October 2009.
  12. ^ a b c d "Sister City Programme". Sustainable Petaling Jaya 2030. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Pencapaian Sepanjang 2012 (Program Sister City)" (in Malay). Department of Development Planning, MBPJ. 24 October 2012. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.

External links