Pune Junction railway station is the main railway head of Pune. It is a railway junction with on the Mumbai - Chennai railway line. It is also the origin of Pune - Bangalore railway line. All trains are operated by Indian Railways. Pune Railway Station serves as a halt for south bound trains from Mumbai, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as the origin/destination for trains to north India. Pune is well linked to the entire country by this station. Also there is a project of running bullet train from Pune to Ahmedabad which will originate/terminate here. This is a major head for freight transport for Pune.
On 1 June every year celebration of birthday of Deccan Queen Express train takes place on this station. This station has got two footbridges. Plans are made to upgrade this station to world-class standard.
The Mumbai - Pune railway line was completed in 1856 and Pune railway station was opened. This was the time when the first train ran from Pune railway station. The Pune - Miraj line was completed by 1886. Initially Pune - Miraj line was meter gauge track. The first express train ran in 1928 between Mumbai - Pune.
Indian Railways are planning to start High-speed rail in India. Pune-Ahmedabad Bullet train is one of these trains. This train will cover 533 km at an average speed of 350 km/h. This train will halt at Mumbai. Currently Pune-Ahmedabad section takes 10 hrs by rail. This distance will be covered in just 1 hrs 52 min with the introduction of this bullet train. This train is expected to cover Pune to Mumbai in 40 min. It is expected that this route will have 26.6 million passengers by 2021.
Karnataka govt has planned to run bullet trains between Bangalore and Belgaum. If Pune Miraj rail line is converted to bullet train route and linked to Belgaum bullet train route then Pune Bangalore travel could happen in less than 5 hours and Pune Miraj could take just 1 hour. Currently Pune Bangalore travel via Sampark Kranti express takes almost 18 hours.
Maldhakka is the freight depot of Pune Railway Station. All freight trains are loaded and unloaded at this depot. This consist of 2 railway shades. This has its entrance in the maldhakka chowk. A proposal is there to shift this depot to Mundhwa by civil bodies.
This was a platform in use for many years for Pune Suburban Service after opening of this station. But this platform was then merged into platform 1 due to inconvenience. This platform's beginning point was after platform 1. When the size of train was increased more than 15 boogies it became inconvenient to fit two trains. On the other hand size of Suburban trains was also increased due to growing passengers. Hence this platform was merged in Platform 1.