Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka
|English: We are Hundreds of Flowers|
|Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka|
National anthem of Nepal
|Lyrics||Byakul Maila (Pradeep Kumar Rai)|
|Adopted||3 August 2006|
Sayaũ Thũgā Phūlkā (Nepali: सयौं थुँगा फूलका, pronounced [sʌjʌũ tʰũɡa pʰulka]; English: "Made of Hundreds of Flowers") is the national anthem of Nepal. It was officially adopted as the anthem on August 3, 2007, amid a ceremony held at the conference hall of National Planning Commission, inside the Singha Durbar, by the speaker of the interim parliament, Mr. Subash Chandra Nemwang. The previous anthem, Rastriya Gaan, had been adopted in 1962, but it was dropped following the abolishment of the monarchy.
The lyrics of the National Anthem were penned by the poet Pradeep Kumar Rai, alias Byakul Maila. The music was composed by late Amber Gurung. The national anthem is simply worded, praising Nepali sovereignty, unity, courage, pride, scenic beauty, progress, peace, cultural and biological diversity, and respect. In August 2016, BBC ranked Nepal's national anthem third in its list of Rio 2016: The most amazing national anthems, citing its musical differences compared to other anthems.
|Nepali lyrics||Transliteration||Phonetic transcription (IPA)|
|English translation||Singable English translation|
The following explanation is meant for capturing the true essence of the national anthem:
"We Nepalis, from different lingual, racial, religious or cultural background are the individual flower of a whole garland of the Nepali race. We have always been sovereign and we are spread out from our territories of Mechi to Mahakali.
Blessed with Nature's millions gifts and blessed by the blood sacrificed by our Heroes, we are independent and are immovable - standing still with pride.
Nepal - the land where knowledge shines, the peaceful nation consisting of Terai, Hills, and Mountains - is indivisible. It is our beloved motherland and we shall preserve its sovereignty at any cost.
A melting pot of diverse races, numerous languages, and religions, Nepal is rich in its large diverse culture. We are a progressive people of the progressive nation and we don't look back - Jai Nepal!"
After the unanimous decision on May 19, 2006, by the House of Representatives (Pratinidhi Sabha) of the Kingdom of Nepal, the old national anthem was suspended. On 30 November 2006, the National Anthem Selection Task Team (NASTT) selected poet Byakul Maila's song as the new national anthem of Nepal. The new national anthem was selected from a total of 1272 submissions made from across the country. It was officially approved on 20 April 2007.
On August 3, 2007, Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka was officially declared as Nepal's national anthem by the House of Representatives.
In the screening process, Byakul Maila was required to prove he was not a royalist and encountered difficulties when it was discovered that he had once edited a book of poetry that contained a contribution from the king.
Some of Nepal's Maoist rulers prefer a stronger, more revolutionary anthem akin to the communist L'Internationale, and even took their own CDs into the final selection meeting hoping to overturn Byakul Maila and Amber Gurung's effort.
- Nepalnews.com Mercantile Communications Pvt. Ltd
- eKantipur.com - Nepal's No.1 News Portal Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- officially declared as the new Nepal national anthem on August 3, 2007
- Marshall, Alex (2015). Republic or Death! Travels in Search of National Anthems. London: Random House Books. pp. 33–63. ISBN 9781847947413.
The Maoists...when they did finally agree peace, deciding to work within the political system after the public started protesting against the king in Kathmandu, one of their terms was that the anthem be changed.
- "Nepal's national anthem third in 'The most amazing national anthems'of world. list". Republica. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- National Anthem of Nepal, Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka
- People's Daily Online - Nepali cabinet approves new national anthem
- Marshall, Alex (1 August 2012). "Olympics 2012: The secrets behind national anthems". BBC News. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Marshall, Alex (2015). Republic or Death! Travels in Search of National Anthems. London: Random House Books. p. 53. ISBN 9781847947413.
I was asked to press play when one of the ministers brought out his own CD. He'd brought his own song to play. I couldn't believe it!
Alex Marshall, Republic or Death! Travels in Search of National Anthems, 2015, Random House Books - contains chapter telling the anthem's story and exploring its meaning today