Sayaun Thunga Phulka

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Sayaun Thunga Phulka
English: Made of Hundreds of Flowers
Republic of nepal anthem notes.png

National anthem of    Nepal
LyricsByakul Maila, 2007
MusicAmber Gurung, 2007
Adopted3 August 2007
Preceded byShreeman Gambhir
Audio sample
"Sayaű Thűgā Phūlkā" (instrumental)

Sayaun Thunga Phulka (Nepali: सयौँ थुँगा फूलका, pronounced [sʌjʌ̃ũ̯ tʰuŋɡa pʰulka]; lit.' Made of Hundreds of Flowers') is the national anthem of Nepal. It was officially adopted as the anthem on August 3, 2007, amidst a ceremony held at the conference hall of National Planning Commission, inside Singha Durbar, by the speaker of the interim parliament, Subash Chandra Nembang.[1][2] The previous Nepalese national anthem, Shreeman Gambhir, had been adopted in 1962, but was dropped following the abolishment of the monarchy.[3]

The lyrics of the national anthem were penned by the poet Pradeep Kumar Rai, alias Byakul Maila. The music was composed by late Amber Gurung. The national anthem is simply worded, praising Nepali sovereignty, unity, courage, pride, scenic beauty, progress, peace, cultural and biological diversity, and respect. In August 2016, BBC ranked Nepal's national anthem third in its list of Rio 2016: The most amazing national anthems, citing its musical differences compared to other anthems.[4]

Lyrics[edit]

Official lyrics[edit]

Nepali Devanagari
Transliteration
Translation

𝄆 सयौं थुँगा फूलका हामी, एउटै माला नेपाली
सार्वभौम भई फैलिएका, मेची-महाकाली। 𝄇

प्रकृतिका कोटि-कोटि सम्पदाको आँचल
वीरहरूका रगतले स्वतन्त्र र अटल।

ज्ञानभूमि, शान्तिभूमि, तराई, पहाड, हिमाल
अखण्ड यो प्यारो हाम्रो मातृभूमि नेपाल।

बहुल जाति, भाषा, धर्म, संस्कृति छन् विशाल
अग्रगामी राष्ट्र हाम्रो, जय जय नेपाल।।

𝄆 Sayaű thűgā phūlkā hāmī, euṭai mālā Nepālī
Sārvabhaum bhai phailiekā, Mecī-Mahākālī 𝄇

Prakṛitikā koṭi-koṭi sampadāko ā̃cala,
Vīrharūkā ragatale, svatantra ra aṭala

Gyānabhūmi, śāntibhūmi Tarāī, Pahāḍ, Himāla
Akhaṇḍa yo pyāro hāmro mātṛbhūmi Nepāla

Bahul jāti, bhāṣā, dharma, sãnskṛti chan viśāla
Agragāmī rāṣṭra hāmro, jaya jaya Nepāla!

𝄆 Woven from hundreds of flowers, we are one garland that's Nepali,
Sovereignly spread across from Mechi to Mahakali. 𝄆

A shawl of unending natural wealth,
From the blood of the braves, a nation free and immovable.

A land of knowledge and peace, the plains, hills and mountains tall,
Unscathed, this beloved land of ours, O motherland Nepal.

Diverse races, languages, religions, and cultures of incredible sprawl,
This progressive nation of ours, all hail Nepal!

Source:[5][6]

Phonetic transcription[edit]

IPA[note 1]

𝄆 [sʌjʌ̃ũ̯ tʰuŋɡa pʰulka ɦami | euʈʌi̯ mala nepali]
[saɾbʌbʱʌu̯m bʱʌi̯ pʰʌi̯lieka | met͡si-mʌɦakali] 𝄇

[prʌkɾitika koʈi-koʈi sʌmpʌdako ãt͡sʌlʌ]
[biɾɦʌruka ɾʌɡʌtʌle swʌtʌntrʌ ɾʌ ʌʈʌlʌ]

[ɡjãnʌbʱumi | santibʱumi tʌɾai̯ | pʌɦaɖ | ɦimalʌ]
[ʌkʰʌɳɖʌ jo pjaɾo ɦamɾo matɾibʱumi nepalʌ]

[bʌɦul d͡zati | bʱasa | dʱʌrmʌ | sãskɾiti t͡sʰʌn bisalʌ]
[ʌɡrʌɡami rasʈrʌ ɦamɾo | d͡zʌjʌ d͡zʌjʌ nepalʌ]

Loose explanation[edit]

The following explanation is meant for capturing the true essence of the national anthem:

We Nepalis, from different lingual, racial, religious or cultural background are the individual flower of a whole garland of the Nepali race. We have always been sovereign and we are spread out from our territories of Mechi to Mahakali.
Blessed with Nature's millions gifts and blessed by the blood sacrificed by our Heroes, we are independent and are immovable - standing still with pride.
Nepal - the land where knowledge shines, the peaceful nation consisting of Terai, Hills, and Mountains - is indivisible. It is our beloved motherland and we shall preserve its sovereignty at any cost.
A melting pot of diverse races, numerous languages, and religions, Nepal is rich in its large diverse culture. We are a progressive people of the progressive nation and we don't look back - Jai Nepal!

History[edit]

After the unanimous decision on May 19, 2006, by the interim House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Nepal, the old national anthem was discontinued. On 30 November 2006, the National Anthem Selection Task Team selected poet Byakul Maila's song as the new national anthem of the country. The new national anthem was selected from a total of 1,272 submissions made from across the country. It was officially approved on 20 April 2007.[7]

On August 3, 2007, Sayaun Thunga Phulka was officially declared as Nepal's national anthem by the House of Representatives.

Criticism[edit]

During the selection process, Byakul Maila was required to prove he was not a royalist and encountered difficulties when it was discovered that he had once edited a book of poetry that contained a contribution from King Gyanendra.[8]

Some of Nepal's Maoist leaders preferred a stronger, more revolutionary anthem akin to the communist L'Internationale, and even took their own CDs into the final selection meeting hoping to overturn Byakul Maila and Amber Gurung's effort.[3][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Govt makes National Anthem public - Kantipur Daily (Archived)". 2007-09-27. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  2. ^ "New National Anthem of Nepal adopted on 3 August 2007 (YouTube)". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  3. ^ a b Republic or Death! Travels in Search of National Anthems. London: Random House Books. 2015. pp. 33–63. ISBN 9781847947413. The Maoists...when they did finally agree peace, deciding to work within the political system after the public started protesting against the king in Kathmandu, one of their terms was that the anthem be changed.
  4. ^ "Nepal's national anthem third in 'The most amazing national anthems'of world. list". Republica. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  5. ^ "'व्याकुल माईला' को एउटै मालामा अटिएका हामी नेपाली". Pariwartan Khabar. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  6. ^ "BBCNepali.com | पहिलो पृष्ठ | गुञ्जियो नयाँ राष्ट्रिय गान". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  7. ^ "People's Daily Online -- Nepali cabinet approves new national anthem". en.people.cn. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  8. ^ a b "Olympics 2012: The secrets behind national anthems". BBC News. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The transcription is based on sources from Nepali phonology and Nepali language. See also: Help:IPA/Nepali.

External links[edit]