Elections in Andhra Pradesh
This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Elections in Andhra Pradesh state, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Andhra Pradesh creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.
- 1 Andhra Pradesh electoral system
- 2 History of elections in Andhra Pradesh
- 3 History of political parties
- 4 The Election Commission
- 5 Electoral process
- 6 Absentee voting
- 7 Further reading
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Andhra Pradesh electoral system
National Level Representation
Lok Sabha Delegation
Andhra Pradesh is represented by 25 MP's in Lok Sabha. In the Indian general election, 2014, out of 25 seats, Telugu Desam Party won a majority of 15 seats, while Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party won 8 seats and Bharatiya Janata Party won 2 seats.
Rajya Sabha Delegation
Both the houses of the state legislature jointly nominate Members to the Rajya Sabha.
State Level Representations
Andhra Pradesh legislature assembly has 175 seats. For the election of its members, the state is divided into 175 Assembly Constituencies in which the candidate securing the largest number of votes is declared elected. In the Andhra Pradesh Assembly Elections 2014, the Telugu Desam Party formed the state government having secured a majority of 102 seats.
The Upper House known as the Legislative Council has lesser powers than the Assembly and several of its members are nominated by the Assembly; others are elected from various sections of the society like Graduates and Teachers. Currently the Legislative Council consists of 58 members.
History of elections in Andhra Pradesh
The first general elections were conducted in Andhra pradesh in 1956, for 249 constituencies representing 26 Districts. In 2009, the Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly has 294 seats representing 23 districts. From 1956 to 1958 the Andhra Pradesh Legislature was Unicameral and from 1958 when the Council was formed, it became bicameral and continued till 1 June 1985 when the Legislative Council was abolished and the Andhra Pradesh Legislature once again Unicameral until March 2007 when it was reestablished and elections were held for its seats as per THE ANDHRA PRADESH LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL BILL, 2004.
Main Political Parties
Lok Sabha elections
15 Lok Sabha elections have been contested in India since independence starting 1951. The elections held in Andhra Pradesh are listed below. It is worth noting that the 1951 election are results from Hyderabad state, since Andhra Pradesh gained statehood, after merging with Telugu speaking Madras, after that election.
|Year||Lok Sabha Election||Winning Party/Coalition|
|1952||1st Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1957||2nd Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1962||3rd Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1967||4th Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1971||5th Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1977||6th Lok Sabha||Total: 42. Indian National Congress: 41/42. Janata Party: 1 (Sanjiva Reddy)|
|1980||7th Lok Sabha||Total: 42. Congress (Indira): 42/42|
|1984||8th Lok Sabha||Telugu Desam Party - 30/42; Congress-6|
|1989||9th Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress - 39/42. (MIM-1, TDP-2)|
|1991||10th Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1996||11th Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress; Congress-22, TDP-12, BJP-4|
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||National Democratic Alliance (TDP-29/BJP-6), Congress-5|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||United Progressive Alliance (INC-29/TRS-5), TDP-5|
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||Total: 42. United Progressive Alliance (INC-33/PRP/AIMIM), TDP-6.|
In 2014, Andhra Pradesh (Total 42) was bifurcated into Telangana (17) and Andhra Pradesh (25) states. (TRS won 11 out of 17 in Telangana.)
|Year||Lok Sabha Election||Winning Party/Coalition|
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||Total: 25. National Democratic Alliance (TDP+BJP = 15+2 = 17/25), Yuvajana Raithu Sramika Party (YSRCP) - 08 (Jagan Mohan Reddy's)|
|Year||Election||Chief Minister||Party||Party-wise seats details|
|1956||First Assembly||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||(Congress)|
|1957||Second Assembly||Damodaram Sanjeevaiah
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (2)
|Congress||Total: 105. Congress: 68
PDF: 22, Jana Sangh: zero, Independents: 12
|1962||Third Assembly||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (3)
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
|Congress||Total: 300. Congress: 177
CPI: 51, Swatantra Party: 19, Ind: 51.
|1967||Fourth Assembly||Kasu Brahmananda Reddy (2)||Congress|
|1972||Fifth Assembly||P.V. Narasimha Rao
Jalagam Vengala Rao
|Congress||Congress: 219/287, Independents: 57.|
|1978||Sixth Assembly||Marri Chenna Reddy
Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
|Congress(Indira)||Total: 294. INC(I): 175
Congress: 30, Janata Party: 60, Ind: 15.
|1983||Seventh Assembly||Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
(Rebel TDP Group)
|Total: 294. Telugu Desam: Approx 205.
Congress: 60, BJP: 3, CPI: 4, CPM: 5.
|1985||Eighth Assembly||N T Rama Rao (2)||Telugu Desam Party||Total: 294. TDP: 202, Congress: 50
BJP: 8, Janata: 3, CPI: 11, CPM: 11
|1989||Ninth Assembly||M Chenna Reddy (2)
Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy (2)
|Congress||Total: 294. Congress: 181, TDP: 74.|
|1994||Tenth Assembly||N T Rama Rao (3)
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
|Telugu Desam Party||Total: 294. TDP: 216, Congress: 26, CPI: 19, CPM: 15, BJP: 3|
|1999||Eleventh Assembly||N Chandrababu Naidu (2)||(Telugu Desam Party)||Total: 294. TDP+BJP: 180+10 = 190, Congress: 91|
|2004||Twelfth Assembly||Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy||Congress||Total: 294. Congress: 185, TDP: 47, Telangana Rashtra Samiti: 26, Communist Party of India (Marxist):9, Communist Party of India:6, MIM:4,BJP:2, BSP:1 (Lake RajaRao-Paderu)|
|2009||Thirteenth Assembly||Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy (2)
Kiran Kumar Reddy
|Congress||Total: 294. Congress: 156. TDP: 92, Praja Rajyam Party: 18, TRS: 10.|
In 2014, Andhra Pradesh (Total 294) was bifurcated into Telangana (119) and Andhra Pradesh (175) states.
|Year||Election||Chief Minister||Party||Party-wise seats details|
|2014||Fourteenth Assembly||N Chandrababu Naidu (3)||(Telugu Desam Party)||Total: 175. TDP+BJP: 102+4 ;
YSR Congress: 67
History of political parties
The Indian National Congress (INC) won a majority of seats at the state level continuously from the formation of the state until 1983 when the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) formed by Actor N.T.Rama Rao, the first non-Congress government in the state. From 1984 to 2004, the politics of the state essentially was a two party system. The INC regained the state from 1989 to 1994. The TDP formed the state government from 1995 to 2004. In 2004, the present INC government was first formed. This government is now in its second term having won the Assembly elections in 2009.The TDP forms the principal opposition party in the state assembly. The state has an ongoing sub-regionalist Telangana movement with the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) being formed in 2001 on this platform. The Praja Rajyam Party (PRP) was formed in 2008 by Telugu Film Actor Chiranjeevi that won the third largest number of seats in the 2009 state assembly elections.
The Election Commission
Elections in Andhra Pradesh are conducted by the Election Commission of India whose state level head is the Chief Election Commissioner of Andhra Pradesh, the authority created under the Constitution. It is a well established convention that once the election process commences, no courts intervene until the results are declared by the election commission. During the elections, vast powers are assigned to the election commission to the extent that it can function as a civil court, if needed.
The latest election in Andhra Pradesh were conducted in 2 phases. All citizens of India above 18 years of age are eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rolls. It is the responsibility of the eligible voters to enroll their names. Normally, voter registrations are allowed latest one week prior to the last date for nomination of candidates.
The Election Commission's Model Code of Conduct enters into force as soon as the notification for polls is issued. This places restrictions on the campaigning by political parties as well as prohibits certain government actions that would unduly influence the election.
The electoral process is the same as in the rest of India with Electronic Voting Machines being used for all Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections.
After the election day, the EVMs are stood stored in a strong room under heavy security. After the different phases of the elections are complete, a day is set to count the votes. The votes are tallied and typically, the verdict is known within hours. The candidate who has mustered the most votes is declared the winner of the constituency.
The party or coalition that has won the most seats is invited by the Governor to form the new government. The coalition or party must prove its majority in the floor of the house (Legislative Assembly) in a vote of confidence by obtaining a simple majority (minimum 50%) of the votes in the House.
As of now, India does not have an absentee ballot system. Section 19 of The Representation of the People Act (RPA)-1950 allows a person to register to vote if he or she is above 18 years of age and is an ‘ordinary resident’ of the residing constituency i.e. living at the current address for 6 months or longer. Section 20 of the above Act disqualifies a non-resident Indian (NRI) from getting his/her name registered in the electoral rolls. Consequently, it also prevents an NRI from casting his/her vote in elections to the Parliament and to the State Legislatures.
The Representation of the People (Amendment) 2006 Bill was introduced in the Parliament by Shri Hanraj Bharadwaj, Minister of Law and Justice during February 2006 with an objective to amend Section 20 of the RPA-1950 to enable NRIs to vote. Despite the report submitted by the Parliamentary Standing Committee two years ago, the Government has so far failed to act on the recommendations. The Bill was reintroduced in the 2008 budget session of the Parliament to the Lok Sabha. But no action taken once again.
- Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
- Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.
- Subrata K. Mitra/Mike Enskat/V.B. Singh. 2001. India, in: Nohlen, Dieter (Ed.). Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook. Vol. I. Oxford: Oxford University Press
- List of Assembly constituencies of Andhra Pradesh
- List of Lok Sabha Constituencies
- Elections in India
- 49-O Popularly known as 'No Vote'
- "MP (Lok Sabha)". Official portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- "Andhra Pradesh Legislature Overview". Andhra Pradesh Legislature. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2005. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha Elections 1957" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha Elections 1962" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
- Representation of the People Act-1950 Archived 26 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Petition for Absentee Voting in Indian Elections Archived 16 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Non-Resident Indians Voting rights in the upcoming general elections