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|Language(s)||Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean|
|Word/Name||Descendants of Yuyang|
|Derivation||State of Xie|
|Variant(s)||Xie, Hsieh (Mandarin)|
Tse, Tze, Che, Jay (Cantonese)
Chia, Cheah, Sia (Hokkien)
Zhia, Zia (Shanghainese)
Xie ([ɕjê]; simplified Chinese: 谢; traditional Chinese: 謝; pinyin: Xiè; Wade–Giles: Hsieh4) is a Chinese family name. It is estimated that there are more than ten million people with this surname, the majority of whom live in Southern China, South East Asia, America, Europe and Africa. A 2013 study found that Xie was the 23rd most common surname in China, with 0.79% of the population having this surname. The majority of Xie are from south of China.
The surname originated in two major branches: during the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, and near the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty. It was a prominent aristocratic clan in the Eastern Jin dynasty of China. The hometown of the Xie is Kaifeng, Henan Province.
There is a less common surname with the same pronunciation but different writing (解).
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The spelling of the same Chinese character using Wade–Giles romanization is Hsieh. The spelling "Hsieh" is most commonly used in Taiwan and in older romanizations. "Hsieh" tends to be incorrectly pronounced as "Shay" by those attempting to read it using English orthography. However, other variations are pronounced "Sh'eh" and the spelling is sometimes modified as Shieh.
The Cantonese spelling of the same Chinese character is Tse or Tze and the Taishanese spelling of the same Chinese character is Dea, Der, Dare, or Dear. The Teochew and Hokkien spelling of the same Chinese character is Chia, Cheah, or Sia.
In Malaysia and Singapore, the name is most commonly Chia, although Cheah, Seah, Sia, Cha, Tse, Chay, etc. can also be found. During the Chinese diaspora, the region was administered by British Empire clerks, who knew little about Chinese dialects, often had to find their own romanizations. As a result, the variations are non-exhaustive.
In the Philippines, the name is also spelled as Sese (which also means thank you in Kapampangan, the language in Pampanga, where the first Xie settled), which is also a variation in the rest of the ASEAN region, Taiwan, and South Korea. In Indonesia, the name is also spelt as Tjhia or Tjia. In East Timor, as a legacy of Portuguese colonialism and lingua franca, Xie is also produced as Tchia, Tchea, Tsia, Tcha, and Tjea. The Vietnamese version is Tạ.
In the United States, the name is sometimes spelled as Jair and Zia. Other variations of the surname include Shea and Shei.
|Xie||Mandarin/Pinyin Romanization||Mainland China|
|Hokkien (Minnan) and Teochew
|Min Overseas Chinese|
|All Min, Hakka and Yue dialects||Malaysia, Singapore|
Origins and history
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During the legendary Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, the Xie were believed to be the descendants of Yuyang, son of the Yellow Emperor. Yuyang's descendants founded ten states successively, the State of Xie (谢) first, and its occupants becoming the first Xie.
For the purpose of reciprocating his mother's upbringing, King Xuan of Zhou (r. 827 – 782 BCE) of the Western Zhou Dynasty granted the former State of Xie, in modern Nanyang, Henan province, to his maternal uncle Shen Boxi, the Marquess of Shen, whose line claimed descent from the semi-mythological character Bo Yi. The people of Xie later adopted the name of the state as their surname.
In the Eastern Jin dynasty, the Xie were among the cluster of noble clans who fled to the south in the wake of the fall of Chang'an, dominating the court thereafter. History Development The Origin Ancestor of Xie Clan The legend has it that it derived from Yellow Emperor Tribe: almost vanished in “Xia, Shang, Zhou” Dynasty. The legend has it that it derived from Ren Clan in Xie State, descendant of Yellow Emperor, It takes the State name as Clan. Its land were manor of Shen Bo until Zhou Dynasty got perished, the descendant of Shen Bo took the State name as Clan. Derived from Yan Emperor Tribe: the Ancestor Shen Bo is generally acknowledged by contemporary Xie Clan. Derived from Jiang Clan, came from the inherited manor Xie for the descendant of Yan Emperor and Shen Bo, it takes the State name as Clan. The royal descendant of State Shen who takes the place name as Clan, called Xie Clan, it’s so-called Henan Xie Clan, known as Xie Clan Orthodox in history. Most of the contemporary Xie Clan people respects Shen Bo as the first ancestor. Changed into Zhile Clan.
The litterateur Xie Yan in late Sui Dynasty and early Tang Dynasty(? — 643), changed Xie into Zhi Le, his grandfather Xiao Zheng was emperor’s regular attendant of horse riding, restored to Xie after Sui Dynasty.
The compound surname of Xieqiu, derived from Ji Clan, came from the manor Xie Shui which was granted by King Xuan for his concubine, it takes the densely populated place as the Clan. In Western Zhou Dynasty, the King Xuan of Ji Jing once granted his concubine with Xie Shui waterfront in the South-West of Luoyang. After the King Ping of Ji Yijiu transferred to Luoyang, these clan people also moved to Gongqiu (old Yunzhou, present-day Ningyang, Shandong ). In memory of the old house, the concubine’s son for King Xuan also call the newly granted Gongqiu as Xie Qiu, after that, some Clan people take the densely populated place Xie Qiu as Clan, called Xie Qiu Clan, there was Xie Qiu Zhang at Lu State in Spring and Autumn Period.
Famous people with the surname Xie
Xie clan of Chen commandery
- Xie An (謝安) (320–385), Statesman and Prime Minister of the Jin dynasty
- Xie Daoyun (謝道韫) (340-399), Jin dynasty scholar, poet and debater
- Xie Xuan (謝玄) (343-388), Duke of Kangle, Jin Dynasty general
- Xie Lingyun (謝靈運) (385–433), Duke of Kangle, Jin Dynasty poet
- Empress Xie Fanjing (謝梵境), Empress of the Liu Song Dynasty
- Xie He (謝赫), Liu Song and Southern Qi writer, art historian and critic.
Politics and military
- Frank Hsieh (謝長廷), former Kaohsiung mayor, Premier of the Republic of China, and DPP's candidate for the 2008 ROC Presidency
- Hsieh Fa-dah (謝發達) (born 1950), Vice Minister of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China (2006-2008)
- Hsieh Shou-shing (謝曉星) (born 1950), Minister of Atomic Energy Council of the Republic of China
- Hsieh Tung-min (謝東閔) (1908-2001), Kuomintang politician and first local Vice-President of the Republic of China
- Xie Fuzhi (谢富治) (1909-1972), Communist Party of China military commander and political commissar
- Xie Jinyuan (謝晉元), Commander of the Defense of Sihang Warehouse in the National Revolutionary Army of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War
- Xie Guifang (谢桂芳), president of the Republic of Lanfang in 1842
- You Xie (謝盛友), CSU-political leader, German journalist and author of Chinese origin
- Michael Haoming Xie (谢浩明), Awarded Chinese-Canadian infantry officer, regarded as 'The Warlord' by his platoon (served 1982-2003)
- Xie Jianshun, Taiwanese intersex soldier
- Helen Zia, Asian-American journalist and activist
Entertainment and business
- Xie Jin (谢晋) (1923-2008), film director
- Tse Kwan Ho, (謝君豪) Actor of film, stage and television
- Xie Na, (谢娜) Host, singer, actress
- Michael Tse (謝天華), Hong Kong actor
- Nicholas Tse (謝霆鋒), Hong Kong based singer and actor
- Patrick Tse (謝賢), actor, producer, screenwriter and director in Hong Kong cinema.
- Kenneth Tse (謝德骥), classical saxophone soloist
- Kay Tse (謝安琪), Hong Kong singer
- Xie Shaoguang (谢韶光), Singapore television actor
- Fiona Xie (谢宛谕), Singaporean television actress
- Amber Chia (谢麗萍), Malaysian model
- Beau Sia (謝福源), Chinese-American slam poet.
- Tony Hsieh (谢家华), Zappos.com CEO
- Jeffrey Cheah (謝富年), Founder and chairman of The Sunway Group of Companies in Malaysia.
- Dhanin Chearavanont (谢国民), CEO of CP Group
- Chay Yew (謝耀) Artistic Director, Victory Garden Theater, Chicago,USA
- Jeannie Hsieh, Taiwanese singer-songwriter, dancer, actress, and model
- Janet Hsieh, Taiwanese American television host
- Anthony Cheah, "Who's Who in Business" award winner, EBIA CEO
- Stephen Hsieh, Radio host, CASA restaurants and SH & SH brand CEO
- Lawrence Chia, Deloitte China CEO
Literature and art
- Xie Jin (謝縉) (1369–1415), Ming dynasty landscape painter and calligrapher
- Dr. Cheah Thien Soong, Malaysian contemporary ink-painting artist
- Xie Jun (谢军) (born 1970), two-time Women's World Chess Champion
- Xie Zhe-Qing (謝哲青) (born 1973), Taiwanese literature and history scholar, travel writer
- Xie Qin (谢琴) (born 1986), journalist and author
- Xie Qinggao(谢清高), famous traveller in Qing Dynasty, so-called Chinese "Marco Polo".
- Xie Limei (谢荔梅), Chinese triple jumper
- Xie Xingfang (谢杏芳), badminton player from the People's Republic of China
- Xie Zhongbo (谢中博), badminton player from the People's Republic of China
- Cheah Soon Kit (謝順吉) (born 1968), badminton player from Malaysia. 1986 Badminton Olympic Silver medalist
- Hsieh Chia-hsien (謝佳賢), Taiwanese professional baseball player
- Hsieh Su-wei, professional tennis player
- Hsieh Chia-Han (born 1988), Taiwanese pole vaulter
- Xie Shiguang (1917–2005), Chinese Catholic Bishop
- Nicholas Chia (谢益裕), Roman Catholic Archbishop of Singapore
- Daniel Tse, University of Macau
- T.H. Tse, The University of Hong Kong
- Shieh You-hwa
- Rui-Hua Xie, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience
- "Newest 100 Surnames". 2006-01-10. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
- Tanghe County and Taikang County of Henan Province: the origin of surname Xie Archived October 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, en.hnta.cn.
- Chinese surname history: Xie, peopledaily.com Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- Clans in the Eastern Jin, chinaknowledge.de
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