Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yadadri

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Yadadrigutta Temple
Bhongir town
Lakshminarasimha Swamy Temple Gopuram
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yadadri is located in Telangana
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yadadri
Location in Telangana
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yadadri is located in India
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yadadri
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Yadadri (India)
Geography
Coordinates17°35′21″N 78°56′41″E / 17.5892°N 78.9446°E / 17.5892; 78.9446Coordinates: 17°35′21″N 78°56′41″E / 17.5892°N 78.9446°E / 17.5892; 78.9446
CountryIndia
StateTelangana
DistrictYadadri Bhuvanagiri
LocationBhongir
Culture
SanctumLord Narasimha
Architecture
ArchitectureAgama Shashtra
Hillock of Yadadri

Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Temple also known as Yadadri and Yadagirigutta temple,[1] is a Hindu temple situated on a hillock in Yadagirigutta of Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district of the Indian state of Telangana. The temple is an abode of Narasimha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Suryapet and 88 kilometres (55 mi) from Nalgonda and 62 km from Hyderabad.

History[edit]

Yadagiri is named after a sage named Yadava who performed services Lord Vishnu as Narasimha. Being please with him the lord gave him darshan in three forms: jwaalaa Narasimha, ganDabhErunDa Naarasimha and yogaananda Narasimha. Yadava begged Narasimha to remain on the hill in these forms. For this reason, the Lakshmi-Narasimhadeva temple on the hilltop has deities of Narasimha in all three forms embedded in stone in the main cave.

Deity[edit]

The temple is in a cave about 12 feet high by 30 feet long, located in back of the temple hall, by the rear pillar. You take a stairway down into the chamber and then toward the back. Jwala Narasimha is in the shape of serpent, while Yogananda Narasimha appears sitting in meditation in yoga pose. You will also see silver deities of Lakshmi-Narasimha, which are quite striking in appearance and lends presence of seeing them. To the right of the temple main door is a Hanuman temple. You'll see a long horizontal gap in the rock just below Hanuman. This is said to be where Gandabheranda Narasimha manifested. This is a very popular temple. It is said that any wish of sincere devotee visiting this temple will be fulfilled.[2][3] The sanctum sanctorum or Garbhagriha is located in a cave, under a huge slating rock, which covers half the abode.

New Yadadri Temple[edit]

A new temple is being built at the old temple site. The temple was renamed as Yadadri by Vaishnavaite ascetic Chinna Jeeyar Swamy, who is overseeing and guiding every aspect of the new temple. For use until the new temple is completed, a temporary temple, Balalayam, was built. The main temple was to open in August 2018, and the entire temple project is expected to be completed by the end of 2019.

Donations and Renovations[edit]

The Chief Minister of Telangana, K. Chandrashekhar Rao initiated the renovation of the temple, and approved a final layout.[4] Major renovation of the temple is being taken up with a budget of ₹1800 crores.[5] The work started in 2016 and is being executed by Yadadri Temple Development Authority (YTDA). The temple owned 39 kilos of gold and 1,753 tonnes of silver for lining the gopurams and walls in the temple. The centuries-old practice of using lime mortar to join different stone parts is being used.[6] The YTDA acquired around 1900 acres by spending ₹300 crores.

The Seventh Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan during his time also passed a grant of Rs.82,825 to this temple.[7][8]

Sections[edit]

The sections of the temple includethe main temple, Mukha Mandapam, seven gopurams (domes) with wooden rooves, vratha peetham, Swamy Vari Udyana Vanam, kalyana mandapam, satram etc. The pillars of 12 Alvars (those immersed in God) in the main temple is a significant feature.[9]

The temple entrance arch will depict Mahābhūta (the five elements).

Temple architecture[edit]

The architecture of the temple is based on Agama Shashtra. The temple is built entirely in stone, no temple was build in stone in last 2000 years. The temple was earlier built on 2 acres. After demolishing all structures on the temple hillock, the base for the temple is now 14 acres.

Design[edit]

The project architect is Anand Sai, chosen for his understanding of the ancient designs based on silpa and Agama principles. The entire temple is built in stone. The stone designs in Yadadri were provided by the chief sthapathi of the temple, Soundara Rajan of Srirangam, Tamil Nadu.

Sculptures[edit]

Three types are stones are being used for the temple like Krishna Sila (Purusha Sila) for presiding deities in the sanctum sanctorum; Sthri Sila for deities of Goddesses; and Napusaka Sila for flooring and walls etc. Black granite stone is also used, based on the temple architecture of the Kakatiya Dynasty in Telangana. The black granite stone has tiny pores, that becomes strong and hard when milk, curd, oil and other liquids get into pores, according to shilipis (sculpture experts).

There are around 500 sculptors belonging to different groups like D. Hari Prasad, D Ravinder, Balasubrahmanyam, Venkatareddy, Potuluraiah and Shaikh Rabbani hailing from Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and other regions are working on the project.

Transport[edit]

Yadagirigutta is about 60 km (approx. 38 miles) from Hyderabad and is well connected by both rail and road. The nearest railway station is Raigiri (about 3 km) for passenger trains. After alighting at Raigiri, one can take an auto rickshaw or tanga.

The Hyderabad MMTS - Phase II is planned, to be extended from Ghatkesar to Raigir station, which is 5 km from Yadagirigutta.[10]

A new bus stand is built on a 15 acres, as a part of new temple development.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yadagirigutta is now renamed as Yadadri". 6 March 2015.
  2. ^ Knapp, Stephen (1 January 2009). Spiritual India Handbook. Jaico Publishing House. ISBN 9788184950243 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "History of the Cult of Narasimha in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh: From Ancient to the Modern Period". Radha & Sons. 21 June 1989 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Yadadri temple layout finalised". 1 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Telangana's Yadadri temple artisans hammer away at religious divides". 2018-05-02.
  6. ^ "Yadadri temple works in Telangana at brisk pace".
  7. ^ "A 'miser' who donated generously". thehindu. May 24, 2013.
  8. ^ "Nizam gave funding for temples, and Hindu educational institutions". missiontelangana. May 28, 2013.
  9. ^ "Yadadri temple works in Telangana at brisk pace".
  10. ^ "Prabhu's boost to KCR'S temple tourism dream - Times of India".
  11. ^ "Bus stand to be developed in 15 acres at Yadagirigutta".

External links[edit]