Yorktown, New York
Town of Yorktown, New York
Progress with Preservation
Location of Yorktown, New York
|• Type||Town council|
|• Town supervisor||Ilan D. Gilbert (D)|
|• Town council|
|• Total||39.26 sq mi (101.68 km2)|
|• Land||36.65 sq mi (94.91 km2)|
|• Water||2.61 sq mi (6.77 km2)|
|Elevation||459 ft (140 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,009.55/sq mi (389.79/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979663|
Yorktown is a U.S. town that lies on the north border in Westchester County, New York, in a suburb approximately 38 miles (61 km) north of midtown Manhattan. The population was 36,081 at the 2010 U.S. Census.
Yorktown has a rich historical heritage beginning with the earliest known inhabitants being Indian tribes, including Mohegan, Osceola, Amawalk, Kitchawan, and Mohansic peoples. Most of Yorktown was part of the Manor of Cortlandt, a Royal Manor established by King William III for the Van Cortlandt family.
The Croton River, which runs through the southern part of Yorktown, was dammed by New York City to provide its first major source of clean and reliable water. The first Croton Dam was located in Yorktown and broke in 1842, causing significant damage to property and major loss of life.
During the American Revolution, Yorktown was of strategic importance, with the Pines Bridge crossing guarded by a regiment of Rhode Island troops made up mostly of African Americans, who were massacred at the Davenport House in Croton Heights. A memorial to them was erected at the Presbyterian Church in Crompond, New York. Major John André, a British officer who communicated with Benedict Arnold, ate his final breakfast at the Underhill House on Hanover Street just before his capture and eventual hanging as a spy.
Moving north after the battle of Yorktown, the French army camped at the site of today's French Hill Elementary School, where cannonballs and other relics have been found. Although rumors claim that George Washington passed through Yorktown, no factual records confirm this.
During the town's bicentennial in 1988, Yorktowners honored their historic heritage, including that of the 19th and 20th centuries, and commemorated their community's participation in events that led up to the birth and growth of the United States. A Bicentennial Committee reviewed the town's remaining historic sites and determined which should be preserved as a link between the Yorktown of yesterday and the Yorktown of tomorrow.
The town's northern border is the town of Putnam Valley in Putnam County. Its eastern border is the town of Somers. Its southern border is the town of New Castle. Its western border is the town of Cortlandt.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.3 square miles (102 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), or 6.57%, is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the United States Census of 2000, there were 36,318 people, 12,556 households, and 9,831 families residing in the town. The population density was 989.7 people per square mile (382.1/km²). There were 12,852 housing units at an average density of 350.2 per square mile (135.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.64% White, 3.04% African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.82% of the population.
There were 12,556 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $133,819, and the median income for a family was $154,984 (these figures had risen to $137,253 and $159,413 respectively as of a 2014 estimate). Males had a median income of $96,071 versus $75,899 for females. The per capita income for the town was $63,570. About 1.1% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
For the 2010 census, the results showed 87.9% White, 3.3% African-American, 0.1% American Indian, 4.7% Asian, 9.4% Latino.
Yorktown once had five stations along the New York and Putnam Railroad — Kitchawan, Croton Lake, Croton Heights, Yorktown Heights, and Amawalk. The railroad failed, was purchased by the New York Central Railroad, and was finally abandoned. The old right of way is now part of the North County Trailway, which runs north as far as Carmel, New York. There is currently no rail service in Yorktown, but there are multiple Metro-North Railroad stations nearby, in Katonah in the east on the Harlem Line and Peekskill on the Hudson Line.
The main site of the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center is located in the Kitchawan part of Yorktown. US Postal Service mail for this site is collected at the US Post Office for Yorktown Heights, which makes it look like this site is located in Yorktown Heights.
- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Congresswoman
- Roy Colsey, Major League Lacrosse player, grew up in Yorktown
- Nargis Fakhri, Bollywood actress
- Susan Faludi, American feminist, journalist, author, and Pulitzer Prize winner grew up in Yorktown.
- Robert Hannsen, convicted Russian spy, lived with his family in Yorktown at 2861 Mead St. in the mid-1980s
- Margaret Illington, stage actress popular in the first decade of the 20th century, lived on her Dreamlake estate in Yorktown
- Consuelo Kanaga, photographer and writer who became well known for her photographs of African-Americans
- Andrew Kavovit, actor, grew up in Yorktown
- Dave Matthews, singer/songwriter, lived with his family in Yorktown before he moved to Virginia
- William Keepers Maxwell, Jr., fiction editor for The New Yorker and novelist
- Terrence Murphy, New York State Senator
- Buster Olney, ESPN baseball analyst and former New York Yankees beat writer
- Clifford A. Pickover, writer. In his book, The Mobius Strip, he models the fictional New Devonshire on Yorktown. Pickover has used the Jefferson Valley Mall as the locale for his book The Heaven Virus.
- Al Roker, meteorologist, used to live in Yorktown while he was married to the town clerk, Alice Roker. The Town Board selected Alice Roker to be the town supervisor for the last three months of 2007, following the resignation of supervisor Linda Cooper.
- Anthony "Romeo" Santos, Dominican-American born, King of Bachata. Singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and former lead vocalist of the American bachata band Aventura.
- Lawrence Treat, mystery writer and pioneer of the genre of novels police procedurals
- Halsey (H.W.) Wilson, founder of the H. W. Wilson Company, a publisher, lived in the Croton Heights section of Yorktown
Communities and locations in Yorktown
- Crompond (Not completely in the Town of Yorktown)
- Jefferson Valley
- Mohegan Lake
- Shrub Oak
- Yorktown Heights
- Croton Heights
- Crow Hill
- Osceola Lake
- Sparkle Lake
- Teatown (not completely in the town of Yorktown)
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- 2010 Census summary, 'Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin' https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF
- Norman, Jim. "Where There’s Never an Oil Shortage". New York Times. May 13, 2007.
- Tillman, Adriane. "Greasestock Festival returns, bigger and better Archived May 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine". May 14, 2008.
- "Greasestock 2008 Archived May 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine". Greasestock Archived May 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Max, Josh. "Gas-guzzlers become veggie delights at Greasestock in Yorktown Heights". Daily News. May 13, 2008.
- "Greasestock 2008: Alternative Fuel, Fun and French Fries Archived May 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine". Natural Awakenings. May 2008.
- "WASHINGTON PRIME GROUP". washingtonprime.com. 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
- http://www.thebluebook.com/ Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "PCSB Bank will sell shares, convert to stock savings bank". Westfair Business Publications. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1920/04/25/112657609.pdf Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- http://findinglincolnillinois.com/ross-dyer-brummell.html Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- https://books.google.com/books?id=o_r4xQgkMZ8C&pg=PR9&lpg=PR9&dq=william+maxwell+yorktown&source=bl&ots=Y_Pr0RGHBN&sig=6UcZGVmgugOH9AODpI0ug4kAN0A&hl=en&ei=s_r7TYCLIOTl0QH4t_jYAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=william%20maxwell%20yorktown&f=false Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1998-01-14/news/9801130339_1_mystery-writers-mystery-readers-novel Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- "Halsey W. Wilson" (PDF). Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. 42 (3): 402. PMC 199761.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yorktown, New York.|
- Citizens for an Informed Yorktown
- Town of Yorktown official website
- Yorktown (New York) at Curlie
- Yorktown Heights Fire Department