Timeline of largest projects in the Russian economy

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Countdown to the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi

This timeline of largest projects in the Russian economy includes both megaprojects, costing over $1 billion, and other large investment projects, typically costing between $100 million and $1 billion. Projects with investments below $100 million also may be included here, either as parts of larger projects, or in case of major international significance and media coverage. In case of projects involving new vehicle models, the cost of development is taken into account as well as the cost of production.

The timeline starts from 1992, the first year after the formation of the modern Russian Federation. Main project areas covered here include infrastructure, energy, industry, weaponry, communications, science & technology, education, sports, and housing.

The projects are arranged by the actual or expected date of full completion, or completion of their first stage. Certain subprojects, that have been completed already, may be listed under their parent projects yet in development. Megaprojects are listed in bold, while planned projects are listed in italics.

1992[edit]

1993[edit]

Nuclear icebreaker Yamal

1994[edit]

GAZelle,[7] a popular van based on the Ford Transit

1995[edit]

Kamov Ka-50 "Black Shark" of the Russian Air Force

1996[edit]

1997[edit]

A Topol M during a rehearsal of the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade

1998[edit]

1999[edit]

  • Sea Launch[34] (March) (International cooperation with major Russian role in technology; Russia controls the reorganized project from 2010 on)
  • Sakhalin-II (oil and gas)[35] (July) (international project in Russian EEZ; the largest integrated oil and gas project in the world, involving the usage of the first ever offshore oil rig in Russia; the date of the start of oil production is given)

2000[edit]

2001[edit]

Soyuz-FG launching the Soyuz-TMA spacecraft

2002[edit]

2003[edit]

Beriev Be-200 dropping the water painted into the Russian flag colours

2004[edit]

2005[edit]

2006[edit]

The general overview render of the Skolkovo Moscow School of Management
NS 50 Let Pobedy, the world's largest icebreaker

2007[edit]

A Mil Mi-28 at the 2007 MAKS airshow

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

2012[edit]

Angara launch vehicle mock-ups at the 2009 MAKS Airshow
Yo-mobile coupe

2013[edit]

A MiG-35D

2014[edit]

This sketch shows the Sochi Olympic Park concept with all venues gathered around the Medals Plaza
Vladimir Putin among the skiers in Krasnaya Polyana

2015[edit]

Location of South Stream gas pipeline

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

Inside view of the Luzhniki Stadium, the main arena of the 2018 FIFA World Cup
The model of Prospective Piloted Transport System's spacecraft, PTK-NP, at the 2009 MAKS Airshow
Yekaterinburg City under construction

2019[edit]

2020[edit]

2025[edit]

2030[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Su-30 at paralay.com (Russian)
  2. ^ Nuclear Icebreakers at atomhistory.ru (Russian)
  3. ^ Neustrashimy class at naval-technology.com
  4. ^ Nuclotron overview at nucloweb.jinr.ru
  5. ^ Il-96-300 at the Ilyushin official site
  6. ^ K-336 Pskov website (Russian)
  7. ^ GAZelle crossed the Rubicon at gruzovikpress.ru (Russian)
  8. ^ Kamov Ka-31 at airwar.ru (Russian)
  9. ^ MSK-IX: Founders at the Moscow Internet Exchange official site(Russian)
  10. ^ K-141 Kursk at submarines.narod.ru (Russian)
  11. ^ A-135 / ABM-3 globalsecurity.org
  12. ^ Su-39 at airwar.ru (Russian)
  13. ^ The World War II Great Patriotic War Museum, Moscow at peachmountain.com
  14. ^ KA-50 Hocum/ Werewolf at warfare.ru
  15. ^ K-157 Vepr at submarines.narod.ru (Russian)
  16. ^ Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line at the official site of the Moscow Metro (Russian)
  17. ^ Tu-204 at airwar.ru (Russian)
  18. ^ 40th anniversary of the main ring of Moscow at km.ru (Russian)
  19. ^ Tolmachevo Airport History at the Tolmachevo International Airport official website (Russian)
  20. ^ Yamal – Europe at Gazprom.com
  21. ^ Start launcher at russianspaceweb.com
  22. ^ Bora class at bora-class.info
  23. ^ History at the Olya Port official website (Russian)
  24. ^ Project 636 Varshavyanka / Paltus at globalsecurity.org
  25. ^ Sportivnaya at ometro.net (Russian)
  26. ^ "Transport routes of Azerbaijani oil (Baku-Novorossiysk, Baku-Supsa)". Azerbaijan Portal. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  27. ^ Topol M: the history and perspectives at rbase.new-factoria.ru (Russian)
  28. ^ Irganai Dam at lhp.rushydro.ru (Russian)
  29. ^ Kirov class battlecruiser at atrinaflot.narod.ru (Russian)
  30. ^ Amur Bridge at khb.ru (Russian)
  31. ^ Shtil' at the makeyev.ru (Russian)
  32. ^ Taganrog Automobile Assembly Plant TAGAZ at taganrogcity.com
  33. ^ Zak, Anatoly (2009). "Russian segment of the ISS". Russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  34. ^ Sea Launch History at Sea-launch.com
  35. ^ Sakhalin II Project: Key Milestones at gazprom-sh.nl
  36. ^ 2007 World Championship at the IIHF official website
  37. ^ Information about the Sports Palace at the Ice Palace Saint Petersburg official site (Russian)
  38. ^ The Stages of Reconstruction at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour official site
  39. ^ Surgut Bridge at Structurae
  40. ^ A Bridge to the 21st century at saratov.gov.ru (Russian)
  41. ^ Su-30MKK Multirole Fighter Aircraft at sinodefence.com
  42. ^ North-West Thermal Power Plant Official site (Russian)
  43. ^ About: History at the Surgut International Airport official site (Russian)
  44. ^ Rostov Nuclear Power Plant at stroytransgaz.com
  45. ^ Soyuz FG at Encyclopedia Astronautica
  46. ^ "Caspian Pipeline Consortium — a new global energy supplier" (PDF). Caspian Pipeline Consortium. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  47. ^ "Baltic Pipeline System Set To Reduce Transit Dependency". St. Petersburg Times. 2006-04-11. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  48. ^ Company history at the Primorsk Oil Port official website
  49. ^ Ust-Luga Port Official website
  50. ^ Company History at aeroexpress.ru
  51. ^ Kamov Ka-226 Sergei Light Multipurpose Helicopter, Russia at aerospace-technology.com
  52. ^ The testing of the pilot vessel of Valday dry cargo projects has started at shipbuilding.ru (Russian)
  53. ^ Tartarstan, Gepard-class frigate at arms-expo.ru (Russian)
  54. ^ "Indian air force first to field multi-role Sukhois". Accessmylibrary.com. 2002-09-17. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  55. ^ GM-AvtoVAZ Official site (Russian)
  56. ^ The bridge over the Kama near Soroch'i Gory is complete at e-vid.ru (Russian)
  57. ^ Vorobyovy Gory Station at metro.molot.ru (Russian)
  58. ^ Edelweiss, Moscow, Russia at emporis.com
  59. ^ Park Pobedy, 165th Station of the Moscow metro at news.metro.ru
  60. ^ Ladozhsky Rail Terminal history at ladojskiy.allzd.ru (Russian)
  61. ^ Irkut — Be 200 at Irkut.com
  62. ^ Talwar (Krivak III) class at bharat-rakshak.com
  63. ^ Bureya Dam at lhp.rushydro.ru (Russian)
  64. ^ Kineshma Bridge at zavolzhsk.narod.ru (Russian)
  65. ^ Severomuysky Tunnel at .bamts.ru (Russian)
  66. ^ The Third Ring Road is fully opened at restko.ru (Russian)
  67. ^ Moscow-Lefortovo Tunnel at Structurae
  68. ^ Airport Moscow Domodedovo at aviaport.ru (Russian)
  69. ^ Butovskaya Line at the official site of the Moscow Metro (Russian)
  70. ^ Vorobiovy Gory, Moscow, Russia at emporis.com
  71. ^ The history of Derways brand at autonet.ru (Russian)
  72. ^ History at Vnukovo International Airport official site (Russian)
  73. ^ Lada Kalina History at ladakalina.ru (Russian)
  74. ^ Moscow Monorail at the official site of the Moscow Metro (Russian)
  75. ^ GAZ-2330 Tigr at autowp.ru (Russian)
  76. ^ Krasnodar Pashkovsky Airport at ewcoy.ru (Russian)
  77. ^ Yemelyanovo Airport: About at the Yemelyanovo Airport official website (Russian)
  78. ^ Lukoil commissions Nakhodkinskoye gas field at Lukoil official site
  79. ^ UAZ Patriot at uazbuka.ru (Russian)
  80. ^ The launch of the last part of the Adler - Krasnaya Polyana Motorway at tonotr44.ru (Russian)
  81. ^ Putin joins Tatarstan festivities BBC News 2005-08-26
  82. ^ Qol Sharif at russian-mosques.com
  83. ^ Millenniun Bridge costing 3.4 billion rubles is opened at i-stroy.ru (Russian)
  84. ^ Kazan Metro at Urbanrail.net
  85. ^ History at the Kazan International Airport official website (Russian)
  86. ^ Kola Bay Bridge at adc-tehnika.ru (Russian)
  87. ^ Gas pipeline between Sakhalin and Japan will cost $2.6 bln Lenta.ru (Russian)
  88. ^ "Economic Brief: The Blue Stream Gas Pipeline". The Power and Interest News Report (PINR). 2005-11-22. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  89. ^ "Russia Today to be 24-hour, English TV station". CBC News. 7 June 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2008. [dead link]
  90. ^ Koltsovo History at the Koltsovo International Airport official website (Russian)
  91. ^ Ka-60 at warfare.ru
  92. ^ Ansat at helicopter.su (Russian)
  93. ^ Triumph Palace: an inside view at sob.ru (Russian)
  94. ^ Su-80 at testpilot.ru (Russian)
  95. ^ Dombarovsky (Yasny) ICBM site at russianspaceweb.com
  96. ^ "De-Kastri Oil Export Terminal of Sakhalin project is presented International Congress Award in Saint Petersburg" (in Russian). Sakhalin.info. 2009-11-30. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  97. ^ Russian Navy receives stealth-capable gunboat at en.rian.ru
  98. ^ Project Implementation at the Skolkovo Moscow School of Management official site.
  99. ^ Rus/Soyuz-2 at plesetzk.ru (Russian)
  100. ^ SFedU history at the Southern Federal University official site.
  101. ^ Brief History at the Siberian Federal University official site.
  102. ^ Khakas Aluminium Smelter at the United Company RUSAL official site
  103. ^ Russia gets first new fighters for 15 years as Sukhoi Su-34 debuts at flightglobal.com
  104. ^ World's largest icebreaker Ships Monthly. May 2007.
  105. ^ Sheremetyevo International Airport Official site (Russian)
  106. ^ Lada Priora Official site (Russian)
  107. ^ Triumph for President at the Almaz-Antey official cite (Russian)
  108. ^ 2007 World Championship at the IIHF official website
  109. ^ History of the Palace of Sports at the Megasport Arena official site (Russian)
  110. ^ About the Arena at the Mytishchi Arena official site (Russian)
  111. ^ A second language for Russia Today, Eutelsat, France, May 2007
  112. ^ R-29RMU / RSM-54 Sineva / SS-N-23 SKIFF at globalsecurity.org
  113. ^ The Battle for the Next Energy Frontier: The Russian Polar Expedition and the Future of Arctic Hydrocarbons, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, August 2007
  114. ^ Khrabrovo Airport at radioscanner.ru (Russian)
  115. ^ Luke Harding (2007-09-12). "Russia unveils the 'father of all bombs'". London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  116. ^ Russia commissions first Project 20380 corvette at janes.com
  117. ^ "Work begins on Russian giant". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). 2007-12-18. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  118. ^ Sistema-Hals announves the completion of a new section of Zvenigorodsky prospect in Moscow at reuters.com
  119. ^ A Tunnel of the Future - Serebryanoborsky Tunnel has been Opened at vmdaily.ru (Russian)
  120. ^ MiG-29K at deagel.com
  121. ^ The new heart of the Hunter at lenta.ru (Russian)
  122. ^ "Northern" way for oil products at en.portnews.ru
  123. ^ About the KHL at the Kontinental Hockey League official site
  124. ^ "The Launch of Verkhnechonskoye Field" (Press release). Rosneft. 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  125. ^ Russia's Chechnya inaugurates vast new mosque at reuters.com
  126. ^ Volkovskaya will change traffic not only underground at www.fontanka.ru (Russian)
  127. ^ The ceremony of opening the LNG plant was hold in Prigorodnoye at www.sakhalin.info
  128. ^ Russian Press: Eurovision in Russia is the most expensive in history BBC Russian Service (Russian)
  129. ^ ANTK Antonov An-148 description page at antonov.com (Russian)
  130. ^ Pyadushkin, Maxim (2010-02-16). "Reprogrammed Trainer - Yak-130 jet trainer is cleared for service". Russia & CIS Observer. 
  131. ^ "Putin attends launch of Siberia's Vankor oil field". RIA Novosti. 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2009-08-22. 
  132. ^ Dzuarikau – Tskhinval at Gazprom.com
  133. ^ Technopolis Gusev Official site
  134. ^ Liss, Artyom (2009-09-19). "Arctic trail blazers make history". BBC. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  135. ^ Bridge Crossing Over Yuribey River Floodplain at the Gazprom official website
  136. ^ An estimate of the Volgograd Bridge at volganet.ru (Russian)
  137. ^ "Ulyanovsk Volga River Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 25 August 2010. 
  138. ^ RZD launches ticket sales for high-speed Sapsan train. RZD Russian Railways, Press Release, 2009-11-23.
  139. ^ The arsenal of the Rocket Forces will be renewed by 80% at lenta.ru (Russian)
  140. ^ Gleb Bryanski (2009-12-28). "Russia's Putin launches new Pacific oil terminal". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  141. ^ K-152 Nerpa at submarines.narod.ru (Russian)
  142. ^ The executive order of the government of Russian Federation from 2 April 2010 at the Kazan Federal University official site.
  143. ^ History of development at the North-Eastern Federal University official site.
  144. ^ "Yuri Korchagin Field, Caspian Sea, Russia". Offshore-Technology. Net Resources International. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  145. ^ Project 677 Lada class at globalsecurity.org
  146. ^ Cyrillic Domain Names Become Operational On The Internet at rferl.org
  147. ^ Gelendzhik Airport official website (Russian)
  148. ^ "Sapsan reaches Nizhny Novgorod". Railway Gazette International. 2010-08-02. 
  149. ^ Marussia official site
  150. ^ The longest highway in the world at primamedia.ru
  151. ^ Serial Superjet 100 makes its first flight Lenta.ry (Russian)
  152. ^ a b c d About ChelPipe:History at the Chelyabinsk Pipe Rolling Plant official site
  153. ^ Restoration of the Eastern Wing of the General Staff Building at the Hermitage Museum official site (Russian)
  154. ^ Allegro Official site (Russian)
  155. ^ Saint Petersburg Dam official site (Russian)
  156. ^ a b Putin attends inauguration of St. Petersburg flood protection dam RIA Novosti
  157. ^ Big Obukhovsky Bridge at Structurae
  158. ^ Tunnel under the waves at spb-projects.ru (Russian)
  159. ^ Sakhalin–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok at Gazprom.com
  160. ^ Vice Premier Ivanov named the date of the GLONASS restoration at lenta.ru (Russian)
  161. ^ The State Academic Bolshoi Theatre of Russia: Reconstruction & Renovation at bolshoi.ru
  162. ^ Official illustrated report on the end of the 520-day isolation at the site of the MARS-500
  163. ^ Nord Stream at Gazprom.com
  164. ^ To commission Bulava, six effective launches are required – Ivanov at rusnavy.com
  165. ^ Gryazovets – Vyborg at Gazprom.com
  166. ^ Mosfilm tower at novostroiki-moskvy.ru (Russian)
  167. ^ The new fifth-generation jet fighter has been tested in Russia at globalist.org.ua (Russian)
  168. ^ "Reactors ready for floating plant". World Nuclear News. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  169. ^ Angara family at RussianSpaceWeb
  170. ^ Prirazlomnoye oil field at Gazprom.com
  171. ^ http://www.sevmash.ru/rus/news/1017-1203.html
  172. ^ "Official page of the Baltic Pipeline System-II project" (in Russian). Transneft. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  173. ^ Yantar shipyard to deliver Ivan Gren vessel to MoD by 2012 at rusnavy.com
  174. ^ Press Center: Lokomosky project has been approved by the government of Ulyanovsk Oblast at the Lokomosky official site
  175. ^ Mariinka-2 delayed for three months at bn.ru (Russian)
  176. ^ The roadway part of the double-use bridge over Oka has been successfully tested at the site of Nizhny Novgorod government (Russian)
  177. ^ Future at the official site of the Skolkovo innovation center (Russian)
  178. ^ SSBN Alexander Nevsky was moved to floating dock at rusnavy.com
  179. ^ Dmitry Medvedev launched Severodvinsk at kommersant.ru (Russian)
  180. ^ Bulava can be commissioned in 2011 if the carrier sub is ready at rusnavy.com
  181. ^ Putin visits nuclear submarine Alexander Nevsky at flot.com (Russian)
  182. ^ Yamal megaproject at Gazprom.com
  183. ^ Bovanenkovo at Gazprom.com
  184. ^ Bovanenkovo – Ukhta and Ukhta – Torzhok at Gazprom.com
  185. ^ Gazprom opened the Obskaya Bovanenkovo Railway at yamaltransstroy.ru (Russian)
  186. ^ Construction of a bridge across the Golden Horn Bay in Vladivostok APEC Russia 2012 Official site.
  187. ^ Construction of a bridge to the Russkiy Island across Bosporus the Eastern Strait APEC Russia 2012 Official site.
  188. ^ Far Eastern Federal University Official site.
  189. ^ Modernization of Vladivostok Airport APEC Russia 2012 Official site.
  190. ^ Russia to float out new missile frigate in 2011 at en.rian.ru
  191. ^ "Rusal and RusHydro join forces in Boguchanskaya hydropower plant build". Industrial Fuels and Power. September 17, 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  192. ^ Press release on the Kuznetsovsky Tunnel at press.rzd.ru (Russian)
  193. ^ Russia BasEl's wins tender to build Yakutia railroad Reuters, November 6, 2008
  194. ^ BEMO project at the United Company RUSAL official site (Russian)
  195. ^ Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant II at Spbaep.ru (Russian)
  196. ^ The production of MiG-35 will start in 2013-2014 at volga.rian.ru (Russian)
  197. ^ Mi-38 helicopter production to begin in 2013 at RIAN
  198. ^ OAO "FSK EES" cancelled the construction organisations' applications because of the delay of NNPP II's first powerblock introduction date at Atominfo.ru (Russian)
  199. ^ Development project at the Pulkovo International Airport official site (Russian)
  200. ^ Universiade 2013 in Kazan Official site.
  201. ^ USC will spent 35 billion on the Kronshtadt project at rbcdaily.ru (Russian)
  202. ^ A new frigate is laid down in Kaliningrad for the Russian Navy at rian.ru (Russian)
  203. ^ 2014 Winter Olympics Official website
  204. ^ Coastal Cluster at the 2014 Winter Olympics Official website
  205. ^ Mountain Cluster at the 2014 Winter Olympics Official website
  206. ^ Sochi International Airport Official website
  207. ^ Sochi Thermal Power Plant at global-es.ru (Russian)
  208. ^ About the M4 highway reconstruction at rosavtodor.ru (Russian)
  209. ^ Russian carmaker seals F1 deal with Virgin cnn.com
  210. ^ "Timeline for the Phobos Sample Return Mission (Phobos Grunt)". Planetary Society. October 27, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  211. ^ Sakhalin III at Gazprom.com
  212. ^ Extension plans at the official site of the Moscow Metro (Russian)
  213. ^ Medvedev and Yanukovich agreed on the construction of the Kerch Strait Bridge Lenta.ru (Russian)
  214. ^ Marine faсade Official website
  215. ^ New Passenger Port of St. Petersburg Official website
  216. ^ a b Territory development project at the Marine Facade official website
  217. ^ Western High-Speed Diameter Official website
  218. ^ International Airport "South Hub" at ipa-don.ru (Russian)
  219. ^ Olovozavodskoy Bridge: A new hope at news.ngs.ru (Russian)
  220. ^ PAK-FA Will Be Operational In 2015: Executive at Aviationweek.com
  221. ^ Vice-Head of the Russian Space Agency Viktor Remishevsky: We plan to start flight tests of the Rus-M by 2015 at federalspace.ru (Russian)
  222. ^ Russia Chooses Its Future Armament at www.ato.ru
  223. ^ SSBN Borei-Class Nuclear Missile Submarine, Russia at naval-technology.com
  224. ^ A new port with a cost of 100 billion rubles to be built on a Black Sea lenta.ru
  225. ^ New Russian cosmodrome, Vostochny at Tvroscosmos.ru (Russian)
  226. ^ Port Vostochny APEC Russia 2012 Official site.
  227. ^ "South Stream to be commissioned by Dec 31, 2015 – Miller". ITAR-TASS. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  228. ^ Altai Project at Gazprom.com
  229. ^ Russian spacecrafts will research the ice on the Moon at infox.ru (Russian)
  230. ^ 2016 Worlds go to Russia at the IIHF official website
  231. ^ "Russia to build Kaliningrad nuclear plant". UPI. 2009-09-029. Retrieved 2009-10-14.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  232. ^ "MS-21 family of short-range and mid-range jet airliner". United Aircraft Corporation. Retrieved 2008-12-18.  (Russian)
  233. ^ "Khvalynskoye Oil and Gas Field, International". Offshore-Technology. Net Resources International. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  234. ^ Moscow City Official website (Russian)
  235. ^ Tower 2000 at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  236. ^ Tower 2000 and Bagration Bridge at drumsk.ru (Russian)
  237. ^ Moscow Expo Center Official website
  238. ^ City Palace at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  239. ^ Aquapark and Imperia Tower at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  240. ^ Central core at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  241. ^ Vystavochnaya at the Moscow Metro Official site (Russian)
  242. ^ Mezhdunarodnaya at the Moscow Metro Official site (Russian)
  243. ^ City of Capitals at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  244. ^ Naberezhnaya Tower at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  245. ^ Transport Terminal at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  246. ^ Eurasia Tower at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  247. ^ Federation Tower at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  248. ^ Mercury City Tower at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  249. ^ City Hall and City Duma at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  250. ^ Mixed Use Residential, Office and Hotel space at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  251. ^ Northern Tower at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  252. ^ Exhibition-business complex at the Moscow City official website (Russian)
  253. ^ On construction of the Omsk Metro at kommersant.ru (Russian)
  254. ^ "TNK-BP to start commercial production at Russkoye oil field 2016". ITAR-TASS. 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  255. ^ Options Expand in Heavy Lift at aviationweek.com
  256. ^ Wien broad gauge agreement signed at railwaygazette.com
  257. ^ Shtokman at Gazprom.com
  258. ^ "Gazprom Eying Chayandinskoye, Sakhalin-3 Licenses". Rigzone. 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  259. ^ "Construction of nuclear power plant will become guaranty of national security for Belarus — expert". Regnum. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  260. ^ Chelyabinsk Metro at chelmetro.ru (Russian)
  261. ^ Federation Island Official site
  262. ^ Federation Island in Russia - the giant artificial island project at s-sm.ru (Russian)
  263. ^ a b 2018 Russian bid: Host cities Official website
  264. ^ Moscow – Saint Petersburg motorway to be complete by 2018 at rian.ru (Russian)
  265. ^ Prospective Piloted Transport System, PPTS/AC/tS at russianspaceweb.com
  266. ^ India says to have fifth-generation jets in 2018 at economictimes.indiatimes.com
  267. ^ Yekaterinburg City Official website
  268. ^ A year of momentous and symbolic events at the ITER official site
  269. ^ Zak, Anataloy (2009-07-03). "Orbital Piloted Assembly and Experiment Complex". Russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  270. ^ Russia to revamp air-space defenses by 2020 - Air Force chief RIA Novosti
  271. ^ Rostov Metro at metro-rostova.ru (Russian)
  272. ^ The second birth of BAM at rg.ru (Russian)
  273. ^ There will be no traffic jams in 2025 at rg.ru (Russian)
  274. ^ Russia to develop new strategic bomber by 2017 atrian.ru
  275. ^ "Russian President wants to connect Sakhalin with the Mainland" (in Russian). Prima Media. 19 November 2008. 

See also[edit]