Mexico City International Airport

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Mexico City International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México
Logo of MEX Airport.svg
AICM AIR T2.jpg
Mexico City Airport Terminal 2
IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
Operator Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
Serves Mexico City, Mexico
Location Venustiano Carranza, D.F.
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Website www.aicm.com.mx
Map
MEX is located in Mexico City
MEX
MEX
Location within Mexico City
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
13/31 2,300 7,546 Asphalt
5 Auxiliar 759 2,490 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 38,433,078 Increase 12.2%
Ranking in Mexico 1st Steady
Cargo tonnage 446,915.11 Increase 12.3%
Aircraft movements 426,761 Increase 5.02%
Source: DAFIF[1][2]
Statistics: Airport website,[3]

Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (English: Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX) is a commercial airport that serves Greater Mexico City. It is Mexico's busiest and Latin America's second busiest airport by passenger traffic; and it is both Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport by aircraft movements. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area.[4] The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico.[5] In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.[6]

This hot and high airport is served by 27 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers. As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris and a focus city for VivaAerobus. On a typical day, more than 100,000 passengers[3] pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on three continents. In 2015, the airport handled 38,433,078 passengers, a 12.2% increase compared to 2014.[7]

Operating at the limits of its capacity,[8] the airport will be replaced by a new Mexico City international airport, announced in September 2014, to be built about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north-northeast of the current airport, east of Ecatepec.[9][10]

Location[edit]

Located at the neighborhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico's Federal District is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast. Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.[11][12]

History[edit]

Inauguration of Iberia's Mexico City-Madrid route, March 1, 1950
President and Mrs. Kennedy debark Air Force One, June 29, 1962

Origins[edit]

The original site, known as Llanos de Balbuena, had been used for aeronautical activities since 1910, when Alberto Braniff became the first to fly an aeroplane in Mexico, and in Latin America.[13][14] The flight was onboard of a Voisin biplane. On November 30, 1911, President Francisco I. Madero, was the first head of State in the world to fly onboard of a Deperdussin airplane piloted by Geo M. Dyott of Moisant International.[15][16] In 1915 the airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. Construction of a small civilian airport began in 1928. The first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started in 1929, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an international airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft. Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the passenger terminal, which later became Terminal 1.[17]

In 1956 the airport had four runways in service: 05L-23R (2,720m long, 40m wide), 05R-23L (3,000m long, 45m wide), with electric lights for night-time service; 13-31 (2,300m long, 40m wide) which had been built to relieve 14-32, to which residential areas had encroached too closely; and 5 Auxiliar (759m long).[18]

1960s–1990s[edit]

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport).[19]

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed the two remaining shorter runways (13/31 and 5 Auxiliar); on the land of 13-31 a social housing complex was built, Unidad Fiviport.[20][21][22] leaving the two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.[citation needed]

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.[19]

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms. [23]

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential decree that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.[24]

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational. It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services. In 2001, in order to further improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft. [25]

2003–2007 expansion[edit]

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests took place in 2002, the new airport was cancelled.[26] Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year. This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled. The renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.

Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro and Orizaba. The new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighborhood.

The airport was formally named after the 19th-century president Benito Juárez in 2006.[27]

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%. The terminal was inaugurated by former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.[28]

Lack of capacity and slot restriction[edit]

The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.
Satellital view of the airport before the construction of Terminal 2.

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00 –22:59).[29] Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, since they are used at 97.3% of their maximum capacity, leaving a very short room for new operations into the airport. Only government, military, commercial, and specially authorized aircraft are allowed to land at the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.[30]

Some analysts have reported that if the airport had grown at the same speed as demand, it would have served over 40 million passengers annually by 2010. Even with the inauguration of the new Terminal 2 in 2007, the airport would be ideally designed to serve around 18 million passengers per year, according to international standards for runway and terminal usage. Instead, the airport has increased the number of passengers from around 26 million passengers in 2008 to almost 39 million in 2015, at a rate of 16% per year.[31]

New airport[edit]

Architect Fernando Romero and the scale model of the New Mexico City airport.

The construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014,[32] who said that it would be emblemático, or a national symbol. The new airport will replace the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity. It is to have one large terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two that are each 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) long and four that are each 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft) long. The architects are Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.[33][34]

Construction will take eight years and depending on the source, is estimated to cost 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 9–13 billion US dollars. It will be built on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport.[35][36]

The terminal is to be sustainable, aiming for a LEED Platinum certification.[37]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Terminal layout before T2.
Terminal layout after T2 was built.
External façade of Terminal 2.
Terminal 2 - Departures waiting area.
Terminal 2 - Display screens.
Terminal 2 - Hall L3 Check-in counters.
Central corridor at T2.
Terminal 2 - Aeroméxico and Delta aircraft parked at North Concourse. Aeroméxico is the largest carrier operating at Benito Juárez Airport.
AeroMéxico Boeing 777-200ER on final approach.
KLM Boeing 747 arriving from Schiphol.
British Airways Boeing 747-400 landing from Heathrow Airport.
Lufthansa Boeing 747-400. Lufthansa connects Frankfurt and Munich from MEX.

Terminals[edit]

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1[edit]

  • Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
  • Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 33
  • Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
  • Number of jetways: 33
  • Number of airside halls: 10
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9
  • Number of mobile-lounges: 11
  • Hotel service:
  • Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
  • Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 22

Terminal 1 is currently the largest airport terminal in the Americas and the fourth largest in the world.

Terminal 2[edit]

  • Opened in 2007
  • Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 23
  • Remote positions: 18 (Aeromar and Aeroméxico Connect)
  • Number of jetways: 23
  • Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
  • Hotel service:
    • 287 room NH
  • Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
  • Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 15)
  • Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
  • Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers

Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.

Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.

These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.

Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution center. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Other facilities[edit]

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.,[38]Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares.[39] The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[40][41] Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but ceased operations on May 4, 2011.[42]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Countries served by flights from Mexico City International Airport.
Air France Boeing 747-400 arriving from Charles de Gaulle airport.
Iberia Airbus A340-600 taxiing at the airport.
Copa Airlines Boeing 737-800 taking off to Panama City.
American Airlines Boeing 737-800. The airline operates 105 flights per week to 6 destinations in the US.
Aeroméxico Connect Embraer 190 taxiing with T2 in the background. Connect operates the most destinations from the airport (50).
Interjet aircraft parked at the side of T1. Interjet links the airport with 44 destinations within Mexico and other 5 countries.

The airport connects 52 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international.[43] Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, combined with ExpressJet Airlines traffic, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings.

Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet. In peak season, Iberia and Air France operate the most trans-Atlantic flights (28 flights per week) with nonstop service to Madrid and Paris.

Passenger Airlines[edit]

This table lists passengers flights served with a nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers originating in Mexico City according to the airlines' published schedules, unless otherwise noted.

Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
Aeromar Acapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Durango, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Lázaro Cárdenas, Manzanillo, Matamoros, McAllen, Morelia, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, San Luis Potosí, Tepic, Veracruz, Xalapa
Seasonal: Huatulco
2 South
Aeroméxico Amsterdam (begins May 29, 2016),[44] Bogotá, Boston, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, Havana, Las Vegas, Lima, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín-JMC, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal-Trudeau, New York-JFK, Ontario, Orlando, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Quito, Sacramento, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Shanghai-Pudong, Tijuana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Denver, Fresno, Houston-Intercontinental
2 North
Aeroméxico Acapulco, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Monterrey, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Aguascalientes, Ciudad Juárez, Huatulco, León/El Bajío, Morelia, Oaxaca, Reynosa, Tapachula, Veracruz
2 South
Aeroméxico Connect Dallas/Fort Worth, Guatemala City, Houston-Intercontinental, Managua, Mérida, Miami, San Antonio, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo (begins March 16, 2016)[45] 2 North
Aeroméxico Connect Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Durango, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Poza Rica, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, Saltillo, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas 2 South
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 1-F1
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau (begins June 6, 2016)[46] 1-F1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-F1
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino (begins June 16, 2016)[47] TBC
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita (begins October 30, 2016)[48] TBC
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix 1-F3
Avianca Bogotá 1-F3
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador 1-F3
Avianca Peru Lima 1-F3
British Airways London-Heathrow 1-F3
Copa Airlines Panama City 2 North
Copa Airlines Colombia Bogotá 2 North
Cubana de Aviación Havana 1-F3
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, New York-JFK, Salt Lake City 2 North
Iberia Madrid 1-F3
Interjet Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Mazatlán, Mérida, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Oaxaca, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, Tampico, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas 1-B
Interjet Bogotá, Dallas/Fort Worth (begins March 3, 2016),[49] Guatemala City, Havana, Houston-Intercontinental, Miami, New York-JFK, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica, Varadero 1-F2
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale, Orlando 1-F3
KLM Amsterdam 1-F1
LAN Airlines Santiago de Chile 2 North
LAN Perú Lima 2 North
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1-F1
Magnicharters Cancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo 1-D
Southwest Airlines Houston–Hobby, Orange County, San Antonio (ends March 9, 2016)[50] 1-F3
TAM Airlines São Paulo-Guarulhos 1-F2
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 1-F1
United Express Houston-Intercontinental 1-F1
VivaAerobus Cancún, Chihuahua (begins June 17, 2016),[51] Ciudad Juárez, Guadalajara, Mazatlán, Mérida, Monterrey, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez (resumes June 17, 2016),[51] Villahermosa (resumes June 17, 2016)[51]
Seasonal: San José del Cabo
1-D1
Volaris Acapulco, Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Culiacán, Durango, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo (begins March 17, 2016),[52] La Paz, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Monterrey, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa (begins April 15, 2016),[53] San José del Cabo, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio (begins April 1, 2016),[54] Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa 1-D
Volaris Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orlando, San Diego
Seasonal: Oakland
1-F1

Other Services[edit]

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:

Cargo Airlines[edit]

Cargolux Boeing 747-400F landing at the airport.
UPS Airlines Airbus A300-600RF landing from Louisville, KY
Aerounión 300B4-200F on final approach at Benito Juárez airport.
Atlas Air 747-400F taking off to Huntsville, AL

As of January 2016, Mexico City airport is served by 19 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East and East Asia. Over 398,000 metric tonnes pass through the airport in 2014, making it the second busiest by cargo traffic in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport[55] in Bogotá. The following airlines operate the following scheduled destinations.

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
AeroUnion Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Monterrey
Air France Cargo Atlanta, Guadalajara, Houston-Intercontinental, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto
Amerijet International Miami
Atlas Air Huntsville
Avianca Cargo Bogotá
Cargolux Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York-JFK
Cargolux Italia
operated by Cargolux
Milan-Malpensa
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles[56]
Centurion Air Cargo Miami
Seasonal: Guadalajara, Los Angeles
DHL de Guatemala Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargo Copenhagen, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Zaragoza[57]
Estafeta Air Cargo San Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
IAG Cargo Madrid
Lufthansa Cargo Chicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York-JFK
Martinair Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago-O'Hare, Miami
MasAir Bogotá, Campinas-Viracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Los Angeles, Manaus, Mérida, Miami, San José de Costa Rica
Qatar Airways Cargo Atlanta, Doha, Houston-Intercontinental, Liège, Los Angeles,[58] Luxembourg,[59] Zaragoza
UPS Airlines Louisville

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic Statistics[edit]

In 2015, Mexico City International Airport was the busiest in the country and the 2nd busiest airport in Latin America in terms of passengers (38,433,078), an increase of 12.2% since last year and 60% since 2010.[7] In terms of international passengers, it was the third-busiest airport in Latin America with 12,758,456 passengers,[3] behind only São Paulo-Guarulhos (13,581,000)[60] & Cancún (13,566,003).[61]

The airport is however the busiest in Latin America by aircraft movements with 24% more operations than Bogotá-El Dorado[55] and 44.65% more than São Paulo-Guarulhos.[60] In 2015, it reported 426,761 aircraft operations, an average of 1,169 operations per day.

Mexico City Airport Passengers - 1990–2015 (millions)
Updated: January 30, 2016.



Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic  % change International  % change Total  % change
2015 82,100.42 Increase 21.92 364,814.69 Increase 10.14 446,915.11 Increase 12.13
2014 67,341.85 Increase 5.75 331,214.62 Increase 5.85 398,556.47 Increase 5.83
2013 63,678.54 Decrease 19.05 312,911.31 Decrease 1.71 376,589.85 Decrease 5.15
2012 78,666.10 Decrease 4.01 318,351.98 Decrease 3.38 397,018.08 Decrease 3.51
2011 81,953.37 Decrease 3.41 329,502.22 Increase 6.90 411,455.59 Increase 4.68
2010 84,846.88 Increase 1.01 308,228.992 Increase 29.98 393,075.87 Increase 22.40
2009 83,999.43 Decrease 13.47 237,134.01 Decrease 15.01 321,133.44 Decrease 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -


Top Destinations[edit]

Busiest Domestic Routes[63]
Rank
Airport
Passengers 2015
Passengers 2014
% Change
Carriers
1 Cancún, Quintana Roo 3,870,116 3,524,774 Increase 9.80 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
2 Monterrey, Nuevo León 3,102,954 2,735,552 Increase 13.43 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
3 Guadalajara, Jalisco 2,703,774 2,378,845 Increase 13.66 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Tijuana, Baja California 1,449,434 1,265,894 Increase 14.50 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
5 Mérida, Yucatán 1,310,514 1,131,281 Increase 15.84 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
6 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 858,119 728,487 Increase 17.79 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
7 Villahermosa, Tabasco 845,470 776,498 Increase 8.88 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
8 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 724,687 605,825 Increase 19.62 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
9 Chihuahua, Chihuahua 645,670 559,818 Increase 15.34 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
10 Hermosillo, Sonora 624,061 580,163 Increase 7.57 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
11 Veracruz, Veracruz 583,207 553,396 Increase 5.39 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
12 San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur 533,108 421,539 Increase 26.47 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
13 Bahías de Huatulco, Oaxaca 510,144 410,164 Increase 24.38 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, Volaris
14 Culiacán, Sinaloa 501,043 473,471 Increase 5.82 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
15 Oaxaca, Oaxaca 487,141 403,611 Increase 20.70 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
16 Acapulco, Guerrero 473,765 406,113 Increase 16.66 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
17 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 463,550 409,048 Increase 13.32 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus
18 Tampico, Tamaulipas 447,668 403,674 Increase 10.90 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
19 Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 424,223 380,952 Increase 11.36 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus
20 Mazatlán, Sinaloa 366,563 338,926 Increase 8.15 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
21 León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 363,791 305,550 Increase 19.06 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
22 Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche 357,235 339,442 Increase 5.24 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
23 Reynosa, Tamaulipas 352,047 328,827 Increase 7.06 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus
24 Mexicali, Baja California 333,917 275,383 Increase 21.27 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
25 Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 300,335 257,293 Increase 16.73 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
26 La Paz, Baja California Sur 275,791 286,972 Decrease 3.90 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
27 Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 267,582 223,890 Increase 19.51 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni
28 Tapachula, Chiapas 260,826 170,282 Increase 53.17 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
29 Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz 252,445 230,889 Increase 9.34 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
30 San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí 236,958 195,757 Increase 21.05 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet


Busiest International Routes[63]
Rank
City or Metropolitan Area (Airports)
Passengers 2015
Passengers 2014
% change
Carriers
1 Los Angeles (International, Ontario & Orange County), USA 1,000,433 913,220 Increase 9.55 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
2 Miami (International & Fort Lauderdale), USA 833,471 698,283 Increase 19.36 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet, JetBlue Airways, Volaris
3 New York (John F. Kennedy & Newark), USA 826,301 760,331 Increase 8.68 Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, United Airlines
4 Houston (Intercontinental & Hobby), USA 751,453 692,670 Increase 8.49 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, United Express
5 Bogotá, Colombia 661,166 572,175 Increase 15.55 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Copa Airlines Colombia, Interjet
6 Madrid, Spain 596,163 542,550 Increase 9.88 Aeroméxico, Iberia
7 Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 524,166 480,570 Increase 9.07 Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines
8 Chicago (O'Hare), USA 501,261 464,223 Increase 7.98 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
9 Panama City, Panama 428,471 369,053 Increase 16.10 Aeroméxico, Copa Airlines
10 Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 426,363 420,648 Increase 1.36 Aeroméxico, Air France
11 Atlanta, USA 415,183 438,581 Decrease 5.33 Delta Air Lines
12 Las Vegas, USA 388,948 362,181 Increase 7.39 Aeroméxico, Volaris
13 Lima, Peru 386,821 391,745 Decrease 1.26 Aeroméxico, Avianca Peru, LAN Perú
14 San Francisco (International & Oakland), USA 368,078 338,173 Increase 8.84 Aeroméxico, United Airlines, Volaris
15 Havana, Cuba 353,334 260,368 Increase 35.71 Aeroméxico, Cubana de Aviación, Interjet
16 San Antonio, USA 321,033 302,694 Increase 6.06 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Southwest Airlines
17 São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 284,172 307,447 Decrease 7.57 Aeroméxico, TAM Airlines
18 Orlando, USA 282,992 209,799 Increase 34.89 Aeroméxico, JetBlue Airways, Volaris
19 Guatemala City, Guatemala 280,002 227,245 Increase 23.22 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
20 San José, Costa Rica 263,334 238,934 Increase 10.21 Aeroméxico, Interjet
21 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 231,062 190,135 Increase 21.53 Aeroméxico, British Airways
22 Santiago, Chile 227,405 203,956 Increase 11.50 Aeroméxico, LAN Airlines
23 Frankfurt, Germany 220,232 231,790 Decrease 4.99 Lufthansa
24 Amsterdam, Netherlands 200,506 193,886 Increase 3.41 KLM
25 Toronto (Pearson), Canada 180,225 131,539 Increase 37.01 Aeroméxico, Air Canada
26 San Salvador, El Salvador 172,542 158,655 Increase 8.75 Aeroméxico Connect, Avianca El Salvador
27 Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 167,289 147,962 Increase 13.06 Aeroméxico
28 Washington (Dulles), USA 139,781 138,892 Increase 0.64 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
29 Phoenix, USA 127,425 148,423 Decrease 14.15 American Airlines
30 Munich, Germany 109,544 87,102 Increase 25.44 Lufthansa



Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Mexico City airport inter-terminal transit with Terminal 2 in background.

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). Also there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation". These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.

Ground transportation[edit]

Metro and bus services[edit]

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [1], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca.

Metrobús[edit]

In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 include a two step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012.

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg Metro San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Metro Buenavista, Buenavista Station Metrobus Mexico.svg Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.

Authorized taxis[edit]

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorized by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On April 10, 1968, an Aerovías Rojas Douglas R4D-3 crashed on approach, killing all eighteen people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight, which was the airline's inaugural flight from Aguascalientes International Airport to Mexico City.[66]
  • On October 31, 1979, Western Airlines Flight 2605 crash-landed. The crew of the DC-10 landed on a closed runway and hit construction vehicles on the runway. There were 73 fatalities (including one on the ground) and 16 survivors.[67][68]
  • On December 12, 1981, a bomb exploded inside the passenger cabin of a parked Aeronica Boeing 727-100, tearing a hole into the fuselage. The captain, two flight attendants and a ground worker were injured. They had been on board the aircraft for pre-departure checks for a scheduled passenger flight to San Salvador and onwards to Managua's Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.[69]
  • An Aero California DC-9-15 overran a runway on July 21, 2004, during an intense storm at the airport. There were no victims, but the aircraft was scrapped. However, a woman died later due to a heart attack.[70]
  • On November 4, 2008 a Mexican Interior Ministry LearJet 45 crashed on approach around 18:45 local time. On board were Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño, who was top aide to President Felipe Calderón. Mouriño was in charge of the fight against the drug trade in Mexico. Also on board was José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, former assistant attorney general and current head of the federal technical secretariat for implementing the recent constitutional reforms on criminal justice and public security. All eight on board perished along with eight others on the ground. 40 others on the ground were injured. The crash was attributed to pilot error.[71]
  • On September 9, 2009, hijacked Aeroméxico Flight 576 landed at Mexico City International Airport from Cancún International Airport.[72]
  • On September 13, 2009, a Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 was damaged in a heavy landing. Post landing inspection revealed that there were wrinkles in the fuselage skin and the nose gear was bent.[73] According to a Lufthansa spokesman, the aircraft will be repaired and returned into full service.[74]
  • On June 25, 2012, two federal police officers who were stationed at the airport opened fire at colleagues who were surrounding them and were about to arrest them after an investigation showed they were involved in drug trafficking offenses. Two federal police officers were killed at the scene and a third officer died later at a local hospital. The suspects were able to flee the scene, but their identities are known. Operations at the airport were not affected.[75]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Airport information for MEX at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
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External links[edit]