Mexico City International Airport

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Mexico City International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México
Logo of MEX Airport.svg
AICM AIR T2.jpg
Mexico City Airport Terminal 2
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
Operator Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
Serves Mexico City, Mexico
Location Venustiano Carranza, D.F.
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Website www.aicm.com.mx
Map
MEX is located in Mexico City
MEX
MEX
Location within Mexico City
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
13/31 2,300 7,546 Asphalt
5 Auxiliar 759 2,490 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 41,710,254 Increase 8.5%
Cargo tonnage 483,433.40 Increase 8.17%
Aircraft movements 448,147 Increase 5.01%
Economic & social impact (2012) $4.4 billion & 187.9 thousand[1]
Source: DAFIF[2][3]
Statistics: Airport website,[4]

Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (English: Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEXICAO: MMMX) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City. It is Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport by passenger traffic and aircraft movements. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area.[1] The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico.[5] In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.[6]

This hot and high airport is served by 30 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers. As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris, and a focus city for VivaAerobus. On a typical day, more than 100,000 passengers[4] pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on three continents. In 2016, the airport handled 41,710,254 passengers, a 8.53% increase compared to 2015.[7]

Operating at the limits of its capacity,[8] the airport will be replaced by a new one, announced in September 2014, to be built about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north-northeast of the current airport, east of Ecatepec.[9][10]

Location[edit]

Located at the neighborhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico's Federal District is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast. Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.[11][12]

History[edit]

Inauguration of Iberia's Mexico City-Madrid route, March 1, 1950
President and Mrs. Kennedy debark Air Force One, June 29, 1962

Origins[edit]

The original site, known as Llanos de Balbuena, had been used for aeronautical activities since 1910, when Alberto Braniff became the first to fly an aeroplane in Mexico, and in Latin America.[13][14] The flight was onboard of a Voisin biplane. On November 30, 1911, President Francisco I. Madero, was the first head of State in the world to fly onboard of a Deperdussin airplane piloted by Geo M. Dyott of Moisant International.[15][16] In 1915 the airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. Construction of a small civilian airport began in 1928. The first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started in 1929, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an international airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft. Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the passenger terminal, which later became Terminal 1.[17]

In 1956 the airport had four runways in service: 05L-23R (2,720m long, 40m wide), 05R-23L (3,000m long, 45m wide), with electric lights for night-time service; 13-31 (2,300m long, 40m wide) which had been built to relieve 14-32, to which residential areas had encroached too closely; and 5 Auxiliar (759m long).[18]

1960s–1990s[edit]

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport).[19]

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed the two remaining shorter runways (13/31 and 5 Auxiliar); on the land of 13-31 a social housing complex was built, Unidad Fiviport.[20][21][22] leaving the two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.[citation needed]

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.[19]

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.[23]

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential decree that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.[24]

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational. It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services. In 2001, in order to further improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.[25]

2003–2007 expansion[edit]

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests took place in 2002, the new airport was cancelled.[26] Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year. This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled. The renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.

Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro and Orizaba. The new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighborhood.

The airport was formally named after the 19th-century president Benito Juárez in 2006.[27]

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%. The terminal was inaugurated by former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.[28]

Lack of capacity and slot restriction[edit]

The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.
aerial view of the airport before the construction of Terminal 2.

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00 –22:59).[29] Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, since they are used at 97.3% of their maximum capacity, leaving a very short room for new operations into the airport. Only government, military, commercial, and specially authorized aircraft are allowed to land at the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.

New airport[edit]

Architect Fernando Romero and the scale model of the New Mexico City airport.

The construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014,[30] who said that it would be emblemático, or a national symbol. The new airport will replace the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity. It is to have one large terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two that are each 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) long and four that are each 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft) long. The architects are Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.[31][32]

Construction will take eight years and depending on the source, is estimated to cost 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 9–13 billion US dollars. It will be built on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport.[33][34]

The terminal is to be sustainable, aiming for a LEED Platinum certification.[35]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Terminal layout before T2.
Terminal layout after T2 was built.
External facade of Terminal 2.
Terminal 2 - Departures waiting area.
Terminal 2 - Display screens.
Terminal 2 - Hall L3 Check-in counters.
Central corridor at T2.

Terminals[edit]

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1[edit]

  • Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
  • Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 33
  • Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
  • Number of jetways: 33
  • Number of airside halls: 10
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9
  • Number of mobile-lounges: 11
  • Hotel service:
  • Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
  • Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 22

Terminal 1 is currently the largest airport terminal in the Americas and the fourth largest in the world.

Terminal 2[edit]

  • Opened in 2007
  • Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 23
  • Remote positions: 18 (Aeromar and Aeroméxico Connect)
  • Number of jetways: 23
  • Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
  • Hotel service:
    • 287 room NH
  • Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
  • Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 15)
  • Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
  • Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers

Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.

Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.

These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.

Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution center. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Other facilities[edit]

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.,[36] Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares.[37] The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[38][39] Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but ceased operations on May 4, 2011.[40]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The airport connects 52 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international.[41] Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings. Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet.

Passenger[edit]

Terminal 2 - Aeroméxico and Delta aircraft parked at North Concourse. Aeroméxico is the largest carrier operating at Benito Juárez Airport.
AeroMéxico Boeing 777-200ER on final approach.
KLM Boeing 747 arriving from Schiphol.
British Airways Boeing 747-400 landing from Heathrow Airport.
Lufthansa Boeing 747-400. Lufthansa connects Frankfurt and Munich from MEX.
Iberia Airbus A340-600 taxiing at the airport.
Copa Airlines Boeing 737-800 taking off to Panama City.
American Airlines Boeing 737-800. The airline operates 105 flights per week to 5 destinations in the US.
Aeroméxico Connect Embraer 190 taxiing with T2 in the background. Connect operates the most destinations from the airport (50).
Interjet aircraft parked at the side of T1. Interjet links the airport with 44 destinations within Mexico and other 5 countries.

This table lists passengers flights served with a nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers originating in Mexico City according to the airlines' published schedules, unless otherwise noted.

Airlines Destinations
Aeromar Acapulco, Cancún, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Ixtepec, Lázaro Cárdenas, McAllen, Mérida, Monclova, Morelia, Oaxaca, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, San Luis Potosí, Tepic, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Huatulco
Aeroméxico Amsterdam, Bogotá, Boston, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calgary, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Culiacán, Detroit, Guadalajara, Havana, Hermosillo, Las Vegas, Lima, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Mazatlán, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Orlando, Panama City, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Portland (OR) (begins December 1, 2017),[42] Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma (begins November 1, 2017),[43] Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tijuana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Vancouver, Villahermosa, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Acapulco, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Tapachula
Aeroméxico Connect Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Austin, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Colima (begins September 18, 2017),[44] Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Managua, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, Saltillo, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, San Francisco
Alaska Airlines
operated by SkyWest Airlines
Los Angeles, San Diego (both begin November 6, 2017)[45]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Avianca Bogotá
Avianca Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador
Avianca Peru Lima
British Airways London–Heathrow
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Vancouver
Copa Airlines Panama City
Cubana de Aviación Havana
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles (begins December 1, 2017),[46] New York–JFK, Salt Lake City
Iberia Madrid
Interjet Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Bogotá, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Havana, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Mérida, Miami, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau,[47] New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Orlando/Sanford, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, San Luis Potosí, Santa Clara, Tampico, Tijuana, Toronto–Pearson,[48] Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Varadero, Veracruz, Villahermosa
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale, Orlando
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Brasil São Paulo-Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile
LATAM Perú Lima
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Magnicharters Cancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
Seasonal: Cozumel, Manzanillo
Southwest Airlines Houston–Hobby
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
United Express Houston–Intercontinental
VivaAerobus Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Guadalajara, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas (begins December 16, 2017),[49] Mazatlán, Mérida, Monterrey, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa
Volaris Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Culiacán, Denver, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Orlando, Puerto Vallarta, San Antonio (begins September 15, 2017),[50] San Francisco, San José del Cabo, Tapachula, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Oakland
Volaris Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica (begins September 14, 2017)[51]
Wingo Bogotá

Other Services[edit]

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:

Cargo[edit]

Cargolux Boeing 747-400F landing at the airport.
UPS Airlines Airbus A300-600RF landing from Louisville, KY
Aerounión 300B4-200F on final approach at Benito Juárez airport.
Atlas Air 747-400F taking off to Huntsville, AL

As of January 2016, Mexico City airport is served by 19 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East and East Asia. The following airlines operate the scheduled destinations below.

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
AeroUnion Chicago-O'Hare, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Monterrey
Air France Cargo Atlanta, Guadalajara, Houston-Intercontinental, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto
Amerijet International Miami
Atlas Air Huntsville
Avianca Cargo Bogotá
Cargojet Hamilton
Cargolux Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York-JFK
Cargolux Italia
operated by Cargolux
Milan-Malpensa
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles[52]
Centurion Air Cargo Miami
Seasonal: Guadalajara, Los Angeles
DHL de Guatemala Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargo Copenhagen, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Zaragoza[53]
Estafeta Air Cargo San Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
IAG Cargo Madrid
LATAM Cargo México Bogotá, Campinas-Viracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Los Angeles, Manaus, Mérida, Miami, San José de Costa Rica
Lufthansa Cargo Chicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York-JFK
Qatar Airways Cargo Atlanta, Doha, Houston-Intercontinental, Liège, Los Angeles,[54] Luxembourg,[55] Zaragoza
UPS Airlines Louisville

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic statistics[edit]

In 2016, Mexico City International Airport moved 41,710,254 passengers, making it the busiest airport in Latin America in terms of total passengers. It registered a year-to-year increase of 8.5% and 72% since 2010.[7] It also registered the largest number on net traffic in 2016, with more than 3.2 million passengers.

In terms of international passengers, it was the third busiest airport in Latin America with 14,056,083 passengers,[4] behind Panama City and Cancún[56] and the second busiest in Mexico after Cancún.

The airport is the busiest in Latin America by aircraft movements with 24% more operations than Bogotá-El Dorado[57] and 44.65% more than São Paulo-Guarulhos.[58] It is the 15th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft departures.[59] In 2016, the airport handled 448,147 aircraft operations, an average of 1,227 operations per day.[7]

Regarding cargo, the airport is also the busiest in the country and the second busiest in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport[57] in Bogotá. During 2016, it moved over 483,433.40 tons, an annual increase of 8.17%. The net growth of 36,000 tons was the biggest in the region.[7]

Mexico City Airport Passengers – 1990–2016 (millions)
Updated: January 30, 2017.



Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic  % change International  % change Total  % change
2016 91,820.00 Increase 11.84 391,613.40 Increase 7.35 483,433.40 Increase 8.17
2015 82,100.42 Increase 21.92 364,814.69 Increase 10.14 446,915.11 Increase 12.13
2014 67,341.85 Increase 5.75 331,214.62 Increase 5.85 398,556.47 Increase 5.83
2013 63,678.54 Decrease 19.05 312,911.31 Decrease 1.71 376,589.85 Decrease 5.15
2012 78,666.10 Decrease 4.01 318,351.98 Decrease 3.38 397,018.08 Decrease 3.51
2011 81,953.37 Decrease 3.41 329,502.22 Increase 6.90 411,455.59 Increase 4.68
2010 84,846.88 Increase 1.01 308,228.992 Increase 29.98 393,075.87 Increase 22.40
2009 83,999.43 Decrease 13.47 237,134.01 Decrease 15.01 321,133.44 Decrease 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest routes, 2016[edit]

Domestic[61]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank
Airport
Passengers 2016
Passengers 2015
% Change
Carriers
1 Cancún, Quintana Roo 4,257,000 3,870,116 Increase 10.00 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
2 Monterrey, Nuevo León 3,173,395 3,102,954 Increase 2.27 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
3 Guadalajara, Jalisco 2,745,166 2,703,774 Increase 1.53 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Tijuana, Baja California 1,822,707 1,449,434 Increase 25.75 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
5 Mérida, Yucatán 1,413,536 1,310,514 Increase 7.86 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
6 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 919,457 858,119 Increase 7.15 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
7 Villahermosa, Tabasco 804,267 845,470 Decrease 4.87 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
8 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 796,551 724,687 Increase 9.92 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
9 Chihuahua, Chihuahua 737,131 645,670 Increase 14.17 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
10 Hermosillo, Sonora 673,551 624,061 Increase 7.93 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
11 San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur 654,800 533,108 Increase 22.83 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
12 Veracruz, Veracruz 555,835 583,207 Decrease 4.69 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
13 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 551,871 463,550 Increase 19.05 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus
14 Oaxaca, Oaxaca 534,311 487,141 Increase 9.68 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
15 Bahías de Huatulco, Oaxaca 529,361 510,144 Increase 3.77 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris
16 Culiacán, Sinaloa 528,343 501,043 Increase 5.45 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
17 Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 496,352 424,223 Increase 17.00 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
18 Acapulco, Guerrero 495,661 473,765 Increase 4.62 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
19 Mazatlán, Sinaloa 400,513 366,563 Increase 9.26 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
20 Tampico, Tamaulipas 396,312 447,668 Decrease 11.47 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
21 Mexicali, Baja California 391,676 333,917 Increase 17.30 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
22 León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 386,358 363,791 Increase 6.20 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
23 Reynosa, Tamaulipas 353,003 352,047 Increase 0.27 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
24 Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 317,302 300,335 Increase 5.65 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
25 La Paz, Baja California Sur 308,606 275,791 Increase 11.90 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
26 Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 306,448 267,582 Increase 14.52 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, Volaris
27 Tapachula, Chiapas 303,173 260,826 Increase 16.24 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
28 Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche 286,337 357,235 Decrease 19.85 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
29 San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí 264,702 236,958 Increase 11.71 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
30 Durango, Durango 236,920 190,992 Increase 24.09 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris


International[61]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank
City or Metropolitan Area (Airports)
Passengers 2016
Passengers 2015
% change
Carriers
1 Los Angeles (International, Ontario & Orange County), USA 1,134,656 1,000,433 Increase 13.42 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Interjet, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
2 Houston (Intercontinental & Hobby), USA 926,297 751,453 Increase 23.27 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, United Express
3 Miami (International & Fort Lauderdale), USA 914,858 833,471 Increase 9.76 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet, JetBlue Airways, Volaris
4 New York (John F. Kennedy & Newark), USA 826,573 826,301 Increase 0.03 Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, United Airlines
5 Bogotá, Colombia 707,972 661,166 Increase 7.08 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Copa Airlines Colombia, Interjet
6 Madrid, Spain 617,654 596,163 Increase 3.60 Aeroméxico, Iberia
7 Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 591,800 524,166 Increase 12.90 Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet
8 Panama City, Panama 495,006 428,471 Increase 15.93 Aeroméxico, Copa Airlines
9 Chicago (O'Hare), USA 493,147 501,261 Decrease 1.62 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Interjet, United Airlines, Volaris
10 Lima, Peru 454,788 386,821 Increase 17.47 Aeroméxico, Avianca Peru, Interjet, LATAM Perú
11 Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 448,820 426,363 Increase 1.36 Aeroméxico, Air France
12 Atlanta, USA 440,340 415,183 Increase 6.06 Delta Air Lines
13 Havana, Cuba 421,927 353,334 Increase 19.41 Aeroméxico, Cubana de Aviación, Interjet
14 San Francisco (International & Oakland), USA 403,345 368,078 Increase 9.58 Aeroméxico, United Airlines, Volaris
15 Orlando (International & Sanford), USA 400,432 282,992 Increase 41.50 Aeroméxico, Interjet, JetBlue Airways, Volaris
16 Las Vegas, USA 383,950 388,948 Decrease 1.29 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
17 Guatemala City, Guatemala 346,042 280,002 Increase 23.59 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
18 São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 305,588 284,172 Increase 7.54 Aeroméxico, LATAM Brazil
19 San José, Costa Rica 274,233 263,334 Increase 4.14 Aeroméxico, Interjet
20 Amsterdam, Netherlands 256,113 200,506 Increase 27.73 Aeroméxico, KLM
21 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 251,758 231,062 Increase 8.96 Aeroméxico, British Airways
22 Santiago, Chile 244,721 227,405 Increase 7.61 Aeroméxico, LATAM Chile
23 San Antonio, USA 240,273 321,033 Decrease 25.16 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet
24 Toronto (Pearson), Canada 226,598 180,225 Increase 25.73 Aeroméxico, Air Canada
25 Frankfurt, Germany 221,684 220,232 Increase 0.66 Lufthansa
26 Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 189,908 167,289 Increase 13.62 Aeroméxico
27 San Salvador, El Salvador 181,652 172,542 Increase 5.28 Aeroméxico Connect, Avianca El Salvador
28 Vancouver, Canada 164,414 127,425 Increase 29.03 Aeroméxico, Air Canada
29 Washington (Dulles), USA 153,298 139,781 Increase 9.67 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
30 Montreal, Canada 113,831 100,718 Increase 13.01 Aeroméxico, Air Canada

Busiest routes, 2017 year-to-date[edit]

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Mexico City airport inter-terminal transit with Terminal 2 in background.

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). Also there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation". These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.

Ground transportation[edit]

Metro and bus services[edit]

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [1], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca.

Metrobús[edit]

In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 include a two step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012.

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg Metro San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Metro Buenavista, Buenavista Station Metrobus Mexico.svg Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.

Authorized taxis[edit]

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorized by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On April 10, 1968, an Aerovías Rojas Douglas R4D-3 crashed on approach, killing all eighteen people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight, which was the airline's inaugural flight from Aguascalientes International Airport to Mexico City.[63]
  • On October 31, 1979, Western Airlines Flight 2605 crash-landed. The crew of the DC-10 landed on a closed runway and hit construction vehicles on the runway. There were 73 fatalities (including one on the ground) and 16 survivors.[64][65]
  • On December 12, 1981, a bomb exploded inside the passenger cabin of a parked Aeronica Boeing 727-100, tearing a hole into the fuselage. The captain, two flight attendants and a ground worker were injured. They had been on board the aircraft for pre-departure checks for a scheduled passenger flight to San Salvador and onwards to Managua's Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.[66]
  • An Aero California DC-9-15 overran a runway on July 21, 2004, during an intense storm at the airport. There were no victims, but the aircraft was scrapped. However, a woman died later due to a heart attack.[67]
  • On November 4, 2008 a Mexican Interior Ministry LearJet 45 crashed on approach around 18:45 local time. On board were Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño, who was top aide to President Felipe Calderón. Mouriño was in charge of the fight against the drug trade in Mexico. Also on board was José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, former assistant attorney general and current head of the federal technical secretariat for implementing the recent constitutional reforms on criminal justice and public security. All eight on board perished along with eight others on the ground. 40 others on the ground were injured. The crash was attributed to pilot error.[68]
  • On September 9, 2009, hijacked Aeroméxico Flight 576 landed at Mexico City International Airport from Cancún International Airport.[69]
  • On September 13, 2009, a Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 was damaged in a heavy landing. Post landing inspection revealed that there were wrinkles in the fuselage skin and the nose gear was bent.[70] According to a Lufthansa spokesman, the aircraft will be repaired and returned into full service.[71]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Airport information for MEX at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
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External links[edit]