2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

← 2010 12 October 2015 (2015-10-12) - 5 November 2015 (2015-11-05) 2020 →

All 243 seats of the Bihar Legislative Assembly
122 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Lalu P. Yadav.jpg Nitish Kumar (cropped).JPG Sushil Kumar Modi 1.JPG
Leader Lalu Yadav Nitish Kumar Sushil Modi
Party Rashtriya Janata Dal Janata Dal (United) Bharatiya Janata Party
Alliance Mahagathbandhan Mahagathbandhan NDA
Leader since 1997 2005 2005
Leader's seat MLC MLC MLC
Last election 22 115 91
Seats won 81 70 53
Seat change Increase59 Decrease45 Decrease38

2015 Bihar election result by alliance.svg

Chief Minister before election

Nitish Kumar
Janata Dal (United)

Elected Chief Minister

Nitish Kumar
Janata Dal (United)

The Legislative Assembly election was held over five-phases in Bihar through October–November 2015 before the end of the tenure of the prior Legislative Assembly of Bihar on 29 November 2015.[1][2]

In April 2015, the Janata Parivar group (a group of six parties - Samajwadi Party, Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal, Janata Dal (Secular), Indian National Lok Dal and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya))[3][4] announced their intention to fight the election, with Nitish Kumar as their Chief Ministerial candidate. The Janta Parivar was joined by the Indian National Congress and the Nationalist Congress Party.[5] This coalition was restructured as Mahagatabandhan when the Samajwadi Party, Janata Dal (Secular), Indian National Lok Dal and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) departed from the Janata Parivar.

The Bharatiya Janata Party led NDA fought the election alongside the Lok Janshakti Party, the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party and Hindustani Awam Morcha.[6][7][8]

Six left parties fought jointly, independently from both of the two main blocs.[9][10]

This election saw highest voter turnout in Bihar assembly polls since 2000, with a 56.8% voter turnout in this election.[11] The RJD emerged as a single largest party with 81 seats, followed by JD (U) with 70 seats and BJP with 53 seats. In terms of vote share, BJP came first with 24.4%, followed by RJD with 18.4% and JD (U) with 16.8% and Congress got 6.7%.[12]


Electoral process changes[edit]

NOTA symbol

Election Commission of India announced that around 1,000 Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines will be used along with EVM in 36 out of the 243 assembly seats in Bihar elections, spread over 38 districts.[13][14][15][16][17][18] ECIL manufactured VVPATs will be used in 10 assembly constituencies, while BEL manufactured VVPAT will be used in 26 assembly constituencies.[19] The election information was webcast for the first time and voters can locate their polling booth on phones via an app.[20] About 1.5 crore voters would be informed about the voting dates via SMS.[21]

Election Commission used three new software products - Suvidha, Samadhan and Sugam - to facilitate campaigning, public grievance redressal and vehicle management in Bihar.[22] Electoral Roll Management Software helped in addition/deletion/upgradation of rolls.[23] Android based app 'Matdan' helped the commission with poll-day monitoring in Bihar. Election Commission launched a special drive, Systematic Voters' Education And Electoral Participation (SVEEP) for voter awareness and higher voter turn out in Bihar elections.[24][25][26] Bihar would be the first state to have photo electoral rolls, with photographs of candidates on EVMs.[27][28]

Assembly constituencies of Bihar having VVPAT facility with EVMs[29]
Katihar Purnia Kishanganj Saharsa
Samastipur Forbesganj Munger Jamui
Madhubani Begusarai Khagaria Gopalganj
Supaul Madhepura Sasaram Aurangabad
Buxar Jehanabad Nawada Sitamarhi
Bhabhua Motihari Bettiah Hajipur
Gaya Town Muzaffarpur Darbhanga Ara
Biharsarif Chhapra Siwan Kumhrar
Bankipur Digha Bhagalpur Banka

Eleven NRI voters registered in the electoral rolls for the first time in Bihar electoral history. They were contacted by election officials through their family members.[30] It was the first time that NRIs cast their votes semi-electronically from foreign countries.[31][32] The e-postal ballot system and the existing proxy-voting facility is extended for NRI voters from their place of residence abroad.[33][34][35] But this facility is not available to migrant voters within India.[36][37][38]

A cross will be NOTA symbol to be used in this and subsequent elections.[39] The Election Commission introduced the specific symbol for NOTA, a ballot paper with a black cross across it, on 18 September. The symbol is designed by the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad.[40][41]

On 31 July, the ECI published the final voters' list for the election,[42] which has an overall population of 10,38,04,637, in accordance with the 2011 Census of India.[43][44]

Final voters list for Bihar Legislative Assembly election 2015
S.No Group of voters Voters population
1 Male 3,56,46,870
2 Female 3,11,77,619
3 third gender 2,169
- Total voters 6,68,26,658


The security forces are going to use Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drones, called Netras (eyes) for the election.[45][46] The Election Commission of India decided that Bihar Police personnel would not be deployed at any of the 62,779 polling stations.[47] They would be manned by members of the Central Armed Police Forces.[48]

Bihar Legislative Council election[edit]

In July 2015, BJP-led NDA won 13 seats (including 1 independent backed by BJP) out of 24 seats of Bihar Legislative Council election.[49][50] JDU and RJD combine won 10 seats only, while 1 seat was won by an independent candidate.[51][52]

Central government actions[edit]

On 19 August, the central government notified 21 Bihar districts, including the capital Patna, as backward areas and unveiled tax rebates for them.[53] On 25 August, the central government released the religious data of the 2011 census.[54][55] Hindus constituted 82.7% (8.6 crore people) in Bihar, while Muslims constituted 16.9% (1.7 crore peoples).[56]

In July 2015, Jitan Ram Manjhi was accorded "Z"-plus security cover by the Union Home Ministry, while Pappu Yadav was accorded "Y" category security by government of India.[57][58]

Other political developments[edit]

In May 2015, the JDU government increased the Dearness Allowance (DA) by six percent to 11 percent for provincial government employees and pensioners.[59] In July, Nitish Kumar announced a 50 percent quota for OBC, EBC and SC/STs in all government contracts up to Rs 15 lakh.[60][61] In July, the government issued a notification to give caste certificates to children from upper caste Hindu and Muslim families whose annual income was below 1.5 lakh (US$2,200).[62]

In September, the government agreed to the creation of a dedicated fund for fencing off temples and the inclusion of two of Extremely Backward Castes (EBCs), Nishad (Mallah) and Nonia, in the SC/ST category.[63][64] The state government also decided to provide grants-in-aid to 609 more madrassas across Bihar from the list of 2,459 registered by Bihar State Madrassa Education Board.[65] The Bihar government gave a tax-exempt status to Manjhi - The Mountain Man, a film based on Dashrath Manjhi, a Dalit who carved a path through a 360 ft long, 30 ft wide and 25 ft high hillock in 22 years (1960-1982).[66] Opposition parties accused Nitish Kumar government of doing nothing for Manjhi's village Gehlaur.[67]

In April 2015, Nitish Kumar announced the JDU's decision to include few more castes, including the Teli, in list of Extremely Backward Class, which have 18% reservation in Bihar.[68][69]

Caste and religion data[edit]

The 2011 national census indicated that Scheduled Castes constituted 16% of Bihar's 10.4 crores population.[70][71] The census identified 21 of 23 Dalit sub-castes as Mahadalits.[72] The Mahadalit community consists of the following sub-castes: Bantar, Bauri, Bhogta, Bhuiya, Chaupal, Dabgar, Dom (Dhangad), Ghasi, Halalkhor, Hari (Mehtar, Bhangi), Kanjar, Kurariar, Lalbegi, Musahar, Nat, Pan (Swasi), Rajwar, Turi, Dhobi, Chamar and Paswan (Dusadh).[73] Among Dalits in Bihar, Chamars are the largest 31.3%, followed by Paswans (Dusadh) 30.9% and Musahars 13.9%.[74] The Paswan caste was initially left out of the Mahadalit category,[75] to the consternation of Ram Vilas Paswan.[76][77] Chamars were included later in Mahadalit category. Adivasis (Scheduled Tribes) constituted around 1.3% of the Bihari population.[78][79][80] They include the Gond, Santhal and Tharu communities.[81][82] There are about 130 Extremely Backward Castes (EBCs) in Bihar.[63][83]

Castes of Bihar[84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][92]
Caste Population (%) Notes
OBC/EBC 51% Yadavs -14%
Kurmis -4%
Kushwaha (Koeri) -8%
(EBCs - 26%[63][93][94][95][96] -includes,[97][98][99] Teli-3.2%))
Mahadalits*+ Dalits(SCs) 16%[100][101] includes Chamar- 5%, Dusadh- 5%, Musahar- 2.8%[102]
Muslims 16.9%[56] includes Shershahbadi, Surjapuri, Ansari castes[103][104]
Forward caste 15% [105] Bhumihar-6%
Adivasis(STs) 1.3% [107][108]
Others 0.4% includes Christians,Sikhs,Jains


On 9 September, Election Commission of India announced the dates for Bihar Assembly elections.[109]

Voting phases.
Phase Date No of constituencies Covering Districts
I 12 October 49 Banka, Bhagalpur, Begusarai, Jamui, Khagaria, Lakhisarai, Munger, Nawada, Samastipur, Shekhpura
II 16 October 32 Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jahanabad, Kaimur, Rohtas
III 28 October 50 Bhojpur, Buxar, Nalanda, Patna, Saran, Vaishali
IV 1 November 55 Gopalganj, Paschim Champaran, purvi Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Siwan
V 5 November 57 Araria, Darbhanga, Katihar, Kishanganj, Madhepura, Madhubani, Purnia, Saharsa, Supaul
Counting 8 November 243
Source: Election Commission of India

Parties and alliances[edit]


On 7 June, Lalu Prasad Yadav announced the RJD was joining in an alliance with the JDU for the election.[110][111] On 13 July, he led a march demanding that the central government release its findings of the Socio Economic Caste Census 2011 (SECC) on caste,[112][113][114] although Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan pitched for a comprehensive classification of caste data of SECC 2011 before its release,[115] and also said Lalu, Nitish will be worst impacted from the caste data even if its released.[116][117] BJP Leader Sushil Kumar Modi called for a rectification of errors in the cases of 1.46 crore people in India, including 1.75 lakh in Bihar, before releasing the caste data.[118]

On 3 August, incumbent Chief Minister Nitish Kumar declared that he would not stand in the election.[119][120] On 11 August, he announced the seat-sharing formula, according to which JD(U) and RJD will contest 100 seats each, while Congress will contest 40 seats in Bihar.[121] NCP pulled out of this alliance later.[122] On 23 September, Nitish Kumar announced the list of 242 candidates for the JDU-RJD-INC alliance.[123][124][125] OBCs were most favoured in the alliance ticket distribution plan.[126][127][128] 10% of tickets were allotted to women candidate by the alliance.[129] The Congress Vice-President Rahul Gandhi assigned the task to shortlist Congress candidates for each of the 40 assembly constituencies to former Governor of Kerala and Nagaland Nikhil Kumar.[130]

Nitish Kumar was the declared chief ministerial candidate for the Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance). Kumar started his Har Ghar Dastak (door-to-door) campaign on 2 July.[131][132][133] Initially there were definite political overtures when both Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar shared stage together in a public [134] event commemorating former chief minister Satyendra Narain Sinha's birth anniversary that witnessed veiled attacks on each other, the last time [135] they did it in public. Prashant Kishor was a key election strategist for the alliance.[136][137] The Janata Dal-United started 400 audio-visual vans called Jan Bhagidari Manch raths[clarification needed] for the campaign.[138] Kumar is launching 'Bihar Samman Sammelan' in various cities, including Delhi and Mumbai, to connect with the Bihari diaspora.[139]

However, the grand alliance broke on 26 July 2017 as result of resignation by Nitish Kumar and on the next day 27 July JD(U) made an alliance with NDA and Nitish Kumar sworn in as the chief minister of Bihar for a 6th time and Sushil Modi was sworn in as the deputy chief minister for a 3rd time.

National Democratic Alliance[edit]

Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) used 243 GPS-monitored raths (modified Boleros) and video vans in the election.[140][141][142] The BJP also set up a monitoring headquarters in Patna to track the movement of the GPS-equipped vehicles which will visit 40,000 villages in all 243 constituencies.[143][144] The campaign was kick-started by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Muzaffarpur on 25 July, where he also inaugurated the permanent campus of IIT Patna in Bihta.[145][146][147][148] The BJP election exercise also involved three lakh volunteers.[clarification needed][140] Modi held his second election rally in Gaya on 9 August[149][150] and his third rally in Arrah[151][152] and Saharsa on 18 August.[153][154] Modi announced a Rs 1.25 lakh crore package[clarification needed] for Bihar.[155][156] He addressed his fourth rally in Bhagalpur on 1 September.[157] Bollywood actor Ajay Devgan also campaigned for the BJP.[158][159] Modi addressed several rallies after 25 October in several constituencies.[160]

In a rally in Buxar on 26 October, Modi vowed to defend reservation of Dalits, STs, OBCs.[161][162][163] He said of the Mahagathbandhanthat it was trying to hatch a conspiracy to carve out a sub-quota on the basis of religion as the Supreme Court of India has said reservation cannot be more than 50%.[164][165][166][167] On 27 October, in Bettiah, he again accused Nitish Kumar and Lalu Prasad Yadav of diluting the share of SC, ST and OBC.[168][169] It promoted the view that an attempt was being made to take the reservation of Dalits and other OBCs and give it to other minorities.[170] Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley also agreed with Modi's assertions that the idea of reservations on the basis of religion is fraught with danger.[171][172] On 1 November, Modi repeated the allegations that the two leaders came together in July 2005 to demand a review of the policy to provide for religion-based reservation.[173][174] A video dating from 2005 which was leaked showed Lalu was asking for a quota for Muslims.[175] On 3 July, BJP announced its seventh morcha, the BJP OBC Morcha, reportedly in regards to the election.[176][177][178]

On 11 June, Jitan Ram Manjhi announced his party Hindustani Awam Morcha alliance with the NDA for the election.[179][180]

On 14 September, the NDA announced its seat distribution: BJP got 160 seats, LJP got 40 seats, RLSP got 23 seats and HAM got 20 seats.[181] The NDA did not announce any chief ministerial candidate.[182] BJP announced the names of 154 candidates in three lists.[183][184][185] Caste played a major role in distributing tickets.[186][187] BJP also accommodated five candidates of the Hindustani Awam Morcha.[188] Later, the BJP gave the Imamganj seat to HAM for Majhi is contesting and BJP reduced its seat tally to 159.[189][190] On 1 October, the BJP released its manifesto.[191]

Socialist Secular Morcha[edit]

On 19 September, the leaders of six parties—SP, NCP, Janadhikar Party, Samras Samaj Party (SSP), (National People's Party) and Samajwadi Janata Party (SJP) -- announced the formation of a third front known as the Socialist Secular Morcha.[192] On 15 October, NCP leader Tariq Anwar announced that his party had decided to leave the third front.[193][194]

Left parties[edit]

On 24 July, the Communist Party of India, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation, the All India Forward Bloc, the Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) and the Revolutionary Socialist Party decided to run in all constituencies on a join ticket citing its call for an alternative platform.[10] The CPI will contest 91 seats, while the CPI—ML, CPI(M), SUCI, Forward Bloc and RSP will contest 78, 38, 6, 5 and 3 seats, respectively.[195] CPI released its first list of 81 candidates on 16 September 2015.[196]


Muslim parties[edit]

At least six Muslim parties contested the election.[197] AIMIM contested six seats.[198]

All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) leader Asaduddin Owaisi addressed a rally in Kishanganj on 16 August.[199][200][201] Owaisi accused Nitish and Lalu of keeping the Seemanchal region (consisting of 24 seats) as a backward region.[202][203][204] AIMIM is contesting on 6 assembly seats in Seemanchal region where Muslim voters play a major role.[205][206][207] He addressed a public rally in Kishanganj on 4 October in the Sontha village, which is part of the Kochadhaman (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[208][209][210] He held further rallies at many places in Kishanganj and Purnia.[211][212]

On 5 October, AIMIM released its first list of its six candidates for the election.[213]

Bahujan Samaj Party[edit]

In June 2015, the Bahujan Samaj Party said it would contest all 243 seats.[214][215] In July, the BSP initially released its first list of 49 candidates, including five women candidates, by Bharat Bind, the president of the BSP Bihar unit.[216] National party leader Mayawati planned to campaign for its candidates.[217] BSP's first list has 11 Other Backward Class (OBCs) and 11 Muslims, while they also field Dalits and OBCs from non-reserved seats.[218] On 6 September, Mayawati said of the central government that it was being "remote-controlled" by the "communal and fascist" organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).[219][220][221]

Naseemuddin Siddiqui, Munquad Ali (Rajya Sabha MP) and Ram Achal Rajbhar were appointed to form a strategy to consolidate the Dalits, Most Backward Castes (MBCs) and Muslim votes.[222] On 9 September, Mayawati questioned the announcement of Dearness Allowance (DA) by the central government just before the election and again accused the RSS and its affiliated Sangh Parivar organisations of using the 2011 national census for fear mongering against Muslim population growth for sectarian purposes, as well as to divert attention from such issues as the alleged failure of the central government to deliver on its promises. She added that the census also showed positive signs such as the sex ratio among Muslims is 951 females to 1,000 males, which is higher than the national average and indicated a slowing of the Muslim population growth rate.[223] On 10 September, she called for the deployment of central forces in large numbers on electoral duty to assure a free and fair election and further asked the ECI to keep a watch on possible sectarian ploys by the BJP.[224][225]

Mayawati officially launched the party's campaign on 9 October from Banka.[226] On 13 October, addressing a rally in Rohtas and Kaimur districts, she claimed that the SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav and the party leadership had surrendered to the BJP. She claimed that it has fielded candidates after consulting with the BJP.[227][228] She further called on the NDA to not allow the reservation policy for OBCs and SC/STs to fall under the RSS' influence.[229] On 25 October, Mayawati while addressing a rally in Buxar district of Bihar said that Samajwadi Party played in the hands of BJP due to which Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) broke away from it. She also alleged that BJP is working only for Business class and Nitish-Lalu governments did nothing for poor.[230]


Expelled RJD MP Pappu Yadav created the Jan Adhikar Party before the election and announced to fight against Lalu-Nitish alliance.[231][232] Yogendra Yadav has announced that Swaraj Abhiyan may extend its support to certain political parties, however it was not clear which one.[233]

On 17 September, Shiv Sena announced that it will contest over 150 seats during the election.[234][235] On 19 September, a third front- Socialist Secular Morcha - announced its seat distribution: SP got 85 seats, Janadhikar Party got 64 seats, NCP got 40 seats, SSP got 28 seats, SJP got 23 seats and NPP got three seats.[236] Former U.K. banker Akshay Verma's Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party contested about 90 seats in the election.[237]

The Aam Aadmi Party and JVM-P decided that they will not contest the election, but will campaign against the NDA.[238][239]

Opinion polls[edit]

When conducted Ref Polling organisation/Agency Sample size

Apr–May 2015 [240] ABP News [241] NA 127
Jun–Jul 2015 [242] ABP News – Nielsen NA 121 118 4
August - September 2015 [243] India Today - Cicero 5,968 106 125 12
August - September 2015 [244] India TV-CVoter poll 10,638 120-128 94-106 17-21
3–7 September 2015 [245] ABP News – Nielsen 4,493 122 118 3
12–13 September 2015 [246] Zee News Survey 31,906 70-103 140-173 0
23 September 2015 [247] Times Now – CVoter 7,786 112 117 14
October 2015 [248] Leadtech - infoelections.com 11,566 73 168
8 October 2015 [249] CNN-IBN- Axis Poll 27500 137 95 11
7 October 2015 [250] ABP News NA 112 128 3
October 2015 [251] India Today- Cicero poll NA 122 111 10
October 2015 [252] News Nation 7,000 115-119 120-124 2-4
October 2015 [253] India TV- Cvoter 9,916 108-124 111-127 4-12


The electoral process cost about 300 crore (US$43 million) to the Bihar government exchequer.[254][255][256]

The electorate in Chandila village of Maker block in Saran district's Amnour (Vidhan Sabha constituency) boycotted the election and no votes were cast in protest against the government's failure to bring electricity to their village.[257][258]

Exit polls[edit]

The Axis APM polls was not finally aired by its commissioning news channel, CNN-IBN.[259]

Polling organisation/Agency Ref Sample size

ABP News – Nielsen [260] N/A 130 108 5
CNN-IBN – Axis [259][261][262][263][264] N/A 176 64 3
India Today - Cicero [265] N/A 111-123 113-127 4-8
NDTV - Hansa [266] 76,000 110 125 8
India TV- Times Now-CVoter [267] 35,000+ 112-132 101-121 6-14
News 24 - Today's Chanakya [268] N/A 83 155 5


The result was announced on 8 November.[269] The counting of EVMs of 14 assembly constituencies of Patna district was done in AN College Patna.[270][271] The NOTA option had nine lakhs, or 2.5%, of popular votes and was the highest it had achieved in Bihar elections.[272][273] The number of Yadav MLAs increased to 61 in the Bihar assembly.[274]

Results showed that, of the 53 seats won by BJP, 27 were urban areas, which signified that BJP had dramatically shrunk back to its traditional urban support base in Bihar. BJP failed to make big impact in the rural areas of Bihar, which has one of the lowest urbanisation rate. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh.[275]

According to one analysis, RJD was the biggest beneficiary of this election. RJD increased its seats tally by 59 compared with previous election. RJD had the best strike rate by winning 81 of the 101 seats contested. RJD became the single largest party in Bihar Assembly. RJD defeated BJP in 36 seats BJP had won in the last election, similarly it took 25 seats JD (U) had won in the last election.[276]

178 58 7
Mahagathbandhan NDA Others
Map displaying constituencies won by parties
e • d Summary of results of the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election[277][278]
Alliance Political party Seats
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Votes Vote % Change
in vote %
Vote % in
Seats Contested
Mahagathbandhan Janata Dal (United) 101 71 Decrease44 29.21 6,416,414 16.8 Decrease5.81 Increase40.65
Rashtriya Janata Dal 101 80 Increase68 32.92 6,995,509 18.4 Decrease0.44 Increase44.35
Indian National Congress 41 27 Increase23 11.11 2,539,638 6.7 Decrease1.68 Increase39.49
NDA Bharatiya Janata Party 159 53 Decrease38 21.81 9,308,015 24.4 Increase7.94 Decrease37.48
Lok Janshakti Party 40 2 Decrease1 0.82 1,840,834 4.8 Decrease1.95 Increase28.79
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party 23 2 Increase2 0.82 976,787 2.6 N/A 0.64
Hindustani Awam Morcha 21 1 Increase1 0.41 864,856 2.3 N/A 26.90
Left parties Communist Party of India 91 0 Decrease1 0 516,699 1.4 Decrease0.29 Decrease3.43
CPI(ML) Liberation 78 3 Increase3 1.23 587,701 1.5 Decrease0.29 Decrease3.82
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 38 0 Steady 0 232,149 0.6 Decrease0.21 Decrease3.32
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 10 0 Steady 0 11,621 0.03 Decrease0.02 Decrease0.74
All India Forward Bloc 8 0 Steady 0 6,936 0.00 Steady0.00 Decrease0.21
Revolutionary Socialist Party 3 0 Steady 0 3,045 0.01 Steady0.00 Decrease0.64
Samajwadi Party 85 0 Steady 0 385,511 1.0 Increase0.45 Increase1.83
Jan Adhikar Party 64 0 Steady 0 514,748 1.4 N/A N/A
Nationalist Congress Party 40 0 Steady 0 185,437 0.5 Decrease1.32 Increase2.82
Samras Samaj Party 28 0 Steady 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Samajwadi Janata Party 23 0 Steady 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
National People's Party 3 0 Steady 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Others Bahujan Samaj Party 243 0 Steady 0 788,024 2.1 Decrease1.11 Decrease2.21
Shiv Sena 150 0 Steady 0 211,131 0.6 Increase0.21 Decrease1.84
Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party 90 0 Steady 0 108,851 0.3 N/A 0.91
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha N/A 0 Steady 0 103,940 0.3 Decrease0.31 Decrease2.02
Garib Janata Dal (Secular) N/A 0 Steady 0 92,279 0.2 N/A 0.66
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 6 0 Steady 0 80,248 0.2 N/A 8.04
Independents N/A 4 Decrease2 1.64 3,580,953 9.4 Increase3.82 Decrease9.57
NOTA 243 N/A N/A N/A 947,276 2.5 N/A 2.49
Total 243 Voters 37,696,978 Turnout 56.90%

List of elected candidates[edit]

Vidhan Sabha
District Winner Party Runner Up Runner Up
1 Valmiki Nagar Paschim Champaran Dhirendra Pratap Singh Independent[279] Irshad Hussain INC
2 Ramnagar Paschim Champaran Bhagirathi Devi BJP Purnmasi Ram INC
3 Narkatiaganj Paschim Champaran Vinay Varma INC Renu Devi BJP
4 Bagaha Paschim Champaran Raghaw Sharan Pandey BJP Bhishm Sahani JD(U)
5 Lauriya Paschim Champaran Vinay Bihari BJP Rana Kaushal Pratap Singh RJD
6 Nautan Paschim Champaran Narayan Prasad BJP Baidyanath Prasad Mahto JD(U)
7 Chanpatiya Paschim Champaran Prakash Rai BJP N. N. Sahi JD(U)
8 Bettiah Paschim Champaran Madan Mohan Tiwari INC Renu Devi BJP
9 Sikta Paschim Champaran Khurshid Urf Firoj Ahmad JD(U) Dilip Verma BJP
10 Raxaul Purvi Champaran Ajay Kumar Singh BJP Suresh Kumar RJD
11 Sugauli Purvi Champaran Ramchandra Sahani BJP Om Prakash Choudhary RJD
12 Narkatiya Purvi Champaran Shamim Ahmad RJD Renu Devi BJP
13 Harsidhi Purvi Champaran Rajendra Kumar RJD Krishnandan Paswan BJP
14 Govindganj Purvi Champaran Raju Tiwari LJP Brajesh Kumar INC
15 Kesaria Purvi Champaran Rajesh Kumar RJD Rajendra Prasad Gupta BJP
16 Kalyanpur Purvi Champaran Sachindra Prasad Singh BJP Razia Khatoon JD(U)
17 Pipra Purvi Champaran Shyambabu Prasad Yadav BJP Krishan Chandra JD(U)
18 Madhuban Purvi Champaran Rana Randhir BJP Shivajee Rai JD(U)
19 Motihari Purvi Champaran Pramod Kumar BJP Binod Kumar Shrivastava RJD
20 Chiraia Purvi Champaran Lal Babu Prasad Gupta BJP Laxmi Narayan Prasad Yadav RJD
21 Dhaka Purvi Champaran Faisal Rahman RJD Pawan Kumar Jaiswal BJP
22 Sheohar Sheohar Sharfuddin JD(U) Labhali Anand HAM
23 Riga Sitamarhi Amit Kumar INC Moti Lal Prasad BJP
24 Bathnaha Sitamarhi Dinkar Ram BJP Surendra Ram INC
25 Parihar Sitamarhi Gaytri Devi BJP Ram Chandra Purve RJD
26 Sursand Sitamarhi Syed Abu Dojana RJD Amit Kumar Independent
27 Bajpatti Sitamarhi Ranju Geeta JD(U) Rekha Kumari RLSP
28 Sitamarhi Sitamarhi Sunil Kumar RJD Sunil Kumar alias Pintu BJP
29 Runnisaidpur Sitamarhi Mangita Devi RJD Pankaj Kumar Mishra RLSP
30 Belsand Sitamarhi Sunita Singh Chauhan JD(U) Mohd Nasir Ahamad LJP
31 Harlakhi Madhubani Sudhanshu Shekhar replaced Basant Kumar (expired) on 16.02.2016 RLSP Mohammad Shabbir INC
32 Benipatti Madhubani Bhawana Jha INC Vinod Narain Jha BJP
33 Khajauli Madhubani Sitaram Yadav RJD Arun Shankar Prasad BJP
34 Babubarhi Madhubani Kapil Deo Kamat JD(U) Binod Kumar Singh LJP
35 Bisfi Madhubani Faiyaz Ahmad RJD Manoj Kumar Yadav RLSP
36 Madhubani Madhubani Samir Kumar Mahaseth RJD Ramdeo Mahto BJP
37 Rajnagar Madhubani Ram Prit Paswan BJP Ramawatar Paswan RJD
38 Jhanjharpur Madhubani Gulab Yadav RJD Nitish Mishra BJP
39 Phulparas Madhubani Guljar Devi JD(U) Ram Sundar Yadav BJP
40 Laukaha Madhubani Lakshmeshwar Roy JD(U) Pramod Kumar Priyedarshi BJP
41 Nirmali Supaul Anirudh Prasad Yadav JD(U) Ram Kumar Roy BJP
42 Pipra Supaul Yadubansh Kumar Yadav RJD Vishwamohan Kumar BJP
43 Supaul Supaul Bijendra Prasad Yadav JD(U) Kishor Kumar BJP
44 Triveniganj Supaul Veena Bharti JD(U) Anant Kumar Bharti LJP
45 Chhatapur Supaul Neeraj Kumar Singh BJP Jahur Alam RJD
46 Narpatganj Araria Anil Kumar Yadav RJD Janardan Yadav BJP
47 Raniganj Araria Achmit Rishidev JD(U) Ramji Das Rishidev BJP
48 Forbesganj Araria Vidya Sagar Keshri BJP Krityanand Biswas RJD
49 Araria Araria Avidur Rahman INC Ajay Kumar Jha LJP
50 Jokihat Araria Sarfaraz Alam JD(U) Ranjeet Yadav Independent
51 Sikti Araria Vijay Kumar Mandal BJP Shatrughan Prasad Suman JD(U)
52 Bahadurganj Kishanganj Md Tauseef Alam INC Awadh Bihari Singh BJP
53 Thakurganj Kishanganj Naushad Alam JD(U) Gopal Kumar Agarwal LJP
54 Kishanganj Kishanganj Mohammad Jawed INC Sweety Singh BJP
55 Kochadhaman Kishanganj Mujahid Alam JD(U) Akhtarul Iman AIMIM
56 Amour Purnia Abdul Jalil Mastan INC Saba Zafar BJP
57 Baisi Purnia Abdus Subhan RJD Binod Kumar Independent
58 Kasba Purnia Mohd. Afaque Alam INC Pradip Kumar Das BJP
59 Banmankhi Purnia Krishna Kumar Rishi BJP Sanjiv Kumar Paswan RJD
60 Rupauli Purnia Bima Bharti JD(U) Prem Prakash Mandal BJP
61 Dhamdaha Purnia Leshi Singh JD(U) Shiv Shankar Thakur RLSP
62 Purnia Purnia Vijay Kumar Khemka BJP Indu Sinha INC
63 Katihar Katihar Tarkishore Prasad BJP Bijay Singh JD(U)
64 Kadwa Katihar Shakeel Ahmad Khan INC Chander Bhushan Thakur BJP
65 Balrampur Katihar Mahbub Alam CPI (ML) Liberation Barun Kumar Jha BJP
66 Pranpur Katihar Binod Kumar Singh BJP Israt Parween NCP
67 Manihari Katihar Manohar Prasad Singh INC Anil Kumar Oraon LJP
68 Barari Katihar Neeraj Kumar RJD Bibhash Chandra Choudhary BJP
69 Korha Katihar Punam Kumari INC Mahesh Paswan BJP
70 Alamnagar Madhepura Narendra Narayan Yadav JD(U) Chandan Singh LJP
71 Bihariganj Madhepura Niranjan Kumar Mehta JD(U) Ravindra Charan Yadav BJP
72 Singheshwar Madhepura Ramesh Rishidev JD(U) Manju Devi HAM
73 Madhepura Madhepura Chandra Shekhar RJD Vijay Kumar Bimal BJP
74 Sonbarsha Saharsa Ratnesh Sada JD(U) Sarita Devi LJP
75 Saharsa Saharsa Arun Kumar RJD Alok Ranjan BJP
76 Simri Bakhtiarpur Saharsa Dinesh Chandra Yadav JD(U) Yusuf Salahuddin LJP
77 Mahishi Saharsa Dr. Abdul Ghafoor RJD Chandan Kumar Sah RLSP
78 Kusheshwar Asthan Darbhanga Shashi Bhushan Hazari JD(U) Dhananjay Kumar LJP
79 Gaura Bauram Darbhanga Madan Sahni JD(U) Vinod Sahni LJP
80 Benipur Darbhanga Sunil Choudhary JD(U) Gopal Jee Thakur BJP
81 Alinagar Darbhanga Abdul Bari Siddiqui RJD Mishri Lal Yadav BJP
82 Darbhanga Rural Darbhanga Lalit Kumar Yadav RJD Naushad Ahmad HAM
83 Darbhanga Darbhanga Sanjay Saraogi BJP Om Prakash Kheria RJD
84 Hayaghat Darbhanga Amarnath Gami JD(U) Ramesh Choudhary LJP
85 Bahadurpur Darbhanga Bhola Yadav RJD Hari Sahani BJP
86 Keoti Darbhanga Faraz Fatmi RJD Ashok Kumar Yadav BJP
87 Jale Darbhanga Jibesh Kumar BJP Rishi Mishra JD(U)
88 Gaighat Muzaffarpur Maheshwar Prasad Yadav RJD Veena Devi BJP
89 Aurai Muzaffarpur Surendra Kumar RJD Ram Surat Ray BJP
90 Minapur Muzaffarpur Rajeev Kumar RJD Ajay Kumar BJP
91 Bochahan Muzaffarpur Bebi Kumari Independent Ramai Ram JD(U)
92 Sakra Muzaffarpur Lal Babu Ram RJD Arjun Ram BJP
93 Kurhani Muzaffarpur Kedar Prasad Gupta BJP Manoj Kumar Singh JD(U)
94 Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur Suresh Kumar Sharma BJP Bijendra Chaudhary JD(U)
95 Kanti Muzaffarpur Ashok Kumar Choudhary Independent Ajeet Kumar HAM
96 Baruraj Muzaffarpur Nand Kumar Rai RJD Arjun Kumar Singh BJP
97 Paroo Muzaffarpur Ashok Kumar Singh BJP Shankar Prasad RJD
98 Sahebganj Muzaffarpur Ramvichar Rai RJD Raju Kumar Singh BJP
99 Baikunthpur Gopalganj Mithilesh Tiwari BJP Manjeet Kumar Singh JD(U)
100 Barauli Gopalganj Md. Nematullah RJD Rampravesh Rai BJP
101 Gopalganj Gopalganj Subhash Singh BJP Reyazul Haq RJD
102 Kuchaikote Gopalganj Amrendra Kumar Pandey JD(U) Kali Prasad Pandey BJP
103 Bhore Gopalganj Anil Kumar INC Indradev Manjhi BJP
104 Hathua Gopalganj Ramsewak Singh JD(U) Mahachandra Prasad Singh HAM
105 Siwan Siwan Vyas Deo Prasad BJP Bablu Prasad JD(U)
106 Ziradei Siwan Ramesh Singh Kushwaha JD(U) Asha Devi BJP
107 Darauli Siwan Satyadeo Ram CPI (ML) Liberation Ramayan Manjhi BJP
108 Raghunathpur Siwan Harishankar Yadav RJD Manoj Kumar Singh BJP
109 Daraunda Siwan Kavita Singh JD(U) Jitendra Swami BJP
110 Barharia Siwan Shyam Bahadur Singh JD(U) Bachha Panday LJP
111 Goriakothi Siwan Satyadeo Prasad Singh RJD Devesh Kant Singh BJP
112 Maharajganj Siwan Hem Narayan Sah JD(U) Kumar Deo Ranjan Singh BJP
113 Ekma Saran Manoranjan Singh JD(U) Kameshwar Kumar Singh BJP
114 Manjhi Saran Vijay Shanker Dubey INC Keshav Singh LJP
115 Baniapur Saran Kedar Nath Singh RJD Tarkeshwar Singh BJP
116 Taraiya Saran Mudrika Prasad Roy RJD Janak Singh BJP
117 Marhaura Saran Jeetendra Kumar Rai RJD Lal Babu Ray BJP
118 Chapra Saran Dr. C. N. Gupta BJP Randhir Kumar Singh RJD
119 Garkha Saran Muneshwar Chaudhary RJD Gyanchand Manjhi BJP
120 Amnour Saran Shatrudhan Tiwari BJP Krishan Kumar Mantoo JD(U)
121 Parsa Saran Chandrika Rai RJD Chhotelal Rai LJP
122 Sonepur Saran Dr. Ramanuj Prasad RJD Vinay Kumar Singh BJP
123 Hajipur Vaishali Awadhesh Singh BJP Jagannath Prasad Rai INC
124 Lalganj Vaishali Raj Kumar Sah LJP Vijay Kumar Shukla JD(U)
125 Vaishali Vaishali Raj Kishore Singh JD(U) Brishin Patel HAM
126 Mahua Vaishali Tej Pratap Yadav RJD Ravindra Ray HAM
127 Raja Pakar Vaishali Shiv Chandra Ram RJD Ram Nath Raman LJP
128 Raghopur Vaishali Tejashwi Prasad Yadav RJD Satish Kumar BJP
129 Mahnar Vaishali Umesh Singh Kushwaha JD(U) Dr. Achuta Nand BJP
130 Patepur Vaishali Prema Chaudhary RJD Mahendra Baitha BJP
131 Kalyanpur Samastipur Maheshwar Hazari JD(U) Prince Raj LJP
132 Warisnagar Samastipur Ashok Kumar JD(U) Chandrashekhar Rai LJP
133 Samastipur Samastipur Akhtarul Islam Shaheen RJD Renu Kumari BJP
134 Ujiarpur Samastipur Alok Kumar Mehta RJD Kumar Anant RLSP
135 Morwa Samastipur Vidya Sagar Singh Nishad JD(U) Suresh Ray BJP
136 Sarairanjan Samastipur Vijay Kumar Choudhary JD(U) Ranjeet Nirguni BJP
137 Mohiuddinnagar Samastipur Ejya Yadav RJD Rajesh Kumar Singh Independent
138 Bibhutipur Samastipur Ram Balak Singh JD(U) Ram Deo Verma CPI (M)
139 Rosera Samastipur Dr. Ashok Kumar INC Manju Hazari BJP
140 Hasanpur Samastipur Raj Kumar Ray JD(U) Vinod Choudhary RLSP
141 Cheria-Bariarpur Begusarai Kumari Manju Verma JD(U) Anil Kumar Chaudhary LJP
142 Bachhwara Begusarai Ramdeo Rai INC Arvind Kumar Singh LJP
143 Teghra Begusarai Birendra Kumar RJD Ram Lakhan Singh BJP
144 Matihani Begusarai Narendra Kumar Singh JD(U) Sarvesh Kumar BJP
145 Sahebpur Kamal Begusarai Shreenarayan Yadav RJD M.D. Aslam LJP
146 Begusarai Begusarai Amita Bhushan INC Surendra Mehta BJP
147 Bakhri Begusarai Upendra Paswan RJD Ramanand Ram BJP
148 Alauli Khagaria Chandan Kumar RJD Pashupati Kumar Paras LJP
149 Khagaria Khagaria Poonam Devi Yadav JD(U) Rajesh Kumar HAM
150 Beldaur Khagaria Panna Lal Singh Patel JD(U) Mithilesh Kumar Nishad LJP
151 Parbatta Khagaria Ramanand Prasad Singh JD(U) Ramanuj Choudhary BJP
152 Bihpur Bhagalpur Varsha Rani RJD Kumar Shailendra BJP
153 Gopalpur Bhagalpur Narendra Kumar Niraj JD(U) Anil Kumar Yadav BJP
154 Pirpainti Bhagalpur Ram Vilash Paswan RJD Lalan Kumar BJP
155 Kahalgaon Bhagalpur Sadanand Singh INC Niraj Kumar Mandal LJP
156 Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Ajeet Sharma INC Arjit Shashwat Choubey BJP
157 Sultanganj Bhagalpur Subodh Roy JD(U) Himanshu Prasad RLSP
158 Nathnagar Bhagalpur Ajay Kumar Mandal JD(U) Amar Nath Prasad LJP
159 Amarpur Banka Janardan Manjhi JD(U) Mrinal Shekhar BJP
160 Dhoraiya Banka Manish Kumar JD(U) Bhudeo Choudhary RLSP
161 Banka Banka Ram Narayan Mandal BJP Zafrul Hoda RJD
162 Katoria Banka Sweety Sima Hembram RJD Nikki Hembram BJP
163 Belhar Banka Girdhari Yadav JD(U) Manoj Yadav BJP
164 Tarapur Munger M.L. Choudhary JD(U) Sakuni Choudhary HAM
165 Munger Munger Vijay Kumar Vijay RJD Pranav Kumar BJP
166 Jamalpur Munger Shailesh Kumar JD(U) Himanshu Kunvar LJP
167 Suryagarha Lakhisarai Prahlad Yadav RJD Prem Ranjan Patel BJP
168 Lakhisarai Lakhisarai Vijay Kumar Sinha BJP Ramanand Mandal JD(U)
169 Sheikhpura Sheikhpura Randhir Kumar Soni JD(U) Naresh Saw HAM
170 Barbigha Sheikhpura Sudarshan Kumar INC Sheo Kumar RLSP
171 Asthawan Nalanda Jitendra Kumar JD(U) Chhote Lal Yadav LJP
172 Biharsharif Nalanda Dr. Sunil Kumar BJP Mohd. Asghar Shamim JD(U)
173 Rajgir Nalanda Ravi Jyoti Kumar JD(U) Satyadeo Narain Arya BJP
174 Islampur Nalanda Chandrasen Prasad JD(U) Birendra Gope BJP
175 Hilsa Nalanda Shakti Singh Yadav RJD Deepika Kumari LJP
176 Nalanda Nalanda Shrawon Kumar JD(U) Kaushalendra Kumar BJP
177 Harnaut Nalanda Hari Narayan Singh JD(U) Arun Kumar LJP
178 Mokama Patna Anant Kumar Singh Independent Neeraj Kumar JD(U)
179 Barh Patna Gyanendra Kumar Singh BJP Manoj Kumar JD(U)
180 Bakhtiarpur Patna Ranvijay Singh BJP Aniruddh Kumar RJD
181 Digha Patna Sanjiv Chaurasia BJP Rajeev Ranjan Prasad JD(U)
182 Bankipur Patna Nitin Naveen BJP Kumar Ashish INC
183 Kumhrar Patna Arun Kumar Sinha BJP Aquil Haider INC
184 Patna Sahib Patna Nand Kishore Yadav BJP Santosh Mehta RJD
185 Fatuha Patna Dr. Ramanand Yadav RJD Satyendra Kumar Singh LJP
186 Danapur Patna Asha Devi BJP Raj Kishor Yadav RJD
187 Maner Patna Bhai Virendra RJD Shrikant Nirala BJP
188 Phulwari Patna Shyam Rajak JD(U) Rajeshwar Manjhi HAM
189 Masaurhi Patna Rekha Devi RJD Nutan Paswan HAM
190 Paliganj Patna Jay Vardhan Yadav RJD Ram Janm Sharma BJP
191 Bikram Patna Siddharth INC Anil Kumar BJP
192 Sandesh Bhojpur Arun Kumar RJD Sanjay Singh BJP
193 Barhara Bhojpur Saroj Yadav RJD Asha Devi BJP
194 Arrah Bhojpur Mohammad Nawaz Alam RJD Amrendra Pratap Singh BJP
195 Agiaon Bhojpur Prabhunath Prasad JD(U) Shivesh Kumar BJP
196 Tarari Bhojpur Sudama Prasad CPI (ML) Liberation Gita Pandey LJP
197 Jagdishpur Bhojpur Ram Vishun Singh RJD Rakesh Raushan RLSP
198 Shahpur Bhojpur Rahul Tiwary RJD Visheshwar Ojha BJP
199 Brahampur Buxar Shambhu Nath Yadav RJD Vivek Thakur BJP
200 Buxar Buxar Munna Tiwari INC Pradeep Dubey BJP
201 Dumraon Buxar Dadan Yadav JD(U) Ram Bihari Singh RLSP
202 Rajpur Buxar Santosh Kumar Nirala JD(U) Bishawnath Ram BJP
203 Ramgarh Kaimur Ashok Kumar Singh BJP Ambika Singh RJD
204 Mohania Kaimur Niranjan Ram BJP Sanjay Kumar INC
205 Bhabua Kaimur Anand Bhushan Pandey BJP Dr. Pramod Kumar Singh JD(U)
206 Chainpur Kaimur Brij Kishor Bind BJP Mohd. Zama Khan BSP
207 Chenari Rohtas Lalan Paswan RLSP Mangal Ram INC
208 Sasaram Rohtas Ashok Kumar RJD Jawahar Prasad BJP
209 Kargahar Rohtas Bashisht Singh JD(U) Birendra Kumar Singh RLSP
210 Dinara Rohtas Jai Kumar Singh JD(U) Rajendra Prasad Singh BJP
211 Nokha Rohtas Anita Devi RJD Rameshwar Prasad BJP
212 Dehri Rohtas Mohd. Iliyas Hussain RJD Jitendra Kumar RLSP
213 Karakat Rohtas Sanjay Kumar Singh RJD Rajeshwar Raj BJP
214 Arwal Arwal Ravindra Singh RJD Chitranjan Kumar BJP
215 Kurtha Arwal Satyadeo Singh JD(U) Ashok Kumar Verma RLSP
216 Jehanabad Jehanabad Mundrika Singh Yadav RJD Praveen Kumar RLSP
217 Ghosi Jehanabad Krishan Nandan Prasad Verma JD(U) Rahul Kumar HAM
218 Makhdumpur Jehanabad Subedar Das RJD Jitan Ram Manjhi HAM
219 Goh Aurangabad Manoj Kumar BJP Dr. Ranvijay Kumar JD(U)
220 Obra Aurangabad Birendra Kumar Sinha RJD Chandra Bhushan Verma RLSP
221 Nabinagar Aurangabad Virendra Kumar Singh JD(U) Gopal Narayan Singh BJP
222 Kutumba Aurangabad Rajesh Kumar INC Santosh Kumar Suman HAM
223 Aurangabad Aurangabad Anand Shankar Singh INC Ramadhar Singh BJP
224 Rafiganj Aurangabad Ashok Kumar Singh JD(U) Pramod Kumar Singh LJP
225 Gurua Gaya Rajiv Nandan BJP Ramchandra Prasad Singh JD(U)
226 Sherghati Gaya Vinod Prasad Yadav JD(U) Mukesh Kumar Yadav HAM
227 Imamganj Gaya Jitan Ram Manjhi HAM Uday Narain Choudhary JD(U)
228 Barachatti Gaya Samta Devi RJD Sudha Devi LJP
229 Bodh Gaya Gaya Kumar Sarvjeet RJD Shyamdeo Paswan BJP
230 Gaya Town Gaya Prem Kumar BJP Priya Ranjan INC
231 Tikari Gaya Abhay Kumar Sinha JD(U) Anil Kumar HAM
232 Belaganj Gaya Surendra Prasad Yadav RJD Sharim Ali HAM
233 Atri Gaya Kunti Devi RJD Arvind Kumar Singh LJP
234 Wazirganj Gaya Awadhesh Kumar Singh INC Birendra Singh BJP
235 Rajauli Nawada Prakash Veer RJD Arjun Ram BJP
236 Hisua Nawada Anil Singh BJP Kaushal Yadav JD(U)
237 Nawada Nawada Rajballabh Prasad RJD Indradeo Prasad RLSP
238 Gobindpur Nawada Purnima Yadav INC Fula Devi BJP
239 Warsaliganj Nawada Aruna Devi BJP Pradip Kumar JD(U)
240 Sikandra Jamui Sudhir Kumar INC Subhas Chandra Bosh LJP
241 Jamui Jamui Vijay Prakash RJD Ajoy Pratap BJP
242 Jhajha Jamui Rabindra Yadav BJP Damodar Rawat JD(U)
243 Chakai Jamui Savitri Devi RJD Sumit Kumar Singh LJP



Total Mahagathbandhan NDA Other
West Champaran 9 3 5 1
East Champaran 12 5 7 0
Sheohar 1 1 0 0
Sitamarhi 8 6 2 0
Madhubani 10 8 2 0
Supaul 5 4 1 0
Araria 6 4 2 0
Kishanganj 4 4 0 0
Purnia 7 6 1 0
Katihar 7 4 2 1
Madhepura 4 4 0 0
Saharsa 4 4 0 0
Darbhanga 10 8 2 0
Muzaffarpur 11 6 3 2
Gopalganj 6 4 2 0
Siwan district 8 6 1 1
Saran 10 8 2 0
Vaishali 8 6 2 0
Samastipur 10 10 0 0
Begusarai 7 7 0 0
Khagaria 4 4 0 0
Bhagalpur 7 6 1 0
Banka 5 4 1 0
Munger 3 3 0 0
Lakhisarai 2 1 1 0
Sheikhpura 2 2 0 0
Nalanda 7 6 1 0
Patna 14 6 7 1
Bhojpur 7 6 0 1
Buxar 4 4 0 0
Kaimur 4 0 4 0
Rohtas 7 6 1 0
Arwal 2 2 0 0
Jehanabad 3 3 0 0
Aurangabad 6 4 2 0
Gaya 9 6 3 0
Nawada 5 3 2 0
Jamui 4 3 1 0
           brahman       rajput       yadav     Muslim      sc    

|-rjd 0 15 30 20 20

 jdu         0           10           5         30          20 
 congress    100         75           70        50          60
 bjp         0           0            0         0           0
  • 1 in every 4 new members in Bihar Assembly is a Yadav[281]
  • Elected MLAs caste-wise-2015[282][283][284]
MLAs Yadavas SC ST Muslims Rajput Koyiris Bhumihars Kurmi Vaishya Brahmins Kayasta Others
243 61 38 2 24 19 19 17 16 16 10 3 67

Government formation[edit]

Janata Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar sworn in as chief minister for the fifth time in a row on 20 November 2015 after the Mahagathbandhan alliance won a sweeping victory, taking 178 seats.[285] The two sons of RJD chief Lalu Prasad, Tejaswi and Tej Pratap were also sworn in as ministers. Tejaswi Yadav became Deputy Chief Minister. Apart from Nitish Kumar, 12 members each from the Janata Dal (United) and the Rashtriya Janata Dal and four from the Congress were administered the oath of office as ministers.[286]

On 26 July 2017, the Grand Alliance broke and a new coalition government between JD(U) and the BJP was formed.[287]

Voting percentage[edit]

A phase-wise analysis of the polling percentages puts the fifth and final phase on the top with a 60% turnout. The polling in this round, beat the 58.45% turnout recorded in the fourth phase, as also 53.74% voting in third phase, 55.45% in the second and 55.81% in the first phase.out.

  • 2015 - 56.8% ;2010 - 52.7% ; Oct 2005 - 45.9% ; 2000 - 62.6% ( Assembly Polls were held twice in 2005 due to a fractured verdict.[288]
  • For Other statistics -see :Talk

Portfolios of Nitish Kumar's Cabinet Ministers-2015[edit]

  • Patna: Nitish Kumar today took oath as Bihar Chief Minister along with 28 ministers, including RJD chief Lalu Prasad's two sons Tejaswi and Tej Pratap, as the grand alliance government of RJD-JD(U)-Congress was sworn in at a mega ceremony attended by several top leaders from non-BJP parties.
  • The 28 ministers, 19 of them first-timers, range from a dozen who studied up to various stages of school — including both of Lalu's sons — to seven postgraduates, four of these from Lalu's party. The CM is an electrical engineering graduate.

Besides Nitish, 12 members each from RJD and JD(U) and four from Congress were administered oath as ministers by Governor Ram Nath Kovind.

  • Chief Minister
  • Nitish Kumar - Chief Minister: Home, General Administration, Information & Public Communication. The Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, 64, is an electrical engineering graduate.

RJD Ministers:

  • 1.Tejashwi Yadav (Won from Raghopur ) -Deputy Chief Minister-: Road Construction, Building Constructions & Backward Class Development;Lalu's younger son, 26, is Nitish's deputy and Roads Minister. A former cricketer, he played for Jharkhand and was also part of IPL for four seasons without a match. Tejaswi defeated the BJP's Satish Kumar in Raghopur. Studied until Class IX.He is the fourth Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar & also the youngest.
  • 2.Tej Pratap Yadav (Won from Mahua ) - Health, Forest and Environment, Backward & Extremely Backward Class Welfare Ministry ;Lalu's elder son is Health Minister and No. 3 in the cabinet, after the CM and his Deputy CM brother. Declared his age as 25, which would make him "younger" than his brother as per records and the "youngest minister". He defeated HAM's Ravindra Rai, sitting MLA, in Mahua. Studied until Class XII; ran a motorbike showroom
  • 3. Vijay Prakash ( Won from Jamui)- Labour Resources ;Rewarded with Labour Resources for his family's loyalty to Lalu's. Vijay Prakash, 45 and a postgraduate, is a brother of Banka RJD MP Jaiprakash Narayan Yadav and defeated Ajay Pratap Singh, son of former minister Narendra Singh, in Jamui.
  • 4. Anita Devi (Won from Nokha)- Tourism ;, 45, studied till Class XII. She defeated BJP veteran Rameshwar Chaurasia in Nokha in what was her first election. She belongs to the EBC Nonia caste.
  • 5.Muneshwar Chaudhary ( Won from Garkha)- Mining ;Mines Minister, 60, is the RJD's state vice president. He defeated the BJP's Gyanchand Manjhi in Garkha for his fifth term as MLA. Belongs to the Pasi scheduled caste
  • 6.Chandrasekhar- Disaster Management ;53, is a second-time MLA from Madhepura, where he defeated the BJP's Vijay Kumar Vimal. An MSc, he used to teach at a college. A Yadav leader with the RJD.
  • 7.Dr. Abdul Ghafoor (Won from Mahishi)- Minority Development;Minority Affairs Minister, 56, is an MA and doctorate degree holder who taught at a college. The old Lalu aide defeated the LJP's Chandan Kumar Sah in Mahisi for his fourth term as MLA.
  • 8.Shiv Chandra Ram :Arts, Culture & Youth Affairs Minister, 44, is a graduate and the RJD's state youth wing chief. He defeated the LJP's Ramnath Ram in Rajapakad to become an MLA for the third time. An SC leader.
  • 9. Ramvichar Rai (Won from Sahebganj)- Agriculture; 60, has been a minister and RJD chief whip earlier. He defeated Raju Kumar Singh of HAM in Sahebganj. Rai studied till Class X.
  • 10. Chandrika Rai (Won from Parsa)- Transport Minister, 53, was an RJD minister under Rabri. Son of Daroga Rai, Bihar's first Yadav CM, he is a postgraduate in arts. He defeated the LJP's Chhotelal Rai in Parsa
  • 11. Alok Kumar Mehta, ( Won from Ujiarpur)A former RJD MP, 44, he is Cooperatives Minister. He is known as a loyalist of Lalu's family and said to have groomed Tejaswi in politics. An OBC Kushwaha and son of former minister Tulsidas Mehta, he defeated the RLSP's Anant Kushwaha in Ujiyarpur.
  • 12. Abdul Bari Siddiqui (Won from Alinagar)- Finance Ministry ;, 63, has been RJD minister before, as well as leader of opposition. He carries the image of a moderate acceptable across parties and was widely believed to become Deputy CM. He won once again from Alinagar, defeating the BJP's Misrilal Yadav this time. A product of the JP Movement, he studied till Class XII.


  • 1. Kapildev Kamat- Minister for Panchayati Raj, 60, is an EBC Kyot leader with his roots in the JP movement. He defeated the LJP's Vinod Kumar in Babubarhi. He did not complete his matriculation.
  • 2. Madan Sahni ( Won from Gaura Buram)- Food and Civil Supplies, Consumer Protection Minister, 44, is the JD(U)’s EBC Mallah face. He is a second-term MLA and a graduate. He defeated the LJP's Vinod Sahni in Gauraboram
  • 3. Khurshid Urf Firoz Ahmad ( Won from Sikta)- Sugar Cane Industry;53, is also known as Khurshid. He defeated BJP heavyweight Dilip Verma in Sikta. He studied till Class X and is a second-term JD(U) MLA.
  • 4.Santosh Kumar Nirala ( Won from Rajpur)- SC/ST Development ;Dalit leader, 44, gets SC/ST Welfare. he came from the BSP, joined the JD(U) and beat Vishwanath Ram (BJP) in Rajpur. Second-time MLA; graduate.
  • 5.Kumari Manju Verma (Won from Cheria Bariarpur)- Social Welfare ;46, defeated the LJP's Anil Kumar in Cheria Bariarpur. Studied till Class XII. An OBC Kushwaha leader with the JD(U).
  • 6.Shailesh Kumar, ( Won from Jamalpur)Rural Works Minister, 52, became MLA for a third time beating the LJP's Himanshi Kuwar in Jamalpur. An EBC Dhanuk leader with JD(U); Master's degree.
  • 7. Maheshwar Hazari- Urban development;46, is with the JD(U), an SC leader related to Ram Vilas Paswan and a son of leader Ramsevak Hazari. He defeated Ramchandra Paswan's son Prince Raj in a family battle in Kalyanpur. Studied until XII.
  • 8.Krishna Nandan Prasad Verma ( Won from Ghosi)- PHED & Law ; OBC Kushwaha leader, 45, is a graduate who has become Minister for PHE and Law. He defeated sitting Ghoshi MLA and HAM candidate Rahul Kumar, a son of former MP Jagdish Sharma.
  • 9. Jay Kumar Singh (Won from Dinara)- Industry, Science & Technology{Age 46, is a civil engineering graduate. He defeated the BJP's Rajendra Singh to take Dinara for a second time. An upper caste Rajput with the JD(U).}
  • 10. Shrawan Kumar, (Won from Nalanda)OBC Kurmi leader, 56, gets Rural Development and Parliamentary Affairs. He studied till Class XII. A former JD(U) chief whip as well as minister, he is said to be close to the CM. He defeated the BJP's Kaushlendra Kumar in Nalanda.
  • 11. Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lalan Singh (MLC)- Water Resource ;62; he has Water Resources. A former JD(U) state president and now an MLC, he was the Munger MP between 2009 and 2014. Once close to Nitish, he fell out with him, patched up and came back to become a minister. An upper caste Bhumihar.
  • 12. Bijendra Prasad Yadav (Won from Supaul)- Power ;At 69, the most senior minister. He retains Energy. A JD(U) veteran hailing from the JP movement, he has been an MLA since 1990 and is seen as close to Sharad Yadav. He studied until XII and is widely respected for his understanding of politics and clean image. He defeated the BJP's Kishore Kumar Munna in Supaul.


  • 1.Madan Mohan Jha- Revenue and Land Reforms Minister, 56, is the state Congress's Brahmin face. An MSc and PhD, he is an MLC and a son of former minister Nagendra Jha.
  • 2. Abdul Jalil Mastan,( Won from Amour)Registration and Excise Minister, 57, is a veteran Muslim face with the Congress and won his eighth MLA poll, beating the BJP's Saba Jafar in Amour. Once refused to become a minister in Rabri Devi's cabinet. Passed Class XII in commerce.
  • 3.Awdhesh Kumar Singh (won from Wazirganj)- Animal and Fishery Development ;One of two upper caste Rajput ministers, he gets Animal Husbandry and Fisheries. Veteran Congressman, 59, defeated the BJP's Virendra Singh in Wazirganj. He was a minister in the Chandrashekhar Singh government too.
  • 4.Ashok Choudhary (MLC)- Education & IT ;Bihar Congress president, 47, is an MLC who gets Human Resource Development and Information Technology. The Dalit face of the Bihar Congress, he is a son of former minister Mahavir Choudhary and was a minister in Rabri's government. Has a doctorate degree.


  • Ministers from RJD who took oath: Tejaswi Yadav, Tej Pratap Yadav, Abdul Bari Siddiqui, Alok Kumar Mehta, Chandrika Rai, Ram Vichar Rai, Shiv Chandra Ram, Abdul Gafoor, Chandrasekhar, Munneshwar Chaudhary, Anita Devi and Vijay Prakash.
  • Those from JD(U): Bijendra Prasad Yadav, Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lallan Singh, Shrawan Kumar, Jay Kumar Singh, Krishnandan Prasad Varma, Maheshwar Hazari, Shailesh Kumar, Manju Varma, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Khursheed alias Firoz Ahmad, Madan Sahni and Kapildeo Kamat apart from Nitish Kumar.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Amit Shah sets Mission 185+ for Bihar BJP in 2015 Assembly Polls". Bihar Prabha. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Bihar Assembly Elections 2015: Jitan Ram Manjhi has become 'announcement minister', says Sushil Modi". india.com. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  3. ^ "6 Parties of Janata Parivar Announce Merger, Mulayam Singh Yadav to be Chief of New Party".
  4. ^ "Six parties unite to form Janata Parivar; Mulayam is the new party chief".
  5. ^ "Analysis: Advantage Janata Parivar, but it's a long fight ahead". Hindustan Times.
  6. ^ "Bihar election: BJP starts campaign, wins over Manjhi to its camp".
  7. ^ "Bihar elections 2015: BJP needs to reach out to Mahadalits".
  8. ^ "Rise of Janata parivar".
  9. ^ Catch News. Voters dissatisfied with Nitish & Lalu will choose us, not BJP, says CPI(ML) chief
  10. ^ a b "Left parties to contest all 243 Bihar Assembly seats". India Today. Patna. Indo-Asian News Service. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Bihar sees highest turnout in 15 years".
  12. ^ "In Bihar, BJP fails to win, but tops vote share".
  13. ^ "Bihar Assembly polls likely in Sept-Oct, says CEC".
  14. ^ "Bihar Assembly polls: Haven't received official proposal regarding Janata Parivar merger, says CEC".
  15. ^ "Bihar assembly polls likely to be held in Sept-Oct: CEC".
  16. ^ "36 Seats in Bihar to Have Electronic Voting Machines With Paper Trail Facility".
  17. ^ "Poll-bound Bihar to get 36 EVMs with paper trail facility".
  18. ^ "EC special teams to visit Bihar to check electoral rolls".
  19. ^ "General Election to the State Legislative Assembly of Bihar, 2015- Use of EVMs with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail System(VVPAT)-reg" (PDF).
  20. ^ "Bihar polls from mid-October, maybe spread over 4-7 phases".
  21. ^ "बिहार चुनाव में पांच सबसे बड़ी चुनौतियां" (in Hindi).
  22. ^ "Apps for India, from Patna Election Commission uses city firm's software".
  23. ^ "Tech-savvy Election Commission behind smooth election in Bihar".
  24. ^ "SVEEP document" (PDF).
  25. ^ "Vote and make me proud: Muzaffarpur to citizens".
  26. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-bihar-polls-record-57-in-first-phase-2134264
  27. ^ "Contesting the Bihar Polls? Dummy Candidates Beware".
  28. ^ "Now, photos of candidates on EVMs to weed out 'dummies'".
  29. ^ "EC move to allay fears about errors in EVMs".
  30. ^ "Dil Bihari: 11 NRIs enrol as voters in state".
  31. ^ "For the first time in assembly elections, NRIs will vote".
  32. ^ "NRIs may cast e-votes in Bihar election".
  33. ^ "Domestic migrants may get to vote during polls in native places". hindustantimes.com/.
  34. ^ "Why India's migrants are unable to vote". BBC News.
  35. ^ "NRIs can now vote in Indian elections without coming here". The Times of India.
  36. ^ "Can NaMo push Kamandal chariot into Mandal heartland?".
  37. ^ "NRIs can vote, not migrant labourers: Centre and EC". The Times of India.
  38. ^ "Migrants can't vote in native place, Election Commission tells Supreme Court". The Times of India.
  39. ^ "Cross mark is now NOTA symbol". The Times of India.
  40. ^ "Now, 'NOTA' has an electoral symbol too". dna. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  41. ^ Jain, Bharti (18 September 2015). "'None of the Above' option on EVMS to carry its own symbol from Bihar polls". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  42. ^ "Election Commission publishes final voters list for Bihar elections".
  43. ^ "Election Commission publishes final voters list for Bihar Assembly polls".
  44. ^ Sanjit Oberai. "Infograph: Caste, Community and Gender, Bihar's Voters in Numbers". The Quint.
  45. ^ "Bihar polls: UAVs, sniffer dogs in action for strict security".
  46. ^ "Drones will monitor Bihar polls".
  47. ^ "On the eve of Bihar polls, Maoist belt turns into war zone".
  48. ^ "Election Commission's neutrality: Will Zaidi fit in Seshan's shoes?".
  49. ^ "Bihar legislative polls: Setback to Nitish, Lalu as 'grand alliance' scores 10".
  50. ^ "BJP-led NDA wins 14 out of 24 seats in Bihar Legislative Council elections". IBNLive.
  51. ^ "BJP-led NDA wins 13 out of 24 seats in Bihar Legislative Council elections, deals a huge blow to JDU-RJD alliance".
  52. ^ "BJP wins seven of nine seats of Bihar Legislative Council". The Times of India.
  53. ^ "In poll-bound Bihar, Patna & 20 districts get backward status".
  54. ^ "Hindu proportion of India's population less than 80%: Census 2011".
  55. ^ "Muslim share of population up 0.8%, Hindus' down 0.7% between 2001 and 2011". The Times of India.
  56. ^ a b "Bihar elections among factors in religious data of Census 2011 release".
  57. ^ "Now, Pappu Yadav gets 'Y' category security".
  58. ^ National Bureau. "Jitan Ram Manjhi gets Z-plus security". The Hindu.
  59. ^ "Nitish Kumar government hikes Dearness Allowance for employees, pensioners". timesofindia-economictimes.
  60. ^ "Nitish kumar's poll bonanza for backward classes; 50% quota in Bihar govt contracts".
  61. ^ "Bihar: BJP, JD(U) set for a war of sops ahead of Assembly polls".
  62. ^ "Sops for upper caste students".
  63. ^ a b c "Nitish Kumar's gambit: temple fund, 2 EBCs added to SC/ST list".
  64. ^ "CM playing 'football' with Nishads: BJP".
  65. ^ "With eye on polls, grants given to 609 madrassas".
  66. ^ "Tax rebate to Manjhi biopic raises eyebrows".
  67. ^ "Is Bihar's Mountain Man a vote-winner? Nitish government makes 'Manjhi' film tax-free... while rivals accuse him of gesture politics".
  68. ^ High Court nod to include two castes on extremely backward class list
  69. ^ "Caste rejig".
  70. ^ Utpal Bhaskar. "Foreign diplomats line up for Bihar elections". livemint.com/.
  71. ^ "How Bihar Elections Could Shape India's Future". The Huffington Post.
  72. ^ "Bihar polls: Jitan Ram Manjhi announces alliance with BJP".
  73. ^ "Ram Vilas Paswan-Jitan Ram Manjhi battle for Mahadalit leadership making it tough for BJP in Bihar".
  74. ^ "With Paswans in Mahadalit category, no more 'dalits' left in state".
  75. ^ "Paswans too come under category of 'Mahadalit' in Bihar".
  76. ^ "Non-inclusion of Paswans in Mahadalit list angers Paswan".
  77. ^ "Bihar CM includes Paswan caste in Mahadalit category".
  78. ^ "Does Bihar know how many tribals live in the State?".
  79. ^ "27 lakh SC & ST families to benefit from Food Law in Bihar".
  80. ^ "Bihar assembly elections 2015: Experiments in the caste lab of Bihar". Tehelka. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  81. ^ "Special package for Tharu tribals in Bihar".
  82. ^ "Stage set for tribal all-woman battalion".
  83. ^ "Bihar state EBC list" (PDF).
  84. ^ "Election Commission in a spot: Bihar has 6.01 crore adults, but more than 6.21 crore voters".
  85. ^ "How Bihar was won".
  86. ^ "Now Lalu wants to do a Maya in Bihar".
  87. ^ "The caste factor while casting votes in Indian elections".
  88. ^ AM Jigeesh. "Caste determines Bihar's electoral arithmetic". The Hindu Business Line.
  89. ^ "Nitish gives 'Maha Dalit' benefits to Paswan community".
  90. ^ "Why did Narendra Modi suddenly turn to caste?".
  91. ^ "Bihar poised to return to politics of caste, religion".
  92. ^ "Nitish in caste trouble".
  93. ^ "Voice of unity for EBC voters". The Telegraph.
  94. ^ "Bihar elections still remain about slicing and dicing caste, EBCs are the wild card".
  95. ^ "Frenemies: BJP's tie-up with Jitan Ram Manjhi could give it edge in Bihar polls".
  96. ^ "Bihar voters in dilemma".
  97. ^ "BJP ties up with OBC leader Upendra Kushwaha in Bihar".
  98. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi emerges critical player in poll-bound Bihar". The Times of India.
  99. ^ "BJP may bring in Kushwaha as OBC face".
  100. ^ "Can RJD-JD(U) stop BJP's rise in Bihar?". 14 July 2014.
  101. ^ "Bihar's Mahadalits pick sides in Nitish-Manjhi tussle".
  102. ^ "Bihar polls: Rallying behind Jitan Ram Manjhi, Musahars vow to unseat Nitish Kumar".
  103. ^ "Bihar polls: People made me cry a lot, says BJP's 'pucca Musalman'". The Indian Express. 30 October 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  104. ^ "Will the Muslim militia polarise community on caste lines in Bihar's Imamganj?".
  105. ^ "Is Nitish Kumar working on a new Bihar poll strategy that excludes Laloo and Mulayam?".
  106. ^ "Brahmins In India".
  107. ^ "Bihar brings all Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes' families under National Food Security Act".
  108. ^ "Nitish banks on caste calculations, Muslims".
  109. ^ "Five-phase Bihar polls to begin from Oct 12, counting on November 8: Election Commission". The Times of India.
  110. ^ "Lalu, Nitish seal the deal: RJD, JD(U) form alliance for Bihar polls, seat sharing talks on cards". Firstpost.
  111. ^ "Nitish Kumar and Lalu Prasad Yadav alliance may be a 90-seat worry for BJP".
  112. ^ "Lalu leads march for caste census data".
  113. ^ "Lalu's Ultimatum to Modi Government on Caste Census Data".
  114. ^ "Caste census data demand is 'jehad': Lalu".
  115. ^ "Ram Vilas Dalit face wherever you go, Jitan Ram Manjhi can be Mahadalit face".
  116. ^ "Lalu Prasad, Nitish Kumar to be hit hardest if caste data released: Paswan".
  117. ^ "Lalu Prasad Yadav , Nitish Kumar to be hit hardest if caste data released: Ram Vilas Paswan".
  118. ^ "Caste census data to be release after error correction: Sushil Modi".
  119. ^ "Won't contest Bihar polls, will devote time for campaigning, says Nitish Kumar".
  120. ^ "Won't contest Bihar elections: Nitish Kumar".
  121. ^ "Nitish Kumar Announces Seat-Sharing Formula For Bihar Elections: JD(U)-RJD To Contest On 100 Seats Each, Congress 40".
  122. ^ "Bihar elections: NCP pulls out of anti-BJP alliance, may contest alone".
  123. ^ "Bihar polls: Nitish Kumar releases 'joint list' of 242 candidates, OBCs get lion's share".
  124. ^ "Nitish Kumar yields, Lalu Prasad gets both his sons an Assembly ticket each".
  125. ^ "Nitish-led alliance releases list of 242 candidates for Bihar polls".
  126. ^ "OBCs most favoured in alliance plan".
  127. ^ "In Bihar elections, it is my social combination versus yours".
  128. ^ "Bihar elections: OBCs and Dalits 70% in Nitish list, upper castes 42% in BJP". The Indian Express. 24 September 2015.
  129. ^ "Little room for women in Nitish's 'Grand' design". The Times of India.
  130. ^ "Bihar". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  131. ^ "Har Ghar Dastak: Nitish's Bihar strategy is old fashioned door-to-door campaigning".
  132. ^ "Nitish sounds poll bugle with 'Har Ghar Dastak'".
  133. ^ Sajjad, Mohammad (8 November 2015). "How Nitish Kumar and Lalu Yadav won Bihar". rediff.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  134. ^ "They may have 'amicably' come to a seat-sharing agreement, but 15 months of tumultuous relationship later, Nitish Kumar and Lalu Yadav still remain frenemies". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  135. ^ "Giant slayer". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  136. ^ "Team 178: Faces behind Grand Alliance's victory in Bihar polls".
  137. ^ "Amit Shah vs Prashant Kishor: Who will be the wizard of Bihar election?".
  138. ^ "BJP's hi-tech chariots and JDU's Jan Bhagidari Rath setting mood for a high-voltage battle in Bihar".
  139. ^ "Nitish, BJP to woo Bihari diaspora".
  140. ^ a b "Bihar polls: BJP's Amit Shah steps us technology usage to micromanage election campaign".
  141. ^ "BJP to use 160 GPS-monitored raths ahead of Bihar polls". India Today.
  142. ^ "BJP set to focus on ground zero to win in Bihar polls; chalks out campaign plan down to block, panchayat levels".
  143. ^ "Bihar polls 2015: How is Amit Shah planning to meet the challenge? Batashe ke liye hum mandir nahin todenge".
  144. ^ "Bihar polls: How Nitish Kumar is trying to ward off a high octane NDA that's taking the state by storm".
  145. ^ "Modi inaugurates IIT-Patna campus".
  146. ^ "Modi sets IIT campus date".
  147. ^ "PM to inaugurate Bihta IIT-P campus on July 25".
  148. ^ "BJP set to focus on ground zero to win in Bihar polls; chalks out campaign plan down to block, panchayat levels".
  149. ^ "PM Modi Gaya rally: Much at stake for Manjhi".
  150. ^ "5,000 security men for PM's Gaya rally today". The Times of India.
  151. ^ "'Acche din' for Bihar: PM Modi announces Rs 1.25 lakh crore package".
  152. ^ "PM Narendra Modi Announces Rs. 1.25 Lakh Crore Package for Bihar: 10 Developments".
  153. ^ "Narendra Modi addresses rallies in Arrah, Saharsa: As it happened".
  154. ^ "Admn on toes for PM visit to Saharsa, Ara". The Times of India.
  155. ^ "Prime Minister's Bihar Package 2015 – Rs 1,25,003 crore".
  156. ^ "Prime Minister's Package for Bihar -2015 August 18, 2015".
  157. ^ Surabhi Malik (1 September 2015). "Modiji, Stop The Chest Thumping, Tweets Nitish Kumar". NDTV.com.
  158. ^ "Ajay Devgn's second rally in Bihar cancelled due to an unruly crowd".
  159. ^ "Ajay Devgn requests better arrangements for events like Bihar rally".
  160. ^ "At Buxar, Modi gives BJP campaign a brazen communal spin; plays on the fears of Dalits".
  161. ^ "PM Narendra Modi alleges grand alliance plot to take away 5% SC, ST, OBC quotas".
  162. ^ "PM Narendra Modi seeking "communal polarisation" through quota remark: Congress".
  163. ^ "Will never allow quota on religious lines, PM Narendra Modi says".
  164. ^ "PM Alleges 'Conspiracy of Sin' in Bihar, Vows to Protect Quota".
  165. ^ "Modi alleges plot to take away SC, ST, OBC quotas".
  166. ^ "Nitish and Lalu conspiring to give Dalit, OBC quota to another community: PM Modi".
  167. ^ Supriya Sharma. "Mr Prime Minister, please do not peddle lies to pit the poor against the poor". Scroll.in.
  168. ^ "Modi again alleges Nitish, Lalu conspiring to take away share of dalits, backwards quota".
  169. ^ "Bihar polls: PM Modi attacks 'grand alliance', likens it to '3 Idiots'". Zee News.
  170. ^ "Bihar polls: BJP puts 'quota conspiracy' theory out in print".
  171. ^ "Bihar polls: Grand Alliance's idea of reservations on the basis of religion is fraught with danger, says FM Arun Jaitley".
  172. ^ "All those who are involved in the traditional caste psyche will suffer a big setback: FM Arun Jaitley".
  173. ^ "Nitish, Lalu had together sought religion-based quota in 2005, says PM Narendra Modi".
  174. ^ "Dalit Muslims, Dalit Christians & quota: What is it all about?". timesofindia-economictimes.
  175. ^ "On video, what Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar said about quota for Muslims". The Indian Express. 6 November 2015.
  176. ^ "BJP creates OBC morcha ahead of Bihar election".
  177. ^ "With eye on Bihar polls, BJP to set up new OBC front".
  178. ^ "BJP Questions JD(U)'s Source of Funds for Poll Campaign".
  179. ^ "'Will get rid of unholy Nitish-Lalu combine': Ex-CM Manjhi ties up with BJP for Bihar polls".
  180. ^ "Sons and daughters crowd Bihar poll space".
  181. ^ "BJP finalises seat sharing for Bihar polls".
  182. ^ "Five Vote-splitters of Bihar".
  183. ^ "Winnability, caste, age: Amit Shah's 3-point formula for Bihar polls". The Indian Express. 22 September 2015.
  184. ^ "Bihar polls: BJP declares 11 candidates in third list". The Indian Express. 20 September 2015.
  185. ^ "Eye on Lalu's vote cache, BJP fields 22 Yadavs".
  186. ^ "BJP gave tickets to seven candidates from the Teli community".
  187. ^ "Yadav vs Yadav: How BJP is attempting to break Lalu's traditional vote bank". timesofindia-economictimes.
  188. ^ "Bihar polls: BJP releases second list of 99 candidates".
  189. ^ "Paswan, Prasad get fresh security layer for Bihar campaign". The Times of India.
  190. ^ "Two Mahadalit Heavyweights To Face Off In Maoist-hit Imamganj". The Huffington Post.
  191. ^ "Bihar polls: BJP releases vision document, promises 'much-awaited' development". The Times of India.
  192. ^ "Samajwadi Party teams up with Pappu Yadav, NCP, 3 others to form third front". timesofindia-economictimes.
  193. ^ "Mulayam front suffers big blow, NCP to go it alone".
  194. ^ "Bihar polls: NCP quits Third Front, cites Mulayam Singh's 'pro-BJP statement'".
  195. ^ "Left parties reach seat-sharing for Bihar polls". The Hindu. PTI. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  196. ^ "OBCs, EBCs, dalits dominate CPI list of 81 candidates". The Times of India.
  197. ^ "3 Muslim parties enter Bihar, 3 others vow to thwart them". The Indian Express. 1 October 2015.
  198. ^ "MIM in serious fight in Bihar: Asaduddin Owaisi".
  199. ^ "BJP appoints Dalit governor eyeing backward votes as Owaisi hints at jumping into Bihar fray to woo Muslims".
  200. ^ "AIMIM need to work to remove Muslim only party image: Asaduddin Owaisi".
  201. ^ "Can Owaisi break new ground in Bihar and reverse the past trend of the Hindi belt?".
  202. ^ "Asaduddin Owaisi's Kishanganj rally makes JD(U), RJD and Congress nervous".
  203. ^ "Bihar elections: Owaisi wants special package for Seemanchal". 16 August 2015.
  204. ^ "Nitish, Lalu responsible for 'backward' Seemanchal: Owaisi".
  205. ^ "MIM in fray to win in Bihar". The Times of India.
  206. ^ "Bihar polls ground report: Smiling Modi, grim Nitish". dailyo.in.
  207. ^ "MIM in serious fight in Bihar: Asaduddin Owaisi". 12 October 2015.
  208. ^ "Akbaruddin Owaisi calls PM Modi 'Shaitan' and 'Zaalim'; blames him for 2002 Gujarat riots".
  209. ^ "अकबरुद्दीन ने किया पीएम मोदी के खिलाफ आपत्तिजनक भाषा का प्रयोग" (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  210. ^ "Modi a tyrant and a devil says Akbaruddin Owaisi".
  211. ^ "As Asaduddin Owaisi campaigns across Seemanchal, Muslims ask: Will he unite or divide votes?". The Indian Express. 28 October 2015.
  212. ^ "Owaisi ripples in 6 border seats".
  213. ^ "AIMIM Names 6 Candidates for Bihar Elections". NDTV.com. 5 October 2015.
  214. ^ PTI (16 June 2015). "Will contest the Bihar assembly elections with full preparation and strength, says Mayawati". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  215. ^ Thakur, Meenal (11 September 2015). "Bihar polls: After SP, BSP to contest all seats independently". www.livemint.com/. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  216. ^ ANI (13 July 2015). "BSP releases first candidates list for Bihar polls". Business Standard India. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  217. ^ NewsWire (12 July 2015). "BSP names 49 candidates for Bihar polls". CanIndia NEWS. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  218. ^ Pankaj ShahPankaj Shah, TNN (26 July 2015). "Maya set to play dalit trump card in Bihar polls". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  219. ^ PTI (6 September 2015). "Modi government being 'remote-controlled' by RSS, Mayawati says". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  220. ^ Service, Tribune News (18 September 2015). "Modi govt being 'remote-controlled' by RSS: Mayawati". www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/modi-govt-being-remote-controlled-by-rss-mayawati/129474.html. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  221. ^ "Modi government being remote-controlled by RSS: Mayawati : India, News". India Today. 6 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  222. ^ TNN (7 September 2015). "Team BSP marches to Bihar". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  223. ^ Ashish TripathiAshish Tripathi, TNN (9 September 2015). "Mayawati accuses Modi govt of releasing religion-based census to woo voters in Bihar". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  224. ^ PTI (10 September 2015). "Mayawati seeks more security for Bihar polls". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  225. ^ "BSP supremo Mayawati seeks more security forces for Bihar elections". timesofindia-economictimes. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  226. ^ Kumar, Madhuri KumarMadhuri (18 September 2015). "BSP likely to cut into dalit votes, spoil NDA show". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  227. ^ Shah, Pankaj (13 October 2015). "Mayawati attacks SP, says Mulayam is supporting BJP". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  228. ^ Mohan, Archis (20 October 2015). "Mayawati, the unlikely ally of Bihar's 'Grand Alliance'". Business Standard Opinion. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  229. ^ "BSP Chief Mayawati Promises Quota for Upper Caste Poor". NDTV.com. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  230. ^ "NCP broke ties with SP in Bihar because of BJP, says Mayawati".
  231. ^ "Purnea MP Pappu Yadav forms new Jan Adhikar Party".
  232. ^ "Expelled RJD MP Pappu Yadav floats new party".
  233. ^ "Swaraj Abhiyan may support parties in Bihar polls: Yogendra Yadav". dna.
  234. ^ "Shiv Sena says will contest over 150 seats in Bihar polls".
  235. ^ "Shiv Sena says will contest over 150 seats in Bihar polls". Yahoo News India. 17 September 2015.
  236. ^ "SP teams up with Pappu, NCP, 3 others to form third front".
  237. ^ "From corridors of UK bank to colonies of fishermen".
  238. ^ "JVM-P to support Bihar alliance against BJP". The Times of India.
  239. ^ "AAP not to contest Bihar assembly election". Times of India. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  240. ^ "ABP News Opinion Poll: The mood in Bihar". ABP News Bureau. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  241. ^ "ABP News-Nielsen opinion poll: Nitish Kumar's wave gaining momentum in Bihar". ABP Live.
  242. ^ "ABP News-Nielsen opinion poll: JD(U)-RJD-Congress alliance to badhat, Nitish Kumar's wave gaining down in Bihar". ABP News Bureau. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  243. ^ "BJP allies get majority". Deccan Herald. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  244. ^ "Lalu-Nitish alliance surges ahead of BJP-led combine in India TV-CVoter poll in Bihar".
  245. ^ "ABP News- Nielsen Opinion Poll: JD(U) neck and neck with NDA in Bihar, to win 122 seats".
  246. ^ "Modi-led NDA to get massive mandate in Bihar, says Zee News survey".
  247. ^ "BJP and Nitish-Lalu alliance neck and neck in Bihar: Times Now-CVoter survey".
  248. ^ "Infoelections -Leadtech shows NDA at 168".
  249. ^ "Infoelections -CNN-IBN shows NDA at 95, Releases Online Opinion Poll Results 2015".
  250. ^ "Infoelections -ABP News shows NDA at 95, Releases Online Opinion Poll Results 2015".
  251. ^ "Bihar Election: ITG-Cicero poll predicts a tight fight".
  252. ^ http://www.newsnation.in/article/93152-nns-opinion-poll-nda-majority-bihar.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  253. ^ "NDA slightly ahead of grand alliance in Bihar photofinish, says India TV-CVoter pre-poll survey".
  254. ^ "Bihar polls cost state exchequer Rs 300 crore". The Times of India.
  255. ^ "India's greatest feat". The Express Tribune. 7 November 2015.
  256. ^ "Bihar elections: Countdown ends, counting all set to begin". The Times of India.
  257. ^ "Bihar polls: 'No electrification, no vote' at Saran's Chandila village". The Economic Times.
  258. ^ "Bihar election: Villagers boycott polls, want bijli first in Chandila". intoday.in.
  259. ^ a b "Bihar polls: TV channel drops exit poll that predicted Alliance sweep". Indian Express. 5 November 2015.
  260. ^ "ABP News-Nielsen Bihar Exit Poll 2015". infoelections.com.
  261. ^ BS Web Team (6 November 2015). "A tale of two exit polls that were polls apart". business-standard.com.
  262. ^ "Grand Alliance is Making Government in Bihar According to Exit Poll of Axis". Navbharat Times.
  263. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/bihar-elections-tv-channel-drops-exit-poll-that-predicted-alliance-sweep/%7C Indian express
  264. ^ "इस नए Exit Poll से महागठबंधन की खिली बांछें और लोगों में बढ़ी जिज्ञासा". Khabar.NDTV.com (in Hindi). 6 November 2015.
  265. ^ "India Today - Cicero Bihar Exit Poll 2015". infoelections.com.
  266. ^ "BJP Gets 125 of Bihar's 243 Seats: NDTV's Exit Poll". infoelections. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  267. ^ "India TV-CVoter exit poll projects clear win for Nitish-led grand alliance in Bihar". India TV News.
  268. ^ "Bihar Assembly Elections 2015 - Exit Poll". Today's Chanakya. Archived from the original on 14 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  269. ^ "Bihar Bihar Election Results 2015". infoelections.com.
  270. ^ "Bihar administration gears up for counting".
  271. ^ "EVMs in strongrooms, CISF jawans on guard". The Times of India.
  272. ^ "Nota polled highest in Bihar till date".
  273. ^ "Four parties that did worse than Nota this Bihar election".
  274. ^ "Bihar election results 2015: 1 in every 4 new members in Assembly is a Yadav". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  275. ^ "At 11.3%, it has the lowest urban population among big states and the second lowest if one counts the small mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh (10%). 2011 census".
  276. ^ "Bihar verdict: How RJD, Congress, JDU turned vote share to seats". Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  277. ^ "Partywise Result". eciresults.nic.in. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  278. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/AE2015/Stat_Bihar_AE2015.pdf
  279. ^ "Bihar poll results: Complete list of winners". IBNLive.
  280. ^ "Constituencywise-All Candidates". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  281. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/bihar-verdict-more-muslim-mlas-fewer-women/
  282. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/elections/bihar-elections-2015/news/Bihar-election-results-2015-1-in-every-4-new-members-a-Yadav/articleshow/49730275.cms
  283. ^ http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-11-10/news/68165431_1_muslim-candidates-minority-community-grand-alliance
  284. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/elections/bihar-elections-2015/news/Bihar-election-results-2015-More-Muslim-legislators-this-time-in-assembly/articleshow/49730446.cms
  285. ^ ANI (20 November 2015). "Nitish Kumar sworn in as Bihar Chief Minister for fifth time". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  286. ^ Amarnath Tewary. "Bihar Assembly polls 2015: Nitish Kumar takes over as Bihar Chief Minister for third time". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  287. ^ http://www.msn.com/en-in/news/newsindia/bjp-offers-support-to-nitish-kumar-to-join-government/ar-AAoS0q8?li=AAggbRN
  288. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/elections/bihar-elections-2015/Bihar-sees-highest-turnout-in-15-years/articleshow/49680562.cms
  289. ^ "Nitish Kumar Cabinet: Complete list of Ministers with portfolios". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  290. ^ "Bihar: Here is a list of ministers in Nitish Kumar's cabinet with portfolios". dna. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  291. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/nitish-kumarss-team-7-masters-9-grads-and-12-who-went-to-school/

External links[edit]