National Anthem of Saudi Arabia
|English: "National Anthem of Saudi Arabia"|
|النشيد الوطني السعودي|
National anthem of Saudi Arabia
|Also known as||عاش الملك (English: "Long live the king")|
النشيد الوطني (English: "The National Anthem")
|Lyrics||Ibrāhīm Khafājī, 1984|
|Music||Abdul-Raḥman al-Khaṭīb (arranged by Sirāj Umar), 1947|
|Adopted||1950 (as instrumental)|
|Readopted||June 29, 1984 (with lyrics)|
U.S. Navy Band instrumental version (c. 2016)
The national anthem of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia[a] was first officially adopted in 1950 without lyrics. The piece was gifted by the then Egyptian King Farouq when King Abdulaziz made a visit to Egypt. It was then adopted again in 1984 with lyrics written by Ibrāhīm Khafājī. The original composition was by Abdul-Raḥman al-Khaṭīb in 1947, and the brass instrumental version was later arranged by Sirāj Umar.
In 1947, because Saudi Arabia did not have a national anthem like other neighbouring countries, King Abdulaziz visited Egypt and asked Egyptian composer Abdul-Raḥman al-Khaṭīb to create a national anthem, and thus "Āsh al-Malīk" was created. The melody is based on an Arab fanfare style, and is similar to the national anthems of other Arab states in the area at the time. In 1958, Mohammed Talat wrote the first set of lyrics, which were not often heard, so King Fahd asked poet Ibrāhīm Khafājī in 1984 to come up with a new set of lyrics, which were completed within six months on 29 June 1984. Khafājī's lyrics are the ones that are used officially today. Saudis listened to their anthem for the first time during the celebrations of Eid ul-Fitr in 1984.
"Āsh al-Malīk" is referred to by Saudi Arabians as "The National Anthem" (النشيد الوطني, an-Našīd al-Waṭanī), although it is commonly known by its incipit, "Hasten" (سارعي, Sārʿī). The lyrics call upon the country to hasten to greatness and raise the flag, glorify God, and asks Him to grant the King of Saudi Arabia long life.
The instrumental version is called "The Royal Salute" (السلام الملكي, as-Salām al-Malakī), which is also the name of the ceremony in which it is played to salute senior members of the royal family as well as diplomatic figures.
|Arabic original||MSA Romanization||IPA transcription[b]||English translation|
Saud lyrics (1958)
|Arabic original||English translation|
العُلَى لِمَن؟ يابَني الوَطَنِْ
For whom? Son of homeland
Ibn Saud lyrics (1947)
|Arabic original||English translation|
يعيش ملكنا الحبيب
Long live our beloved king
- Arabic: النشيد الوطني السعودي, an-Našīd al-Waṭanī as-Suʿūdī, lit. "Chant of the Saudi Nation"
- See Help:IPA/Arabic and Saudi Arabian Arabic.
- "Allahu Akbar" is Arabic for "God is the Greatest" but is expressed the same way by every Muslim in the world, regardless of their native language.
- Occasionally mistakenly written with قَد qad [qɑd], a particle equivalent here to English "may", added at the start.
- "A history of the Saudi national anthem". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "Saudi Arabia – nationalanthems.info".
- "نشيد العلم السعودي.. قصة خلدها التاريخ". Sayidaty.net (in Arabic). 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- Al Ash-Shaykh, Malik (2018-09-23). "5 facts you should know about Saudi Arabia's national anthem". Stepfeed. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- "أخطاء السلام الوطني وتقصير التربويين!". Makkah Newspaper (in Arabic). 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- "][ اكثر السعوديين يخطئون في النشيد الوطني ][ - نادي الهلال السعودي - شبكة الزعيم - الموقع الرسمي".
- "نشيدنا الوطني: قصة، وتوضيح، وتصحيح!!". 31 January 2012.
- "ما لم يقله الخفاجي". www.al-jazirah.com. Retrieved 2022-03-03.
- "اناشيد للاحتفال باليوم الوطني السعودي - الموسوعة السعودية".
- "النشيد الوطني السعودي ... نشيد فخر ومجد واعتزاز | مدونة بيوت السعودية".
- Saudi Arabia: an-Nasheed al-Waṭaniy – Audio of the national anthem of Saudi Arabia, with information and lyrics (archive link)
- The Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, DC has an Audio page that includes the National Anthem in both vocal and instrumental versions.