National Anthem of Saudi Arabia

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an-Našīd al-Waṭanī as-Suʿūdī
English: "National Anthem of Saudi Arabia"
النشيد الوطني السعودي

National anthem of  Saudi Arabia
Also known asسارعي (English: "Hasten")
النشيد الوطني (English: "The National Anthem")
LyricsIbrāhīm Khafājī, 1984
MusicAbdul-Raḥman al-Khaṭīb (arranged by Sirāj Umar), 1947
Adopted1950 (as instrumental)
ReadoptedJune 29, 1984 (with lyrics)
Audio sample
"as-Salām al-Malakī" (instrumental)
Instrumental version, known as the "Royal Salute"
Fast tempo performance

The "National Anthem of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" (Arabic: النشيد الوطني السعودي‎, an-Našīd al-Waṭanī as-Suʿūdī, lit.'"Chant of the Saudi Nation"') was first officially adopted in 1950 without lyrics. The piece was gifted by the then Egyptian King Farouq when King Abdulaziz made a visit to Egypt.[1] It was then adopted again in 1984 with lyrics written by Ibrāhīm Khafājī. The original composition was by Abdul-Raḥman al-Khaṭīb in 1947 and the brass instrumental version was later arranged by Sirāj Umar.[2][3][4]

Overview[edit]

In 1947, because Saudi Arabia did not have a national anthem like many states did, King Abdulaziz visited Egypt and asked Egyptian composer Abdul-Raḥman al-Khaṭīb to create a national anthem, and thus "Āsh al-Malīk" was created. The melody is based on an Arab fanfare style, and is similar to the national anthems of other Arab states in the area at the time. In 1958, Mohammed Talat wrote the first set of lyrics which were not often heard, so King Fahd asked poet Ibrāhīm Khafājī in 1984 to come up with a new set of lyrics, which were completed within six months on 29 June 1984.[4] Khafājī's lyrics are the ones that are used officially today.[2] Saudis listened to their anthem for the first time during the celebrations of Eid ul-Fitr in 1984.[1]

"Āsh al-Malīk" is referred to by Saudi Arabians as "The National Anthem" (النشيد الوطني, an-Našīd al-Waṭanī), although it is commonly known by its incipit, "Hasten" (سارعي, Sārʿī). The lyrics call upon the country to hasten to greatness and raise the flag, glorify God, and asks Him to grant the King of Saudi Arabia long life.[4]

The instrumental version is called the "Royal Salute" (السلام الملكي, as-Salām al-Malakī) which is also the name of the ceremony in which it is played to salute senior members of the royal family as well as diplomatic figures.

Lyrics[edit]

Official lyrics[edit]

Arabic Script MSA Romanization Phonemic Transcription (IPA) English translation

سَارْعِي
،لِلْمَجْدِ وَالْعَلْيَاء
!مَجِّدِي لِخَالِقِ الْسَّمَاء
وَارْفَعِي الْخَفَّاقَ الْأَخْضَر
،يَحْمِلُ الْنُّورَ الْمُسَطَّر
!رَدِّدِي اللهُ أَكْبَر[a]
!يَا مَوْطِنِي
،مَوْطِنِي
!قَد عِشْتَ فَخْرَ الْمُسْلِمِين
عَاشَ الْمَلِك
لِلْعَلَم
![3][5][6][7] وَالْوَطَن

Sārʿī
Li-l-majdi wa-l-ʿalyāʾ,
Majjidī li-xāliqi s-samāʾ!
Wa-rfaʿī l-xaffāqa ʾaxḍar
Yaḥmilu n-nūra l-musaṭṭar,
Raddidī: Allāhu ʾakbar!
Yā mawṭinī!
Mawṭinī,
Qad ʿišta faxra l-muslimīn!
ʿĀša l-malik
Li-l-ʿalam
Wa-l-waṭan![2]

[saːriʕiː]
[lilmad͡ʒdi walʕaljaːʔ |]
[mad͡ʒːidiː lixaːliqi sːamaːʔ ‖]
[warfaʕi lxafːaːqa ʔaxdˤar]
[jaħmilu nːuwra lmusatˤːar |]
[radːidiː ʔalːaːhu ʔakbar ‖]
[jaː mawtˤiniː ‖]
[mawtˤiniː |]
[qad ʕiʃta faxra lmuslimiːn ‖]
[ʕaːʃa lmalik]
[lilʕalam]
[walwatˤan ‖]

Hasten
To glory and supremacy,
Glorify the Creator of the heavens!
And raise the green flag
Carrying the written light reflecting guidance,
Repeat: God is the greatest!
O my homeland!
My homeland,
Live as the pride of Muslims!
Long live the King
For the flag
And the homeland![4]

Saud lyrics[edit]

Arabic Script[8] English translation

العُلَى لِمَن؟ يابَني الوَطَنِْ
تَوءَا خُلودْ نحــــــنُ والزَّمـــــنْ
سائِلوا الجُدودْ سائِلوا الحِقَبْ
يَهتُفوا سُعودْ عاهِلَ العَرَبْ
لِصاحِبِ الجَلاَلـةِ العَظِيمْ لِقائدِ العُروبَةِ الحَكيمْ
أَرْوَاحُنَا فِدى ، شِعارُنا الهُدى ، السِّلمِ في الرِّدى ، لِلتَّاجِ لِلْوَطن
كَوكَبٌ في السَماءْ عرشُه من إِباءْ
تاجُه دُرَّةُ الأوْفياء مَجْدُهُ شُعْلَةٌ من ضِيَاءْ
عاشَ المَلِكْ ، عاشَ الوَطَنْ
شبابُنا الهُمامُ يَقْتَدي بِرائِدِ الجِهادِ يَهْتَدي
سُعودِةِ الأبْي، وجيشِ يَعْرُبِ يَحوطُهُ النبَّيْ يُبَارِكُ الوَطَنْ
يا حِمَى زَغْرِدي يا سَما رَدِّدي
وابْسِمى لِلْمُنَى واشْهدي أنَّنا فِتْيَةُ الَُسؤْدَدِ
عاشَ المَلِكْ ، عاشَ الوَطَنْ
يُتَوِّجُ الجَزيرَةَ العَلَمْ يُعانِقُ الرّياَضَ والحَرَمْ
نَخيلُنا جلال ، سُيوفُنا طِوَالْ مَلِكُنَا هِلالْ ، يُزيِّنُ الوطَنْ
عَدْلْه في الزَّمانْ شِاهدٌ لِلْعَيَانْ
أسْدُهُ ، ظَبْيُهُ ، في أمَانْ شَعْبُهُ ، جُنْدُهُ ، لَنْ يُهانْ
عاشَ المَلِكْ ، عاشَ الوَطَنْ

For whom? Son of homeland
We are the eternity of time
They asked the old, the years
They chant, Saudi Arabia's King
To the great majesty of the wise leader of Arabia
Our souls are ransom, our motto is guidance, peace is in the dark, for the crown of the homeland
A planet in the sky has its throne from Aba
His crown is a jewel of the faithful, his glory is a torch of light
Long live the king, long live the homeland
Our proud youth lead the pioneer of jihad
The Saudis of the Father, and an Arab army surrounded by the Prophet, blessing the homeland
Roaring fever, Sama, respond
And give my name to Mina, and bear witness that we are young lions.
Long live the king, long live the homeland
The flag crowns the isle, embraces the scholars and sanctuaries
Our palms are majestic, our swords are as long as our king is a crescent, decorating the homeland
His justice in time is evident
His lion, his antelope, in the safety of his people, his soldiers, will not be insulted
Long live the king, long live the homeland

Ibn Saud lyrics[edit]

Arabic script[9]

يعيش ملكنا الحبيب
أرواحنا فداه حامي الحرم
هيا اهتفوا عاش الملك
هيا ارفعوا راية الوطن
اهتفوا ورددوا النشيد
يعيش الملك

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Allahu Akbar" is Arabic for "God is the Greatest", but is expressed the same way by every Muslim in the world, regardless of their native language.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A history of the Saudi national anthem". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  2. ^ a b c "Saudi Arabia – nationalanthems.info".
  3. ^ a b "نشيد العلم السعودي.. قصة خلدها التاريخ". Sayidaty.net (in Arabic). 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  4. ^ a b c d Al Ash-Shaykh, Malik (2018-09-23). "5 facts you should know about Saudi Arabia's national anthem". Stepfeed. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  5. ^ "أخطاء السلام الوطني وتقصير التربويين!". Makkah Newspaper (in Arabic). 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  6. ^ "][ اكثر السعوديين يخطئون في النشيد الوطني ][ - نادي الهلال السعودي - شبكة الزعيم - الموقع الرسمي".
  7. ^ "نشيدنا الوطني: قصة، وتوضيح، وتصحيح!!". 31 January 2012.
  8. ^ https://ksaency.com/article/اناشيد-للاحتفال-باليوم-الوطني-السعودي
  9. ^ https://www.bayut.sa/blog/مقتطفات/النشيد-الوطني-السعودي/

External links[edit]