The charts below show the way in which the
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Basque language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
Basque phonology and Basque dialects for a more thorough look at the sounds of Basque.
 between ba by and be vy
ku ttun roughly like Tuesday in
 between go and a hold
on ddo roughly like due in
ke s can
za ilenak roughly like mi llion
ikurr ina roughly like ca nyon
piztu s pouse
ʁ roughly like lo ch (Scottish English)
zau ri la dder in
u so sack
talde s tand
urre tsu ca ts
b ai eye
d oinu b oy
l eiho r ay
h au h ouse
euri eh-oo or ey-oo
^ a b c
Lenition of /b d g/ occurs in regular speech in most Southern Basque dialects. Hualde (1991:99-100).
^ Silent in
Southern Basque dialects.
/x/ is frequently heard because of its prevalence in Gipuzkoan, but the realisation of the grapheme j varies depending on dialect and can be [. The last, which resembles , j , ʝ , ɟ , dʒ , ʒ , ʃ ] χ Scottish English lo, is typical of ch Gipuzkoan, and it has extended to eastern varieties of Biscayan and the Sakana variety of the Upper Navarrese. The standard pronunciation ruled by Euskaltzaindia is /j/.
^ The double
rr is pronounced as an alveolar trill [ in r] Southern Basque dialects but as a guttural [ in ʁ] Northern Basque dialects.
^ a b Basque contrasts two consonants that sound similar to the
/s/ of Englishː /s̺/, which is apical, and /s̻/, which is laminal. /ts̺/ and /ts̻/ are contrasted the same way.
^ The Basque
/e/ is different from any English vowel, but it is usually articulated between the vowel of pl (for most English dialects) and the vowel of ay b. ed
^ The Basque
/o/ is different from any English vowel, but it is usually articulated between the vowel of c (for most English dialects) and the vowel of oat r. aw
References [ edit ]