List of hot springs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hot springs around the world)
Jump to: navigation, search

There are hot springs on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include Honduras, Canada, Chile, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Fiji and the United States, but there are interesting and unique hot springs in many other places as well.

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Rwanda[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

D.R. Congo[edit]

There lies a hot spring in the city of Uvira.

Uganda[edit]

A scholarly paper with a map of over twenty geothermal areas in Uganda.

Zambia[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Brandvlei, Worcester area, Western Cape

Goudini Spa, Worcester area, Western Cape

Swaziland[edit]

There are eleven developed and undeveloped hot spring pools in the Swaziland: Mkoba spring, Mvuntshini spring, Ezulwini spring, Lobamba spring, Mawelawela spring, Ngwempisi spring, Mpopoma spring, Mbondela spring, Madubula spring, Fairview spring, and Siphofaneni spring. All are sulphur springs with temperatures ranging from 26 °C to 52 °C.[1]

Americas[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Termales del Nevado del Ruiz, Manizales

Brazil[edit]

Brazil is home of the world's largest hot spring resort in the city of Caldas Novas.

Canada[edit]

Alberta[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Saskatchewan[edit]

  • Temple Gardens Mineral Spa, Moose Jaw
  • Manitou Hot Springs, Watrous

Yukon[edit]

Chile[edit]

There are more than 275 hot springs registered in Chile.

Costa Rica[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Hydrothermal baths in Baños de Agua Santa, Ecuador.

Greenland[edit]

There are numerous hot springs in Greenland:

Guatemala[edit]

México[edit]

Peru[edit]

Hot Springs in the region of Ayacucho.

United States[edit]

USA geothermal springs

A list of 1661 hot springs in the United States can be found on the Thermal Springs List for the United States. The same list with added notes and links can be found on the USA Hotsprings Database.[4]

Venezuela[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

Asia[edit]

Iran[edit]

China[edit]

India[edit]

A young Hindu priest performing religious rituals at Taptapani hot spring in India

Indonesia[edit]

Pancuran Tujuh ("Seven Springs") in Banyumas, Central Java.

Indonesia is an island nation located on the point where the Pacific, Eurasian, and Australian tectonic plates meet, making it the site of at least 150 active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. The islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, the lesser Sunda Islands, and Celebes - part of the Pacific Ring of Fire - are the site of numerous geothermal-related features, including hot springs. Many hot springs are re-purposed for tourism, especially those that are located in the densely-populated Java island. Some hot springs were imbued with local legends or belief such as those in Bali and Java. Hot springs outside the island of Java, such as those on the Lesser Sunda Islands, are often pristine.

Below are lists of notable hot springs in Indonesia that is re-purposed for tourism:

Sumatra[edit]

  • Gemuhak, Muara Anip Regency, South Sumatra
  • Semurup, Air Hangat Subdistrict, Kerinci
  • Danau Linting (Hot Spring Lake about 8000 m2 near tiga juhar village), Deli Serdang, North Sumatera.
  • Dolok Tinggi Raja white crater, Simalungun District, North Sumatera. Dubbed mini Pamukkale or mini Yellowstone.
  • Sibayak Hot Spring (at Lau Debuk-Debuk Village), Karo District, North Sumatera.
  • Sei Wampu Hot Spring (White Water Hot Spring at Wampu River near Marike Estate of PTPN II), Langkat, North Sumatera.
  • Sei Batang Serangan Hot Spring (at Ekowisata Tangkahan), Langkat, North Sumatera.
  • Tarutung Hot Spring (many Hot Spring Like Hutabarat, Sipaholon), North Tapanuli, North Sumatera.
  • Ie Seum (Aceh Language: Hot Water), near Port Malayahati Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.

Java[edit]

Bali[edit]

  • Banyuwedang (Gerokgak, Buleleng)
  • Yeh Panes Panetahan (Tabanan Regency)

Lesser Sunda Islands[edit]

Others[edit]

Israel and Golan Heights[edit]

Hamat Gader during the day.

Japan[edit]

Being located in the "Pacific Ring of Fire", Japan is in a volcanic region, and is home to many hot springs. The onsen (a Japanese word for "hot spring") plays a notable role in Japanese culture.

In March 2003 it was reported that there were 3,102 spa resorts in 2,292 municipalities in Japan. There were also 15,400 lodging facilities with 6,740 public hot spring baths. About 138 million people a year visit these facilities.[11]

Noted hot springs areas in Japan

Korea[edit]

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Various hot springs, all nonvolcanic. They include -

  • Kedah
    • Air hangat, Langkawi
  • Johor
    • Grisek, 10 km from Parit Jawa, Muar district
    • Labis
  • Malacca
  • Negeri Sembilan
    • Pedas hot springs, south of Seremban, Negeri Sembilan
  • Pahang
    • Bentong
    • Gunung Tapis, Sungai Lembing
  • Perak
    • Sg Klah, developed commercially
    • Kampung Ulu Slim
    • Lost World Of Tambun- HotSprings & Spa
    • Mangong, Kuala Kangsar
    • Ayer Panas, Grik
    • Pengkalan Hulu
  • Selangor
    • Selayang, 15 km north of Kuala Lumpur
    • Kalumpang, south of Tanjung Malim, north of Kerling
    • Ulu Tamu, near Tanjung Malim
    • Kerling, near Batang Kali
  • Terengganu
    • LA hot spring, Besut
  • Sabah
    • Poring hot springs, Kinabalu National Park
  • Sarawak
    • Annah Rais Hot Springs, Padawan
    • Kampung Panchor Dayak, Padawan
    • Paku Hotspring, Bau

Philippines[edit]

  • Mainit Hot Spring
  • Mambukal Mountain Resort: hot soda and sulfur springs slightly above 30 °C.
  • Puning Hot Spring, in Sitio Puning, Barangay Inararo, Municipality of Porac, Pampanga Province; accessed through Sitio Target, Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City

Singapore[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

There are about 9 recognized hot springs in Sri Lanka.[12]

Taiwan[edit]

See Taiwanese hot springs.

Thailand[edit]

  • Thai Prachan Hot Spring
  • Bo Khloung Hot Stream
  • Ban Pong Krathing Hot Spring (Ban Bueng Hot Spring)
  • Pong Krathing Hot Spring
  • Jae Son hot spring
  • Muang Paeng hot spring
  • Pa Bong hot spring
  • Ban Huay Zai Kao Hot Spring
  • Wieng Pa Pao hot spring
  • Rung Arun hot spring

Turkey[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Deildartunguhver, Iceland: the highest flow hot spring in Europe

Bulgaria[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • Aachen, 74 degrees C, 165 degrees F
  • Bad Oeynhausen, 36 degrees C, 97 degrees F, with a depth of 725 m and 3000 l/min largest carbonated brine water source in the world.[13]
  • Wiesbaden, 66 degrees C, 151 degrees F

Greece[edit]

Spring Region Temperature (Max(min)oC) Kind of mineral spring[14] Τherapeutic properties[15]
Agiasmata spring Chios 57.5 Endocrine and musculoskeletal system, degenerative arthritis, rheumatisms, spondyloarthritis, lumbago, sciatica, ankylosis, gynecological ailments, vasculopathies, tendonitis etc.
Agios Fokas Kos 46(45) Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Agistro[2] Serres 39(34) Hydrotherapy for rheumatism
Apollonas Thermon Saline Spring Ikaria 47.8 Radioactive
Asclepius Saline Spring Ikaria 40 Radioactive super warm spring
Eftalou Lesvos 46(43) Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, lumbago, neuralgia, lymphatism, kidney grains, cholelithiasis, gynecological ailments, chest ailments, myositis, chronic degenerative arthritis, injuries, post surgery phase for hemorrhoids, paradontopathia, leucorrhea, skin ailments
Edipsos Evia 80(57) Saline water spring Chronic rheumatisms, degenerative arthritis, spondyloarthritis, neuritis, sciatica, lumbago, post trauma ankylosis and deformations, gynecological ailments
Eleftheron thermal spa Kavala Alcaline saline water spring
Genisaia (Potamia) Xanthi 70(55) Chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis, allergic skin ailments
Kaiafas Ilia 33.5(32) Sulphurated hydrogen saline water spring Rheumatisms, autoimmune ailments, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, fibromyalgia, skin ailments
The spa facility in Kaiafas
Kalymnos Kalymnos 38.1 Arthritis, rheumatisms, sciatica, lumbago
Kamena Vourla Fthiotida 42(30) Radioactive saline water spring Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Kimolos Kimolos 46
Kolpou Geras Lesvos 39.7 Rheumatisms, arthritis, neurological ailments, chronic injuries
Loutra Kyllinis|Kyllini Ilia Sulphured hydrogen saline water
Kythnos Kyklades Agioi Anargyroi saline spring: 38; Kakavos ferrous spring:52 Chalybeate acid water spring Chronic and subacute rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, arthritis, neuralgia, skin ailments, cervical syndrome, lumbago- sciatica etc. syndromes, chronic gout
Lagadas[3] Thessaloniki 39 Akratothermi Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological disorders, skin diseases, kidney diseases
Lakkos Adamanta Kyklades (Milos) 38 Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis
Lefkada's Thermo Saline Spring Ikaria 58
Loutraki Korinthia 30 Slightly warm – saline water, hypotonic Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, chronic rheumatoid arthritis, spondylarthrite, sciatica, infections of the skin, allergic skin ailments, psoriasis, eczema
Mandraki Nisyros 48 Rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, ailments of the circulatory system
Methana Attiki Sulphureous brine water spring, warm
Nea Apollonia Thessaloniki 57(38) Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological disorders, fractures, sprains[15]
Nigrita's Thermes Serres 56(25) Alcaline carbonated water spring Balneotherapy for arthritis, rheumatisms, skin ailments, gynecological ailments. Mineral water drinking therapy for ailments of the gastrointestinal system
Palia Kameni hot springs Kyklades (Santorini)
Paranesti Thermia Drama 54
Platystomo Fthiotida 32 Alcaline sulphureous spring Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthritis, skin ailments, gynecological ailments
Polichnitos Lesvos 92(67) Rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, gynecological ailments, neuritis, skin ailments
Pozar Spa[4] Pella 37 Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological and skin diseases, sprains, fractures
Psarotherma Samothraki 100 Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, peripheral vasculopathies, secondary skin ailments, obesity
Sedes Thessaloniki 38(32) Rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the peripheral nerves, skin ailments, post trauma conditions, gynecological ailments.
Sidirokastro Serres 55(43.7) Rheumatisms, spondylitis, spilled disc, neuralgia, myalgia, sciatica, joint ailments, gynecological ailments
Smokovo Karditsa 42 Alcaline – sulphureous spring Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the respiratory system, ailments of the digestive system, skin ailments, endocrine failures, gynecological ailments
Spilaio Ikarias Ikaria 54
Therma Lemnou[5] Lemnos 43(39) Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthropathy, arthritis, osteoporosis, spondyloarthritis, kidney stones, choleolithiasis
Thermophylae spring Fthiotida 40 Sulphurated hydrogen saline water spring, warm Rheumatisms, gynecological ailments and ailments of the peripheral nerves
Traianoupoli Evros 52(51) Balneotherapy for ailments of the integumentary system and the musculoskeletal system, as well as for rheumatisms and autoimmune diseases
Vouliagmeni Attiki Saline water spring, hypertonic
Ypati Baths Fthiotida 32 Sulphurated hydrogen saline water spring Ailments and syndromes of the vessels, arterial hypertension, ailments of the heart and the skin, chronic ailments of the nervous system

Hungary[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Republic of Macedonia[edit]

Norway[edit]

Romania[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

123 hot springs with temperature above 25 degrees C (77 degrees F).[18]

Many of the hot springs in Slovakia are currative or healthing springs.

Thermal water park in Bešeňová, Slovakia

Spain[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

There are many geothermal springs in the UK, but the hot springs found in the town of Bath[27][28][29][30] are the only true hot springs (defined as those hotter than 37 degrees C):

There are other thermal or warm springs in the U.K[29] and include;

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Hot springs can be found in all six states of Australia as well as the Northern Territory; but apparently not Australian Capital Territory.

Map of groundwater temperatures in Great Artesian Basin, Australia.

Fiji[edit]

Hot springs are in the town of Savusavu where local people use the hot springs to cook their food. Some of the springs are situated on the beach and steam can be seen rising from the water at low tide.

New Zealand[edit]

There are numerous hot springs in New Zealand, predominantly in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, and in particular around Rotorua. Well known springs outside the Taupo Volcanic Zone include The Lost Spring in Whitianga, Coromandel Peninsula, Hot Water Beach, Waiwera, and Hanmer Springs.

Hot springs parks[edit]

It is common to create parks around hot springs:

United States

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ N S Robins. "THE THERMAL SPRINGS OF SWAZILAND – A REVIEW" (PDF). Nora.nerc.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Berkeley Springs State Park". Berkeleyspringssp.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  4. ^ USA Hot Springs
  5. ^ "Centro Termal Las Trincheras - Hotel Spa". Trincheras.net. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  6. ^ "Rio Aguas Calientes • Eje Turístico Península de Paria • Estado Sucre". Turismosucre.com.ve. 2014-01-20. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  7. ^ "El Borbollón: Aguas termales a orillas del mar". Turismosucre.com.ve. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  8. ^ "गंझुनिया गर्म कुंड में भी पहुंच रहे लोग 9990893". Jagran.com. 2012-12-29. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  9. ^ DeshGujarat (23 May 2015). "Unai hot water spring totally dries up!". DeshGujarat. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "HIGH DISSOLVED OXYGEN CONTENT OF INDIAN HOT WATER SPRING A NOVEL REPORT" (PDF). Journalcra.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  12. ^ "Hot Springs of Sri Lanka". amazinglanka.com. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-26. Retrieved 2014-10-18. 
  14. ^ Didaskalou, E. A., P. Nastos, and A. Matzarakis. "The development prospects of Greek health tourism and the role of the bioclimate regime of Greece." Advances in tourism climatology. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg 12 (2004): 149-157.
  15. ^ a b "Thermal Springs". Hellenic Association Of Municipalities With Thermal Springs. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Vranjska Banja". Vranje.org.rs. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  17. ^ "Mogućnosti Racionalnijeg Korišćenja Geotermalne Energije U Srbiji". Energyobserver.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  18. ^ a b "Minerálne vody na Slovensku". Zdravie.Sk. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  19. ^ "Bojnice". Herkules.sk. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  22. ^ "Liptovský Ján - Termálne Kúpele". Liptjan.sk. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  24. ^ "Treatment methots". Herkules.sk. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  25. ^ "History". Eng.turciansketeplice.sk. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  26. ^ "Kúpele Vyšné Ružbachy : Liečba a liečivé zdroje : Text: Liečba - kupele.vysne-ruzbachy.info : Footer: All - kupele.vysne-ruzbachy.info : Sidebar: All". kupele.vysne-ruzbachy.info (in Basque). Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  27. ^ Edmunds W. M. 2004.Bath thermal waters: 400 years in the history of geochemistry and hydrogeology. Geological Society, London, Special Publications; 225: 193 - 199.
  28. ^ a b Burgess, W.G., Edmunds, W.M., Andrews, J.N., Kay, R.L.F and Lee, D. J. 1980. The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal water in the Bath-Bristol Basin. Institute of Geological Sciences"
  29. ^ a b Barker J. A., Downing R. A., Gray, D. A., Findlay, J., Kellaway G. A., Parker R. H., and Rollin K. E.2000. Hydrogeothermal studies in the United Kingdom. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 33: 41 - 58
  30. ^ Gallois, R.W. 2006. The geology of the hot springs at Bath Spa, Somerset. Geoscience in south-west England, 11, 168-173
  31. ^ Environment Agency Wales.2011.The Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters at Taff's Well. Environment Agency Wales internal report
  32. ^ Brassington, F. C. 2007. A proposed conceptual model for the genesis of the Derbyshire thermal springs. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrology, 40, 35-46
  33. ^ Gunn, J., Bottrell, S.H., Lowe, D.J & Worthington, S.R.H. 2006. Deep Groundwater flow and geochemical processes in limestone aquifers : evidence from thermal waters in Derbyshire, England, UK. Hydrogeology Journal (2006) 14: 868-881
  34. ^ Goldscheider, N., Mádl-Szőnyi., Erőss & Schill, E. 2010. Review : Thermal Waters in carbonate rock aquifers. Hydrogeology Journal 18 : 1303-1318
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  36. ^ "Extreme Slime". Catalyst. 2002-03-10. ABC. 
  37. ^ "Hot Springs National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  38. ^ "Death Valley National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  39. ^ "Lassen Volcanic National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  40. ^ "Yellowstone National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  41. ^ "Big Bend National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  42. ^ "Olympic National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 

External links[edit]