Polk County, Texas
|Polk County, Texas|
Polk County Court House in Livingston
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||James Knox Polk|
|• Total||1,110 sq mi (2,875 km2)|
|• Land||1,057 sq mi (2,738 km2)|
|• Water||53 sq mi (137 km2), 4.74%|
|• Density||43/sq mi (17/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,413. Its county seat is Livingston. The county is named for James Knox Polk, the eleventh president of the United States, who was President when Texas became a state through annexation.
The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation of the federally recognized tribe is in Eastern Polk County, where the people have been since the early 19th century, after migrating from the Southeast. The 2000 census reported a resident population of 480 persons within the reservation. The tribe reports 1100 enrolled members.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government and infrastructure
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Communities
- 7 Notable people
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- Angelina County (north)
- Tyler County (east)
- Hardin County (southeast)
- Liberty County (south)
- San Jacinto County (southwest)
- Trinity County (northwest)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,133 people, 15,119 households, and 10,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 inhabitants per square mile (15/km2). There were 21,177 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.64% White, 13.17% Black or African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.74% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 9.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,119 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 108.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,495, and the median income for a family was $35,957. Males had a median income of $30,823 versus $21,065 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,834. About 13.30% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
- U.S. Highway 59
- The future route of Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
- U.S. Highway 190
- U.S. Highway 287
- State Highway 146
- Farm to Market Road 350
- Farm to Market Road 356
- Farm to Market Road 357
- Farm to Market Road 942
- Farm to Market Road 943
- Farm to Market Road 1745
- Laurelia (ghost town)
- Colita (Koasati): became principal chief of the Coushatta-Alabama in Texas (1838-1852), and worked with Texas officials
- Percy Foreman: notable criminal defense attorney
- John Wesley Hardin: Old West gunslinger
- William P. Hobby: Governor of Texas, publisher of Houston Post
- Sam Houston: general of the revolution to achieve independence and President of the Republic of Texas, spent much time in Polk County, including making peace treaties with the Alabama-Coushata Indians.
- Margo Jones: stage director who launched the careers of Tennessee Williams and Ray Walston and directed Williams' The Glass Menagerie on Broadway
- Long King: principal chief of the Coushatta-Alabama as they migrated into Spanish Texas and for the first three decades there
- René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle: noted French explorer of the 17th century; was likely killed in Polk County 
- Sally Mayes: Broadway actress and singer. Livingston named a street in her honor.
- Mark Moseley: professional football player; won Super Bowl XVII and was awarded 1982 MVP as a placekicker
- Moon Mullican: musician, "King of the Hillbilly Piano Players".
- Lt. James N. Parker, Jr.: co-pilot of the Doolittle Raid (aka Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo) during World War II
- Captain (Ike) Isaac Newton Moreland Turner: Confederate captain who joined the Civil War from Polk County, with units called the "Texas Brigade"; his remains were returned here from Georgia and were reinterred in his family cemetery on April 15, 1995
- Annette Gordon-Reed (born November 19, 1958 in Livingston, Texas) is an American historian, Pulitzer Prize winning author, and law professor noted for changing scholarship on Thomas Jefferson regarding his relationship with Sally Hemings and her children. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annette_Gordon-Reed
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Howard N. Martin, "ALABAMA-COUSHATTA INDIANS", Handbook of Texas Online, uploaded 9 June 2010, accessed 18 November 2014
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "West Livingston CDP, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Polunsky Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- "Death Row Facts", Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- , Polk County College Archived February 2, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on July 29, 2012. NOTE: The information for Livingston appears as a pop-up window.
- "Municipal Airport." City of Livingston. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- Howard N. Martin, "Colita", Handbook of Texas Online, uploaded 12 June 2010, accessed 18 November 2014
- "Tribal History", Alabama-Coushatta website
- "Margaret Virginia Margo Jones", Texas Escapes website
- Howard N. Martin, "LONG KING," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo64), accessed November 18, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association
- "René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle", Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 18 November 2014
- "Doolittle Crew", Doolittle Tokyo Raiders Online
- Randy Hill, "A Southern Homecoming", n.d., USA Deep South website
- Polk County government's website
- Polk County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Polk County, TXGenWeb Focuses on genealogical research in Polk County
||Trinity County||Angelina County|
|San Jacinto County||Liberty County||Hardin County|