Lyndhurst, New Jersey

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Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Township
Township of Lyndhurst
Lyndhurst portion of New Jersey Meadowlands.
Lyndhurst portion of New Jersey Meadowlands.
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated May 15, 1917
Named for Lord Lyndhurst
Government[5]
 • Type Walsh Act
 • Mayor Robert B. Giangeruso (term ends May 17, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Helen Polito[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 4.894 sq mi (12.676 km2)
 • Land 4.558 sq mi (11.806 km2)
 • Water 0.336 sq mi (0.870 km2)  6.86%
Area rank 279th of 566 in state
15th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 20,554
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 21,223
 • Rank 126th of 566 in state
13th of 70 in county[11]
 • Density 4,509.3/sq mi (1,741.1/km2)
 • Density rank 128th of 566 in state
32nd of 70 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07071[12][13]
Area code(s) 201[14]
FIPS code 3400342090[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882225[17][2]
Website www.lyndhurstnj.org

Lyndhurst is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 20,554,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 1,171 (+6.0%) from the 19,383 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,121 (+6.1%) from the 18,262 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Lyndhurst was originally formed as Union Township on February 19, 1852, from portions of Harrison Township. While it was still Union Township, portions of territory were taken to form Rutherford (as of September 21, 1881), Boiling Springs (April 17, 1889; now known as East Rutherford) and North Arlington (March 11, 1896). On May 15, 1917, the area was reincorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Lyndhurst, based on the results of a referendum held one week earlier.[19] The township is named for Lord Lyndhurst.[20]

Geography[edit]

Lyndhurst is located at 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325 (40.798004,-74.11325). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.894 square miles (12.676 km2), of which, 4.558 square miles (11.806 km2) of it was land and 0.336 square miles (0.870 km2) of it (6.86%) was water.[1][2]

The Passaic River, crossed by the Avondale Bridge and the Lyndhurst Draw, creates the municipal and county border at the west. The eastern portion of the municipality is part of the uninhabited wetlands in the New Jersey Meadowlands.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 957
1870 2,057 114.9%
1880 3,164 53.8%
1890 1,560 * −50.7%
1900 1,590 * 1.9%
1910 4,076 156.4%
1920 9,515 133.4%
1930 17,362 82.5%
1940 17,454 0.5%
1950 19,980 14.5%
1960 21,867 9.4%
1970 22,729 3.9%
1980 20,326 −10.6%
1990 18,262 −10.2%
2000 19,383 6.1%
2010 20,554 6.0%
Est. 2012 21,223 [10] 3.3%
Population sources: 1860-1920[21]
1860-1870[22] 1870[23] 1880-1890[24]
1890-1910[25] 1910-1930[26]
1900-2010[27][28][29] 2000[30][31] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,554 people, 8,337 households, and 5,394 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,509.3 per square mile (1,741.1 /km2). There were 8,787 housing units at an average density of 1,927.7 per square mile (744.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.97% (17,053) White, 1.98% (406) Black or African American, 0.17% (34) Native American, 6.59% (1,355) Asian, 0.03% (6) Pacific Islander, 5.57% (1,144) from other races, and 2.71% (556) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 18.34% (3,769) of the population.[7]

There were 8,337 households of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.[7]

In the township, 18.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,177 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $79,579 (+/- $4,878). Males had a median income of $56,299 (+/- $6,347) versus $44,468 (+/- $2,406) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,233 (+/- $2,119). About 3.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Same-sex couples headed 58 households in 2010, an increase from the 35 counted in 2000.[33]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 19,383 people, 7,877 households, and 5,206 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,169.7 people per square mile (1,609.4/km2). There were 8,103 housing units at an average density of 1,743.1 per square mile (672.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.94% White, 9.0% Hispanic or Latino, 5.40% Asian, 0.61% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from two or more races, and 2.05% from other races.[30][31]

As of the 2000 Census, 33.8% of township residents were of Italian ancestry, the 19th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and eighth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[34]

There were 7,877 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.[30][31]

In the township the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Lyndhurst has the highest proportion of single females ages 18–25.[30][31]

The median income for a household in the township was $53,375, and the median income for a family was $63,758. Males had a median income of $42,359 versus $35,429 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,940. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[30][31]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Township of Lyndhurst has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government since 1913.[35] All committee members are elected concurrently at-large on a non-partisan basis to four-year terms of office, with the five members selecting a mayor from amongst its members after each election.[5]

As of 2013, members of the Township Committee are Mayor Robert B. Giangeruso (Commissioner of Public Safety), Thomas DiMaggio (Commissioner of Parks and Public Property), Theodore J. Dudek (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance), John J. Montillo, Jr. (Commissioner of Public Affairs) and Matthew T. Ruzzo (Commissioner of Public Works), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end in May 2017.[4][36][37][38]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lyndhurst is located in the 9th Congressional District[39] and is part of New Jersey's 36th state legislative district.[8][40][41]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[43][44] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[45][46]

The 36th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Paul Sarlo (D, Wood-Ridge) and in the General Assembly by Marlene Caride (D, Ridgefield) and Gary Schaer (D, Passaic).[47] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[48] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[49]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[50] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[51] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[52] As of 2013, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[53] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[54] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[55] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[56] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[57] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[57][58] Countywide constitutional officials are Sheriff Michael Saudino (R), Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill) and County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale).[59]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 11,595 registered voters in Lyndhurst Township, of which 3,237 (27.9% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,308 (19.9% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 6,044 (52.1% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.[60] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 56.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 69.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[60][61]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,689 votes here (55.8% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 3,536 votes (42.1% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 113 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,409 ballots cast by the township's 12,126 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.3% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[62][63]In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 4,531 votes here (49.6% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 4,434 votes (48.6% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 80 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 9,131 ballots cast by the township's 12,250 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[64][65] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 4,346 votes here (50.5% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 4,163 votes (48.3% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 81 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 8,612 ballots cast by the township's 11,721 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[66]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,628 votes here (48.9% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,389 votes (44.5% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 303 votes (5.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 29 votes (0.5% vs. 0.5%), among the 5,374 ballots cast by the township's 11,916 registered voters, yielding a 45.1% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[67]

Education[edit]

The Lyndhurst School District serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[68]) are six elementary schools — Columbus School[69] (grades K-3; 133 students), Franklin School[70] (K-3; 240), Jefferson School[71] (4-8; 279), Lincoln School[72] (4-8; 277), Roosevelt School[73] (4-8; 444) and Washington School[74] (K-3; 265) — along with Lyndhurst High School[75] (9-12; 693).[76]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[77][78]

Founded in 1956, Sacred Heart School is a Catholic elementary school serving students in Kindergarten through eighth grade that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[79][80]

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

The Lyndhurst Police Department (LPD) provides emergency and protective services to the township of Lyndhurst, and is led by Chief James B. O'Connor.[81] The LPD was established on January 1, 1907, under the laws of Union Township. The department has lost four officers in the line of duty; which is higher than any other municipality in Bergen County.[82]

A Police Auxiliary Unit falls under the Police Department and the Office of Emergency Management. The Police Auxiliary members augment the services of the Police Department, with participants required to dedicate at least 16 hours a month for patrols on weekends, evenings and at township events and functions.[83]

Fire[edit]

The Lyndhurst Fire Department (LFD) is an all-volunteer fire department. The LFD was organized in February 1886. The department is staffed by 70 fully trained firefighters and responds to an average of 600 calls per year.[84]

Ambulance[edit]

The township of Lyndhurst runs both a volunteer and paid ambulance service. Residents can depend on the Lyndhurst Police Emergency Squad for emergency services. The volunteers respond to medical calls from 6pm to 6am Monday through Friday and on a 24-hour basis on weekends, while the paid division is staffed from 6am-6pm during the week.[85]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 45.95 miles (73.95 km) of roadways, of which 37.81 miles (60.85 km) are maintained by the municipality, 4.93 miles (7.93 km) by Bergen County and 2.15 miles (3.46 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.06 miles (1.71 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[86]

Route 17 and County Route 507 pass through Lyndhurst. Route 3 is just over the northern border of Lyndhurst in neighboring Rutherford. Route 21 is across the Passaic River in neighboring Nutley and Clifton.

The New Jersey Turnpike Western Spur (Interstate 95) passes through the southeastern part, but the closest interchanges are in East Rutherford (Exit 16W) and Kearny (Exit 15W).[87]

The Avondale-DeJessa Bridge, which connects Lyndhurst and Nutley over the Passaic River with one lane in each direction, carries more than 26,000 vehicles a day, and is among 22 bridges in Bergen County that have been classified as "structurally deficient".[88]

Public transportation[edit]

The Lyndhurst Draw crosses the Passaic River carrying the NJT Main Line and Metro North Port Jervis Line.

New Jersey Transit has two train stations in Lyndhurst, located at Lyndhurst Station[89] and Kingsland Station.[90] Trains at both stations operate on the Main Line to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to New York Penn Station, Newark Penn Station, and Newark Airport, with transfers at Hoboken to PATH trains, Hudson Bergen Light Rail, and New York Waterway ferries.[91] The trains travel over the Lyndhurst Draw, a railroad bridge crossing the Passaic River between Clifton and Lyndhurst that was constructed in 1901 and is owned and operated by New Jersey Transit Rail Operations.[92]

New Jersey Transit offers buses serving Newark on the 76 route and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 191, 192, 193 and 195 routes.[93] Lyndhurst is also served by DeCamp Bus Lines routes 32, 44 and 99.[94]

Economy[edit]

Lyndhurst was historically a producer of machinery and metal products.

Lyndhurst is also home to several locally owned and operated businesses such as Mazur's Bakery[95] and the Lyndhurst Pastry Shop, which produces regionally acclaimed Italian cakes and pastries, homemade Italian Ice during the spring, summer and fall. The main business sections are Valley Brook Avenue, Ridge Road and Stuyvesant Avenue. Lyndhurst has many neighborhood delis, eateries, restaurants and stores which allow residents the ability to walk rather than drive.

Because portions of the township are located in the New Jersey Meadowlands, a number of radio stations have their transmitters and towers located in Lyndhurst. These include AM stations WOR and WINS, as well as Amateur Radio and HD TV station W2INS.[96]

Lyndhurst Meadowlands is home to one of nine Medieval Times dinner theaters.

Lyndhurst, together with North Arlington and Rutherford, was the site of the EnCap project, an effort to remediate landfills on the 785-acre (3.18 km2) site and construct homes and golf courses on top of the cleaned up site. On May 27, 2008, the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission terminated its agreement with EnCap Golf Holdings, the company that had the contract to redevelop the site, after the company had missed targets to clean up the landfills as part of the project.[97]

At one time LJN Toys had its headquarters in Lyndhurst.[98]

From 1946 until 1966, Lyndhurst was home to the BUR Barbell Company, the second-largest producer of weight training equipment in the United States.

Kingsland explosion[edit]

On January 11, 1917, a fire started in Building 30 of the Canadian Car and Foundry Company, in what is now Lyndhurst, in a plant that was producing munitions for sale to the United Kingdom and the Russian Empire during World War I. After a spill of flammable liquid started a fire in a building where shells were cleaned, about 500,000, three-inch (76 mm) explosive shells were discharged in about four hours, destroying the entire facility.[99] It was said to have been a spectacle more magnificent than the explosion at Black Tom in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Tessie McNamara, who operated the company switchboard, was credited with saving 1,400 lives, contacting each of the buildings and shouting the warning, "Get out or go up!" Thanks to her dedication, no one was killed in the fire.[100] The Lyndhurst Historical Society has created a vest pocket park dedicated to the memory of McNamara.[101] The park is located on Clay Avenue, between Valley Brook Avenue and Wall Street West. The brick stack can be seen from this park.

Sports and recreation[edit]

Town Mascot & Names: Lyndhurst Golden Bears/Lyndhurst Post 139/Lyndhurst Cubs/Lyndhurst Bulldogs

Lyndhurst baseball[edit]

American Legion, Cricket, Lyndhurst Florist, Hild Landscaping, and Stellatos make up the Lyndhurst-American Little League Baseball club. Amvets Post 20, Bergen County Glass, Century 21, Elks Club, I.A.C.L, and Savinos make up the Lyndhurst-National Little League Baseball club.[102]

On July 14, 2006, the Lyndhurst-American Little League baseball team ended their 17-year drought to become district champs. Throughout the nine district play-off games, Lyndhurst-American hit 14 home runs and eventually emerged as sectional finalists; two wins away from appearing on national television.[103]

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer[edit]

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer has approximately 600 players from age 5 to age 13 and several travel teams.[104]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lyndhurst include:

Historic sites[edit]

Lyndhurst is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:[115]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ a b Bergen County Directory 2012 - 2013, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 12, 2013.
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  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lyndhurst, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
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