Old Oak Common railway station

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Crossrail Interchange
Crossrail interchange.png
Planned location
Crossrail Interchange is located in Greater London
Crossrail Interchange
Crossrail Interchange
Location of Crossrail Interchange in Greater London
Location Old Oak Common
Local authority London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham
Managed by Unknown
Owner Network Rail
Number of platforms 14[1]
Accessible Yes
Key dates
2026 Proposed to open
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°31′30″N 0°14′48″W / 51.524873°N 0.24672°W / 51.524873; -0.24672

Old Oak Common railway station (or Crossrail Interchange) is a planned[2] railway station in west London, England, in the United Kingdom. The station is to be constructed on the site of the Old Oak Common railway depot, approximately 0.5 kilometres (0.3 mi) south of Willesden Junction station with an estimated opening date of 2026. The redevelopment area around the proposed stations has been provisionally renamed New Queens Park.[3]

The new station has been included as a part of the proposed High Speed 2 line from London Euston to Birmingham. The station would provide a major transport interchange with a number of other mainline and commuter rail services, including Crossrail and the Great Western Main Line. The planned High Speed 2 line would be in tunnel at the Old Oak Common site, with the Great Western Main Line and Crossrail tracks on the surface.

Interchange[edit]

Map of the Old Oak Common and its relation to existing lines at Willesden Junction (as at 2013)

According to the proposals issued in 2010 by the Department for Transport (DfT), Old Oak Common would provide direct interchange between HS2 and Crossrail and Great Western Main Line services, including those operated by Heathrow Express and First Great Western.[4][5]

Planned services[edit]

The station had the following planned services: While the station remains at the proposal stage, the following table illustrates the potential range of services, based on current DfT documentation but subject to change:

Preceding station   Crossrail roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Line 1
towards Abbey Wood or Shenfield
Future services
Birmingham Interchange   Unknown
High Speed 2
  London Euston
or Terminus
Acton Main Line   First Great Western
Great Western Main Line
  Paddington
Ealing Broadway First Great Western
Great Western Main Line
Heathrow Central   Heathrow Express
Paddington-Heathrow
  Paddington

Additional interchange proposals[edit]

Due to the proximity of the Old Oak Common site to other lines, it has been suggested that further connections could be made with commuter rail services. The North London, Bakerloo, Watford DC and West London Lines all converge 0.5 kilometres (0.31 mi) to the north of the site at Willesden Junction, and the Central line passes to the west of Old Oak Common. The 2010 DfT command paper highlights opportunities for interchanges at Old Oak Common with London Underground, London Overground and Southern's cross-London services to South Croydon and Milton Keynes.[4] A report prepared by Terry Farrell & Partners for the Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham also examines these interchange possibilities and proposes the construction of an overhead light rail, automated people mover or personal rapid transit system linking "Old Oak Central" [sic] with North Acton, Kensal Green and Willesden Junction stations.[6] However, as of 2013, no firm proposals exist to create an interchange with these lines.[7]

Proposals being considered by Transport for London include a scheme to realign the routes of the West London and North London line around the Old Oak Common site to create a new London Overground interchange station. The proposal envisages diverting the NLL Richmond route to curve around the eastern side of Old Oak Common, and re-routing the WLL to branch west south of the Mitre Bridge before curving north along a short section of the Dudding Hill Line to join the West Coast Main Line. New platforms serving both the NLL and WLL would be built on the southern side of Old Oak Common, adjacent to Wormwood Scrubs. Alternative versions of this scheme also consider cheaper options such as terminating the WLL at Old Oak Common or two separate London Overground stations.[8][9]

The 2010 DfT proposal outlines a number of other possible transport links at Old Oak Common, including the addition of a direct link with the High Speed 1 route to Mainland European services via the Channel Tunnel.[4]

Other proposals[edit]

High Speed 2 route diagram
National Rail Manchester MetrolinkManchester Piccadilly
Leeds National Rail
West Coast Main Line
Leeds New Lane
National Rail Manchester Metrolink Airport interchangeManchester Interchange
to East Coast Main Line
Meadowhall InterchangeNational Rail Supertram (Sheffield)
Crewe
Midland Main Line
East Midlands HubNational Rail Nottingham Express Transit
Phase 1–Phase 2 boundary
for Nottingham, Derby, and Leicester
West Coast Main Line
Phase 1–Phase 2 boundary
National Rail Birmingham Moor Street
Birmingham Curzon Street[b 1]
Birmingham New Street National Rail Midland Metro
National Rail Airport interchange Birmingham International
Birmingham Interchange
West Coast Main Line
Maintenance Loop
Wormleighton
Infrastructure Maintenance Depot
Calvert
Maintenance Loop
Stoke Mandeville
Phase 1–Phase 2 boundary
National Rail Crossrail London Underground Airport interchangeHeathrow Airport
GWML and Crossrail
Old Oak CommonNational Rail Crossrail[b 2]
to North London Line and HS1
West Coast Main Line
EustonNational Rail London Underground London Overground
  1. ^ Alternatively named Birmingham Fazeley Street
  2. ^ Underground and Overground pass through the site without exchange.

The construction company Parsons Brinckerhoff submitted a detailed plan to High Speed 2 which included West London Line, North London Line, West Coast Main Line and Dudding Hill Line platforms,[10] although this pre-dated the announcement of the HS2 London terminus such that their proposed alignment would not be possible.

Network Rail's London and South East Route Utilisation Strategy published in 2011 examines the possibility of constructing a chord through the Old Oak Common area to connect Crossrail to the West Coast Main Line. The report notes that a proportion of trains on the Crossrail service are planned to terminate at Paddington, and that a new western branch of Crossrail would enable those services to continue on towards Watford Junction and beyond. The proposed link would also relieve pressure on Euston station by diverting WCML suburban trains onto the Crossrail route instead of terminating at Euston.[11]

A separate proposal promoted by the Campaign for Better Transport advocacy group, the North and West London Light Railway, suggests running a light rail line past the Old Oak Common site between Ealing Broadway and Brent Cross.[12] This scheme is not, however, supported by any government plans.

Political support[edit]

The Old Oak Common plans were unveiled two months before the 2010 United Kingdom general election by the Labour government. While the present Conservative/Liberal Democrat administration supports the HS2 project, the Conservative Party has indicated a preference to an alternative proposal, put forward by Arup, for the HS2 line to go directly to a hub station at Heathrow Airport.[13] Under this scheme, the west London interchange would be situated at Heathrow rather than at Old Oak Common.[14] Conservative MP Theresa Villiers (now a Minister of State for Transport) referred to the Old Oak Common scheme as "Wormwood Scrubs International", and criticised it on account of its distance from the airport and the inconvenience to airport passengers having to change trains. The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson has been non-committal in supporting the Old Oak Common site, and takes the view that further evaluation is required.[15]

When asked about a High Speed Rail / Crossrail interchange at Old Oak Common, Transport Secretary Philip Hammond stated "Lug your heavy bags down a couple of escalators along 600m of corridor and then change trains at a wet suburban station somewhere in north west London. That is not an option.".[16]

The Old Oak Common plans are supported by the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.[17] However Kensington and Chelsea Council has been pushing for a Crossrail station to the east of it (under the name of Kensal/Kensal Rise/Kensal Green) as a turn-back facility is needed in that area, and placing it at Kensal Rise, rather than next to Paddington itself, would provide a new station to regenerate the area.[18][19][20] Mayor Boris Johnson stated that a station could only be added if it did not increase Crossrail's overall cost; in response Kensington and Chelsea Council agreed to underwrite the projected £33 million cost of a Crossrail station.[21]

Lord Mawhinney, a former Conservative MP for Peterborough has concluded that High Speed 2 (HS2) the London terminus should be at Old Oak Common, not at Euston. This idea goes against the Conservative Party's first idea that Old Oak Common should not even be built. This is because of tunnelling cost along with fast turnaround times at Old Oak Common.[22]

In summer 2011, Hammersmith and Fulham launched a wider 'Park Royal City' plan for Old Oak Common, including light rail or personal rapid transit lines to the surrounding areas.[23]

Site[edit]

The proposed site of the Old Oak Common interchange station is located to the north of Wormwood Scrubs. Currently this area is made up of the disused EWS train maintenance site to the north, which is currently being converted into a construction equipment marshalling area for the Crossrail Project. To the South of this site is the First Great Western Old Oak Common Traction Maintenance Depot. Should Old Oak Common Station be built as proposed it would leave the Great Western Main Line with no traction maintenance facilities east of Reading, Berkshire, although there are proposals for new Intercity Express Programme trains to use the former Eurostar North Pole Depot.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DfT map of station". 
  2. ^ "Go-ahead given to new railway". Department for Transport. January 2012. 
  3. ^ QPR announce plans for new 40,000-seater stadium at Old Oak
  4. ^ a b c "High Speed Rail". Department for Transport. p. 107. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "High Speed Rail London to the West Midlands and Beyond, A Report to Government by High Speed Two Limited p83". Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  6. ^ Terry Farrell (August 2011). "A Vision for Park Royal City". London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. pp. 21 & 34. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Old Oak Common Station". High Speed Rail Consultation. Department for Transport. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Peter Moth – Principal Transport Planner, TfL. "High Speed 2 – Old Oak Common station proposals" (PPT). Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Old Oak Common: A Vision and Challenge For Crossrail (Part 1)". London Reconnections. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Old Oak Common Interchange: A Supporting Submission to HS2". Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "8. Potential new lines". London and South East Route Utilisation Strategy. July 2011. pp. 149–153. 
  12. ^ "Diagram of Old Oak Common area". Campaign for Better Transport. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Milmo, Dan (4 March 2010). "No Heathrow direct link in high speed rail plans". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  14. ^ "Heathrow Hub proposals published". Arup. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  15. ^ Cecil, Nicholas (12 March 2010). "Boris Johnson clashes with David Cameron on high-speed rail". Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  16. ^ Sadek, Jackie. "Transport secretary chops down Old Oak High Speed 2 interchange - The Regeneration Blog". Estatesgazette.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  17. ^ "Old Oak Common: The Transport and Regeneration Case for a HS2 Interchange". London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. December 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Case for a Crossrail station gains momentum" (Press release). Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. 1 July 2010. 
  19. ^ Bloomfield, Ruth (24 August 2010). "Study to explore adding Crossrail station at Kensal Rise". Building Design (London). 
  20. ^ Crossrail at Kensal Rise back on the cards, London Reconnections.
  21. ^ Council to pay for Crossrail station Evening Standard 25 March 2011
  22. ^ No business case' to divert HS2 via Heathrow, say Mawhinney Page 6-7, Rail Magazine, Issue 649, 28 July to 10 August 2010
  23. ^ "Launch of 'Park Royal City'". London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 

External links[edit]