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|Alternative name(s)||Uppuma, Uppumavu, Uppindi, Uppittu, Kharabath, Upeet, Rulanv|
|Place of origin||India|
|Region or state||South India|
|Main ingredient(s)||Wheat rava (semolina|
Upma or Uppuma or Uppittu is a common South Indian and Sri Lankan Tamil breakfast dish, cooked as a thick porridge from dry roasted semolina. Various seasonings and/or vegetables are often added during the cooking, depending on individual preferences.
The word 'Uppu' in Telugu, Kannada (Kannada:ಉಪ್ಪು) and Tamil (Tamil:உப்பு) means Salt and the word 'Hittu' (Kannada:ಹಿಟ್ಟು) in Kannada and 'Mavu' (Tamil:மா(வு) in Tamil means flour and hence the dish is called Uppittu and Upma in Kannada and Tamil respectively.
|Language||Roman Transliteration||Native Unicode|
|Kannada||Uppittu, Kharabath||ಉಪ್ಪಿಟ್ಟು, ಖಾರಭಾತ್|
|Tamil||Upma, Uppuma, Uppumavu||உப்புமா|
|Telugu||Upma, Uppindi||ఉప్మా, ఉప్పిండి|
|Malayalam||Uppumavu (derived from uppu mavu, meaning salted flour)||ഉപ്പുമാവ്|
|Marathi||Uppeet (derived from the Kannada name, the linguistic regions being neighbours)||उप्पीट|
Upma is usually made with Semolina (called Rava or Suji in India). There are many ways Upma is prepared; indeed, every upma cook usually will incorporate variations in flavour when making Upma. This variation is obtained by varying or emphasising particular spices. A typical recipe includes:
- Semolina (Rava) (1 cup)
- Cooking oil (3-4 tbsp)
- Mustard seeds (1/2 tsp)
- Cumin (1 tsp)
- Ginger root (1/2 tsp, grated)
- Green chillies (3-5 med, chopped)
- Chopped onions (1 med, chopped)
- Salt to taste
- Vegetables of choice: Peas, carrots, tomatoes, capsicum, etc.
- Grated coconut (3-4 tbsp, optional)
- Lemon juice (2 tsp, optional)
Method of preparation
- Dry-roast Semolina (rava) until it just begins to turn brown, then keep aside.
- In a large saucepan/wok, heat the cooking oil.
- Add mustard seeds and wait for them to sputter. Then add cumin, ginger, green chillies and chopped onions and fry until onions caramelise.
- Add vegetables, salt and 2 cups of water, and bring to boil.
- Add the roasted rava, turn down the heat, and mix quickly to avoid lumps forming.
- The upma is done when all the water is absorbed by the rava.
- Garnish with grated coconut, chopped cilantro leaves and lemon juice.
A huge number of variations of Upma are made with whole or refined ground wheat and rice of varied grain size, vermicelli, Durum wheat semolina or pearl sago. A wide range of vegetables may be added, and may be garnished with a variety of beans (raw or sprouted), cashew and peanuts. For a variation called masala upma (known as 'Kharabath' in Karnataka), sambar masala or garam masala is added along with red chilli powder, instead of green chillies.
The Rice Upma, which is mainly popular in the southern parts of Karnataka is referred to as Akki Tari Uppittu (Rice coarse flour uppittu). Another variant of upma is prepared with grated coconuts instead of onions, especially on holy days, when onion is avoided. This type of upma is generally smeared with ghee at the end of preparation. Dishes similar to upma can be made by substituting small crumbs of leftover bread or Idli instead of flour. Upma made from coarser rava known as Sajjige is a dish of Udupi cuisine. It is sometimes served along with snacks such as sauted and spiced poha or Chevdo.
salt mango tree