Barasat Sadar subdivision

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Barasat Sadar subdivision
Subdivision
Barasat Sadar subdivision is located in West Bengal
Barasat Sadar subdivision
Barasat Sadar subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°43′N 88°29′E / 22.72°N 88.48°E / 22.72; 88.48Coordinates: 22°43′N 88°29′E / 22.72°N 88.48°E / 22.72; 88.48
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Headquarters Barasat
Area
 • Total 1,002.48 km2 (387.06 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,789,611
 • Density 2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN

Barasat Sadar subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

In 1757, the East India Company obtained the zamindari or land-holders rights of the 24 Parganas Zamindari from Mir Jafar, the new Nawab of Bengal. Full proprietary status was handed over to Robert Clive in 1759 by a sanad or deed granting him the 24 Parganas as a jagir. After Clive’s death in 1774, full proprietary rights of the 24 Parganas zamindari reverted to the East India Company. In 1814, the district consisted of two parts – the suburbs of Kolkata (referred to as Dihi Panchannagram) and the rest. In 1834, several parganas of Jessore and Nadia were added to the 24 Parganas. The district was divided into two divisions. The Alipore division comprised territories originally ceded to the company and the Barasat division comprised territories added from Jessore and Nadia. The two divisions were replaced by eight subdivisions in 1861 – Diamond Harbour, Baruipur, Alipore, Dum Dum, Barrackpore, Barasat, Basirhat and Satkhira. The Satkhira subdivision was transferred to the newly formed Khulna district in 1882, the Baruipur subdivision was abolished in 1883 and the Dum Dum and Barrackpore subdivisions in 1893. Barrackpore subdivision was reconstituted in 1904 with portions of Barasat and Alipore subdivisions.[1]

Geography[edit]

Some areas of Barasat Sadar subdivision are part of the North Hooghly Flat and other areas are part of the North Bidyadhari Plain, two of the three physiographic regions in the district located in the lower Ganges Delta.[2]The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle.[3]

Subdivisions[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[4][5]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Bangaon Bangaon 838.17 1,063,028 16.33 83.67
Barasat Sadar Barasat 1,002.48 2,789,611 54.67 45.33
Barrackpore Barrackpore 334.51 3,668,653 96.02 3.98
Bidhannagar Bidhannagar 33.50 216,609 100.00 0
Basirhat Basirhat 1,777.02 2,271,880 12.96 87.04
North 24 Parganas district Barasat 4,094.00 10,009,781 57.27 42.73

Religion[edit]

Given below is an overview of the religion-wise break-up of the population across the subdivisions of North 24 Parganas district, as per 2011 census:[6]

Subdivision Population
(2011)
Hindu % Muslim % Christian % Others %
Bangaon 1,063,028 85.63 13.73 0.26 0.38
Barasat Sadar 2,789,611 65.18 34.26 0.16 0.40
Barrackpore 3,668,653 88.61 10.32 0.35 0.71
Bidhannagar 216,609 95.26 2.56 0.45 1.73
Basirhat 2,271,880 51.37 48.37 0.14 0.13
North 24 Parganas district 10,009,781 73.45 25.82 0.24 0.48

North 24 Parganas district with 24.22% Muslims (in 2001) has been identified as a minority concentrated district by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. A baseline survey on religious minority population has been carried out under the aegis of Indian Council of Social Science Research and funded by the Ministry of Minority Affairs.[7]For information on the survey see North 24 Parganas: minority concentrated district.

Population movement[edit]

As per the Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Department of the Government of West Bengal, the census figures show the number of refugees from East Pakistan in 1971 was nearly 6 million (60 lakhs) and in 1981, the number was assessed at 8 million (80 lakhs).[8]A district-wise break-up in 1971, shows the main thrust of the refugee infux was on 24-Parganas (22.3% of the total refugees), Nadia (20.3%), Bankura (19.1%) and Kolkata (12.9%).[9]

The North 24 Paraganas district has a 352 km long international border with Bangladesh, out of which 160 km is land border and 192 km is riverine border.[10] Only a small portion of the border has been fenced and it is popularly referred to as a porous border. There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators.[11][12][13][14]The CD Block pages carry Decadal Population Growth information.

An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force.[15]During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.[16]

Administrative units[edit]

Barasat Sadar subdivision has 13 police stations, 7 community development blocks, 7 panchayat samitis, 58 gram panchayats, 523 mouzas, 493 inhabited villages, 6 municipalities and 34 census towns.[4][17]

The municipalities are at Barasat, Habra, Gobardanga, Ashoknagar Kalyangarh, Madhyamgram and Rajarhat-Gopalpur (made part of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation in 2015).[4][17]

The census towns are: Nokpul, Maslandapur, Sadpur, Betpuli, Anarbaria, Purbba Narayanpur, Guma, Bara Bamonia, Khorddabamonia, Bira, Dhania, Kokapur, Shibalaya, Gangapur, Chandrapur, Nebadhai Duttapukur, Chatta Baria, Joypul, Digha, Kulberia, Bamangachhi, Chak Barbaria, Koyra, Deara, Deulia, Raigachhi, Rekjuani, Bhatenda, Basina, Bishnupur, Chandanpur Champagacghhi, Jatragachhi, Ghuni and Sulangari. The subdivision has its headquarters at Barasat.[4][17]

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration[edit]

The following Municipalities and Census Town in Barasat Sadar subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Barasat (M), Madhyamgram (M), Rajarhat Gopalpur (M) (part of Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation) and Raigachhi (CT).[18]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Barasat Sadar subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[4][19][20]

Police station Area covered
(km2)
Border (km) Municipal town/ city CD Block
Habra n/a - Habra, Gobardanga Habra I
Ashoknagar 174.5 - Ashoknagar Kalyangarh Habra II
Shasan n/a - - Barasat II partly
Duttapukur 104.34 - - Barasat I
Barasat 4.6 - Barasat municipal area -
Madhyamgram n/a - Madhyamgram Barasat II partly
Amdanga 138.8 - - Amdanga
Deganga 202.09 - - Deganga
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport1 n/a - Madhyamgram, Rajarhat Gopalpur
(also serves some areas in Barrackpore subdivision)
-
Newtown1 n/a - Rajarhat-Gopalpur -
Baguiati1 n/a - Rajarhat-Gopalpur -
Rajarhat n/a - - Rajarhat
Women PS (Barasat) n/a - n/a n/a

Note 1: In 2012 these three police stations were placed under Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate and in 2015 Rajarhat-Gopalpur municipality was included in Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Barasat Sadar subdivision are:[4][5][17][6]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Habra I Habra 117.36 225,200 34.62 2.83 73.51 25.81 83.15 6
Habra II Guma 112.67 176,490 17.94 2.31 50.85 48.76 81.05 4
Amdanga Amdanga 139.27 191,673 18.16 1.50 41.30 58.48 80.69 1
Barasat I Chhota Jagulia 104.97 294,628 15.96 0.86 55.43 44.08 81.50 12
Barasat II Krishnapur Madanpur 114.04 200,918 10.47 1.27 25.93 73.81 77.71 1
Deganga Deulia 202.09 319,213 12.23 0.80 28.79 70.92 79.65 1
Rajarhat Rajarhat 72.90 189,893 35.05 0.62 59.41 39.90 83.13 9

Gram panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 58 gram panchayats under 7 community development blocks:[21]

  • Gram panchayats in Barasat I CD Block are: Chhoto Jagulia, Ichhapur–Nilganj, Kotra, Purba Khilkapur, Dattapukur–I, Kadambagachhi, Paschim Khilkapur, Dattapukur–II and Kashimpur.
  • Gram panchayats in Barasat II CD Block are: Chandigarh–Rohanda, Falti Beliaghata, Kemia Khamarpara, Kirtipur–I, Dadpur, Kiritipur–II and Shason.
  • Gram panchayats in Amdanga CD Block are: Adhata, Bodai, Maricha, Amdanga, Chandigarh, Sadhanpur, Beraberia and Taraberia.
  • Gram panchayats in Deganga CD Block are: Amulia, Champatala, Hadipur Jhikra–I, Sohai–Shwetpur, Berachampa–I, Chaurashi, Hadipur Jhikra–II, Berachampa–II, Deganga–I, Kolsur, Chakla, Deganga–II and Nurnagar.
  • Gram panchayats in Habra I CD Block are: Bargum–I, Kumra, Machhlandapur–II, Rautara, Bargum–II, Machhlandapur–I and Prithiba.
  • Gram panchayats in Habra II CD Block are: Banspole, Bhurkunda, Guma–I, Rajibpur Bira, Beraberi, Dighara Malikberia, Guma–II and Srikrishnapur.
  • Gram panchayats in Rajarhat CD Block are: Chandpur, Mahisbathan–II, Rajarhat Bishnupur–I, Jangrahatiara–II, Patharghata and Rajarhat Bishnupur–II.

Municipal towns/ cities[edit]

An overview of the municipal towns and cities in Barasat Sadar subdivision is given below.[6][22]

Municipal town/city Area (km2) Population
(2011)
Hindu % Muslim % Slum
population %
BPL Households
 % (2006)
Literacy%
(2001)
Barasat 31.41 278,435 87.23 11.98 15.52 9.97 84.74
Habra 22.68 147,221 98.32 1.44 15.60 28.84 86.34
Gobardanga 10.36 45,377 96.47 3.13 - 47.88 87.28
Ashokanagar Kalyangarh 18.44 121,592 97.18 2.45 23.39 13.53 88.21
Madhyamgram 21.32 196,127 89.36 9.76 - 14.27 83.88
Rajarhat Gopalpur1 34.97 402,844 84.13 14.91 9.13 15.51 84.31

Note 1: Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation was formed in 2015 and Rajarhat Gopalpur municipality has been part of it since then.

Education[edit]

North 24 Parganas district had a literacy rate of 84.06% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Bangaon subdivision had a literacy rate of 80.57%, Barasat Sadar subdivision 84.90%, Barrackpur subdivision 89.09%, Bidhannagar subdivision 89.16% and Basirhat subdivision 75.67%.[23]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in North 24 Parganas district for the year 2012-13: [23]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Bangaon 533 54,361 1 36 31 14,654 83 107,745 4 11,031 1 95 1,594 54,016
Barasat Sadar 920 120,670 19 2,734 93 63,707 171 246,098 14 40,466 23 6,190 2,887 130,522
Barrackpore 948 126,453 29 5,716 193 165,924 205 215,713 25 44,818 20 6,345 2,483 160,236
Bidhannagar 20 12,317 - - 1 900 17 22,536 1 865 15 5,432 1 552
Basirhat 1,256 139,737 25 10,165 124 101,536 118 105,724 5 15,248 - - 3,800 164,833
North 24 Parganas district 3,677 453,538 74 18,651 442 346,721 594 697,816 49 112,428 59 18,062 10,765 439,560

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[23]

The following institutes are located in Barasat Sadar subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2013 in North 24 Parganas district.[66]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts**
Local
bodies**
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs**
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes**
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Bangaon 1 1 2 10 - - - - 14 417 24 11,587 650,349
Barasat Sadar 3 1 6 15 - - - - 25 1,084 45 125,000 1,397,574
Barrackpore 7 - 2 2 - - - - 11 1,081 8 94,042 1,010,820
Bidhannagar 1 - - - - - - ` 1 100 - 6,567 117,136
Basirhat 1 5 5 23 - - - - 34 703 77 69,034 897,725
North 24 Parganas district 13 7 15 50 6 27 3 233 354 3,385 154 306,230 4,073,604

.* Excluding nursing homes.
**Subdivision-wise break up for certain items not available.

Medical facilities available in Barasat Sadar subdivision are as follows:

Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[67]
District Hospital, Barasat, 500 beds
District Jail Hospital, Barasat, 15 beds
Ashoknagar State General Hospital,Ashoknagar, 50 beds
Habra State General Hospital, Habra, 131 beds
NSC Bose Specialised Hospital, Madhyamgram, 60 beds
Vidyasagar Matri Sadan, Rajarhat, 20 beds
Jyangra CH Care Hospital, Baguiati

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds)[67]
Madhyamgram Rural Hospital, Madhyamgram, 30 beds
Maslandapur Rural Hospital, Maslandapur, 30 beds
Sabdalpur Rural Hospital, Sabdalpur, 30 beds
Amdanga Rural Hospital, Amdanga, 30 beds
Biswanathpur Rural Hospital, Deganga, 30 beds
Rekjoani Rural Hospital, Rajarhat, 30 beds

Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, beds)[67]
Chhota Jagulia BPHC, Chhota Jagulia, 15 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[67]
Habra I CD Block: Rautara PHC (10)
Habra II CD Block: Pukurkona PHC, Bira Ballabhpur (10), Pumlia PHC, Sendanga (6)
Barasat I CD Block: Kadambagachi PHC (10), Duttapukur PHC (6)
Barasat II CD Block: Mitpukuria PHC, Shasan (10), Bagband Siberia (Kemia Kamarpara) PHC, Kirtipur (6)
Amdanga CD Block: Adhata-Joypur PHC, Adhata (6), Marich PHC, Masunda (10), Baraberia PHC (6)
Deganga CD Block: Hadipur-Jhikra PHC, Ajinagar (6), Raypur Chakla PHC, Chakla (10), Kolsur PHC, Deganga (10), Kartickpur (6)
Rajarhat CD Block: Chandpur PHC (Arbelia), Badu (10), Patharghata PHC(10)

Private Medical Facilities (Name, location, speciality) [68][69]
Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, 78, Jessore Road (South), Barasat (arthoscopy, gastroenterology, joint replacement surgery, nephrology, ophthalmology, urology etc.)
Suraksha The Barasat Clinic, 83/10 Jessore Road (South), Anima Apartment, Dak Bungalow Morh (cardiology, diabetology, neurology, oncology, orthpedics, diabetology etc)
Care & Cure Hospital, Nabapally, SN Road, Barasat (cardiology, orthopaedic, gynecology etc,)
Tata Medical Centre, New Town, 14 Mar (E-W), Rajarhat (oncology etc,)
Sight N Smile Multispeciality Eye & Dental Care Centre, Suraj Apartment, 1st Floor, Rajarhat, Mahisgot, HDFC Bank Building, Opp DLF 1, Newtown (ophthalmology, dentistry, cardiology, orthopaedics etc.)
Teeth Care Multispeciality Dental Clinic, B1, New Town Metro Plaza, Aatghara-Rajarhat Road, Ataghara Petrol Pump-Chinar Park Morh, Rajarhat
Health Etc., Hatiara Road, Rajarhat, Jyangra (cardiology, general medicine etc.)

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Bangaon subdivision were as follows: [70]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Bangaon Reserved for SC Gaighata
in Bangaon subdivision
Reserved for SC Gobardanga municipality, Dharmapur I, Dharmapur II, Ichapur I, Ichapur II, Jaleswar I, Shimulpur and Sutia GPs of Gaighata CD Block, and Bergum I, Bergum II and Machhalandpur I GPs of Habra I CD Block
All assembly segments outside Barasat Sadar subdivision
Basirhat None Haroa None Falti Beleghata, Dadpur, Kiritipur I, Kiritipur II, Shashan GPs of Barasat II CD Block, Champatala, Deganga I, Deganga II, Hadipur Jhikra II GPs of Deganga CD Block and Gopalpur I, Gopalpur II, Haroa and Khasbalanda GPs of Haroa CD Block
All assembly segments outside Barasat Sadar subdivision
Barasat None Habra None Habra municipality, and Kumra, Pritibha, Rautara and Machhalandpur II GPs of Habra I CD Block
Ashoknagar None Ashoknagar Kalyangarh municipality, and Habra II CD Block
Rajarhat New Town None Rajarhat CD Block and Ward Nos. 1 to 6 and 10 to 13 of Rajarhat Gopalpur (Municipality)
Bidhannagar
in Bidhannagar subdivision
None Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation and Ward Nos. 19, 20 and 28 to 35 of South Dum Dum municipality
Madhyamgram None Madhyamgram municipality, Chandipur Rohanda, Kemia Khamarpara GPs of Barasat II CD Block, and Ichhapur Nilganj, Paschim Khilkapur and Purba Khilkapur GPs of Barasat I CD Block
Barasat None Barasat municipality and Chhoto Jagulia GP of Barasat I CD Block
Deganga None Kadambagachhi and Katra GPs of Barasat I CD Block, and Amulia, Berachampa I, Berachampa II, Chakla, Chaurasi, Hadipur Jhikra I, Kalsur, Nur Nagar and Sohai-Shwetpur GPs of Deganga CD Block
Barrackpore None Amdanaga None Amdanga CD Block, and Dattapukur I, Dattapukur II and Kashimpur GPs of Barasat I CD Block.
Other assembly segments outside Barasat Sadar subdivision
Dum Dum None Rajrahat Goplapur None Ward Nos. 7 to 9 and 14 to 27 of Rajarhat Gopalpur (Municipality) and Ward Nos.18 and 21 to 27 of South Dum Dum municipality
Other assembly segments outside Barasat Sadar subdivision

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