Chittagong District

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Chittagong District

চট্টগ্রাম জেলা
Chattogram District
Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
Area
 • Total5,282.92 km2 (2,039.75 sq mi)
Population
(2011 census)
 • Total7,616,352
 • Rank2
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total43.2%
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Websitechittagong.gov.bd

Chittagong District , officially known as Chattogram District,[1] is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. The port city of Chittagong, second largest city in Bangladesh, is located in this district.

History[edit]

Because of the natural harbour, Chittagong had been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century CE. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal Army under Shaista Khan conquered Chittagong. During the 17th century, the region also faced a lot of attacks by Portuguese pirates. The Mughals established Chittagong as a district in 1666. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were separated from Chittagong in 1860.In 1947, Chittagong came under Pakistan and became part a district of East Pakistan. Port of Chittagong was a big spot for exports and imports of Pakistan. After the liberation of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar District was separated in 1984.[2]

Administration[edit]

  • Administrator of Zila Porishod: M A Salam[3]
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Elius Hossain [4]

Subdivisions[edit]

There are 15 upazilas[5] and 15 thanas[6] (the latter under Chittagong Municipal area) within Chittagong District.

The upazilas are:

The thanas are:

Religion[edit]

Chittagong District has 13148 mosques, 1025 Hindu temples, 535 Buddhist temples and 192 churches. Fakira Mosque in Hathazari, Musa Khan Mosque, Kura Katni Mosque, the 16th century Kala Mosques, Chhuti Khan Mosque, Kadam Mobara Mosque, Andar Killah Mosque, Bakshi Hamid Mosque of Bashkhali, and East Gomdandi Chowdhury Para Old Mosque of Boalkhali are famous mosques in Chittagong. Also Badar Awlia Dargah is a tomb in Chittagong.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Colleges:

Universities:

Medical colleges

Chittagonians[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mahadi Al Hasnat (2 April 2018). "Mixed reactions as govt changes English spellings of 5 district names". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  2. ^ Mohammad Mahibbullah Siddiqi (2012). "Cox's Bazar District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ "AL men appointed administrators". thedailystar.net.
  4. ^ http://pmis.mopa.gov.bd/pmis/Forms/dclist.php
  5. ^ Jasim Uddin Harun (2012). "Chittagong District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ "Home Minister to launch 4 new thanas in Ctg tomorrow". The Financial Express. 29 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Karnaphuli becomes Bangladesh's 490th Upazila". bdnews24.com. 9 May 2016.

External links[edit]