Madanapalle

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Madanapalle
Maryada Ramanna Puram
City
Madanapalle City view
Madanapalle City view
Nickname: 
Tomato Hub of Andhra pradesh
Madanapalle is located in Andhra Pradesh
Madanapalle
Madanapalle
Madanapalle is located in India
Madanapalle
Madanapalle
Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictAnnamayya
Founded bySri Maadanna
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation, PKMUDA
Area
 • Total23.44 km2 (9.05 sq mi)
Elevation
695 m (2,280 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total180,180
 • Density7,700/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
517 325,517326,517319
Telephone code+91– 8571
Vehicle registrationAP – 39
Websitemadanapalle.cdma.ap.gov.in/en

Madanapalle is a city in Annamayya district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the largest city in the District. It is a Selection Grade Municipal City Council and the headquarters of Madanapalle mandal, Madanapalle revenue division and PKM Urban Development Authority.[3][4]

History[edit]

Madanapalle was founded by Sri Maadanna in 1618 AD.[4]

Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector's bungalow and visited Madanapalle every summer. Madanapalle (Telugu:మదనపల్లె) or Madanapalle mandal (Mandal code-35), is a mandal HQ, town and a Municipality in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh state, India.Legend has it that the name of the town was originally " Maryaada raamanna puram" which has over time, changed into " Madanapalle". In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B. Manoly was the first Sub Collector. The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics.[citation needed]

Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to western musical notations in Madanapalle. [5] The notes were provided by Tagore himself.[6] The National Anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on 27 December that year.

Geography[edit]

It is located at an average elevation of 695 m (2,280 ft) above mean sea level.[citation needed]

Madanapalle is located at 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50.[7]

There are 21 villages in this mandal:

  1. Chinnathippasamudram (CTM)
  2. Kasiraopeta
  3. Kothavaripalle
  4. Pothapolu
  5. Venkappakota
  6. Bandameeda kammapalle
  7. Kollabylu
  8. Ponnetipalem
  9. Chippili
  10. Pappireddipalle
  11. Kammapalle
  12. Basinikonda
  13. Pamaiahgaripalle
  14. Molakaladinne
  15. Valasapalle
  16. Madanapalle (rural)
  17. Ankisettipalle
  18. Vem palle
  19. Malepadu
  20. Penchupadu
  21. Theneegalavaripalle
Climate data for Madanapalle
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.2
(86.4)
33.4
(92.1)
34.9
(94.8)
35
(95)
32.1
(89.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
30.4
(86.6)
Average low °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72.0)
23.6
(74.5)
22.8
(73.0)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.2
(68.4)
17.8
(64.0)
15.6
(60.1)
19.9
(67.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
28
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
51
(2.0)
81
(3.2)
73
(2.9)
111
(4.4)
143
(5.6)
54
(2.1)
32
(1.3)
643
(25.4)
[citation needed]

Source : Climate[8]

Madanapalle has mild to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 °C (86 to 95 °F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 °C (104 °F) and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 and 15 °C (45 and 59 °F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Madanapalle
Religion Percent
Hindus
73.05%
Muslims
24.83%
Christians
1.66%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.08%), not stated (0.22%) and other (.10%)

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 180,180. The total population constitute, 90,700 males, 89,480 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[9]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

The municipality was formed on 1 April 1961 and is spread over an area of 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi).[1] There are 35 election wards represented by a councilor.[4] Madanapalle urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.44 km2 (9.05 sq mi).[3] Its constituents include the municipality of Madanapalle, the out growths of Ankisettipalle, Chippili, Pamaiahgaripalle, Papireddipalle, Venkappakota, partial out growths of Basinikonda, Kollabylu, Ponnetipalem and Madanapalle (rural).[10]

Politics[edit]

Madanapalle is an Assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 164.

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind and silk saris. Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Asia.[citation needed] The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states of India.

It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can purchase silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bangalore, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTC buses run to different parts of the district, state and interstate – Bangalore (KA), Kolar (KA), Chintamani (KA) and Chennai (TN), Vellore (TN).

Madanapalle Road Railway Station (MPL) is situated on Dharmavarm - Pakala Branch line and all trains stop here. Trains are available here to travel to Secunderabad, Guntakal, Tirupati, Vijayawada. Daily trains are available from and to Guntakal & Tirupati. Other nearest Railway Station is Kurabalakota Railway Station where only Passenger trains stop.New Kadapa to Kolar via Madanapalle Railway line is under construction it Kadapa–Bangalore section.In this project planned to Upgrade Madanapalle Road Railway station as Junction and one New Railway station to Madanapalle Town.

Three National Highways and One Major State Highway passes through Madanapalle.

NH 71 - Madanapalle to Naidupeta Via Pileru

NH 42 - Uravakonda to Krishnagiri Via Kuppam

NH 340 - Kadapa to Bangalore.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[11][12] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.[citation needed]

Madanapalle has long standing educational institutions like Besant Theosophical College,founded by Dr.Annie Besant in 1915.First Degree college in Rayalaseema Region and Rabindranath Tagore translated Jana Gana Mana from Bengali to English,Outside of Calcutta, the song was first sung by the bard himself at a session in Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh on 28 February 1919 when Tagore visited the college and sung the song. The song enthralled the college students while Margaret Cousins, then vice-principal of the college (also an expert in European music and wife of Irish poet James Cousins), both requested Tagore to create an English translation of the song and set down the musical notation to the national anthem which were provided by Tagore himself.[6]

Rishi Valley School, a boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti,[13] [14] Under Management of Krishnamurthy Foundation of India

Zilla Parishad High School, which was founded in 1924, Vasishta School (ICSE, AP State Syllabus) which was founded in 1981.[15]

It also has five engineering colleges:

It also has some notable intermediate colleges like

  • Krishna Reddy Siddhartha Junior College
  • Venkata Reddy Siddhartha Junior College
  • Government Girls College

The government of Andhra Pradesh is planning to establish Government Medical College near Madanapalle and land acquisition has started.[when?]

Entertainment[edit]

There were many cinema theatres. At this moment, theatres Sai Chitra, Ravi, Sunil, A.S.R, Sree Krishna, Sidhartha, Mini Sidhartha only operating. Madhusudhana, Pancharatna, Avanthi, Usha, Jyothi, Mallikarjuna, Mini Mallikarjuna, Sesh Mahal, Bhavani, M.S.R.(Tarakarama) theatres closed or converted for other business purpose now.

MLAs of Madanapalli from 1952[edit]

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. M.L.A's of MADANAPALLE from 1952 to till now

  • 1952 – Dodda Seetharamaiah (Communist Party of India (CPI))
  • 1955 – T.G.K. Gupta (Indian National Congress)
  • 1962 – Dodda Seetharamaiah (CPI)
  • 1967 – A. Narasingarao (Indian National Congress)
  • 1972 – A. Narasingarao (Indian National Congress)
  • 1978 – G.V. Narayana Reddy (Indian National Congress I)
  • 1983 – R. Narayana Reddy (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1985 – R. Narayana Reddy (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1989 – A. Mohan Reddy (Indian National Congress)
  • 1994 – R. Sagar Reddy (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 1999 – R. Shobha rani (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 2004 – Dommalapati Ramesh (Telugu Desam Party)
  • 2009 – Mohammed Shahjahan Basha(Jaha) (Indian National Congress)
  • 2014 – Thippa Reddy (YSRCP)
  • 2019– Nawaj Bhasha( YSRCP)

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  3. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – Chittoor" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 19, 21, 58. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c ":: MADANAPALLE Municipality". cdma.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Going in search of Tagore". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Home".
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Madanapalle, India". fallingrain.com.
  8. ^ "Madanapalle climate". en.climate-data.org. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  10. ^ "Name of Urban Agglomeration and its State constituent Units-2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 11,22–23. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  11. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  12. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  13. ^ "Home". mits.ac.in.
  14. ^ "India's Top-ranked Legacy Boarding.Schools". EducationWorld: 138. September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  15. ^ "Zilla Parishad High School (ZPHS) Madanapalli". veethi.com.