Madanapalle

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Madanapalle
మదనపల్లె
City
Madanapalle city view
Madanapalle city view
Madanapalle is located in Andhra Pradesh
Madanapalle
Madanapalle
Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Chittoor
Founded by Sri Ahobila Naidu
Area[1]
 • Total 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi)
Elevation 695 m (2,280 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 136,414
 • Density 9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517 325
Telephone code +91– 8571
Vehicle registration AP – 03
Website Madanapalle Municipality

Madanapalle is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Madanapalle mandal and Madanapalle revenue division.[3][4]

History[edit]

Madanapalle was founded by Sri Ahobila Naidu in 1618 AD.[4]

Court yard in Madanapalle where Jana Gana Mana was first sung

Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector’s bunglow and visited Madanapalle every summer. In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B.Manoly was the first Sub Collector. The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics.

Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to music in Madanapalle.[5] The National Anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on December 27 that year. But it was actually done in Besant Theosophical College, Madanapalle, where Tagore stayed for few days in February 1919 that the now familiar tune was set. It was Margaret Cousins, wife of educationist, Dr. James Henry Cousins, who composed the tune for "Jana Gana Mana". Dr. Cousins was then the Principal of the Madanapalle College that was established by Dr. Annie Besant.

Geography[edit]

It is located at an average elevation of 695 m (2,280 ft) above mean sea level.

Madanapalle is located at 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50.[6]

Climate data for Madanapalle
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.2
(86.4)
33.4
(92.1)
34.9
(94.8)
35
(95)
32.1
(89.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
30.35
(86.63)
Average low °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72)
23.6
(74.5)
22.8
(73)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.2
(68.4)
17.8
(64)
15.6
(60.1)
19.89
(67.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
28
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
51
(2.01)
81
(3.19)
73
(2.87)
111
(4.37)
143
(5.63)
54
(2.13)
32
(1.26)
643
(25.32)
[citation needed]

Source : Climate[7]

Madanapalle has pleasantly mild, to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 degrees Celsius (86 F to 95 F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 F)and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 and 15 degrees Celsius ( 44.6 F to 59 F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 136,414. The total population constitute, 67,432 males, 68,237 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[8]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

The municipality was formed on 1 April 1961 and is spread over an area of 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi).[1] There are 35 election wards represented by a councilor.[4] Madanapalle urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.44 km2 (9.05 sq mi).[3] Its constituents include the municipality of Madanapalle, the out growths of Ankisettipalle, Chippili, Pamaiahgaripalle, Papireddipalle, Venkappakota, partial out growths of Basinikonda, Kollabylu, Ponnetipalem and Madanapalle (rural).[9]

Politics[edit]

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 283.

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind and silk saris. Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Andhra Pradesh. The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states of India.

It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can get silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bangalore, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.

Transport[edit]

Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTC buses run to different parts of the district, state and interstate - Bangalore (KA), Mysore, Bellary and Chennai (TN), Vellore. Madanapalle Road Railway Station (MPL) is situated on the Tirupati - Guntakal BG line and all the trains stops here. Trains are available here to travel to Guntakal and Secunderabad. Daily trains are available from and to Guntakal & Tirupati. Other nearest Railway Station is Kurabalakota Railway Station where only Passenger trains stops.

Education[edit]

Madanapalle has long standing educational institutions like Besant Theosophical College, Rishi Valley School, a boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti,[10] [11] and Zilla Parishad High School, which was founded in 1924.[12] It also has four engineering colleges - Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, Sir Vishveshwaraiah Institute of Science & Technology, Golden Valley Integrated Campus, Aditya College of Engineering.

Notable personalities[edit]

Sri Madhukarnath, Jiddu Krishnamurti are the notable personalities from the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  3. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Chittoor" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 19, 21, 58. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c ":: MADANAPALLE Municipality". cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 23 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Going in search of Tagore". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Madanapalle, India". fallingrain.com. 
  7. ^ http://en.climate-data.org/location/24110/”
  8. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "Name of Urban Agglomeration and its State constituent Units-2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 11,22–23. Retrieved 23 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "Home". mits.ac.in. 
  11. ^ "India's Top-ranked Legacy Boarding.Schools". EducationWorld: 138. September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Zilla Parishad High School (ZPHS) Madanapalli". veethi.com.