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|District of Maharashtra|
Location of Buldhana district in Maharashtra
|Administrative division||Amravati Division|
|Tehsils||1. Buldhana, 2. Chikhli, 3. Deulgaon Raja, 4. Khamgaon, 5. Shegaon, 6. Malkapur, 7. Motala, 8. Nandura, 9. Mehkar, 10. Lonar, 11. Sindkhed Raja, 12. Jalgaon Jamod, 13. Sangrampur|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Buldhana (MH-5), Raver (MH-4)( shared with Jalgaon district)|
|• Assembly seats||Malkapur, Buldhana, Chikhli, Sindkhed Raja, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Jalgaon Jamod|
|• Total||9,640 km2 (3,720 sq mi)|
|• Density||270/km2 (700/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||928|
|Major highways||NH-6 NH753A (Ajantha Buldana)|
|Average annual precipitation||946 mm|
Buldhana district is a district in the Amravati division of Maharashtra state in western India. It is situated at the westernmost border of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai. It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west. Buldhana is religiously important as the site of the Shri Gajanan Maharaj temple, at Shegaon.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Politics
- 6 District organisation
- 7 Amenities
- 8 Culture
- 9 Places of interest
- 10 Places of historical significance
- 11 Transport
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The name of the district is derived probably from Bhil Thana (place of Bhils, a tribal group). Buldhana, along with the rest of Berar Province, was part of the kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic poem. Berar formed part of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272–231 BCE). Berar came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Alauddin Khalji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad, seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.
In 1853, the district, together with the rest of Berar, came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being included in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India.
Some historical events
- 1437: Nasir Khan Faruqi, ruler of Khandesh, invaded Berar. A battle was fought at Rohinkhed with Khalif Hasan Basri, governor of Daulatabad, for Aladdin Ahmad Shah II Bahmani. Khan-i-Jahan, governor of Berar, was besieged in Narnala Fort. Nasir Khan lost the battle.
- 1590: The second battle at Rohinkhed took place between Burhan Nizam Shah and Jamal Kahn Mahdavi of Ahmednagar.
- 1600s: Veer Mata Jijabai, the mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji (founder of the Maratha Empire) was born at Sindkhed Raja, at the Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav.
- 1724: The battle of Sakharkheda–Fathkhelda: Asaf Jah defeated Mubariz Khan, governor of Malwa representing the Mughal Empire, and becomes Nizam of Hyderabad.
- 1761: Malkapur pays money to Raghunathrao Peshwa for exception.[clarification needed]
- 1729: Gates erected in Malkapur town during the rule of Mali Khan
- 1769: Madhavrao I Peshwa with minister of Nizam encamped at Mehkar to punish Janoji Bhonsle.[clarification needed]
- 1790: Dyers flee to Nandura from Pimpalgaon Raja due to depredations of Mahadaji Sindhia and Pendharis
- 1803: Raghuji Bhonsle and Daulat Rao Sindhia meet the British envoy near Malkapur
- 1841: Mongal Rao plants flags of Maratha Bhonsla on the walls of Jamod
- 1863: Great Indian Peninsula Railway line opened passing through Malkapur & Shegaon
- 1878: Gajanan Maharaj was found on a street in Shegaon.
- 1881: Municipal council established in Shegaon.
- 1906: Municipal council established in Malkapur.
- 1930: Municipal council established in Chikhli.
- 1931: Municipal council established in Nadura.
According to the 2011 census Buldhana district has a population of 2,588,039, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 159th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 268 inhabitants per square kilometre (690/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.93%. Buldana has a sex ratio of 928 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 82.09%.
Buldhana district boundaries
It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west. The district boundary latitudes are 19.51° to 21.17° N and longitudes are 75.57° to 76.59° E.
The district boundary has been changed many times. In 1480, as part of Berar taraf (province) of Bahamani Sultanate, Chikhli and Mehkar were part of Mahur division and Malkapur, Jalgaon, and Khamgaon were part of Gawil. During Akbar's time (1542–1605), it was part of the Sarkars (administrative unit) of Narnala, Baitalwadi, and Mehkar. In 1634 the area became known as Payanghat Subah (Lowlands Province) while Chikli and Mehkar were part of Balaghat Subah (Highlands Province), but by 1636 Berar became part of a large province called Deccan. Around that time, Malkapur, Jalgaon, Badner Bholji Pimpalgaon Raja, Jepur and Rajur were important parganas (administrative units of the Delhi Sultanate.
In 1853 the district came into existence as North Berar district with Buldhana as its headquarters. It along with South Berar district with Hingoli as its headquarters constituted Berar Province. North Berar district included the present Amravati district, the northern half of Akola, and Buldhana. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857 Hingoli, along with the neighbouring countryside, was restored to the Nizam. Berar province was reconstituted into East Berar district with headquarters at Amaravati, and West Berar district with headquarters at Akola. After 1857 Mehkar, Chikhli, and Malkapur were part of West Berar district. In 1864 these three talukas were made independent as South-West Berar district, which was renamed Mehkar district in 1865.
In 1867 Buldhana district came into existence, combining North Berar and Mehkar districts. After the amalgamation of Berar with the Central Provinces in 1903, Buldhana district became the district of Central Provinces and Berar. In August 1905 Khamgaon and Jalgaon tehsils from Akola district of Central Provinces and Berar were combined into Buldhana district.
In 1950 it became part of Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, along with other Marathi-speaking regions of Vidarbha, it became part of Bombay State and part of Maharashtra State in 1960.
Buldhana district rivers
- Purna River
- Painganga River
- Khadakpurna River
- Dhamana River
- koradi River
- Jamvani peth
- Tapi River
Khamgaon and Malkapur are the major cotton trading towns in the district. The district has many minor and medium size irrigation projects. The important ones are Nalganga and Vaan. There are thirteen Agriculture Produce Market Committees-Main Market, one in each tehsil, and there are twenty sub-markets in the districts.
The district has major industrial areas at Khamgoan and Malkapur and has smaller industrial areas at Chikhli, Buldhana, Dasarkhed, Deoulgaonraja, Mehkar, Sangrampur, and Lonar.
The district has seven seats in the Maharashtra State legislature assembly: Buldhana, Chikhli, Sindkhed Raja, Mehkar, Khamgaon, and Jalgoan Jamod. The seventh seat at Malkapur is part of Raver (Lok Sabha constituency) in Jalgaon district.
The district has six revenue subdivisions headed by a Sub Divisional Officer (SDO): Buldhana, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Malkapur, Jalgaon-Jamod and Sindkhedraja
As of 2010, the district of Buldhana comprises thirteen talukas (tehsils): Buldhana, Chikhli, Deulgaon Raja, Malkapur, Motala, Nandura, Mehkar, Sindkhed Raja, Lonar, Khamgaon, Shegaon, Jalgaon Jamod, and Sangrampur.
The district superintending agriculture officer comes under Divisional Joint Director of Amravati Division. There are three subdivisions at Buldhana, Khamgaon, and Mehkar with a taluka agriculture officer at each taluka.
There are multiple circles under each taluka. They are Dhad, Shelapur, Dhamangaon, Motala, Shelsur, Amdapur, Chikhli, Dharangaon, Malkapur, Janephal, Mehkar, Bibi, Lonar, Sakharkherda, Sindkhed Raja, Mera Khurd, Deulgaon Mahi, Deulgaon Raja, Ganeshpur, Pimpalgaon Raja (Khamgaon), Nandura, Shegaon, Jalgaon Jamod, Warwat Khanderao, and Sangrampur.
The district has five police subdivisions and twenty-nine police stations.
The distribution of electricity comes under Amravati Zone and Buldhana Circle with Buldhana, Khamgaon, and Malkapur Divisions. Each subdivision caters to more nearby talukas and has 33KV distribution substations under them.
The district comes under Buldhana Irrigation Project Circle along with Akola and Washim district. The circle comes under Vidarbha Irrigation Development Corporation, Nagpur. It has its Major Project division at Shegaon, Kadakpurna at Deulgaon Raja, Mun Project division at Khamgaon, and Minor Irrigation Division at Chikhli and Akola.
The completed irrigation projects are Nalganga Project in Motala and a major project in Vaan having one-fourth of the benefit accrue to Akola district. Many further irrigation projects are under way or are in the planning stages.
Public Works Department
The district comes under Amravati Public Works Region and Akola Public Works Circle. It has one Public Works division at Buldhana with subdivision at Buldhana, Chikhli, Mehkar, and Deulgaon Raja; and a second, Khamgaon division, with subdivisions at Khamgaon, Jalgaon Jamod, and Malkapur; plus the Buldhana District Mechanical Subdivision.
There are Road Project subdivisions at Buldhana and Khamgaon under the Road Project Division of Akola. There is a separate Zilla Parishad Works Division at Buldhana with subdivisions at Buldhana, Kahmgaon, Mehkar, and Malkapur. The department manages Government Rest houses at Buldhana, Khamgaon, Shegaon, Malkapur, Motala, Jalgaon Jamod, Sangrampur, Chikhli, Amdapur, Lavhala (Mehkar), Mehkar, Dongaon, Deulgaon Raja, Deulgaon Mahi, Sindkhed Raja, Lonar, and Nandura.
Residents of Buldhana are bilingual in Korku language, Hindi or Marathi language. Nihali language, a language isolate of India, is spoken by some 2,000 people (1991) in the Buldana district of Maharashtra.
Youth Hostel Buldhana is one of two youth hostels in Maharashtra and is located near Zilla Crida Sankulan with a 50-bed dormitory and five double rooms.
Places of interest
- Lonar crater lake is located in Buldhana district. It is the second largest impact crater in basaltic rock in the world. It was formed 60,000 years ago by a meteor impact. The pH of the water is about 11 (extremely alkaline). Lonar Crater has very different flora and fauna in its vicinity.
- The Dnyanganga Sanctuary is situated in the district. There is good forest area in the sanctuary.
- Shri Shiddheshwar Bhagwan Sansthan, Kolara. 10 km from Chikhali on Mehakar Road, Place of Kalbhairav, also Visit Rambhau Maharaj Sansthan.
- Temple of Shri Renuka Devi in Chikhli
- Balaji Temple, Vyankatgiri, Buldhana
- Budheshwar Temple, Madh, Buldhana (From this place river Painganga originates)
- Temple of Jagadamba Mata, Buldhana
- Balaji Temple in Mehkar
- Balaji Temple in Deulgaon Raja
- Dargah of Hazrath Sailani Baba in Sailani near Raipur
- Dargah of Hazrat Shah Inayatullah, Sabri (R.), Nandura
- Dargah of Hazrat Sufi Sar Mast, Kalandar (R.), Nandura
- Panch Pandav temple, Kawhala
- Shri Bapuji Maharaj in Malegaon Gond
- Dnyanganga Sanctuary
- Ambabarva Sanctuary
- The world's biggest Hanuman idol 105 feet in Nandura
- Palsi Supo Supoji Maharaj Temple
- Hanuman Mandir by Samarth Ramdas at Waghali, near Khamgaon
- Holy Buddha vihara garadgoan, near khamgaon
- Kondhana Jagdamba Utsav Mandal in Mutthe-Layout, Buldhana
- Parmanand Sarashwati maharaj Temple at Ran-antari Tq Chikhali ran-antri is near to ambashi
- Maruti temple at Ambashi .Tq.Chikhali.Dist.Buldana.
- Jagadamba Mata Temple Ambashi Tq.Chikhali Dist. Buldhana.
Hemadpanthi temples are located at Mehkar-Sonati, Sindhkhed Raja (Nilkantheshwar), and Sakegaon on the Chikhli-Dhad road. Three Shiva temples are located in Dhotra (Nandai), a village on Deulgaon Raja-Chikhli road. Two Shiva temples are located in Kothali (Jaipur) near Motala and also a hemadpanthi mandir in warwand of lord shiva 10 km far from buldhana on khamgaon road.
Places of historical significance
Sant Gajanan Maharaj Temple
Gajanan Maharaj from Shegaon, was a Saint from India. "Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj Sansthan", a body of 12 trustees was formed on 12 September 1908 to commemorate the holy place which the saint had hinted about, for Samadhi. Later, a temple was built around his Samadhi/tomb.
This temple has a tourist attraction called "Anand Sagar", an INR 3 billion project. It is maintained by the Gajanan Maharaj Sansthan. It surrounds a big artificial lake. It has a meditation centre, an aquarium, temples, play grounds, lush green lawns and open theatre where fountain-show is conducted for entertainment. It has been beautifully decorated with state of art artefacts and carvings all over. An amusement park has also started with a toy train encircling the entire place.
Motor bus, jeep, two-wheeler and railway are the popular modes of transport.
There are many Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation bus stands in all towns of the district. There are State Transport bus depots at Buldhana, Malkapur, Chikhli, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Shegaon and Jalgaon-Jamod.
Electrified double-line broad-gauge railway passes through Malkapur, Nandura, and Shegaon Tehsils. It is under the Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of the Central Railway. This main line was originally under the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and the branch line between Jalamb and Khamgaon was under the Khamgaon State Railway.
The railway stations in the district, with their codes, are Khamkhed (KMKD), Malkapur (MKU), Wadoda (WDD), Biswa Bridge (BIS), Nandura (NN), Kumgaon Burti (KJL), Jalamb Junction (JM), Khamgaon (KMN), Shegaon (SEG), and Shrikshetra Nagzari (NGZ).
A computerised railway reservation facility is available at Buldhana,Malkapur and Shegaon, while manual reservation facility is available at City Booking Office, Khamgaon, Nandura, and Jalamb Junction.
National Highway 6 passes through Khamgaon, Nandura, and Malkapur towns in the district.
Vehicles from Nagpur, Amravati and Akola pass through Khamgaon, Chikhli, Deulgaonraja while going towards Jalna, Aurangabad and Pune.
The nearest airport is at Aurangabad which is 150 km from district headquarters.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Buldana.|
- Buldhana district website
- Buldhana district map
- Anuradha College of Engineering
- Lonar crater
- Jawahar navodaya vidyalaya, buldana at Shegaon
- Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jalgaon Jamod
- Vivekanand Ashram, Hiwara Ashram, Tq. Mehakar.