- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Argentina topics.
The Argentine Republic
is a federal republic
of 23 provinces
and an autonomous city
, in southern South America
. Argentina has five land borders, with Bolivia
. Of the 23 provinces, only Tierra del Fuego
is not contiguous with any other state. Argentina claims over Antarctica
, as well as overlapping claims made by Chile
and the United Kingdom
, are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty
of 1961. Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands
: Islas Malvinas
) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
. Argentina traces its national origin to the May Revolution
in Buenos Aires
in 1810, the starting point of the Argentine War of Independence
. After an economic crisis from 1999 to 2002
, the country has had a recent economic recovery. Argentine culture has significant European influences. Buenos Aires, its cultural capital, is largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, and of conscious imitation of European styles in architecture. The other big influence is the gauchos and their traditional country lifestyle of self-reliance. Finally, indigenous American traditions (like yerba mate infusions) have been absorbed into the general cultural milieu.
Anniversaries for February 9
- ...that during the Puna de Atacama dispute the U.S. minister in Buenos Aires and two delegates from Chile and Argentina drew the northern portion of the border between Chile and Argentina?
- ...that Argentine painter Benito Quinquela Martín, who painted Dia de Sol, was adopted at the age of 6 from an orphanage where he was abandoned as a baby on March 21, 1890?
- ...that a radio ad in Argentina for 'Los Andes Restaurant', which first aired in 1922, is the oldest known radio commercial in history?
- ...that several peaks of the Andean Cordillera de la Ramada, including the highest, Mercedario, were first climbed by a Polish expedition of 1934?
- ...that the controversial Argentine governor Juan Manuel de Rosas, who died in Southampton in 1877, was repatriated over a century later?
- ...that José de San Martín and Carlos María de Alvear helped depose Argentina's First Triumvirate?
- ...that the Viceroyalty of La Plata (pictured) —covering Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay—was the last viceroyalty created by Spain?
- ...that when the new Argentine dreadnought Rivadavia arrived in Buenos Aires on 19 February 1915, over 47,000 people, including President Victorino de la Plaza, came out to see the ship?
The following Argentine topics have their own portal:
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject: