El Paso County, Texas
|El Paso County, Texas|
El Paso skyline
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
1,015 sq mi (2,629 km²)
1,013 sq mi (2,624 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.15%
790/sq mi (305/km²)
El Paso County is the westernmost county in Texas. It is one of the nine counties that comprise the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 800,647. Its county seat is El Paso. El Paso is short for "El Paso del Norte" which is Spanish for "The Pass to the North." It is named for the pass the Rio Grande creates through the mountains on either side of the river.
The El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area includes all of El Paso County. Along with Hudspeth County, it is one of only two counties in the state of Texas to fall into the Mountain Time Zone, instead of Central Time.
 Adjacent counties and municipios
- Doña Ana County, New Mexico – west, northwest
- Otero County, New Mexico – northeast
- Hudspeth County, Texas – east
- Guadalupe, Chihuahua Mexico – south
- Juárez, Chihuahua Mexico – southwest
- Práxedis G. Guerrero, Chihuahua, Mexico – southeast
 National protected area
Texas Almanac: 1850-2010
As of the census of 2000, there were 679,622 people, 210,022 households, and 166,127 families residing in the county. The population density was 671 people per square mile (259/km²). There were 224,447 housing units at an average density of 222 per square mile (86/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.95% White, 3.06% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.91% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. 78.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 210,022 households out of which 44.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were non-families. 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.63.
In the county, the population was spread out with 32.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.
El Paso County is the fourth-poorest county in the U.S. The median income for a household in the county was $31,051, and the median income for a family was $33,410. Males had a median income of $26,882 versus $20,722 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,421. About 20.50% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.
El Paso County is mostly represented by the 16th Congressional District in the U.S House and the representative is Democrat Beto O'Rourke. The small eastern portion of the county is represented in the 23rd Congressional District by Democrat Pete Gallego. El Paso County is historically Democratic due to its large Latino population and the 2008 Presidential Election was no exception. Democrat Barack Obama won 66% of the vote and 121,589 votes even while he lost the entire state of Texas by about 946,000 votes. Republican John McCain won 33% of the vote in El Paso County and 61,598 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote. In 2004, Democrat John F. Kerry won El Paso County but by a smaller margin than Barack Obama. John Kerry won 56% of the vote and 95,142 votes. Republican George W. Bush won 43% of the vote and 73,261 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote.
The El Paso County Sheriff's Office is headquartered in an unincorporated area in El Paso County. At one point it was headquartered within the City of El Paso. The Leo Samaniego Law Enforcement Complex is adjacent to the sheriff's office headquarters.
Fabens San Elizario, Texas
 Unincorporated areas
 See also
- El Paso Holocaust Museum and Study Center
- List of museums in West Texas
- National Border Patrol Museum
- National Register of Historic Places listings in El Paso County, Texas
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- U.S. Decennial Census
- Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Lumina Foundation for Education, Christopher Connell, "In engineering student success, the border is no boundary" http://www.luminafoundation.org/publications/focus_archive/spring_2008/in_engineering_student_success_the_border_is_no_boundry.html
- "Contact Us." El Paso County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved on December 6, 2009.
- "Administration Division." El Paso County Sheriff's Office. April 5, 2001. Retrieved on December 6, 2009.
- "Communications Department." El Paso County. Retrieved on December 6, 2009.
- El Paso County Official web site
- El Paso County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Historic El Paso County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
- Fort Bliss National Cemetery Disgrace Video
||Doña Ana County, New Mexico||Otero County, New Mexico|
|Doña Ana County, New Mexico||Hudspeth County|
|Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico||Guadalupe, Chihuahua, Mexico||Práxedis G. Guerrero, Chihuahua, Mexico|