Marikina

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Marikina
Highly Urbanized City
City of Marikina
Clockwise from top left: Cityhood Park, Largest Pair of Shoes in the world, Marikina Sports Center, Riverbanks Center, Marikina City skyline, Our Lady of the Abandoned Church, Shoe Museum, Marquinton Residences, Marcos Highway, Roman Garden at Marikina River Park, Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina
Clockwise from top left: Cityhood Park, Largest Pair of Shoes in the world, Marikina Sports Center, Riverbanks Center, Marikina City skyline, Our Lady of the Abandoned Church, Shoe Museum, Marquinton Residences, Marcos Highway, Roman Garden at Marikina River Park, Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina
Official seal of Marikina
Seal
Nickname(s): Shoe Capital of the Philippines
Motto: "Discipline, Good Taste, Excellence"
Metro Manila showing the location of Marikina City
Metro Manila showing the location of Marikina City
Marikina is located in Philippines
Marikina
Marikina
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°38′24″N 121°5′50″E / 14.64000°N 121.09722°E / 14.64000; 121.09722Coordinates: 14°38′24″N 121°5′50″E / 14.64000°N 121.09722°E / 14.64000; 121.09722
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Marikina
Settled April 16, 1630
Integrated (NCR) June 1975
Cityhood December 8, 1996
Barangays 16
Government[1]
 • Mayor Del de Guzman (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Jose Fabian I. Cadiz (Liberal)
 • Representatives First District -
Marcelino Teodoro
(Liberal)
Second District -
Miro Quimbo
(Liberal)
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total 21.52 km2 (8.31 sq mi)
Elevation 14.7 m (48.2 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 424,150
 • Density 20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Demonym Marikenyo/Marikeño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 1800
Area code 2
Website www.marikina.gov.ph

Marikina (/mərɪˈkɪnə/), officially the City of Marikina (Filipino: Lungsod ng Marikina), located in the island of Luzon in the Philippines, is one of the cities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. Marikina shortly became a former capital of the Province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence from 1898 to 1899.

Marikina was given the title Shoe Capital of the Philippines[4] because of its notable shoe industry, being the biggest manufacturer of shoes in the Philippines, producing almost 70%[5] of shoe production in the country. The Shoe Museum houses part of the famous shoe collection of the former First Lady Imelda Marcos, shoes of some of the world leaders and celebrities and shoes of different countries, making it the world's largest collection of pair of shoes in a museum.[6]

Marikina is the main gateway of Metro Manila to Rizal Province as well as Quezon Province. It is one of the most awarded metropolitan city in the Philippines, including the prestigious "Most Competitive Cities in the Philippines" awarded by National Competitiveness Council in 2003 and 2005,[7] and until now, Marikina maintains on top 10 list in Philippine rankings, and ranking number 1 in Metro Manila for many years.[8] The city is rapidly transformed into a highly urbanized and one of the wealthiest local government unit in the Philippines. It is also home of some of high-end communities in Metro Manila, such as Loyola Grand Villas, Provident Villages and gated communities in Barangay Industrial Valley and Marikina Heights where many of the wealthy and famous live.

Etymology[edit]

In view of the non-existence of records or documents on how the name Mariquina came into being, the following legends were gathered from the old of the different barrios in Marikina.[9]

From a priest named "Mariquina"
One of the builders of the Jesus dela Pena Chapel was a young priest named "Mariquina" who was given the task of baptizing children to Christianity. Because of this very noble job, "Mariquina" was named in his honor.

From a young lady called "Maria Cuina"
It is said that before the Spaniards came to Mariquina, a beautiful, virtuous, polite and intelligent lady named "Maria Cuina" was residing in the town. Because of her expertise in business, she became rich and her fortunes were expended in charity and eventually became famous in the whole town up to Manila. When a traveler from other towns visited the barrio, he asked for the name of the town, a resident replied "Maria Cuina" thinking that what was being asked was their admirable lady. Since then, the story spread throughout and the town was known as "Mariquina".

From the word "Marikit-na"
During the construction of the chapel of Jesus dela Peña, it was being supervised by the Jesuit priest and the laborers were Filipinos. As expected, language barrier was a problem resulting in the usual misunderstanding. When the chapel was completed and the priest asked what would be called of the structure, one worker answered "Marikit-na-Po", thinking that what was being asked was the condition of the chapel. Because the Spaniards knew that the word "Po" is a sign of respect and they were finding it difficult to express the letter "T", the Marikit-na was believed to be said as "Marikina".

From a town in Spain
In the province of Nueva Viscaya in Spain, there was a beautiful town called Mariquina. This was where Eduardo de Mariquina, a famous musician got its name. The town of Mariquina in Spain is located beside the Charmaga River, now known as Artibai River, which is the origin of the Jesuit Priests who came to the Philippines and established Jesus dela Peña. Because of this, "Mariquina" was used to honor the place where they came from. In 1901, Commissioner de Tavera changed the letter "Q" to a more vernacular “K”.

Based on history and documents in the custody of the municipal government of Marikina, the town was called Marikit-na in 1787 and was later changed to Mariquina. According to Dr. Trinidad Pardo de Tavera, the word Mariquina was in recognition of Capt. Berenguer de Mariquina who led the town in 1788.

History[edit]

Bayani Fernando, former city mayor from 1992 to 2001 and MMDA chairman

Early history[edit]

The first settlers are the descendants of Lakan Dula in the 1560s and the area is part of Kingdom of Tondo, followed by Augustinians were the first to arrive at the valley in the 1570s, at the spot known as Chorillo in Barangka. In 1572, Our Lady of the Abandoned Parish was established. Next came the Jesuits in 1630, in a place now called Jesus dela Peña (Jesus of the Rocks). Here, the Jesuits established a mission and built a chapel known until today as Jesus dela Pena Chapel. Fray Pedro de Arce, apostolic ruler of the Archbishop of Manila that time, approved the transfer of ecclesiastical control and supervision to the Jesuits, and settled a place as a town.[9]

The town was later called "Mariquina" after Felix Berenguer de Marquina in 1687 who was the governor-general at that time, and the town was declared a pueblo under the Spanish colonial government. In 1690, Don Juan Pimentel, Alcalde de Tondo, to vacate and demolish the visita of Jesus dela Peña due to the turbulent river (Marikina River now) which floods the area during rainy season. The visita could not accommodate the growing population of the community. This finally led the friars to cross the river to find a higher place for a bigger church which is Our Lady of the Abandoned Parish and subsequently made an independent parish in Mariquina. In 1787, Don Benito Mendoza became the first Gobernadorcillo of Mariquina.[citation needed]

By the 19th century, Hacienda Mariquina was owned and administered by the Tuazon family and had become the biggest in the Philippines. The hacienda was declared a mayorazgo by the Spanish colonial government. Don Juan Gregorio became the first Alcalde Capitan of Mariquina in 1822. In 1887, Mariquina emerged as a|town of shoemakers. Shoe-making began through the pioneering efforts of Don Laureano "Kapitan Moy" Guevarra (known as the father of shoe industry in the Philippines), assisted by Tiburcio Eustaquio, Ambrocio Sta. Ines, and Gervacio Carlos.[citation needed]

During the Philippine Revolution in 1896, Andrés Bonifacio arrived in Mariquina before he and his Katipuneros proceeded to the caves of Montalban. Mariquina became the capital of the Province of Manila in 1898, when the Philippine Revolution broke out, a period when Philippine Independence was declared by Emilio Aguinaldo, the first Philippine president. Don Vicente Gomez became the first Alcalde Presidente of Mariquina in 1900.

20th century[edit]

On June 11, 1901, shortly after the Americans took possession of the Philippines, its name officially became "Marikina" and the province of Rizal was created by virtue of Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon. Marikina, along with many other towns around Manila were incorporated into the new province. In 1906, the Manila Railroad Company completed the 31-kilometer steam train line called "Marikina Line", also known as Rosario-Montalban branch,[10] (currently converted into road which is known today as Daang Bakal including Shoe Avenue), "Marikina Railway Depot" (Marikina Elementary School in the present-day) and "Marikina Railway Station" (which now stands today as Marikina Sports Center), connecting Montalban and Rosario (now known as Tramo, in Pasig) that time.[11] During the construction of train line and not far from Marikina Railway Depot, "Marikina Airfield" (runways converted into road known today as E. Rodriguez Avenue and E. Santos Streets and the airfield stands today as Paliparan Subdivision) was completed and used for civilian airfield.[12] In 1936, the train line was completely abandoned before the World War II while the airfield became primarily used by the Japanese during the World War II. After the war, both was never rebuilt. Juan Chanyungco became the first Mayor of Marikina in 1938.[citation needed]

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces occupied Marikina. And in 1945, Marikina was liberated by the combined U.S. and Philippine Commonwealth ground troops who attacked the Japanese Imperial Army by artillery from Quezon City. Almost all the big buildings including the church bell tower were destroyed. In reality, the Japanese had already left town and retreating to the north. The destruction which saw over 400 civilians casualties at the end of World War II. Some the local Filipino troops under the pre-war 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was entering and recaptured in Marikina and helped the U.S. liberation forces attacking the Japanese troops during the liberation.

In 1956, Marikina had emerged as a town of shoemakers again after World War II. Honed by years in shoe manufacturing, the natives had developed a work ethic that prepared them for the arrival of heavy industries, and was finally named as the "Shoe Capital of the Philippines". With the industrial plants came waves of workers who chose to stay, rapidly increasing the population. Marikina soon became a victim of runaway growth, resulting in the Marikina River being polluted by the factories and squatters along the riverbanks.[citation needed] Kapitan Moy's house (and now known as Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina) was declared a national shrine in 1968, by the town council and the National Historical Commission. In 1969, Rodriguez Sports Complex, known today as Marikina Sports Center was completed.

On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, integrating four cities and thirteen towns of Rizal including Marikina, were made part of Metropolitan Manila Area. On October 23, 1988, Typhoon Unsang brought heavy rains causing widespread flooding in Marikina for the first time. Large parts of Marikina was submerged by floods and many residents were stranded on their house rooftops and trees and their properties and businesses are extremely damaged.[citation needed]

In 1992, Marikina has since been transformed into the beautiful and industrialized urban municipality under the leadership of Bayani Fernando. Marikina River transformed into beautiful waterways along the beautiful parks on the riverbanks. On December 8, 1996, the municipality of Marikina became a city and transformed rapidly into a highly urbanized. Marikina was classified into first class city by virtue of Republic Act No. 8223,[13] the day of the Feast of Immaculate Concepcion, signed by President Fidel V. Ramos.

21st century[edit]

In 2006, under Republic Act No. 9364 signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Marikina was divided into two congressional districts serving two representatives in 2007.[citation needed] On September 26, 2009, Marikina suffered and widely devastated by flash flood from overflowed Marikina River due to torrential rains caused by Tropical Storm Ondoy, and this was the worst flooding in the Marikina for the past 2 decades. Marikina River reached 23-meter high of water. Marikina was declared under state of calamity, flood water flowed throughout the towns and barangays. The national and international aides arrived immediately in Marikina for relief, retrieval and recovery operations.

On August 7, 2012, Marikina suffered and was devastated by flood from overflowed Marikina River reached almost 20 meters, a level is enough to inundate 30% of Marikina, due to torrential rains caused by 8-day active Southwest Monsoon or Habagat, which this period surpassed the amount of total rainfall that bring of Tropical Storm Ondoy for just 7 hours on September 26, 2009.

Geography[edit]

Land area
The total land area of Marikina is approximately 21.5 square kilometers (km²) or 2,150 hectares (ha). This represents about 3.42% of the total land area of Metro Manila. At present, the city is composed of 16 barangays. Barangay Fortune, Concepcion Dos and Marikina Heights are among the largest barangays in terms of land area.[14]

Land use
The south portion of the city occupies the numerous commercial, industrial and residential areas, heritage sites and mixed use zones, while the north and northeast portion are primarily for residential and industrial zones, and various establishments such as small and medium enterprises. Loyola Grand Villas, located at the northwest portion of the city is a rich gated community that occupies upper-middle class and rich residential areas. Barangay Sta. Elena represents as poblacion or the center of Marikina. At present, it comprises 38% residential, 19% commercial and industrial, 17% Roads, 8% Mixed-use, 18% for parks and open spaces, development areas, institutional, cemeteries and others.[15]

Boundaries
From north, Marikina occupies most of the south bank of Nangka River. The east slices at the foot end of Sierra Madre mountains of Antipolo and sliced by the streets of Montserrat Hill, Bonanza and Starlite in Barangay Concepcion Dos. The southeast slices by Sapang Baho River occupies the north-west bank. The south portion sliced by Marcos Highway and occupies most of the north side of the highway and extends to the west until it occupies the MRT-2 Santolan Station depot until it reaches the Marikina River. The east occupies the southernmost of Quezon City hills which lies Barangay Industrial Valley and sliced by C5 Road occupies the west side until it reaches Ateneo de Manila University campus. The east part of the campus covers the city extends up to the north and sliced by several roads of Loyola Grand Villas which covers the east part of the village until it reaches Marikina River and its tributary Nangka River to the north.

Location
Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, it is bordered on the west by Quezon City, to the south by Pasig City and Cainta, Rizal, to the north by San Mateo, Rizal and to the east by Antipolo City, the capital of Rizal province. It is approximately 21 kilometers away from Manila and lies within 14°38′24″N 121°5′50″E / 14.64000°N 121.09722°E / 14.64000; 121.09722.

The location of Marikina lies on so-called the Marikina Valley which extends to the south towards Pasig City and Cainta, Rizal. Sierra Madre mountains lies to the east and Quezon City hills to the west. Marikina River runs through the mid-west portion of the city, with its tributary including Nangka River. Nangka River runs through the north slicing between Marikina and San Mateo, while the small waterway called Sapang Baho Creek slicing the southeast between Marikina and Cainta and Antipolo City. It is also threatened by flash floods usually along the riverbanks and creekside during heavy rains.

Physiography zones

Disaster prone
Marikina is prone to many various disasters including the 2009 Typhoon Ketsana and several southwest monsoon flooding such as 2012 Habagat. Flash floods and landslides are frequent in Marikina especially when struck by heavy rains.[citation needed] Primarily, flooding within Marikina is caused by the increase of water level in major rivers and its tributaries, followed by overflowing from its riverbanks to low-lying areas throughout the city. Landslides are another threat, particularly at the foot of the higher grounds.

Another major threats are earthquakes in Marikina. West Valley Fault System, known before as Marikina Valley Fault Line lies at the west of Marikina, the east of the fault line constantly sinking which the large portion of Marikina is included. It generates as the epicenter of the earthquake is in Marikina itself if the earthquake struck.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Marikina features a tropical monsoon climate. Its proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is very small, rarely going lower than 18 °C (64 °F) and going higher than 38 °C (100 °F). However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer, especially the city lies in the valley. It has a distinct, relatively short dry season from January through May, and a relatively lengthy wet season from June up to December.

Climate data for Marikina, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25.4
(1)
25.4
(1)
38.1
(1.5)
25.4
(1)
38.1
(1.5)
127
(5)
254
(10)
431.8
(17)
406.4
(16)
355.6
(14)
203.2
(8)
152.4
(6)
2,082.8
(82)
Source: Pagasa DOST

Marikina River[edit]

Marikina River runs to the western part of the city and surrounded by many lushes trees on the riverbanks. At the south portion of the river is surrounded by structures and concrete walkways. Marikina River covers an area of around 220 hectares and measures about 11 kilometers in length, its depth measures and rises to 12 up to 18 meters during heavy downpour. The rehabilitation of the River started in 1992. The river traverses 11 city barangays have streets and alleys going to the river making it accessible and convention to river park. Aside for being the principal drainage system, the river park today is a popular sports and recreational center not only in Metro Manila but throughout the Philippines.

Demography[edit]

Population census of Marikina
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1975 166,453 —    
1980 211,613 +4.92%
1990 310,227 +3.90%
1995 357,231 +2.86%
2000 391,170 +1.83%
2007 424,610 +1.18%
2010 424,150 −0.04%
Sources: National Statistics Office[3][16]

The native people in Marikina refer to themselves as "Marikeño" (or Marikenyo, in Filipino). The population of Marikina is near half a million which is one of the most densely populated areas in the Philippines.

Like other places in Metro Manila, the original settlers are Tagalog. There has been constant migration of ethnic groups in the Philippines such as Bicolanos, Ilocanos, Cebuanos and other Visayan settlers. There is also a notable number of foreign nationals that had migrated there, including Koreans, Americans, Chinese and Japanese.[citation needed]

Languages
Tagalog is widely spoken and the main language in Marikina, while English is use in education and business. Other languages such as Cebuano, Bicolano, and Ilocano are prevalent among some families and their respective communities.[citation needed]

Religions
Marikina was one of the seats of the Spanish colonial government in the past centuries, and has been used as the base of Roman Catholic missions to the Philippines. Among the religious orders include the Dominicans, the Franciscans, the Jesuits and the Augustinians which are the first to arrive in Marikina. The Our Lady of the Abandoned Church completed in 1572, is the seat of Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados, the Patron Saint of Marikina.

Other Christian faiths in Marikina including Iglesia ni Cristo, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Seventh-day Adventist Church, Members Church of God International, Philippine Independent Church, Jesus Miracle Crusade, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more than a dozen Baptist churches and other small Christian groups. Other small religion groups in Marikina are Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam.

Barangays[edit]

Main article: Barangays of Marikina

Marikina is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.[17] Its barangays are grouped into two districts for city council representation purposes. The first district encompasses the southern section of the city, while the second district encompasses the northern section.

Barangays District Population Area (ha) Density (/km²) Zip Code
Barangka 1st 19,222 117 16,429 1803
Calumpang 1st 14,879 72 20,665 1801
Concepcion Uno 2nd 39,204 213 18,405 1807
Concepcion Dos 2nd 26,114 184 14,192 1811
Fortune 2nd 33,390 219 15,246 1810
Industrial Valley 1st 14,263 65 21,943 1802
Jesus Dela Peña 1st 9,465 82 11,542 1804
Malanday 2nd 51,956 87 59,719 1805
Marikina Heights 2nd 35,416 206 17,192 1810
Nangka 2nd 40,731 182 22,379 1808
Parang 2nd 37,896 164 23,107 1809
San Roque 1st 18,252 109 16,744 1801
Santa Elena 1st 6,954 44 15,804 1800
Santo Niño 1st 26,120 146 17,809 1800
Tañong 1st 8,479 73 11,615 1803
Tumana 2nd 41,809 182 22,971 1805

Local government[edit]

Like in other city governments in the Philippines, Marikina is governed by a mayor and a vice mayor elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services along with city councilors while the vice mayor heads a legislative council along with barangay councilors. Every barangay also has its own set of projects, providing community service in the city as well as basic services provided for remote residences.

Marikina was awarded numerous times in good governance, management and integrity. Marikina boasts one of the wealthiest local governments in the Philippines.[18]

Legislative districts
Marikina is divided into 2 districts, Districts 1 and 2, where each district is represented by a congressman in the House of Representatives of the Philippines.

List of city mayors

City seal

City Seal

The official seal of the City of Marikina bears the inscriptions Lungsod ng Marikina, Pilipinas, the year 1630 referring to the founding date of the municipality, and 1996 the year of approval of the city charter. The two mountains represent the majestic twin ranges of the Cordillera and Sierra Madre between which the Marikina Valley nestles, traversed by the Marikina River.The rising sun points to the eastern location of the city, with each ray representing the city's barangays. The machinery gear symbolizes its industries and the shoelast represents the traditional manufacture of the city. The torch focuses on the lofty and noble ideals for human development and a better quality of life, and is symbolic of its Hispanic culture and tradition.The bamboo underscores a mixture of the people's natural humility and strength of character and also emphasizes the city's transition from an agricultural past to the urbanized, industrial present; while the leaves and branches symbolize order and serenity. The bamboo and the wheel represent the Marikina and its people's respect for, and protection of the environment so as to remain in harmony with progress.[19]

Social services[edit]

Amang Rodriguez Medical Center
Marquinton Residences

Education[edit]

Every barangay in Marikina has a public primary school and also a growing numbers of public secondary schools. It has also a public tertiary and vocational schools for continuous education in the city. It has also a centralized public library. Department of Education division office and TESDA office are located in Marikina. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina sets the first city-owned university along with Marikina Polytechnic College and Marikina Science High School. Marikina Catholic School serves as the Catholic-owned school in Marikina.

There are also a number of prominent private schools in Marikina such as National Christian Life College, Roosevelt College, Our Lady of Perpetual Succor College, Marist School, St. Scholastica's Academy, Kostka School, Mother of Divine Providence School, St. Nicholas School, Holy Trinity School, Charis School, Infant Jesus Academy, San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila School, Ingenium School Foundation, and among others.

Technical and IT schools are also growing in the city including AMA Computer College East Rizal, STI College Marikina, International Electronics and Technical Institute, Informatics Professional Development, and among others.

Health[edit]

Local government provides free medical and dental missions, health seminars and check-ups, proper disposals and hygiene training, special services for seniors, pregnant woman and children, and other free medical operations. It also has a privilege card that offers discounted fees and free services such as emergency, medical, and security services. Every barangay has its own health center to provide basic medical services in the community, and also has a city health main office to assist in every barangay health centers.

Marikina City Health Office is the center of basic health services as well as to assist the needs of every barangay health centers. Amang Rodriguez Medical Center is a major and prominent public hospital not only in Marikina but also on its neighboring cities while Marikina Valley Medical Center is a private major private hospital.

Marikina Sports Complex provides a gyms, sections for senior citizens, dance and aerobic exercises, oval track for runners, and other sporting activities. Riverbanks Center is a place for jogging, walking and running.

Economy[edit]

Shoe industry[edit]

Marikina was the biggest manufacturer of quality shoes, and Marikina produced 70%[5] of the shoe production in the Philippines. It is also the Philippines' largest exporter of leather shoes throughout the world. Most of locally produced shoes are made in Marikina, it produced shoes which is made of rubber, wood (bakya) and plastic as well as sandals, slippers and other footwear that tagged Marikina as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines. Hundreds of footwear establishments are located across the city and generates thousands of jobs that remained the shoe and leather industry still the top livelihood in the city. By the 2000s, the Marikina shoe industry was affected by competition from Chinese manufacturers,.[20]

Local markets[edit]

Public markets in Marikina are often divided into two, the dry goods section and the wet goods section. Commerce in these public markets are mostly active, especially in the early morning. Under the urban renewal program of the city, some of the public markets had been refurbished, like the Marikina Public Market, popularly known as "Marikina Market Mall", one of the biggest and cleanest market in Metro Manila, located in the city center of Marikina.

Shopping and commercial centers[edit]

Modern shopping malls dot the city especially in the southern portion of Marikina. SM City Marikina, Blue Wave Mall at Marquinton, C&Ps Cirlce Mall, are some of Metro Manila's major shopping and commercial centers. The popular recreation and commercial center in the city is the Riverbanks Center. Other major shopping centers that lies in Marcos Highway are Sta. Lucia East Grandmall, Robinsons Place Metro East and SM City Masinag.

Almost all of the major commercial international and local, and government banks in the Philippines operate a branch in the city. At this time, there are 60[citation needed] banking institutions offer banking services to businesses and residents. Most of these are concentrated in Barangay Sta. Elena, Sto. Niño, Concepcion Uno, San Roque, Calumpang and Barangka.

Marikina lined up as one of Information Technology hub in Metro Manila and continuously growth of outsourcing and call centers, among them is ICT Groups, Sykes, NCO, Teletech, to name a few. There are numerous contact centers worldwide with IT-based offices in the Philippines in Makati City, Ortigas Center and Riverbanks Center in Marikina City.

Industries and manufacturing[edit]

Marikina is the home to a number of industries, foremost of all, shoe manufacturing, being the best in local craftmanship. Most of these are scattered across the city but the large companies and industries are concentrated in the area called "Marikina Industrial Zone" in Barangay Fortune. Aside from shoes, the city manufactures food processing, cigarettes, porcelain and chinaware, automobile, confectionery, appliances, electronics, firearms, crafts like bags, hats and jeans, and among other.

Culture[edit]

Local cuisines[edit]

  • Everlasting – This famous and signature dish Marikina-style meatloaf which has similarity of ingredients to that of Embutido. However, Everlasting dish is cook on the "llanera" or the baking pan and is garnish with chopped hard boiled eggs, stripes of bell pepper, chopped carrots, slices hotdogs and the likes. This can be decorated with vegetables which is perfect dish for festive occasions. erwin
  • Waknatoy – Also called Woknatoy, is a dish unique to Marikina. The name is unique to Marikina but the dish itself is not. Waknatoy is simply a variant of Menudo. The only marked difference is the addition of pickles which gives waknatoy a sweet-tangy flavor. The rest of the ingredients are the same — meat (pork, most of the time), liver, potatoes, carrots, sausages, bay leaf and tomato sauce.
  • Laoya – Sometimes called Lauya, is also a unique dish in Marikina which can be compared with the typical Nilagang Baka except for the addition of luya (ginger), garlic and sweet potatoes (camote). The dish is cooked by adding those ingredients in the broth and boiling altogether with the beef, baguio beans, pepper, and cabbage until the broth is ready and the beef has tendered. Most people would be confused by Laoya’s taste as it is similar to Nilaga or Tinola with beef as the main ingredient instead of chicken.
  • Colored Putong Pulo – Putong Pulo is a small, reddish brown puto made of rice, sugar, baking soda, and achuete for coloring. It is steamed and topped with a small, thin slice of cheese. Putong Pulo is also famous in Marikina. Aside from its traditional reddish brown color, it also comes in assorted flavors and colors like white, green, pink, and purple.
  • Pininyahang Manok – This dish is also a famous in Marikina and also has its own version, aside for its basic ingredients, Marikina-style Pininyahang Manok has tomatoes. In the addition of tomatoes did make it distinctive flavor and color would improve.
  • Binabayasang Alimango – This signature dish is a rich and flavorful seafood dish that best served with steamed rice. Basically the main ingredients are crabs and ripe guava, but the difference is cooked it in a low fire until the crab's shell turns into reddish color and the sauce become thick.
  • Sinigang sa Bayabas – Typically the main ingredient is guava, and the dish depends on what kind of meat (or seafood), but the authentic dish is came from Marikina and the dish is very popular in every Marikina home.
  • Tapsilog – Traditionally, beef tapa is made by marinating slices of beef overnight and then drying them out in the sun. Arguably, the Tapsi or Tapsilog, a combination of tapa, sinangag (fried rice), and later itlog (egg), was originally intended to be quick breakfast fare and the word originally established in 1980's and came from the famous Tapsi ni Vivian restaurant. But the combo has become so popular that Pinoys, opt to eat it for lunch and dinner as well. In fact, the tapsilog has produced a number of iterations (replacing tapa but retaining the "si" and "log") such as tocilog (tocino) and longsilog (longganisa), among many other iterations.

Festivities[edit]

  • Ilognayan Festival – Also known as River Fiesta is a cultural event held every second week of February along Marikina River. This festival is about letting the people know about the Marikina River’s significance.
  • Ka-Angkan Festival – The feast coincides with the founding anniversary of Marikina on April 16. It is an event that honors the big native clans of the city that has unique monikers.
  • Marikina Christmas Festival – This is Marikina's famous festival wherein Marikina River, mostly concentrated in Marikina River Park and Riverbanks Center, is filled with stalls selling a wide variety of stuff at affordable prices and the festival starts as early as October until January next year. The Marikina Christmas Festival has always attracted many people from different places who finds the event enjoyable even by just strolling around the riverbanks at night with all the lighted stores.
  • Rehiyon-Rehiyon Festival – A festival that showcases the various ethnic groups that make up the people of Marikina. It serves as a tribute to the active community who came from other regions of the country and chose to settle in Marikina. It only proves that unity can be achieved despite diverse backgrounds and different dialects. The festival celebrates every year on December 8, where Marikina established as a city.
  • Sapatos Festival – Since Marikina was tagged as the Shoe Capital, Marikina celebrate the Sapatos Festival every year starts mid-September until the year ends. This is a celebration of the ingenuity and craftsmanship of shoemakers in Marikina. It gives due importance to their hardship and the local shoe industry itself.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Marikina is located at the eastern border of Metro Manila and it is the main gateway to Rizal Province and as far as Quezon Province. Marikina-Infanta Road, popularly known as Marcos Highway, is the main highway east of Metro Manila connecting Marikina and other surrounding cities such as Quezon City, Pasig City, Antipolo City and Cainta.

Other main roads that connected to Marikina, such as A. Bonifacio Avenue and Riverbanks Avenue-C5 Access Road connects to Quezon City]], J. P. Rizal Street and Fortune Avenue connects to San Mateo, Sumulong Highway connects to Cainta and Antipolo City, and Gil Fernando Avenue connects Pasig City and Cainta.

Public transport[edit]

Currently, the elevated MRT-2 run through Marikina City. The east-end station of the line is Santolan located along Marcos Highway. The station connects to the west-end, Claro M. Recto Avenue in Manila.

The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. These railways were dismantled during the 1960s and were converted into ordinary roads.[citation needed]

Today, commuters are dependent on Tricycles, Jeepneys, Taxis, FX, Buses, and AUV's which contribute to the everyday heavy traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now, there is uncertainty in the Northrail project, which links Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, because of corruption within the project's construction.

Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently.

First is the Cavite Line, which passed through Paco, Parañaque, Bacoor and up to Naic, Cavite. Completed in 1908, its operation continued until 1936.

Second is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. There is also a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, where like the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension. Its operation ceased in 1917.

Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles (motorbikes with an attached two seater carriage) are the usual transportation used for short distances, while Taxi cabs are used by the upper middle class. The roads are organized around a set of long narrow and circumferential roads that radiate and circle in and around the city.

Other transport[edit]

The city has developed a network of 52 km [21] of bikeways and bikelanes along major roads and city streets. The bikeways program commenced in 2002 with a USD1.3 million World Bank funding grant.[21] The city of Marikina was expected to shoulder 85% of the cost of the bikeways.[22] In 2007, Marikina recorded 552,435 total bike trips in the city.[23]

A bike lane was introduced in 2012 running from Santolan station of MRT-2 up to Imelda Avenue as well as another on Commonwealth Avenue.[21][24]

Marikina River is the main waterway in Marikina and the main transportation here is river ferries. There are 2 river ferries station located in Marikina, such as Riverbanks Station and Sto. Nino Station. Both are under construction, and once completed, this will be more efficient transportation for commuters.

Communications[edit]

Marikina has its own radio station operated and owned by the city government, DZBF-AM (BF named after Bayani Fernando, the owner of radio station and a former mayor of Marikina), is an AM radio station that provides information, news and events happening in Marikina, and it also provides some entertainment like other commercial AM radio stations.

Sister cities[edit]

Marikina's sister city is Brampton, in Ontario, Canada. Sister cities with no formal constitution with the following cities: Monterrey, Mexico, Plano, United States and Toulon, France.

International cities
Local cities

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Province: NCR, SECOND DISTRICT". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  4. ^ "Marikina shoemakers and retailers talk about their city and their SM | Sunday Life, Lifestyle Features, The Philippine Star". philstar.com. 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  5. ^ a b "Liberalization and the Value Chain Upgrading Imperative : The Case of the Marikina Footwear Industry". Dlsu.edu.ph. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  6. ^ "World's Largest Shoes". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  7. ^ "Maria Lourdes Fernando". Iuhpe.gesundheitsfoerderung.ch. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  8. ^ Desiderio, Louella D. (2013-07-31). "CDO tops list of Phl’s most competitive cities | Business, News, The Philippine Star". philstar.com. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  9. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  10. ^ List of Philippine National Railways stations#Rosario-Montalban branch
  11. ^ "Railways of old in Manila and Rizal | Caught (up) in traffic". D0ctrine.com. 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  12. ^ "Marikina Airfield". Pacific Wrecks. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  13. ^ "Republic Act No. 8223". Philippine Congress. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ "Marikina General Information". Marikenya.Com. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  16. ^ http://www.nsoncr3.ph/marpop.html
  17. ^ NSCB Philippine Standard Geographic Codes – City of Marikina
  18. ^ Carl Louis Manuel (2012-07-19). "Marikina City: The Shoe Capital Of The Philippines". Vigattin Tourism. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  19. ^ "Marikina City Seal | Inside Marikina". Marikinacity.wordpress.com. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  20. ^ "The Show Industry of Marikina City, Philippines : A Developing-Country Cluster in Crisis". Journals.upd.edu.ph. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  21. ^ a b c http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTURBANDEVELOPMENT/0,,contentMDK:22519686~menuPK:2643850~pagePK:64020865~piPK:149114~theSitePK:337178,00.html
  22. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2518&dat=20050829&id=arljAAAAIBAJ&sjid=DSgMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2107,4221714
  23. ^ http://ph.news.yahoo.com/marikina-upgrade-bike-lane-network-20110205-235334-270.html
  24. ^ http://www.philstar.com/nation/2012/11/27/874895/mmda-opens-2nd-bike-lane-marikina

External links[edit]