Uttapam or ooththappam or Uthappa is a dosa-like dish made by cooking ingredients in a batter. Unlike a dosa, which is crisp and crepe-like, uttapam is a thick pancake, with toppings[disambiguation needed] cooked right into the batter. Uttapam is sometimes characterized as an Indian pizza.
Uttapam batter is made of a 1:3 ratio of urad dal and rice; the rice should be a combination of a boiled variety and a variety such as basmati. The dal and rice are subsequently ground and fermented. The outer surface is crisp and the inner layers are like idli.
Uttapam is traditionally made with toppings such as tomatoes, onion, chillies, capsicum and cabbage mix; other common choices are coconut or mixed vegetables. It is often eaten with sambar or chutney.
Apart from toppings, the uttapam itself can be prepared differently by adding Kodo Millet, AKA varagarisi in Tamil. The batter for this is prepared by adding 2 cups of Vargarisi for 2 cups of Idli rice and 1 cup of Urad dal.
Uttappam instant mixes are available in the market. A small portion of this is mixed with water to form a fermented batter. This is then spread evenly on a cooking pan. It takes about five minutes to cook.
^Mahendra Mehta. "Uttapam". bawarchi.com. Archived from the original on 2007-03-29. "Batter is made up of 1 portion of urad dal and 3 portions of rice. One half of the rice is boiled rice and other half is kolam or basmati or any rice other than boiled rice. (Boiled rice is not cooked rice but a variety of rice.)"