||This article possibly contains original research. (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Brahmapur railway station in Berhampur
|Nickname(s): Silk City'|
|• Body||Berhampur Municipal Corporation (BMC)|
|• Mayor||K Madhavi|
|• Total||86.82 km2 (33.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||26 m (85 ft)|
|• Density||4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Berhampur (IPA: /bərɵmpu:r/) is a municipal corporation located on the eastern coastline of Ganjam district of the Indian state of Odisha in East India, about 169 kilometres (105 mi) south of the state capital Bhubaneshwar and 255 kilometres (158 mi) north of Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the oldest and largest cities of Odisha. Nicknamed "The Silk City", it is famous for its silk saris, temples and unique culture. The population of the city is 355,823 as of the 2011 Census of India (provisional) without agglomeration (without including the extended portion of the city), making it the fourth most populous urban city in Odisha state and 126th in India. The city is situated at 19° 20’ N Latitude 84° 50’ E Longitude. Its average elevation above Mean Sea Level is 24.000 m.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Climatic Condition and Regional Setting
- 3 Administration
- 4 Culture
- 5 Media
- 6 Education
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Politics
- 9 References
As of 2011[update] Census of India (provisional), the population of Brahmapur is 355,823 (the actual population is much higher than this), of which 185,584 are males and 170,239 are females. The effective literacy rate of Brahmapur is 90.04%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male and female literacy rates are 93.83% and 85.92%, respectively. 8.2% of the population are children aged 0–6 years. The adult and child sex ratios are 917 and 898 females per 1000 males, respectively.
Climatic Condition and Regional Setting
River Rushikulya is called the "Ganga" of Ganjam. It flows at a distance of about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city and discharges into the Bay of Bengal near Gopalpur port. Maximum summer temperature is 40o C whereas minimum winter temperature is 22o C. The mean daily temperature varies from 33o C to 38o C. May is the hottest month in the year whereas December is the coldest. The average annual rainfall is 1250 mm and the region receives Monsoon and torrential rainfall for four months only in a year from July to October.
|Climate data for Berhampur, Odisha|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.4
|Average low °C (°F)||16.7
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||10
The city is administered by the Brahmapur Municipal Corporation (BMC). This organization was a municipality from 1867 until 29 December 2008. The Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC) of South zone is located at Brahmapur and covers the undivided Ganjam, Koraput, Kandhamal and Kalahandi districts.
Theatre has been very prominent since the late 1930, and was the main source of entertainment until the advent of motion pictures. Ganjam Kala Parishad and Prakasam Hall, located here, are some of the oldest drama halls in India. The oldest theatre in the history of Odisha was the Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies (SSVT, established in the year 1927), which was closed down following severe damage by a super cyclone on 29 October 1999.
There are many temples in Brahmapur, including Lord Sidha Vinayaka Temple, Lord Nilakantheswara Temple, Lord Sri Radheshyam Sunder Temple, Bhairabi Temple, Taratarini Temple, Venu Gopalaswamy Temple, and Budhi Thakurani Temple.
Brahmapur city is connected with National Highways NH-5 (Chennai–Kolkata), NH-59 (Gopalpur–Nauparha) and NH-217 (Gopalpur–Raipur) and other cities and towns of Odisha. The three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in this city. Taxis also ply on the city's roads. The Ganjam Urban Transport Services Limited (GUTSL) with joint partnership with Odisha State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) have come up with an agreement, to run a city-bus service for Berhampur to urban centres on its periphery (Chatrapur, Gopalpur and Hinjili) on February 27, 2014.
Brahmapur railway station is situated on the East coast railway line, a major route connecting the two metros Kolkata and Chennai of India. It is directly connected to New Delhi, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Cuttack, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Puri, Raipur, Rourkela, Sambalpur, Palasa, Vishakhapatnam, and many more cities of India. Cuttack – Brahmapur connectivity (DMU) is popular connectivity to reach Cuttack. It is one of the busiest railway stations in Odisha.
The nearest airports are Biju Patnaik Airport, Bhubaneswar (169 kilometres (105 mi)) and Visakhapatnam Airport, Visakhapatnam (256 kilometres (159 mi)). Rangeilunda airstrip is located at about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of the city and was built by the British during World War II. It is adjacent to the Berhampur University.
Berhampur has a full-fledged All India Radio Station broadcasting FM radio on 100.6 MHz in the greater Berhampur region (BCGH-Berhampur, Chhatrapur, Gopalpur and Hinjilicut). Also there is a high power transmitter of (6 KW) Doordarshan that telecasts Odia language programs. U-TV, previously known as B TV, is the local channel, which broadcasts the daily local news.
There are many print media houses in Brahmapur. The oldest Odia daily Dainik Asha, The Samaj, Dharitri, The Sambad, Odisha Bhaskar and Anupam Bharat are published from Brahmapur.
- Berhampur University, Bhanja Bihar – The Berhampur University came into existence on 2 January 1967, being inaugurated by Dr. A. N. Khosla, the then Governor of Odisha and the first Chancellor of the University. The University was later shifted to the present site known as Bhanja Bihar, named after the celebrated poet of Odisha, Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja. Spreading over an area of 250 acres (1.0 km2) the university is twelve kilometers and five kilometers away from Brahmapur City and sea beach of Gopalpur respectively.
- The Khallikote University – The present Khallikote Autonomous College is upgraded to a Cluster university.
- Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) Brahmapur – Started the academic session in 2016-17
- IIT Bhubaneswar - Coastal Observatory and Innovation Centre
- Regional Centre for southern Odisha districts - Odisha State Open University (OSOU).
Schools and colleges
The following are the noted government-run high schools in the city:
- Kendriya Vidyalaya  (Central School) (CBSE)- Berhampur, Gopalpur, Hinjilicut and Digapahandi
- M.K.C.G. Medical College Campus High School (1972) (one of the best government schools in Odisha)
- City High School (the oldest school of the city)
- Queen of the Mission's High School (founded in 1947)
- K.C. Higher Secondary School (Established 1856)
- KC Town High School
- V. V. Giri Girl's High School
- Government Girl's High School
- Mother Sarojini Giri's High School
- Brundaban Nayak High School
- University Higher Secondary School
- Saheed Lakhmana Nayak Municipal High School
Private Run Schools are also in city with both adopted to either State Board, CBSE or ICSE. Some of the noted schools are:
- Dayanand Anglo Vedic Public School (DAV public school, Gosaninuagaon)
- Delhi Public School (DPS)
- De Paul School 
- KC Public School, Tata Benz Square
- Matrusri Anglo Vedic (MAV) School
- Mount Litera Zee School, Gajapati Nagar 10th Lane
- St. Joseph Convent School, Church Road, near old bus stand
- St. Vincent's Convent School [permanent dead link]
- Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandir (Neelkanatha Nagar, Ramahari Nagar and Gajapati Nagar)
- Takshashila Residential School, Chanakya Puri, Ankushpur
Colleges: Most of the CBSE and ICSE affiliated schools have classes up to intermediate beside the following government colleges for intermediate study in science, commerce and arts from CHSE, Odisha.
- Berhampur University higher secondary school
- Berhampur City College
- Binayak Acharya College
- Shasi Bhusan Rath Women's College
Many engineering colleges are also present including
- Aum Sai Institute of Technical Education (ASITE), Narayanpur, Gopalpur Road
- Berhampur Government polytechnic (Under SCTE&VT)
- Berhampur School of Engineering & Technology(BSET), Ramachandrapur, Dura
- Bharat institute of engineering & Technology(BIET), Narasingpur, Mahuda
- Gandhi Institute of Industrial Technology, Golonthara, Berhampur/ Gandhi Group of Instituations (GGI)
- Gandhi Polytechnic, Golonthara, Berhampur
- Kalam Institute of TechnologyKIT (KIT)
- National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST)
- Parala Maharaja government Engineering College(A Government & constituent college of B.P.U.T.)
- Rahul Institute of Engineering and Technology, Golonthara junction, Berhampur.
- Roland Institute of Technology Surya Vihar (RIT)
- Sanjay Memorial Institute of Technology (SMIT), Chandipadar
- Uma charan pattnaik engineering school (U.C.P.E.S, Under SCTE&VT)
- Vignan Institute of Technology and Management(VITAM), Bhairavi, Mantridi village, Berhampur
Medical, Pharmacy and Nursing Institutes
MKCG Medical College and Hospital at Berhampur and many more under this category include Biju Patnaik Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Kaviraj Ananta Tripathy Sharma Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Brundaban Nayak Medical College and Hospital (in progress by SMIT Group) etc.
Others colleges are also present in various fields such as College of Fisheries (O.U.A.T.), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ankushpur (Ratanpur Farm), Berhampur, Army Air Defence College (AADC), J.N. Tata Technical Education Center, Nettur Technical Training Foundation (NTTF), Academy of Technocrats for the IT courses including BCA, BES & BBA under Berhampur University, DISHA College of Management & Technology (BCA & BBA under Berhampur University, Distance Programs under Punjab Technical University, Karnataka State Open University, Manomaniam Sundaranar University) , Multi-skill Development Centre (MDC) (Upcoming) at Berhampur next year in association with German technological expertise aids., Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Orissa Christian Theological College.
- V. V. Giri, former President of India
- A. P. Patro, Minister of Public Works and Education (Madras Presidency) (1921–1926), Speaker of the Odisha Legislative Assembly (1946–1946)
- W. V. V. B. Ramalingam, Freedom Fighter
- Kota Harinarayana, Scientist & Father of India's Light Combat Aircraft
- P. V. Narasimha Rao, former Prime Minister of India
- Binayak Acharya, former Chief Ministers of Odisha
- Biswanath Das, Freedom Fighter and former Chief Ministers of Odisha
- Sanjukta Panigrahi, Odissi dancer
- Katulu Ravi Kumar, Weightlifter
- Nyayapathy Narasimha Swamy, former Indian cricketer (1955/56 - 1976/77)
- Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha
- Naveen Patnaik, Present Chief Minister of Odisha
- Siddhanta Mahapatra, Odia Actor and Member of Parliament
- Arun K. Pati, Scientist and notable Quantum physicist
The Current M.P. (Member of Parliament) of Berhampur Parliamentary Constituency is Siddhanta Mahapatra of BJD, elected in the year 2009, 2014. Current MLA from Berhampur Assembly Constituency is Dr. Ramesh Chandra Chau Patnaik of BJD, who won the seat in the state elections of 2014, 2009, 2004 and 2000 and also as JD candidate in 1995. Berhampur Corporation comes under four Assembly segments, i.e., Berhampur old town, Gopalpur, Chatrapur and Digapahandi. Berhampur is part of Berhampur Lok Sabha constituency.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. pp. 6, 7. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "CM asks Centre to set up passport seva kendras (PSKs) for districts". The Times Of India. 28 July 2012.
- Patnaik, Sunil (2012). "The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata) | Orissa | State's first cinema in ruins". telegraphindia.com. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
State's first cinema in ruins – Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies fails to rise after super-cyclone blow
- "HISTORY". www.thakurani.com. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 75 – Berhampur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2008.