Eurovision Song Contest 1993
This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Eurovision Song Contest 1993|
|Final||15 May 1993|
|Venue||Green Glens Arena,|
Millstreet, Cork, Ireland
|Directed by||Anita Notaro|
|Executive supervisor||Christian Clausen|
|Executive producer||Liam Miller|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Opening act||The story of Eochaid and Étaín in Celtic mythology, transitioning into a video of rural Ireland today.|
|Interval act||Linda Martin,|
|Number of entries||25|
|Debuting countries|| Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland|
"In Your Eyes"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 15 May 1993 at Green Glens Arena in Millstreet, County Cork, Ireland. The presenter was Fionnuala Sweeney. Niamh Kavanagh was the winner of this Eurovision for Ireland with the song, "In Your Eyes". This was Ireland's fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983. Three countries had previously won two years in a row: Spain in 1968 and 1969, Luxembourg in 1972 and 1973, and Israel in 1978 and 1979.
The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year's contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.
- 1 Location
- 2 Pre-qualifying round
- 3 Voting structure
- 4 Conductors
- 5 Returning artists
- 6 Results
- 7 Score sheet
- 8 International broadcasts and voting
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 External links
The location for this year's edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for the Eurovision Song Contest, and indeed was the most remote.
The owner of the Green Glens Arena, Noel C. Duggan, wrote to the RTÉ on the same night of the Irish victory in the 1992 edition, proposing the free use of the venue to host the contest. The venue, a large indoor well- equipped equestrian centre was deemed more than suitable as the location by host broadcaster RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town's infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical triumph for all involved. The stage was created by Alan Farquharson, who was also chief production designer two years later in Dublin.
In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country to take part in the contest. For the first time, then, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a 'sticking-plaster' measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. The voting required a jury to deliberate in the midst of the ongoing war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Warm applause rang round the hall as a voice on a crackling phone line was heard to deliver the familiar greeting, "Hello Millstreet, Sarajevo calling". During the announcement of the scores by the Dutch jury, Sweeney got carried away with the audience's cheers and declared Ireland 12 points (which were going to Portugal) when they had only been awarded 10 – which was promptly corrected. By the final few juries it became clear that either Ireland or the United Kingdom were going to win. After the penultimate jury had voted, it looked to be a lost cause for second-placed Sonia of the UK as she was eleven points behind Niamh Kavanagh.
Ostensibly due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury. An expectant Irish crowd waited to hear Malta award anything between one and ten points to either the UK or Ireland – the result of which would have made it arithmetically impossible for Ireland to be caught. However, the name of neither country came up (the ten points instead surprisingly being awarded to Luxembourg). This of course meant that either the UK or Ireland must have failed to pick up any points from the final jury, and if it was Sonia that received the maximum twelve points, the seemingly impossible would have happened and the UK would snatch a single-point victory at the death. Instead it was Ireland that were awarded the final points of the evening, finishing with what looked in retrospect a comfortable twenty-three-point victory. The way the votes were cast, having Malta's vote announced last was the only way for the contest for victory to go down to the final jury. 1993 was the last year that the points were announced by telephone.
Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.
- Italy – Vittorio Cosma
- Turkey – No National Representative
- Germany – Norbert Daum
- Switzerland – Marc Sorrentino
- Denmark – George Keller
- Greece – Charis Andreadis
- Belgium – Bert Candries
- Malta – Joseph Sammut
- Iceland – Jon Kjell Seljeseth
- Austria – Christian Kolonovits
- Portugal – Armindo Neves
- France – Christian Cravero
- Sweden – Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Luxembourg – Francis Goya
- Slovenia – Jože Privšek
- Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Noel Kelehan
- United Kingdom – Nigel Wright
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- Croatia – Andrej Baša
- Spain – Eduardo Leiva
- Cyprus – George Theophanous
- Israel – Amir Frohlich
- Norway – Rolf Løvland
|Tommy Seebach||Denmark||1979, 1981|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|7||Ireland||Italy, Malta, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom|
|4||United Kingdom||Austria, Belgium, Iceland, Israel|
|3||Norway||Croatia, Finland, Greece|
|Switzerland||France, Germany, Luxembourg|
|1||Austria||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Turkey|
International broadcasts and voting
Voting and spokespersons
- Italy – Peppi Franzelin
- Turkey – Ömer Önder
- Germany – Carmen Nebel
- Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- Denmark – Bent Henius
- Greece – Fotini Giannoulatou
- Belgium – An Ploegaerts
- Iceland – Guðrún Skúladóttir
- Austria – Andy Lee
- Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Mello
- France – Olivier Minne
- Sweden – Gösta Hanson
- Ireland – Eileen Dunne
- Luxembourg – TBC
- Slovenia – Miša Molk
- Finland – Solveig Herlin
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Senad Hadžifejzović
- United Kingdom – Colin Berry
- Netherlands – Joop van Os
- Croatia – Veljko Đuretić
- Spain – María Ángeles Balañac
- Cyprus – Anna Partelidou
- Israel – Danny Rup
- Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- Malta – Kevin Drake [N 1]
- Italy – Ettore Andenna (Raiuno)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1)
- Germany – Jan Hofer (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Switzerland – German: Bernard Thurnheer (Schweizer Fernsehen), French: Jean-Marc Richard (TSR), Italian: Emanuela Gaggini (TSI)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR TV)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1)
- Belgium – Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV1), French: Claude Delacroix (RTBF La Une)
- Malta – TBC (TVM)
- Iceland – Jakob Frímann Magnússon (Sjónvarpið)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (ORF1)
- Portugal – Isabel Bahia (Canal 1)
- France – Patrice Laffont (France 2)
- Sweden – Jan Jingryd and Kåge Gimtell (TV2)
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ1)
- Luxembourg – Maurice Molitor (RTL Hei Elei)
- Slovenia – Tajda Lekše (SLO1)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kirsi-Maria Niemi (YLE TV1)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac (TVBiH)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom (Nederland 3)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov (HRT 1)
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE1)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1)
- Israel – No commentator
- Norway – Leif Erik Forberg (NRK)
- Macedonia – Antonio Dimitrievski and Ivan Mircevski (MTV 2)
- Estonia – TBC (Eesti Televisioon)
- Hungary – István Vágó (MTV 2)
- Romania – Doina Caramzulescu (TVR2)
- Poland – Artur Orzech and Maria Szablowska (TVP1)
- Slovakia – Alena Heribanová (STV1)
- Russia – Vadim Dolgachyov (RTR)
- Yugoslavia – There was no live broadcast of the contest, but later was aired the special TV programme about the 1993 contest on RTS 3K hosted by Mladen Popović and Ekstra Nena. (RTS 3K)
Some participating countries didn't provide radio broadcasts for the event, the ones who did are listed below.
- Italy - Antonio De Robertis (Rai Radio 2)
- Turkey - Canan Kumbasar (TRT Radyo 3)
- Germany - Horst Senker (Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4)
- Denmark - Ole Jacobsen (DR P3)
- Greece - Giorgos Mitropoulos (ERA ERT1)
- Belgium - Dutch: Julien Put (BRTN Radio 2), French: Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (RTBF La Première)
- Austria - Martin Blumenau (Hitradio Ö3)
- Sweden - Susan Seidemar and Claes-Johan Larsson (SR P3)
- Ireland - Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Finland - Sanna Kojo and Outi Popp (YLE Radiomafia)
- United Kingdom - Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Netherlands - Daniël Dekker (Radio 3)
- Cyprus - Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- Israel - Daniel Pe'er (Reshet Gimel)
- Norway - Erik Diesen (NRK P1)
National jury members
- Croatia – Maja Blagdan (future Croatian entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996)
- Greece – Vangelis Alexandropoulos, Bessy Argyraki (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Dina Vasilakou, Dimitris Iatropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Paschalis (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Anastasios Alatzas, Maria Alexandrou, Alexandros Varouxis, Giorgos Karelos, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Giorgos Logothetis, Maria Sotiropoulou, Elena Hounta
- Iceland – Reynir Þór Eggertsson
- Israel – Noel Dunsky, Karen Klutche
- Netherlands – Angelina van Dijk, Lisa Boray
- Portugal – Jorge do Carmo, José Orlando
- Spain – Cristina Pons (student), Juan Ribera (doctor), Arantxa de Benito (TV hostess), Sergio Blanco (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Estíbaliz Uranga (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Manuel Quinto (writer and film critic), Rosita Ferrer (actress), Antonio Rebollo (sportsman), Concha Márquez Piquer (singer), René Dechamps (student), Rosi Nsue (dancer), Francesc Martínez de Foix (president of Special Olympics Spain), María Luisa San José (actress), Bernardo Bonezzi (composer), Annabelle Aramburu (TV and radio scriptwriter), Miguel Ángel Bermejo (film and advertising producer)
Notes and references
- Due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury
- The Times (25 August 2005). "Witchell caught in off-air spat on VJ Day interview". London. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1993". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
- "Εκφωνητές της ΕΡΤ για τις ψήφους της Ελλάδας στην EUROVISION – Page 3". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Comentadores Do ESC – escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Laffont, Patrice et al. (15 May 1993). 38ème Concours Eurovision de la Chanson 1993 [38th Eurovision Song Contest 1993] (Television production). Ireland: RTÉ, France 2 (commentary).
- "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat lĂ¤pi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Pogledaj temu – SPOKESPERSONS". Forum.hrt.hr. 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "María Ángeles Balañac". Imdb.es. 1 May 2009. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
- "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 13 September 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
- "Malta eighth in Eurovision contest", The Sunday Times, 16 May 1993
- "Enrico Ruggeri Sole d'Europa Eurofestival 1993". YouTube. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1993". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987–2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Hasselt 2005: Jarige André Vermeulen verzorgt commentaar met Ilse Van Hoecke –". Eurosong.be. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Christian Masson. "1993 – Millstreet". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Dagblaðið Vísir – DV, 13.05.1993". Timarit.is. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
-  Archived 24 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat lĂ¤pi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Julkaistu To, 29 April 2010 – 10:19 (29 April 2010). "YLE Radio Suomen kommentaattorit | Euroviisut | yle.fi | Arkistoitu". yle.fi. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Pogledaj temu – POVIJEST EUROSONGA: 1956 – 1999 (samo tekstovi)". Forum.hrt.hr. 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? – Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "XXXVIII Edición del Festival de Eurovisión (Año 1993)". eurofestival.tk. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurovision Song Contest 1993.|