In Greek mythology, Pirene or Peirene (Ancient Greek: Πειρήνη means "of the osiers"), a nymph, was either the daughter of the river god Asopus, Laconian king Oebalus, or the river god Achelous, depending on different sources. By Poseidon she became the mother of Lecheas and Cenchrias.
When Cenchrias was unintentionally killed by Artemis, Pirene's grief was so profound that she became nothing but tears and turned into the fountain outside the gates of Corinth. The Corinthians had a small sanctuary dedicated to Pirene by the fountain where honey-cakes were offered to her to during the dry months of early summer.
- Graves, Robert (1960). The Greek Myths. Harmondsworth, London, England: Penguin Books. pp. s.v. Sisyphus. ISBN 978-0143106715.
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.72.1-5
- Bacchylides, fr. 9
- Hesiod, Megalai Ehoiai fr. 258, cited in Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.2.2
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.2.2
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.3.3
- Pindar, Olympian Odes 13.3
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1989. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888-1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pindar, Odes translated by Diane Arnson Svarlien. 1990. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pindar, The Odes of Pindar including the Principal Fragments with an Introduction and an English Translation by Sir John Sandys, Litt.D., FBA. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1937. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- various writers (2005) . Smith, William (ed.). A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. Making of America Books. 3. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co. p. 166.
Illustrated by numerous engravings on woodCS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- "PEIRENE, Greek Mythology Index". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "PIRENE : Naiad nymph of Corinth ; Greek mythology : PEIRENE". Retrieved 2009-08-03.