|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Tom Latham (5th and 4th)|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished (5th)|
|Constituency||5th district (2003–2013)|
4th district (2013–present)
|Member of the Iowa Senate|
from the 6th district
January 13, 1997 – January 2, 2003
|Preceded by||Wayne Bennett|
|Succeeded by||Thurman Gaskill|
|Born||Steven Arnold King|
May 28, 1949
Storm Lake, Iowa, U.S.
Marilyn King (m. 1972)
|Education||Northwest Missouri State University|
Steven Arnold King (born May 28, 1949) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Iowa's 4th congressional district since 2013. A member of the Republican Party, he has served in Congress since 2003; his district, which was numbered the 5th congressional district until 2013, is in northwestern Iowa and includes Sioux City.
King is an opponent of immigration and multiculturalism. He has stirred controversy by making statements that have been described as racist or racially charged, specifically against Jews, African Americans Latinos and immigrants in general, as well as by supporting European right-wing populist and far-right politicians accused of racism and Islamophobia. A short time before the 2018 election, the National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) withdrew funding for King's reelection campaign and its Chairman, Steve Stivers, condemned King's conduct. The Anti-Defamation League, an organization founded to oppose antisemitism and other forms of bigotry, has denounced him and called for him to be censured. The Washington Post has described King as the "Congressman most openly affiliated with white nationalism."
- 1 Personal life, education, and business career
- 2 Iowa Senate (1997–2003)
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives (2003–present)
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Racist comments, controversies and far-right politics
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Personal life, education, and business career
King was born on May 28, 1949, in Storm Lake, Iowa, the son of Mildred Lila (née Culler), a homemaker, and Emmett A. King, a state police dispatcher. His father has Irish and German ancestry, and his mother has Welsh roots, as well as American ancestry going back to the colonial era. His grandmother was a German immigrant. King graduated in 1967 from Denison Community High School. In 1972 he married Marilyn Kelly, with whom he has three children. Though raised Methodist, King attends his wife's Catholic church, having converted 17 years after marrying her. His son Jeff King (a consultant) has been active in his political campaigns.
King attended Northwest Missouri State University from 1967 to 1970, and was a member of the Alpha Kappa Lambda fraternity, majoring in math and biology, but did not graduate. While in college, King received "2S" deferments in 1967, 1968, and 1969.
In 1975, King founded King Construction, an earthmoving company. In the 1980s he founded the Kiron Business Association. King's involvement with the Iowa Land Improvement Contractors' Association led to regional and national offices in that organization and a growing interest in public policy.
Iowa Senate (1997–2003)
In 1996 he was elected to Iowa's 6th Senate district, defeating incumbent Senator Wayne Bennett in the primary 68%–31% and Democrat Eileen Heiden in the general election 64%–35%. In 2000, he won reelection to a second term, defeating Democratic nominee Dennis Ryan 70%–30%.
From 1996 to 2002, King served as an Iowa state senator, representing the 6th district. He assisted in eliminating the inheritance tax, authored and passed into law workplace drug testing, and worked for strengthening parental rights, passing tax cuts for working residents of Iowa, and passing a law that made English the official language in Iowa. In May 2001, King visited Cuba.
U.S. House of Representatives (2003–present)
In 2002, after redistricting, King ran for the open seat in Iowa's 5th congressional district. The incumbent, fellow Republican Tom Latham, had his home drawn into the reconfigured 4th district. King finished first in the four-way Republican primary with 31% of the vote, less than the 35% voting threshold needed to win; subsequently, a nominating convention was held, at which he was nominated, defeating state house speaker Brent Siegrist 51%–47%. King won the general election, defeating Council Bluffs city councilman Paul Shomshor 62%–38%. He won all the counties in the predominantly Republican district except Pottawattamie.
Iowa lost a district as a result of the 2010 census. King's district was renumbered the 4th, and pushed well to the east, absorbing Mason City and Ames. This placed King and his predecessor, Latham, in the same district. Latham opted to move to the reconfigured 3rd District to challenge Democratic incumbent Leonard Boswell. The reconfigured district was, at least on paper, much more competitive than King's old district. The old 5th had a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+9, while the new 4th has a PVI of R+4. The new 4th was also mostly new to him; he retained only 45% of his former territory. Geographically it was more Latham's district than King's; it closely resembled the territory that Latham had represented from 1995 to 2003.
Soon afterward, former Iowa first lady Christie Vilsack, the wife of former governor and then current U.S. agriculture secretary Tom Vilsack, announced she was moving to the new 4th to challenge King. King received the endorsement of Mitt Romney, who said, "I'm looking here at Steve King because this man needs to be your congressman again. I want him as my partner in Washington, D.C." King won reelection to a sixth term, defeating Vilsack, 53%–45%. King won all but seven counties, none of which he had previously represented: Webster, Boone, Story, Chickasaw, Floyd, Cerro Gordo, and Winnebago. King later said of his 2012 victory, "I faced $7 million, the best of everything Democrats can throw at me, their dream candidate and everything that can come from the Obama machine, and prevailed through all of that with 55 percent of my district that was new."
King won reelection with 61.6% of the vote, defeating Democratic candidate Jim Mowrer.
King won reelection, receiving 61.2% of the vote to Democratic nominee Kim Weaver's 38.6%.
King is considered an outspoken fiscal and social conservative. After winning the 2002 Republican nomination, he said that he intended to use his seat in Congress to "move the political center of gravity in Congress to the right."
During the 110th Congress, King voted with the majority of the Republican Party 90.9% of the time. He has continuously voted for Iraq War legislation, supported surge efforts and opposed a time table for troop withdrawals. During the 112th United States Congress King was one of 40 "staunch" members of the Republican Study Committee who frequently voted against Republican party leadership and vocally expressed displeasure with House bills.
In August 2015, King was named the least effective member of Congress by InsideGov due to his persistent failures to get legislation out of committee.
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Committee on Small Business
- Congressional Cuba Democracy Caucus
- Republican Study Committee
- Tea Party Caucus
- Congressional Constitution Caucus
- Congressional Western Caucus
King opposes abortion. He has a 100% rating from the National Right to Life Committee, indicating an anti-abortion voting record. King has also voted against allowing human embryonic stem cell research. He supports the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act, which would ban federal funding of abortions except in cases of what the bill calls "forcible rape". This would remove the coverage from Medicaid that covers abortions for victims of statutory rape or incest.
After Todd Akin made a controversial statement about "legitimate rape" on August 19, 2012, King came to his defense, characterizing the critical response as "petty personal attacks" and calling Akin a "strong Christian man". King said that Akin's voting record should be more important than his words. Six months later, King's defense of Akin (who lost his race) was seen as politically damaging by Steven J. Law of the Conservative Victory Project, a group including Karl Rove that was working to discourage conservative candidates they deemed unelectable, to enable more viable conservative candidates to gain office. Law said, "We're concerned about Steve King's Todd Akin problem."
King sponsored legislation to ban abortion of a fetus that has a detectable heartbeat, which can in some cases occur as early as 6 weeks (before many women know they are pregnant). A physician who performs a prohibited abortion would be subject to a fine, up to five years in prison, or both. A woman who undergoes a prohibited abortion could not be prosecuted for violating the provisions of this bill.
King opposes stricter regulations on gun ownership. In 2017, King said that a bill to close the so-called "gun show loophole" and add background checks for individuals who bought guns at gun shows would ruin "Christmas at the Kings'" if it passed. In 2018, King criticized 18-year old Parkland shooting survivor Emma Gonzalez, attempting to tie her to Communist Cuba. In 2018, he said that guns should not be blamed for gun violence, but rather video games, cultural changes, lack of prayer in schools, gun-free zones, family break-ups, and Ritalin.
In February 2010, King tweeted about chasing and shooting a raccoon that had tried to enter his house during a blizzard, prompting criticism from animal rights groups. He defended his actions, saying the animal might have been rabid.
In July 2012, King opposed the McGovern Amendment (to the 2012 Farm Bill) to establish misdemeanor penalties for knowingly attending an organized animal fight and felony penalties for bringing a minor to such a fight. He was also one of 39 members of the House to vote against an upgrade of penalties for transporting fighting animals across state lines in 2007. King received a score of zero on the 2012 Humane Society Legislative Fund's Humane Scorecard. Afterward, he put out a video clarifying his position, stating that it would be putting animals above humans if it were legal to watch humans fight but not animals.
In July 2012, King introduced an amendment to the House Farm Bill that would legalize previously banned animal agriculture practices such as tail-docking, putting arsenic in chicken feed, and keeping impregnated pigs in small crates. "My language wipes out everything they've done with pork and veal," King said of his amendment. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) President Wayne Pacelle said the measure could nullify "any laws to protect animals, and perhaps ... laws to protect the environment, workers, or public safety."
In May 2013, King introduced another amendment to the House Farm Bill, the Protect Interstate Commerce Act (PICA), saying, "PICA blocks states from requiring 'free range' eggs or 'free range' pork." In 2014, the controversial provision was dropped.
On April 3, 2009, the Iowa Supreme Court ruled unanimously that a state ban on same-sex marriage violated Iowa's constitution. King soon commented that the justices "should resign from their position" and the state legislature "must also enact marriage license residency requirements so that Iowa does not become the gay marriage Mecca." King, along with others, mounted a campaign against the three Iowa Supreme Court justices who were up for retention and had ruled on the gay marriage case. King bought $80,000 of radio advertising across the state calling for Iowans to vote against their retention. None of the three were retained.
In response to the Supreme Court's 2015 decision Obergefell v. Hodges, in which the court ruled that same-sex marriage is a constitutionally protected right, King has called for a non-binding resolution saying that states may refuse to recognize the decision. King has also called for the abolition of civil marriage.
King is a staunch opponent of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and has led attempts to repeal it. He fought against Medicare and Medicaid covering a number of medications such as Viagra, which he called "recreational drugs".
In January 2017, King said that in the wake of the 2016 presidential election "it has become abundantly clear that the American people have overwhelmingly rejected Obamacare time and time again" and called for congressional Republicans to "take swift action to fulfill our promise to We the People and repeal this unconstitutional and egregious law passed by hook, crook and legislative shenanigan." In May 2017, King said he had moved from supporting the American Health Care Act, the Republican replacement to the Affordable Care Act, to being unsure as a result of benefits such as emergency services, hospitalization and prescription drugs that were added following his backing of the measure: "Once they negotiated [essential health benefits] with the Freedom Caucus and Tuesday Group, it is hard for me to imagine they will bring that language in the Senate, or that it will be effective because they diluted this thing substantially." King added that he and Trump agreed on the need for the federal government to not have a role in health insurance and that Republicans would not have had difficulty repealing the Affordable Care Act had the party prioritized its replacement within the first week of the 115th Congress.
King also has voted against each stimulus bill in the U.S. House of Representatives, saying, "Our economy will not recover because government spends more. It will recover because people produce more."
Hurricane Katrina aid
King gained prominence as one of 11 in Congress to vote against the $52 billion Hurricane Katrina aid package, claiming fiscal responsibility and a need for a comprehensive plan for spending aid money.
On February 26, 2010, King went to the House floor to protest Democrats' handling of health care reform and said, "Lobbyists do a very effective and useful job on this Hill ... There's a credibility there in that arena that I think somebody needs to stand up for the lobby, and it is a matter of providing a lot of valuable information."
King has dismissed concern over global warming, calling it a "religion" and claiming efforts to address climate change are useless. A day after claiming that climate change was more "a religion than a science," he reasserted that many scientists overreact when discussing the consequences of global warming, saying, "Everything that might result from a warmer planet is always bad in [environmentalists'] analysis. There will be more photosynthesis going on if the Earth gets warmer ... And if sea levels go up 4 or 6 inches, I don't know if we'd know that. We don't know where sea level is even, let alone be able to say that it's going to come up an inch globally because some polar ice caps might melt because there's CO2 suspended in the atmosphere."
2016 presidential election support
King strongly endorsed Ted Cruz during the 2016 Republican primaries for President of the United States. He endorsed and strongly supported Donald Trump after Trump won the Republican nomination.
Racist comments, controversies and far-right politics
The Washington Post has described King as "the U.S. congressman most openly affiliated with white nationalism", while Vanity Fair has said his opinions in this direction are "barely veiled". David Leonhardt in an opinion piece for The New York Times has explicitly identified King as being a "white nationalist". King has stirred controversy and come to prominence by making statements that have been described as racist or racially charged comments. He is a staunch opponent of immigration and multiculturalism and has supported various far-right European politicians. According to The Guardian, King "has long been one of the most vociferously anti-immigration members of the House Republican caucus."
In October 2018, the chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee, Steve Stivers, condemned King as a racist, saying that King's actions and comments were "completely inappropriate" and constituted "white supremacy and hate." The NRCC said it would not help King in his 2018 re-election efforts. Representative Carlos Curbelo described King's comments and actions as "disgusting" and said that he would never vote for someone like King. Senator Ted Cruz called King's rhetoric "divisive" but stopped short of condemning him. Other Republicans, such as House Agriculture Committee Chairman Mike Conaway, dismissed the idea that King is racist.
Immigration and multiculturalism
In April 2006, when asked if "the US economy simply couldn't function without" the presence of illegal immigrants, King said that he rejected that position "categorically". He said the 77.5 million people between the ages of 16 and 65 in the United States who are not part of the workforce "could be put to work and we could invent machines to replace the rest."
In 2006, King called for an electrified fence on the US border, noting that such fences were successful in containing livestock.
In July 2013, speaking about proposed immigration legislation, King said of undocumented immigrants: "For every one who's a valedictorian, there's another 100 out there who weigh 130 pounds—and they've got calves the size of cantaloupes because they're hauling 75 pounds of marijuana across the desert." Despite strong rebukes from both Democrats and King's fellow Republicans, including House speaker John Boehner, who called his statements "ignorant" and "hateful", and House majority leader Eric Cantor, who called the comments "inexcusable", King defended his comments, saying he got the description from the border patrol.
In July 2015, referencing HUD secretary Julian Castro's remarks on how poorly the Republican Party was doing with Hispanic voters, King responded, "What does Julian Castro know? Does he know that I'm as Hispanic and Latino as he?" King is neither Hispanic nor Latino by either family history or ethnic definition.
King displayed the Confederate flag on his office desk in 2016, despite the fact that Iowa was part of the Union during the American Civil War. He removed it after a Confederate flag-waver shot two Iowa police officers.
In March 2017, King wrote "culture and demographics are our destiny. We can't restore our civilization with somebody else's babies." When asked about his comments, King stood by them, saying: "you need to teach your children your values" and "with the inter-marriage, I'd like to see an America that is just so homogenous that we look a lot the same". King was rebuked by members of his own party, including Speaker Paul D. Ryan, but praised by white supremacist David Duke and The Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi website.
In July 2017, the House Appropriations Committee voted to fund the US-Mexico border wall, allocating $1.6 billion for it. King called for an additional $5 billion for the wall, to be paid for with federal dollars coming from Planned Parenthood, food stamps, and other federal welfare programs, saying, "I would find half of a billion of dollars of that right out of Planned Parenthood's budget, and the rest of it could come out of food stamps and the entitlements that are being spread out for people who have not worked in three generations." In June 2018, he retweeted a comment by Mark Collett, a British neo-Nazi and self-described admirer of Hitler, about Europe "waking up" to mass immigration.
In November 2018 The Weekly Standard reported that King had called immigrants "dirt". After King denied its reporting, the magazine released an audio recording. After the release of the audio, King called on The Weekly Standard to release the full recording.
President Barack Obama
On March 7, 2008, during his press engagements to announce his reelection campaign, King made remarks about then U.S. senator and Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama and his middle name "Hussein", saying:
I don't want to disparage anyone because of their race, their ethnicity, their name—whatever their religion their father might have been, I'll just say this: When you think about the optics of a Barack Obama potentially getting elected President of the United States – I mean, what does this look like to the rest of the world? What does it look like to the world of Islam? I will tell you that, if he is elected president, then the radical Islamists, the al-Qaida, the radical Islamists and their supporters, will be dancing in the streets in greater numbers than they did on September 11.
Obama said he did not take the comments too seriously, describing King as a person who thrives on making controversial statements to get media coverage. He said, "I would hope Senator McCain would want to distance himself from that kind of inflammatory and offensive remarks." The McCain campaign disavowed King's comments, saying "John McCain rejects the type of politics that degrades our civics… and obviously that extends to Congressman King's statement."
In mid-January 2009, King acknowledged that terrorists were not dancing in the streets, adding, "They have made statements against Obama." But he also claimed that he found Obama's decision to use his middle name "Hussein" when he was to be sworn in as the 44th President of the United States on January 20, 2009, to be "bizarre" and "a double standard".
In 2010, King said that Obama "has demonstrated that he has a default mechanism in him that breaks down the side of race, on the side that favors the black person."
On June 14, 2010, King said on the House floor that racial profiling is an important component of law enforcement: "Some claim that the Arizona law will bring about racial discrimination profiling. First let me say, Mr. Speaker, that profiling has always been an important component of legitimate law enforcement. If you can't profile someone, you can't use those common sense indicators that are before your very eyes. Now, I think it's wrong to use racial profiling for the reasons of discriminating against people, but it's not wrong to use race or other indicators for the sake of identifying people that are violating the law." As an example of profiling, King described an instance when a taxi driver would stop for him before he had to hail a cab, just because he was in a business suit.
The same day, on G. Gordon Liddy's radio program, King said that Obama's policies favored black people: "The president has demonstrated that he has a default mechanism in him that breaks down the side of race—on the side that favors the black person in the case of Professor Gates and Officer Crowley."
Comments on Western civilization
On July 18, 2016, King participated in a panel discussion on MSNBC, during which a panelist from Esquire magazine suggested that the 2016 convention could be the last in which "old white people would command the Republican Party's attention". King responded, "This whole 'old white people' business does get a little tired, Charlie. I'd ask you to go back through history and figure out where are these contributions that have been made by these other categories of people that you are talking about? Where did any other subgroup of people contribute more to civilization?" Panel moderator Chris Hayes later described King's comments as odious and preposterous. Panel member April Ryan described them as "in-my-face racism". That evening, King was asked about his comments during an interview with ABC News. King said he had meant to say that "Western civilization," rather than "white people," is the "superior culture": "when you describe Western civilization, that can mean much of Western civilization happens to be Caucasians. But we should not apologize for our culture or our civilization. The contributions that were made by Western civilization itself, and by Americans, by Americans of all races, stand far above the rest of the world. The Western civilization and the American civilization are a superior culture."
In an interview with Breitbart News, King said he did not want Muslims working in meat-packing plants. In May 2014, King compared the torture and prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib prison to "hazing".
King opposes affirmative action. He has said, "There's been legislation that's been brought through this House that sets aside benefits for women and minorities. The only people that it excludes are white men... Pretty soon, white men are going to notice they are the ones being excluded."
Support for far-right politics
On March 12, 2017, King expressed his support for Geert Wilders, a far-right Dutch politician known for his anti-Islam views, leading up to the election in the Netherlands, stating, "Wilders understands that culture and demographics are our destiny" and "We can't restore our civilization with somebody else's babies," referring to his views on ending birthright citizenship and promoting "an America that's just so homogenous that we look a lot [sic] the same." His statements received criticism from other politicians, including several Republicans, with Jeb Bush responding that "America is a nation of immigrants"; despite the backlash, King firmly defended his statements. Others noted that King's statements were well received among white nationalists, garnering support from prominent members of that community. The next day on CNN, King said he was referring to culture, not ethnicity, saying "It's the culture, not the blood. If you can go anywhere in the world and adopt these babies and put them into households that were already assimilated in America, those babies will grow up as American as any other baby with as much patriotism and love of country as any other baby."
King supported French right-wing populist politician, leader of the Front National Marine Le Pen in the French 2017 presidential election. He sent her a message stating: "Our shared civilization must be saved".
King supported Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, a right-wing populist and strong opponent of admitting migrants during the European migrant crisis. On December 8, 2017, King tweeted Orbán's quote that "Diversity is not our strength. Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban, 'Mixing cultures will not lead to a higher quality of life but a lower one'." "Assimilation has become a dirty word to the multiculturalist Left. Assimilation, not diversity, is our American strength," he tweeted.
On August 24, 2018, King was interviewed by the Austrian website Unzensuriert (Uncensored), which is connected to the country's Freedom Party, part of the Kurz government. He agreed with the interviewer that American financier George Soros is involved with the "Great Replacement", a far-right conspiracy theory that claims to have identified a plot to replace white Europeans with minorities and immigrants.
King has also endorsed Faith Goldy for mayor of Toronto. Goldy has participated in a Neo-Nazi podcast. In response to the Goldy endorsement and King’s other racially contentious remarks, Land O Lakes ended its support for his reelection.
Vox has claimed that King subscribes to the white genocide conspiracy theory, demonstrating the existence of the view in the United States Congress. ThinkProgress has accused King of endorsing "a slightly more genteel" version of the conspiracy, while Mother Jones and other media have reported more generally on his belief in and promotion of it.
Antisemitism controversy in 2018
In late October 2018, after the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting, the Anti-Defamation League director Jonathan Greenblatt sent Paul Ryan an open letter calling upon him to censure King, citing King's relationship with Austria's far-right Freedom Party and other neo-Nazi groups in Europe. The letter began, "After the events of this weekend, I knew that ADL could be silent no more", and said King had engaged in antisemitic smearing of George Soros. It concluded, "Rep. King has brought dishonor onto the House of Representatives. We strongly urge you and the congressional leadership to demonstrate your revulsion with Rep. King’s actions by stripping him of his subcommittee chairmanship and initiating proceedings to formally censure or otherwise discipline him."
King responded: “These attacks are orchestrated by nasty, desperate, and dishonest fake news. Their ultimate goal is to flip the House and impeach Donald Trump. Establishment Never-Trumpers are complicit.”
- "Steve King's Inflammatory Behavior Is Met With Silence From G.O.P." Retrieved 2018-08-03.
In Mr. King's case, his eight-term incumbency and his own history of racist comments
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Republican Congressman Steve King of Iowa has become notorious for making thinly veiled racist pronouncements about the threats of immigration
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King is known for making racially charged commentary
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King, whose racially inflected comments on subjects such as immigration and Western culture have drawn headlines for years
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- Gambino, Lauren; Redden, Molly (2017-01-24). "Republicans push federal 'heartbeat' bill in longshot bid to overturn Roe v Wade". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
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- "With political static in the air, congressional gun bill gets little attention (Commentary)". masslive.com. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- "Rep. Steve King slams Emma Gonzalez in FB post". PolitiFact Florida. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- CNN, Maegan Vazquez,. "Steve King's campaign criticizes Parkland survivor Emma Gonzalez". CNN. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- "Steve King: Don't blame guns. Blame Ritalin, video games, family break-up and policies". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- Hayworth, Bret (February 17, 2010). "King's raccoon run-in draws PETA's scorn". Sioux City Journal.
- "The HSUS Calls Out Steve King on Opposition to Anti-Dogfighting Bill". The U.S. Humane Society. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "Humane Scorecard" (PDF). Final Report for the 112th Congress Preview Version—September 2012. Humane Society Legislative Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 23, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Congressional Votes on Farm Bill Bring Good News, Bad News for Animals (The Humane Society of the United States)". World News. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- "House Agriculture Committee passes new farm bill". Agri-pulse.com. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- "Rep. Steve King (R-IA) Clarifies Statements On Dog Fighting". American Bridge 21st Century.
- "Steve King clarifies opposition to animal-fighting legislation; respo…". July 28, 2013. Archived from the original on July 28, 2013.
- "Congressman brags his bill will 'wipe out' animal rights laws". MSN. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013.
- Robbins, John (July 21, 2012). "Will the Farm Bill Nullify Laws Against Animal Cruelty?". The Huffington Post.
- "Congressman Steve King | Representing the 4th District of Iowa". Steveking.house.gov. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- Ari Solomon (January 27, 2014). King Amendment Officially Dead Archived January 31, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Mercy for Animals. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- "Unanimous ruling: Iowa marriage no longer limited to one man, one woman". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
-  Archived April 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "The Winners of the 2010 Election". The Iowa Republican. November 4, 2010. Archived from the original on December 1, 2010. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
- Stephen Peters (October 7, 2014). "King: Global warming 'not proven, not science' Congressman addresses FD crowd Tuesday". Human Rights Campaign.
- Fischler, Jacob (October 7, 2014). "The 19 Most Anti-LGBT Members Of Congress, According To Pro-LGBT Group". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Henderson, O. Kay (July 11, 2015). "King seeks House vote on same-sex marriage ruling". Radio Iowa. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- O'Keefe, Ed (July 6, 2015). "Steve King wants resolution denouncing Supreme Court same-sex marriage ruling". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- FieldStadt, Elisha (June 26, 2015). "Supreme Court's Ruling on Same-Sex Marriage Met With Resistance in Some States". NBC News. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "King Calls for End to Civil Marriage in Wake of Supreme Court Ruling". KIOW.com. June 30, 2015. Archived from the original on July 15, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Steve King: My bill would reduce healthcare costs, address doctor shortage". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
- "Steve King, Hurling Insults at Immigrants, Is Rebuked by His Own Party". Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- "Can J.D. Scholten dethrone Rep. Steve King from his District 4 seat?". The Daily Iowan. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
- "Is Steve King in trouble? Democrat J.D. Scholten bets hustle and grit are keys to upset". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
- "House Rejects Coverage of Impotence Pills". The New York Times. June 25, 2005. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- "King, Grassley celebrate efforts to kill Affordable Health Care Act". stormlakepilottribune.com. January 9, 2017.
- Scott, Eugene (May 3, 2017). "Rep. King unsure if he will support 'diluted' GOP health care bill". CNN.
- "U.S. Rep. King: Opposes bill stimulating government". IowaPolitics.com. February 13, 2009. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Foley, Elise (2012-10-30). "Steve King: Opposing Aid For Hurricane Katrina 'A Good Vote'". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- Vaida, Bara (March 1, 2010). "Rep. King: "Lobbyists Are Useful"". National Journal. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
- Joe Sutter (August 7, 2013). "King: Global warming 'not proven, not science' Congressman addresses FD crowd Tuesday". Fort Dodge Messenger. Archived from the original on August 17, 2013.
- Jillian Rayfield (August 7, 2013). "Steve King: Global warming "more of a religion than a science"". salon.com.
- "Rep. Steve King (R-IA) on Rejecting the Religion of Climate Change". Georgetown University Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. August 6, 2013.
- Ben Gemen (August 7, 2013). "Rep. King: Global warming 'more of a religion than a science'". The Hill.
- Beckman, Sarah (May 4, 2016). "Rep. King Not Forgiving Trump Yet". WOI TV. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- "Steve King endorses Trump, Pence at Sioux City rally". Usatoday.com. August 8, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- Kludt, Tom (October 11, 2016). "Iowa Rep. Steve King on Trump: 'I'm sticking with him' - CNNPolitics.com". Cnn.com. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- Nguyen, Tina (October 30, 2018). "Steve King's White Nationalism May Finally Cost Him". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Leonhardt, David (October 31, 2018). "The White-Supremacist Congressman". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Graham, David A. (2017-03-13). "Steve King: 'We Can't Restore Our Civilization With Somebody Else's Babies'". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
Steve King has always made a habit of speaking his mind, and quite frequently his mind has been controversial, blatantly false, or outright racist.
- "Democrats Lost Their Top Challenger To Rep. Steve King, But They're Not Too Upset About It". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
Rep. Steve King, the brash Republican whose penchant for shocking, racist comments has made him a staple of cable news
- "Rep. Steve King's latest racist remarks are far from his first". Vox. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
Rep. Steve King's latest racist remarks are far from his first
- "Steve King Claims Wide Support for 'Somebody Else's Babies' Tweet". 2017-03-17. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
King has a history of not-so-subtly racist comments.
- "Rep. Steve King Stands By Controversial Tweet About 'Somebody Else's Babies'". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
Iowa Republican Rep. Steve King, who has a history of controversial statements on immigration and race
- "Que, Qué? Rep. Steve King Says He's as Latino as Julián Castro". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
King is well known for his comments that many Latinos and immigrants have regarded as at least insulting and to some as racist or bigoted.
- Garcia, Eric; Garcia, Eric (2018-03-26). "Steve King's Facebook Page Mocks Parkland Survivors". Roll Call. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
King is known for making racially inflammatory remarks
- "Republican congressman: civilization threatened by 'somebody else's babies'". the Guardian. 2017-03-13. Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- "Ted Cruz calls Steve King support of white supremacists 'divisive,' stops short of condemning him". Dallas News. 2018-10-31. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
- Keller, Megan (2018-10-31). "Rep. Curbelo: I would never vote for someone like Steve King". TheHill. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
- "Steve King's Inflammatory Behavior Is Met With Silence From G.O.P." Retrieved 2018-06-16.
In Mr. King's case, his eight-term incumbency and his own history of racist comments
- Lopez, German. "Rep. Steve King's latest racist remarks are far from his first". Vox. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- Robin Lustig, interviewing King on the BBC's programme 'The World Tonight' on BBC Radio 4
- Bachman, John. "Rep. Steve King Slams Norquist Over Attacks on Immigration". Newsmax. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Dann, Carrie (July 24, 2013). "King slams critics, stands by description of 'drug mule' young immigrants". NBC News. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Memoli, Michael A. (July 25, 2013). "Boehner denounces Steve King's 'ignorant' comments on immigration". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Collins, Eliza (July 17, 2015). "Steve King: I'm as Hispanic as Julian Castro". Politico. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- @SteveKingIA (July 17, 2015). "What does Julian Castro know? Does he know that I'm as Hispanic and Latino as he?" (Tweet). Retrieved July 17, 2015 – via Twitter.
- Murphy, Tim (July 17, 2015). "White, Anti-Immigrant Congressman Steve King Says He's Just as Latino as Julian Castro". Mother Jones. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Hayworth, Bret (March 8, 2017). "King removed Confederate flag from desk after Iowa police slayings". Sioux City Journal. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Republican politician who sent anti-Islam tweet wants 'an America so homogeneous that we look the same'". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- Eberhardt, Robin (July 12, 2017). "Steve King: Build border wall with funds from Planned Parenthood, food stamps". The Hill. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- Glassman, Michael (July 12, 2017). "Steve King says Donald Trump's border wall could be funded if we cut food stamps to pay for it". Salon. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- "A GOP congressman retweeted a self-described 'Nazi sympathizer.' His party did not rebuke him". The Washington Post.
- "Rep. Steve King Denied Comparing Immigrants To 'Dirt' — Audio Says Otherwise". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
- "Local News: King announced bid for fourth term (03/08/08)". Spencer Daily Reporter. 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "Rep. King defends comments on Obama". USA Today. March 11, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- Daniel Libit (January 15, 2009). "King: Obama 'bizarre' to use 'Hussein'". Politico.
- "King: Racial profiling is important for law enforcement". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- "Steve King – Illegal Immigration – Racial Profiling – Mediaite". Mediaite.com. June 15, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- Bump, Philip (July 18, 2016). "Rep. Steve King wonders what 'sub-groups' besides whites made contributions to civilization". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- Victor, Daniel (July 18, 2016). "What, Congressman Steve King Asks, Have Nonwhites Done for Civilization?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- Bixby, Scott (July 19, 2016). "Congressman Steve King: whites aided civilization more than any 'sub-groups'". The Guardian. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
- Faulders, Katherine; Parkinson, John. "Rep. Steve King Clarifies Remarks About 'White People' Doing More for Civilization". ABC News. July 19, 2016.
- Mahita Gajanan (January 3, 2017). "Rep. Steve King Tweets Support for Far-Right". People.com. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- "Republican congressman: civilization threatened by 'somebody else's babies' | US news". The Guardian. September 18, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- Cheney, Kyle (June 22, 2018). "Steve King singles out Somali Muslims over pork". Politico.
Rep. Steve King (R-Iowa) said Friday that he doesn't want Somali Muslims working at meat-packing plants in his district because they want consumers of pork to be sent to hell.
- Breitbart News (June 23, 2018). "Breitbart News Daily - Rep. Steve King - June 22, 2018". Soundcloud. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Graham, David A. (March 13, 2017). "Steve King: 'We Can't Restore Our Civilization With Somebody Else's Babies'".
- "Outspoken Rep. King faces challenge of new territory - Daily Times Herald". www.carrollspaper.com. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Poll: Stabenow better known than her GOP rivals". MLive.com. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Fred Thompson Talks About His Diet". Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "14 May 2004, Page 1 - The Des Moines Register at Newspapers.com". Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- Martinez, G. (August 4, 2009). "Why is the GOP slighting Hispanics? (p. 2)". Politico. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- STEINHAUER, JENNIFER. "Steve King, Hurling Insults at Immigrants, Is Rebuked by His Own Party". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
- "Transcripts". CNN. March 13, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- "Steve King on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Steve King Twitter December 8, 2017
- Rep. Steve King: 'Diversity is not our strength' The Hill December 8, 2017
- DeBonis, Mike (October 25, 2018). "Rep. King met with far-right Austrians on trip funded by Holocaust memorial group". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
- "The scary ideology behind Trump's immigration instincts". Vox Media. 18 June 2018.
- "Steve King went on Breitbart radio to clarify his racist tweet. His actual views are even worse". ThinkProgress. 14 March 2017.
- "Steve King says racist things because he knows the GOP won't call him out on it". The New Republic. 14 March 2017.
- "Steve King's District Was Built by "Somebody Else's Babies"". Mother Jones. 14 March 2017.
- "Steve King's White Nationalism is Echoed in the White House". Paste (magazine). 20 March 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steve King (Iowa politician).|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Steve King|
- Congressman Steve King official U.S. House website
- Steve King for Congress
- Steve King at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 5th congressional district
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 4th congressional district
|Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority
|108th||Senate: C. Grassley • T. Harkin||House: J. Leach • J. Nussle • T. Latham • L. Boswell • S. King|
|109th||Senate: C. Grassley • T. Harkin||House: J. Leach • J. Nussle • T. Latham • L. Boswell • S. King|
|110th||Senate: C. Grassley • T. Harkin||House: T. Latham • L. Boswell • S. King • D. Loebsack • B. Braley|
|111th||Senate: C. Grassley • T. Harkin||House: T. Latham • L. Boswell • S. King • D. Loebsack • B. Braley|
|112th||Senate: C. Grassley • T. Harkin||House: T. Latham • L. Boswell • S. King • D. Loebsack • B. Braley|
|113th||Senate: C. Grassley • T. Harkin||House: T. Latham • S. King • D. Loebsack • B. Braley|
|114th||Senate: C. Grassley • J. Ernst||House: S. King • D. Loebsack • R. Blum • D. Young|
|115th||Senate: C. Grassley • J. Ernst||House: S. King • D. Loebsack • R. Blum • D. Young|