Skyline of Carcar City
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||1st district of Cebu|
|Barangay||15 (see § Barangays)|
|• Mayor||Nicepuro L. Apura|
|• Vice Mayor||Mario Patricio P. Barcenas|
|• Total||116.78 km2 (45.09 sq mi)|
|• Density||920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|IDD:area code||+63 (0)|
|Income class||5th class|
|Standard Geographic Code||072214000|
Carcar, officially the City of Carcar (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Carcar; Filipino: Lungsod ng Carcar), is a fifth class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 107,323.
Carcar is located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Cebu City. It is bounded on the north by San Fernando; on the south by Sibonga; on the west by Barili and Aloguinsan; and on the east by the Cebu Strait. It has a land area of 11.678 square kilometres (4.509 sq mi).
The land is generally level with less than 18% slope comprising 78.7% of the total land area. Areas with slopes ranging from 18 to 50% cover 19.3% of the total land area and those over 50% slope comprise approximately 1.9%. The highest recorded elevation is a little over 660 metres (2,170 ft) above sea level, located within the barangay of Napo.
The wet season occurs during the months of May to October and the dry season, from January to May.
- Poblacion I
- Poblacion II
- Poblacion III
Carcar was known as "Sialao" since before the Spanish colonization. It became a municipality in 1599.
Carcar became a city on July 7, 2007. On November 19, 2008, the City of Carcar was demoted along with 2 other cities in Cebu and 13 other cities in the Philippines. The Supreme Court ruled that the 16 cities did not pass the requirements for cityhood.
On December 10, 2008, Carcar and the other 15 cities affected filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court. More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators." As such, the cityhood status of Carcar is effectively restored.
On August 27, 2010, Carcar City in Cebu became plain old Carcar again. It shared the fate of 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court reinstated a 2008 decision declaring as “unconstitutional" the cityhood laws converting 16 municipalities into cities.
A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least P100 million annually, which none of the 16 did. Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities. On February 15, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Carcar and 15 other towns in the Philippines.
|Population census of Carcar|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
As a Heritage City of Cebu, Carcar is home to various Spanish and American period structures. The Carcar plaza alone hosts several heritage structures, the Church of St. Catherine of Alexandria dominates the area. Within the complex various structures stand, including quaint houses and their distinctive architectural details.
Surrounding the Rotunda and in the public market one will find the famous Carcar chicharon, lechon, ampao, bucarillo, gogorias and puso are just some delectable delicacies worth tasting.
- Msgr. Teofilo Bastida Camomot: Served as the first prior of St. Elias chapter for Priests of the Secular Order of Discalced Carmelites; Auxiliary Bishop of Jaro (Iloilo), 1955; Coadjutor (with right of succession) Archbishop of Cagayan de Oro, 1958; founded the Congregation of Blessed Virgin Missionaries; parish priest of Pardo, Cebu City, and then of Carcar.
- Sheryn Regis (Sheryn Mae Poncardas Regis) - pop singer, composer, hostess and actress.
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities’ demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Inquirer.net. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carcar, Cebu.|
- DTI Cebu - Carcar
- Images of Carcar, the Heritage City of Cebu