|Directorate General of Economic Enforcement|
Enforcement Directorate Logo
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Governing body||Government of India|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, India|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue|
The Directorate General of Economic Enforcement (Hindi: प्रवर्तन निदेशालय) is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India. It is part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance. It comprises officers of the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service. The origin of this Directorate goes back to 1st May, 1956, when an ‘Enforcement Unit’ was formed, in Department of Economic Affairs, for handling Exchange Control Laws violations under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947. In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as ‘Enforcement Directorate’.
The prime objective of the Enforcement Directorate is the enforcement of two key Acts of the Government of India namely, the Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) and the Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA)
The ED's (Enforcement Directorate) official website enlists its other objectives which are primarily linked to checking money laundering in India. In fact this is an investigation agency so giving the whole details on public domain is against the rules of GOI.
Organizational Set Up
The Directorate of Enforcement, with its Headquarters at New Delhi is headed by the Director of Enforcement. There are five Regional offices at Mumbai, Chennai, Chandigarh, Kolkata and Delhi headed by Special Directors of Enforcement.
Zonal Offices of the Directorate are at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Kochi, Delhi, Panaji, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Patna and Srinagar. These are headed by a Joint Director.
The Directorate has Sub-Zonal Offices at Bhubaneshwar, Kozhikode, Indore, Madurai, Nagpur, Allahabad, Raipur, Dehradun, Ranchi, Surat and Shimla which are headed by a Deputy Director.
For the trial of an offence punishable under section 4 of PMLA, the Central Government (in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court), designates one or more Sessions Court as Special Court(s). The court is also called "PMLA Court". Any appeal against any order passed by PMLA court can directly be filed in the High Court for that jurisdiction.
Ali's premises were raided by ED as far back as 2007. However, according several news reports, the probe against him appears to have been proceeded at an extremely slow pace and seems to hit a dead end.
- "Official Website".
- "Organisational History". Enforcement Directorate.
- "ED website - FAQ". directorateofenforcement. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "Hasan Ali probe hits dead end". Times of India. Nov 30, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Bali Pavan (January 31, 2011). "Billions, gone with the hawa(la)!". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "ED officer suspended for slow pace of Hasan Ali probe". India Today. May 6, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "SC pulls up Centre on Hasan Ali case". Times of India. Mar 3, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "ED official in the dock for ‘helping’ Hasan Ali, aides". Indian Express. May 7, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- R Vaidyanathan - Prof of finance and control, IIM Baglore (Dec 1, 2011). "Shame them! Black money held abroad is not just a tax issue". Retrieved March 4, 2012.