Ensco plc

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Ensco plc
Public limited company
Traded as NYSEESV
S&P 400 Component[1]
Industry Petroleum industry
Founded 1975 (Dallas) [2]
Headquarters London, United Kingdom (incorporation)
San Felipe Plaza, Houston, Texas, USA (operational)[3]
Key people
Carl Trowell (CEO)
Services Offshore drilling
Well drilling
Revenue Decrease US$2.776 billion (2016)[2]
Increase US$0.929 billion (2016)[2]
Increase US$0.897 billion (2016)[2]
Total assets Increase US$14.374 billion (2016)[2]
Total equity Increase US$8.250 billion (2016)[2]
Number of employees
4,900 (2016)[2]
Website enscoplc.com
ENSCO DS6 Drillship taking on fuel bunkers in Walvis Bay, Namibia during the transit to Angola and start of a contract with BP.

Ensco plc is an offshore drilling contractor headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

The company was formerly known as Blocker Energy Corporation, named after the founder, John R. Blocker, and Energy Service Company Inc.

Current operations[edit]

Ensco is the world's second-largest offshore drilling and well drilling company, and owns 41 offshore jack-ups, 8 drillships, and 12 semi-submersible drilling rigs.[4]

In 2016, 13% of its revenues came from BP and 12% of its revenues came from Total S.A..[2]

The company provides quarterly updates on the status of each rig in its fleet on its website.[5]


ENSCO's predecessor company, Blocker Energy Corporation, was incorporated in 1975 by longtime oilman John R. Blocker.

After graduating from Texas A&M in 1948, Blocker worked on a Gulf of Mexico oil rig for several years before establishing a South Texas drilling company with his father in 1954. When an oversupply of oil on the market crippled the contract drilling business the company was dissolved, and in 1958 Blocker went to work for Dresser Industries as operations manager for the oil equipment division in Argentina and Venezuela, a natural fit because he had grown up in South America, learning Spanish before English. Over the next several years he learned the political and financial realities of the foreign oil business, lessons that would later serve him well with Blocker Energy. In 1965, he moved to Dresser's Houston office and ultimately rose to the level of a senior vice-president. His attention, however, was soon fixed on the drilling company, due to a domestic exploration boom that resulted from the 1973-74 Arab oil embargo.

In 1975, Blocker bought Choya Energy, a six-rig contract drilling company based in Alice, Texas, and renamed the company Blocker Energy. [6]

Blocker took advantage of his South American experience to position the company in the international market, believing it was less risky than the domestic market, which had 800 to 900 competitors. Blocker Energy expanded rapidly to meet the demand for its services and as a result soon found itself $44 million in debt. Blocker took the company public to pay down some of the debt and fund further expansion.

Financial troubles in the early 1980s[edit]

By 1980, the company had 1,700 employees worldwide, including 211 at its Texas headquarters. In the early 1980s, Blocker, along with many other oil-related companies, thought the price of oil could only go higher. In 1981 and early 1982, the company borrowed heavily to expand its rig fleet to 54 rigs. However, the premise of higher oil prices was a complete mistake. The price of oil plunged in late 1982 and, to avoid bankruptcy, Blocker Energy restructured, giving 64% of the company to its banks in exchange for $240 million in debt forgiveness. By 1983, the company was only operating 6 rigs, although that number increased to 24 in 1984. By 1985, the worldwide employee count of the company was down to 500. [6]

Investment by Richard Rainwater in 1986[edit]

Blocker Energy lost nearly $3 million in 1985 and needed capital. Richard Rainwater's BEC Ventures made an investment in the company in 1986 and chose Carl F. Thorne to run the company, which he did until his retirement 20 years later.[7]


In 1988, the company acquired Golden Gulf Offshore Inc. and its ten boats that supplied offshore oil rigs and another four vessels that moved the rigs' massive anchors for $64 million in cash and stock.[8]

In 1990, the company bought Penrod Holding Corporation out of bankruptcy and adding 19 rigs to its fleet. Penrod was owned by the Hunt family.[9]

In 2011, Ensco acquired Pride International for $7.3 billion.[10] The acquisition provided Ensco access to the Brazil and West African markets, and diversified its asset base from being largely jack-up rigs to include drillship and semi-submersible rigs. As a result of the acquisition, Ensco closed its Dallas office and consolidated into its Houston office.[11]

Move to the United Kingdom[edit]

In 2010, Ensco moved its headquarters to London and become a UK-registered company.[12]

Temporary inclusion in the S&P 500[edit]

In 2013, the company was added to the S&P 500 index[13] but it was removed from the index in 2016.[14]

Bribery allegations[edit]

In 2015, Petrobras alleged bribery in the negotiations of the DS-5 rig contract with Pride International in 2008 before its acquisition by Ensco. In 2016, Petrobras terminated the contract for the rig.[15]

Environmental matters[edit]

In 2009, a Spanish government authority initiated proceedings seeking $3 million in damages for an alleged environmental spill originating from the ENSCO 5006 rig.[2] Ensco expects to be indemnified from any damages by the customer of the rig.[2]


External links[edit]

See also[edit]