Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about European political party. For the European Parliament Group, see Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group. For the transnational political alliance, see Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
President Sir Graham Watson (GB)
Founded March 1976 (as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe")
30 April 2004 (as "European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party")
Headquarters Rue Montoyer 31,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Youth wing European Liberal Youth
Ideology Liberalism (European)[1]
Political position Centre
International affiliation Liberal International
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours Gold and Blue
Political foundation European Liberal Forum
Politics of the European Union
Political parties

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. Until 10 November 2012, the party was known as European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR).[2] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International.[3]

Having developed from a loose confederation of national political parties in the 1970s, the ALDE Party is a recognised European political party incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

As of 2015, ALDE is the third largest European-wide political party represented in European Union institutions, with 70 MEPs and 5 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are seven with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Taavi Rõivas (RE) in Estonia, Miro Cerar (SMC) in Slovenia, Juha Sipilä (KESK) in Finland, Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands and Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Venstre) in Denmark. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: Croatia, Czech Republic and Lithuania.

Since 20 July 2004, the ALDE Party is politically represented in the European Parliament by the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) parliamentary group, formed in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party was attached to the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group.

The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.


The leader of the ALDE Party is Sir Graham Watson MEP.



The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[4]




ALDE Group leaders[edit]

Other party officials[edit]


History of pan-European liberalism[edit]

ELDR Party logo (2009-2012).

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. In March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[5] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[5] The federation gradually evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) with a matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group.

At an extraordinary Congress in Brussels held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union, the ELDR Party incorporated itself under Belgian law and became a European political party.

The ELDR Party allied with the European Democratic Party in 2004 to form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament. The ELDR Party adopted its current name on 10 November 2012 in order to match the pan-European alliance and parliamentary group.

European Council and Council of Ministers[edit]

European Commissioners[edit]

ALDE Member Parties contribute 5 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
AnsipAndrus Ansip Vice-President, European Commissioner for Digital Single Market RE Portrait Andrus Ansip.jpg
MalmströmCecilia Malmström European Commissioner for Trade FP Cecilia Malmström 2.jpg
BulcVioleta Bulc Vice-President, European Commissioner for the Energy Union Modern Centre Party Violeta Bulc 2014-11.jpg
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
JourováVěra Jourová European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality ANO 2011 Věra Jourová.jpg
VestagerMargrethe Vestager European Commissioner for Competition Danish Social Liberal Party Margrethe Vestager, ekonomi- och inrikesminister Danmark. Nordiska radets session i Kopenhamn 2011 (1).jpg

Elected Representatives of Member Parties[edit]

European institutions[edit]

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
5 / 28
 European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
7 / 28
 European Union Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
10 / 28
 European Union European Parliament
70 / 751
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National Parliaments of European Union member states[edit]

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Austria National Council
9 / 183
 Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
34 / 150
MR, Open Vld
Upper house
13 / 60
MR, Open Vld
 Bulgaria National Assembly
38 / 240
 Croatia Sabor
16 / 151
 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
47 / 200
ANO 2011
 Denmark Folketing
64 / 175
 Estonia State Council
57 / 101
 Finland Parliament
58 / 200
Kesk., SFP
 Germany Bundestag
0 / 631
 Ireland Dáil
Lower house
20 / 166
Upper house
14 / 60
 Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
0 / 630
IdV, Radicali
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
0 / 315
IdV, Radicali
 Lithuania Seimas
39 / 141
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
13 / 60
 Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
53 / 150
VVD, D66
Upper house
21 / 75
VVD, D66
 Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
22 / 412
PLR[citation needed]
Upper house
6 / 176
PLR[citation needed]
 Slovenia National Assembly
40 / 90
 Spain Congress of Deputies
Lower house
15 / 350
Upper house
10 / 266
 Sweden Riksdag
41 / 349
 United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
8 / 650
Lib Dems
House of Lords
Upper house
105 / 793
Lib Dems
Gibraltar Parliament
3 / 17
Liberal Party of Gibraltar

National Parliaments outside the European Union[edit]

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Andorra General Council
8 / 28
 Azerbaijan National Assembly
0 / 125
 Georgia Parliament
17 / 150
Republican, FD[6][7]
 Iceland Althing
6 / 63
 Moldova Parliament
13 / 101
 Montenegro Assembly
1 / 81
 Norway Storting
9 / 169
  Switzerland National Council
Lower house
31 / 200
FDP.The Liberals
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP.The Liberals

Member parties[edit]

Proportion of ALDE Party MEPs per country as of 2004
Country or Region Party MEPs
 Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
 Belgium (Dutch) Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
 Belgium (French) Reformist Movement
3 / 8
 Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms
4 / 17
 Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress
0 / 17
 Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
1 / 11
 Croatia Croatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
 Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
 Cyprus United Democrats
0 / 6
 Czech Republic ANO 2011
4 / 21
 Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party
1 / 13
 Denmark Venstre – Liberal Party of Denmark
2 / 13
 Estonia Estonian Centre Party
1 / 6
 Estonia Estonian Reform Party
2 / 6
 Finland Centre Party
3 / 13
 Finland Swedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
 Åland Islands
Åland Centre
0 / 13
 Germany Free Democratic Party
3 / 96
 Greece Drassi
0 / 21
 Ireland Fianna Fáil
1 / 11
 Italy Italian Radicals
0 / 73
 Italy Italy of Values
0 / 73
 Latvia Latvian Development
0 / 8
 Lithuania Labour Party
1 / 11
 Lithuania Lithuanian Liberty Union
0 / 11
 Lithuania Liberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
2 / 11
 Luxembourg Democratic Party
1 / 6
 Netherlands Democrats 66
4 / 26
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
3 / 26
 Poland Democratic Party –
0 / 51
 Portugal Earth Party
2 / 21
 Slovenia Modern Centre Party
0 / 8
 Slovenia Alliance of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
 Slovenia Civic List
0 / 8
 Slovenia Liberal Democracy of Slovenia
0 / 8
 Slovenia Zares – Social Liberals
0 / 8
 Spain Citizens
2 / 54
 Spain Democratic Convergence of Catalonia
1 / 54
 Sweden Centre Party
1 / 20
 Sweden Liberal People's Party
2 / 20
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats
1 / 73

Outside the EU[edit]







Kosovo Kosovo








See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  2. ^ "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Members of the Bureau | ALDE Party". Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  5. ^ a b Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0. 
  6. ^ "Members of Faction". Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  7. ^ "Members of Faction". Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  8. ^

External links[edit]