Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party|
|President||Sir Graham Watson (GB)|
|Founded||March 1976 (as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe")
30 April 2004 (as "European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party")
|Headquarters||Rue Montoyer 31,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
|Youth wing||European Liberal Youth|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Colours||Gold and Blue|
|Political foundation||European Liberal Forum|
|Politics of the European Union
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. Until 10 November 2012, the party was known as European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR). The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International.
Having developed from a loose confederation of national political parties in the 1970s, the ALDE Party is a recognised European political party incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.
As of 2015[update], ALDE is the third largest European-wide political party represented in European Union institutions, with 70 MEPs and 5 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are seven with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Taavi Rõivas (RE) in Estonia, Miro Cerar (SMC) in Slovenia, Juha Sipilä (KESK) in Finland, Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands and Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Venstre) in Denmark. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: Croatia, Czech Republic and Lithuania.
Since 20 July 2004, the ALDE Party is politically represented in the European Parliament by the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) parliamentary group, formed in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party was attached to the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group.
The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.
- 1 Leadership
- 2 Structure
- 3 Leaders
- 4 History of pan-European liberalism
- 5 European Commissioners
- 6 Elected Representatives of Member Parties
- 7 Member parties
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
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The leader of the ALDE Party is Sir Graham Watson MEP.
The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:
- Marc Guerrero i Tarragó (CDC, Spain)
- Lousewies van der Laan (Democrats 66, Netherlands)
- Alexander Graf Lambsdorff MEP (FDP, Germany)
- Karin Riis-Jørgensen MEP (Venstre, Denmark)
- Dick Roche (Fianna Fáil, Ireland)
- Olle Schmidt (Liberal People's Party, Sweden)
ALDE Group leaders
- Guy Verhofstadt MEP (OpenVLD, Belgium): ALDE Group Leader, European Parliament
- Anne Brasseur (DP, Luxembourg): President of The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (ALDE-PACE)
- Flo Clucas (Liberal Democrats, United Kingdom): ALDE Group Leader, EU Committee of the Regions
Other party officials
- Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen (Venstre, Denmark): ALDE Party Secretary-General
- Alexander Beels (VVD, Netherlands): ALDE Group Secretary-General
- Vedrana Gujić (mHNS, Croatia): President, European Liberal Youth (LYMEC)
- Juli Minoves (PLA, Andorra): President, Liberal International
- 1978–1981: Gaston Thorn
- 1981–1985: Willy De Clercq
- 1985–1990: Colette Flesch
- 1990–1995: Willy De Clercq
- 1995–2000: Uffe Ellemann-Jensen
- 2000–2005: Werner Hoyer
- 2005–2011: Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck
- 2011–: Graham Watson
History of pan-European liberalism
Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. In March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg. Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party. The federation gradually evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) with a matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group.
At an extraordinary Congress in Brussels held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union, the ELDR Party incorporated itself under Belgian law and became a European political party.
The ELDR Party allied with the European Democratic Party in 2004 to form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament. The ELDR Party adopted its current name on 10 November 2012 in order to match the pan-European alliance and parliamentary group.
European Council and Council of Ministers
|Member State||Representative||Title||Political party||Member of the Council since||Photo|
|Estonia||Rõivas, TaaviTaavi Rõivas||Head Minister||Estonian Reform Party||26 May 2014|
|Netherlands||Rutte, MarkMark Rutte||Minister-President||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||14 October 2010|
|Luxembourg||Bettel, XavierXavier Bettel||Prime Minister||Democratic Party||4 December 2013|
|Belgium||Michel, CharlesCharles Michel||Prime Minister||Mouvement Réformateur||11 October 2014|
|Slovenia||Cerar, MiroMiro Cerar||Prime Minister||Modern Centre Party||18 September 2014|
|Finland||Sipilä, JuhaJuha Sipilä||Prime Minister||Centre Party||29 May 2015|
ALDE Member Parties contribute 5 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:
Elected Representatives of Member Parties
|Organisation||Institution||Number of seats|
|European Union||European Commission||
5 / 28
|European Union||European Council
(Heads of Government)
7 / 28
|European Union||Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
10 / 28
|European Union||European Parliament||
70 / 751
|Council of Europe||Parliamentary Assembly||
28 / 318
National Parliaments of European Union member states
National Parliaments outside the European Union
|Country||Institution||Number of seats||Member parties|
8 / 28
0 / 125
17 / 150
6 / 63
13 / 101
1 / 81
9 / 169
31 / 200
|Council of States
12 / 46
Outside the EU
- Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party, successor of the People's Democratic Union
- Russian United Democratic Party "Yabloko"
- Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Eldr.eu. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- "Members of the Bureau | ALDE Party". Aldeparty.eu. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.
- "Members of Faction". Parliament.ge. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- "Members of Faction". Parliament.ge. Retrieved 2013-09-23.