Lancôme

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Lancôme
Subsidiary
Industry Fashion
Founded 1935; 83 years ago (1935)
Founder Armand Petitjean
Headquarters Paris, France
Products Perfumes and cosmetics
Parent L'Oréal (1964–present)
Website www.lancome.com

Lancôme is a French luxury perfumes and cosmetics house that distributes products internationally.[1] Lancôme is part of the L'Oréal Luxury Products division, which is its parent company and offers skin care, fragrances, and makeup at higher-end prices.

History[edit]

Lancôme Boutique on NYC's Upper West Side

Founded in 1935 by Guillaume d'Ornano and his business partner Armand Petitjean in France, as originally a fragrance house. The name "Lancôme" was inspired by the forest of Lancosme that lies in the Indre valley in the heart of France in the region of La Brenne - the name was chosen by Guillaume's wife Elisabeth d'Ornano. The roses in the area inspired the company's symbol of the single golden rose.[2]

Lancôme launched its first five fragrances in 1935 at the World's Fair in Brussels: Tendre Nuit, Bocages, Conquete, Kypre and Tropiques. Petitjean entered into the luxury skincare market, launching Nutrix, his first "all-purpose repair cream" in 1936, followed by make-up, cosmetics, and skincare products. Lancôme was acquired by L'oreal in 1964, and quickly became part of its luxury products division.

Products[edit]

Lancôme counter at DFS Galleria Customhouse in Auckland, New Zealand

The company provides fragrances, skin care, and makeup. Their most famous products include their mascaras, namely "Hypnôse", their Visionnaire Range which contains a patented ingredient, "LR 2412", aimed to improve skin texture qualities, especially in pore reduction, fine lines and uneven skin tone.[citation needed] Lancome has recently released a new serum called "Dreamtone", which claims to improve on colour irregularities including sun spots and blemish marks.[citation needed] The serum is available in three colour integrals, fair, medium and dark to match individual skin tones.

Lancôme fragrances are made in association with perfumers: Alain Astori, Annick Menardo, Daniela Roche-Andrier, Christian Biecher, Jacques Cavallier, Calice Becker, Pauline Zanoni, Maurice Roucel, Thierry Wasser, Christine Nage, Armand Petitjean, Gerard Goupy, Olivier Cresp, Harry Fremont, Alberto Morillas, Dominique Ropion, Olivier Polge, Francis Kurkdjian, Robert Gonnon, Nathalie Lorson, Sophia Grojsman, and Alienor Massenet.

Advertising[edit]

Despite founder Armand Petijean's assertion that Lancôme never advertise, today Lancôme is one of the top advertisers in the luxury beauty arena. Its ads can be seen in numerous publications worldwide, from Harper's Bazaar to French Vogue. Lancôme's ads have been shot by the leading photographers, including Peter Lindbergh, Mario Testino, Mario Sorrenti, Nick Knight, Steven Meisel, Brigitte Lacombe, Patrick Demarchelier & Dusan Reljin.

In 2012 Lancôme premiered a TV advertisement featuring 1930s cartoon icon Betty Boop.[3] Supermodel Daria Werbowy and Betty talk candidly as Betty gives Daria advice about how to find a role in her "first big film". This advertisement has been uploaded to YouTube by Sephora and has achieved more than 100000 views in 2018.[4]

Spokesmodels and spokespersons[edit]

The brand is represented by actresses, global supermodels, makeup artists and perfumers. Emerging fashion designers have collaborated with the brand, including design duo Proenza Schouler, who created a dress inspired by Lancôme's Hypnôse fragrance, and Alber Elbaz who designed the packaging for a trio of mascaras.[citation needed]

In 1978, at the age of eighteen, Carol Alt became the youngest model to be the face of Lancôme. Nancy Dutiel also modeled for Lancôme during this period. More recently, models Shalom Harlow, Marie Gillain and Raica Oliveira[5] have also been spokesmodels for Lancôme.

One of Lancôme's longest-running partnerships was with actress Isabella Rossellini. Signed in 1982, Rossellini was the international face of Lancôme for 14 years.

Ukrainian-Canadian model Daria Werbowy joined the brand in 2005, and has been featured in Lancôme ads. Spanish actress and model Inés Sastre has represented Lancôme as a global spokesmodel since 1996, appearing in dozens of Lancôme advertisements over the years.

In September 2008, Dominican model Arlenis Sosa became the spokesmodel for the brand.

in 2009, Isabella Rossellini's daughter Elettra Rossellini Wiedemann became the new face of Lancôme.

In 2010, ipsy founder Michelle Phan signed a deal with Lancôme and became their first Vietnamese spokesperson.

Other renowned actresses have also worked with the brand, including Juliette Binoche, Uma Thurman, Drew Barrymore, Mena Suvari, Laura Morante, Kate Winslet,[6] Anne Hathaway,[7] Julia Roberts, Penélope Cruz, Emma Watson, and currently Lily Collins and Lupita Nyong'o.[8][9] Clive Owen was the first male spokesperson for Lancôme's Men's skincare range and the fragrance Hypnôse Homme.

Digital Marketing in Lancôme[edit]

Digital marketing is used to build relationships with customers and interact with them on time. Lancôme targets women in their 40s and younger women have become its' new target market.[10]

Social Media Marketing[edit]

In 2014, Lancôme launched a marketing campaign which combines a loyalty program called 'Lancôme Elite Rewards' via social media platforms. This program gives points as the reward to members for sharing on social media. Members can earn points by sharing products or connecting with the brand on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram and they will get discount while getting enough points. [11] Through the combination of giving rewards and social media platforms in this campaign, it would attract more engagement and word of mouth publicity that resulted in the increased effectiveness of digital marketing in Lancôme. [12]

In 2017, Lancôme has partnership with Airbnb and Publicis Worldwide’s luxury agency 133SH to release a new social media campaign for promoting the new Lancôme’s UV expert aqua gel. [13] This social media campaign aimed to reach more young female consumers. They cooperated with three top bloggers, Lancôme sent them to Airbnb homes in three different locations with extreme sun conditions and invited 133SH to film videos for bloggers. The video showcased the effectiveness of the products by the experience of one blogger who explored the effects of the extreme conditions to her skin when applying the products. To spread the message in a further way and interact with the targeted market of 18-25 young Chinese consumers,[14] the campaign was released across different social media and e-commerce platforms like WeChat.

Makeup artists[edit]

Lancôme has collaborated with several makeup artists. Fred Farrugia created 13 colour collections during his tenure as artistic makeup director (1997–2004). His "Pollen" collection in 2000 introduced the industry's first lip gloss in a tube: Juicy Tubes.

Lancôme has several top makeup artists representing it, Aaron De Mey and Sandy Linter. Sandy is Lancôme's "Beauty At Every Age Expert", and Aaron is Lancôme's National Artistic Director for Makeup. Aaron De Mey is no longer the Artistic Director for Lancome. Lancôme UK has recently signed Alex Babsky to be the brand's UK Make Up Ambassador.[15]

Lancôme Makeup announced in January 2015 that UK makeup artist Lisa Eldridge has been appointed as its Global Creative Director.[16]

Controversy[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Protesters gathered Times Square mall on 8/6 afternoon
Lancome counters in Lane Crawford have been post many against message after the protest

On 5 June 2016, Lancôme canceled a promotional concert by Hong Kong pro-democracy singer Denise Ho that was scheduled to be held on 19 June in Sheung Wan.[17] The cancellation was due to a boycott campaign launched by the Communist Party-controlled Global Times, which denigrated the Cantopop star for supposedly advocating Hong Kong and Tibet independence.[17] Lancôme posted on Facebook that Ho is not a spokesperson for the brand.[18] The cancellation drew a heavy backlash in Hong Kong, resulting in some Lancôme shops in Hong Kong shutting down during the protests.[19] Some Hong Kong merchants refused to accept the political pressure from the Chinese government.[20] Listerine, another brand that Ho represents, retained the singer despite criticism from the Global Times for hiring Ho as its spokesperson.[17]

Ho ended up playing the concert without Lancôme's support.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chesters, Anna (19 March 2012). "A brief history of Lancôme". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Exclusive: 80 years of Lancôme in a 2-minute film". 
  3. ^ Three of the best beauty campaigns of 2012 Archived 1 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Lancome's Betty Boop Hypnose Star Mascara". YouTube. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-23. 
  6. ^ "Kate Winslet is the new face of Lancome Tresor". 
  7. ^ "Anne Hathaway confirmed as new ambassador for Lancome". 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  9. ^ Niven, Lisa. "Lily For Lancôme". British Vogue. Retrieved 2018-08-16. 
  10. ^ "Targeting younger consumers, Lancôme's new objective". Ohmyluxury. Retrieved 14 March 2018. 
  11. ^ "Lancôme Gives Points for Social Media in New Loyalty Program". Clickz. Retrieved 14 March 2018. 
  12. ^ Shyu, Maw-Liann; Chiang, Wan-Ju; Chien, Wen-Yuan; Wang, Sheng-Liang (1 July 2015). "Key Success Factors In Digital Marketing In Service Industry and the Development Strategies: A Case Study On Fleur DE Chine At Sun Moon Lake"". The international Journal of organizational innovation. 
  13. ^ "Lancôme partners with Airbnb to roll out social campaign". Marketing-interactive. Retrieved 14 March 2018. 
  14. ^ "兰蔻携手时尚博主联系中国消费者". Marketing-interactive. Retrieved 14 March 2018. 
  15. ^ info@x-rm.com, X-RM Limited,. "DIARY news - DIARY directory". 
  16. ^ Wagoner, Mackenzie. "Makeup Artist Lisa Eldridge Signs With Lancôme". Vogue. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c Yeung, Raymond (5 June 2016). "Lancome scraps Hong Kong concert with Denise Ho: online backlash over move to distance itself from pro-democracy star". South China Morning Post. 
  18. ^ "Lancome cancels concert after Chinese online backlash". BBC News. 6 June 2016. 
  19. ^ "Denise Ho controversy: protesters march despite Lancome closing Hong Kong stores". South China Morning Post. 8 June 2016. 
  20. ^ "Hong Kong merchant cancel corporation with Lancôme Chinese". 
  21. ^ Lin, Gene (20 June 2016). "In Pictures: 3,000 fans and supporters attend Denise Ho concert after controversial Lancôme cancellation". Hong Kong Free Press. 

External links[edit]