List of chapters in the Quran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of surahs in the Quran)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Quran is divided into Surahs (chapters) and further divided into Ayahs (verses). The real translation of the word Ayat is actually "Sign [of God]". For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah.

The first Sura of the Quran, consisting of seven verses

Each surah, except for the ninth is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm ("In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.").[1] 29 surahs are preceded by Muqatta'at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear. The first surah in the Quran is Surah al-Fatihah[2][3]

Table of Surahs[edit]

Surah
# Anglicized title(s) Arabic title(s) English title(s) Number of verses (Number of Rukūʿs) Place of Revelation Egyptian Standard Chronological Order[4][5][6] Nöldeke's Chronological Order[4] Muqatta'at (isolated letters)[3] Title refers to Main theme
1 Al-Fatihah ٱلْفَاتِحَة
al-Fātiḥah
The Opening, The Opening of the Divine Writ, The Essence of the Divine Writ, The Surah of Praise, The Foundation of the Qur'an, and

The Seven Oft-Repeated [Verses][7]

7 (1) Makkah 5 48 Whole Surah [8]
  • The fundamental principles of the Qur'an in a condensed form.[8]
2 Al-Baqarah ٱلْبَقَرَة
al-Baq̈arah
The Calf, The Cow 286 (40) Madinah 87 91 Alif Lam Mim v. 67-73 [8]
3 Al Imran آلِ عِمْرَان
ʾĀl ʿImrān
The Family of Imran, The House of ʿImrān 200 (20) Madinah 89 97 Alif Lam Mim v. 33, 35 [8]
4 An-Nisa' ٱلنِّسَاء
an-Nisāʾ
The Women 176 (24) Madinah 92 100 Whole Surah [8]
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another. (v. 1) [8]
  • Rights of women.[8]
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance).[8]
  • Peace and war.[8]
  • Relations of believers with unbelievers.[8]
  • Striving in the Cause of Allah (Jihad). (v. 95-97) [10]
5 Al-Ma'idah ٱلْمَائِدَة
al-Māʾidah
The Food, The Repast, The Table 120 (16) Madinah 112 114 v. 112-114 [8]
  • A series of ordinances (incl. Religious rites and social obligations).[8]
  • Corruption of the original message of the Ingeel by Jews and Christians. (v. 68-77, 116-118) [8]
6 Al-An'am ٱلْأَنْعَام
al-ʾAnʿām
The Cattle 165 (20) Makkah 55 89 v. 136ff.[8]
  • Human nature of Muhammad. (v. 50) [8]
  • Oneness and uniqueness of Allah. (e.g. v. 100, 103) [8]
  • Pre-Islamic superstitions concerning animals. (v. 136ff) [8]
7 Al-A'raf ٱلْأَعْرَاف
al-ʾAʿrāf
The Heights, The Faculty of Discernment 206 (24) Makkah 39 87 Alif Lam Mim Sad v. 46, 48 [8]
8 Al-'Anfal ٱلْأَنْفَال
al-ʾAnfāl
The Spoils of War 75 (10) Madinah 88 95 v. 1 [8]
9 At-Tawbah ٱلتَّوْبَة
at-Tawbah
The Repentance 129 (16) Madinah 113 113
10 Yunus يُونُس
al-Yūnus
Jonah 109 (11) Makkah 51 84 Alif Lam Ra v. 98 [8]
  • The revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad (not Muhammad’s own work). (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94) [8]
  • References to earlier prophets.[8]
  • Fundamental tenets of Islam.[8]
11 Hud هُود
Hūd
Hud 123 (10) Makkah 52 75 Alif Lam Ra v. 50-60
  • The revelation of God’s will through his prophets.[8]
  • More stories of earlier prophets.[8]
  • Just dealings between men.[8]
12 Yusuf يُوسُف
Yūsuf
Joseph 111 (12) Makkah 53 77 Alif Lam Ra Whole Surah
  • The story of the prophet Joseph (as an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs).[8]
13 Ar-Ra'd ٱلرَّعْد
ar-Raʿd
The Thunder 43 (6) Madinah 96 90 Alif Lam Mim Ra v. 13 [8]
  • God’s revelation, through his prophets, of certain fundamental moral truths, and the concequences of accepting or rejecting them.[8]
14 Ibrahim إِبْرَاهِيم
ʾIbrāhīm
Abraham 52 (7) Makkah 72 76 Alif Lam Ra v. 35-41 [8]
  • The revelation of God’s word to all mankind, destined to lead man from darkness to light.[8]
15 Al-Hijr ٱلْحِجْر
al-Ḥijr
The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City, Al-Hijr 99 (6) Makkah 54 57 Alif Lam Ra v. 80 [8]
  • God’s guidance to man through revelation of the Qur'an, which will remain uncorrupted for all times. (v. 9) [8]
16 An-Nahl ٱلنَّحْل
an-Naḥl
The Honey Bees, The Bee 128 (16) Makkah 70 73 v. 68-69 [8]
  • God’s creativeness:[8]
    • Manifested in the instincts of the bee.[8]
    • Culmination: Guidance through his revealed word.[8]
17 Al-Isra' ٱلْإِسْرَاء
al-ʾIsrāʾ
The Night Journey 111 (12) Makkah 50 67 v. 1 [8]
18 Al-Kahf ٱلْكَهْف
al-Kahf
The Cave 110 (12) Makkah 69 69 v. 13-20 [8]
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:[8]
    • The men of the cave. (v. 13-20) [8]
    • The rich man and the poor man. (v. 32-44) [8]
    • Moses and the unnamed sage. (v. 60-82) [8]
    • The allegory of ‘Dhu’l-Qarnayn, the Two-Horned One’. (v. 83-98) [8]
19 Maryam مَرْيَم
Maryam
Mary 98 (6) Makkah 44 58 Kaf Ha Ya 'Ayn Sad v. 16-37 [8]
  • The story of Zachariah and his son John, the precursor of Jesus. (v. 2-15) [8]
  • The story of Mary and Jesus. (v. 16-37) [8]
20 Ta-Ha طه
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ (a name of Muhammad) 135 (8) Makkah 45 55 Ta Ha [notes 1] v. 1 [8]
  • The guidance offered by God through his prophets.[8]
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical.[8]
    • The story of Moses. (v. 9-98) [8]
21 Al-Anbiya' ٱلْأَنْبِيَاء
al-ʾAnbiyāʾ
The Prophets 112 (7) Makkah 73 65 v. 48-91 [8]
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God.[8]
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation.[8]
    • Stories of the prophets of old. (v. 48-91) [8]
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community. (v. 92) [8]
22 Al-Hajj ٱلْحَجّ
al-Ḥajj
The Pilgrimage, The Hajj 78 (10) Madinah 103 107 v. 25-38 [8]
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it. (v. 25-38) [8]
23 Al-Mu'minun ٱلْمُؤْمِنُون
al-Muʾminūn
The Believers 118 (6) Makkah 74 64 v. 1 [8]
  • True faith.[8]
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him.[8]
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power. (v. 52-53) [8]
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death.[8]
24 An-Nur ٱلنُّور
an-Nūr
The Light 64 (9) Madinah 102 105 v. 35 [8]
  • Mutual relations and ethical rules between men and women.[8]
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ ("Verse of Light"). (v. 35) [8]
25 Al-Furqan ٱلْفُرْقَان
al-Furq̈ān
The Criterion, The Standard, The Standard of True and False 77 (6) Makkah 42 66 v. 1 [8]
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false.[8]
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man. (v. 20) [8]
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity.[8]
26 Ash-Shu'ara' ٱلشُّعَرَاء
aš-Šuʿarāʾ
The Poets 227 (11) Makkah 47 56 Ta Sin Mim v. 224 [8]
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message and worship power and wealth etc.[8]
27 An-Naml ٱلنَّمْل
an-Naml
The Ant, The Ants 93 (7) Makkah 48 68 Ta Sin v. 18 [8]
28 Al-Qasas ٱلْقَصَص
al-Q̈aṣaṣ
The Narrations, The Stories, The Story 88 (9) Makkah 49 79 Ta Sin Mim v. 25 [8]
  • Human aspects of the life of Moses.[8]
29 Al-'Ankabut ٱلْعَنْكَبُوت
al-ʿAnkabūt
The Spider 69 (7) Makkah 85 81 Alif Lam Mim v. 41 [8]
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth. (v. 41) [8]
30 Ar-Rum ٱلرُّوم
ar-Rūm
Rome, Byzantium 60 (6) Makkah 84 74 Alif Lam Mim v. 1 [8]
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.). (v. 1-7) [8]
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this.[8]
31 Luqman لُقْمَان
Luq̈mān
Luqman 34 (4) Makkah 57 82 Alif Lam Mim v. 12-19 [8]
  • The story of Luqman, a legendary sage, counselling his son. (v. 12-19) [8]
32 As-Sajdah ٱلسَّجْدَة
as-Sajdah
The Prostration, Worship, Adoration 30 (3) Makkah 75 70 Alif Lam Mim v. 15 [8]
  • God's creation.[12]
  • God's revelation and man's acceptance or denial.[12]
  • The Day of Judgement.[12]
33 Al-Ahzab ٱلْأَحْزَاب
al-ʾAḥzāb
The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces 73 (9) Madinah 90 103 v. 9-27 [8]
34 Saba' سَبَأ
Sabaʾ
Sheba 54 (6) Makkah 58 85 v. 15-20 [8]
  • The insignificance of the knowledge accessible to man. (v. 9) [8]
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory. (v. 15-20) [8]
  • Always be conscious of God. (v. 46) [8]
35 Fatir فَاطِر
Fāṭir
The Originator 45 (5) Makkah 43 86 v. 1 [8]
  • God’s power to create and resurrect.[8]
  • God’s revelation of his will through his prophets.[8]
36 Ya-Sin يس
Yāʾ Sīn
Yāʾ Sīn (a name of Muhammad) 83 (5) Makkah 41 60 Yaseen [notes 2] v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.[8]
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.[8]
37 As-Saffat ٱلصَّافَّات
aṣ-Ṣāffāt
Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks, Those Ranged in Ranks 182 (5) Makkah 56 50 v. 1 [8]
  • Resurrection and the certainty that all human beings will have to answer before God.[8]
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.[8]
    • Stories of earlier prophets. (v. 75-148) [8]
38 Saad ص
Ṣād
Ṣād 88 (5) Makkah 38 59 Sad v. 1 [8]
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.[8]
39 Az-Zumar ٱلزُّمَر
az-Zumar
The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs 75 (8) Makkah 59 80 v. 71, 73 [8]
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.[8]
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.[8]
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.[8]
40 Ghafir (Al-Momin) غَافِر
Ghāfir
The Forgiver (God), Forgiving 85 (9) Makkah 60 78 Ha Mim v. 3 [8]
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.[8]
    • Stories of earlier prophets.[8]
41 Fussilat (Ha-Meem) فُصِّلَت
Fuṣṣilat
Expounded, Explained In Detail, Clearly Spelled Out 54 (6) Makkah 61 71 Ha Mim v. 3[8]
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.[8]
42 Ash-Shura ٱلشُّورىٰ
aš-Šūrā
The Consultation 53 (5) Makkah 62 83 Ha Mim 'Ayn Sin Qaf v. 36 [8]
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16) [8]
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15) [8]
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.[8]
43 Az-Zukhruf ٱلْزُّخْرُف
az-Zukhruf
The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury, Gold 89 (7) Makkah 63 61 Ha Mim v. 35 [8]
  • To equal anyone or anything with God is sprititually destructive and logically unacceptable.[8]
  • People’s blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23) [8]
44 Ad-Dukhan ٱلدُّخَان
ad-Dukhān
The Smoke 59 (3) Makkah 64 53 Ha Mim v. 10 [8]
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.[12]
45 Al-Jathiyah ٱلْجَاثِيَة
al-Jāthiyah
The Kneeling Down, Crouching 37 (4) Makkah 65 72 Ha Mim v. 28 [8]
  • The humility with which all human beings will face their final judgment on resurrection. (v. 28) [8]
46 Al-Ahqaf ٱلْأَحْقَاف
al-ʾAḥq̈āf
Winding Sand-tracts, The Dunes, The Sand-Dunes 35 (4) Makkah 66 88 Ha Mim v. 21 [8]
  • Warning the disbelievers of their miserable fate, and reassuring the believers of their salvation.
47 Muhammad مُحَمَّد
Muḥammad
Muhammad 38 Madinah 95 96 v. 2 [8]
  • Fighting (qital) in God’s cause.
  • Instructions for Muslims to be virtuous to their parents.
  • The Story of Hud and the punishment of that befell his people.
  • Advising Muhammad to be more patient in delivering Islam
48 Al-Fath ٱلْفَتْح
al-Fatḥ
The Victory, Conquest 29 Madinah 111 108 v. 1 [8]
49 Al-Hujurat ٱلْحُجُرَات
al-Ḥujurāt
The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments 18 Madinah 106 112 v. 4 [8]
  • Social ethics.[8]
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.[8]
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13) [8]
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.) [8]
50 Qaf ق
Q̈āf
Q̈āf 45 Makkah 34 54 Qaf v. 1 [8]
51 Adh-Dhariyat ٱلذَّارِيَات
aḏ-Ḏāriyāt
The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds, The Dust-Scattering Winds 60 Makkah 67 39 v. 1 [8]
52 At-Tur ٱلطُّور
aṭ-Ṭūr
The Mount, Mount Sinai 49 Makkah 76 40 v. 1 [8]
53 An-Najm ٱلنَّجْم
an-Najm
The Star, The Unfolding 62 Makkah 23 28 v. 1 [8]
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha, the Lote-Tree of the Extremity). (v. 13-18) [8]
54 Al-Qamar ٱلْقَمَر
al-Q̈amar
The Moon 55 Makkah 37 49 v. 1 [8]
55 Ar-Rahman ٱلرَّحْمَٰن
ar-Raḥmān
The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious 78 Madinah 97 43 v. 1 [8]
56 Al-Waqi'ah ٱلْوَاقِعَة
al-Wāqiʿah
The Inevitable, The Event, That Which Must Come to Pass 96 Makkah 46 41 v. 1 [8]
57 Al-Hadeed ٱلْحَدِيد
al-Ḥadīd
The Iron 29 Madinah 94 99 v. 25 [8]
58 Al-Mujadilah ٱلْمُجَادِلَة
al-Mujādilah
The Pleading, The Pleading Woman 22 Madinah 105 106 v. 1 [8]
  • Divorce.[8]
  • Faith and denial.[8]
  • Hypocrisy.[8]
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.[8]
59 Al-Hashr ٱلْحَشْر
al-Ḥašr
The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment 24 Madinah 101 102 v. 2 [8]
  • The conflict between the Muslim coummunity and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.[8]
60 Al-Mumtahanah ٱلْمُمْتَحَنَة
al-Mumtaḥanah
The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined 13 Madinah 91 110 v. 10 [8]
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.[8]
61 As-Saff ٱلصَّفّ
aṣ-Ṣaff
The Ranks, Battle Array 14 Medinan 109 98 v. 4 [8]
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.[8]
62 Al-Jumu'ah ٱلْجُمُعَة
al-Jumuʿah
Congregation, Friday 11 Madinah 110 94 v. 9-10 [8]
63 Al-Munafiqun ٱلْمُنَافِقُون
al-Munāfiq̈ūn
The Hypocrites 11 Madinah 104 104 Whole Surah [8]
64 At-Taghabun ٱلتَّغَابُن
at-Taghābun
The Cheating, The Mutual Disillusion, The Mutual Loss and Gain, Loss and Gain 18 (2) Madinah 108 93 v. 9 [8]
65 At-Talaq ٱلطَّلَاق
aṭ-Ṭalāq̈
Divorce 12 (2) Madinah 99 101 Whole Surah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).[8]
66 At-Tahreem ٱلتَّحْرِيم
at-Taḥrīm
The Prohibition 12 (2) Madinah 107 109 v. 1 [8]
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.[8]
67 Al-Mulk ٱلْمُلْك
al-Mulk
The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control 30 (2) Makkah 77 63 v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.[8]
  • The manifestation of Gods' absolute perfection in creation through the fine tuning of the universe.
68 Al-Qalam ٱلْقَلَم
al-Q̈alam
The Pen 52 (2) Makkah 2 18 Nun v. 1 [8]
69 Al-Haqqah ٱلْحَاقَّة
al-Ḥāq̈q̈ah
The Sure Reality, The Laying-Bare of the Truth 52 (2) Makkah 78 38 v. 1
70 Al-Ma'aarij ٱلْمَعَارِج
al-Maʿārij
The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways 44 (2) Makkah 79 42 v. 3 [8]
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.[8]
71 Nuh نُوح
Nūḥ
Noah 28 (2) Makkah 71 51 Whole Surah
  • The story of Noah.[8]
    • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.[8]
72 Al-Jinn ٱلْجِنّ
al-Jinn
The Jinn, The Spirits, The Unseen Beings 28 (2) Makkah 40 62 v. 1 [8]
73 Al-Muzzammil ٱلْمُزَّمِّل
al-Muzzammil
The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up, The Enwrapped One 20 (2) Makkah 3 23 v. 1 [8]
  • Loosening the strict regulation on night prayer.[8]
74 Al-Muddaththir ٱلْمُدَّثِّر
al-Muddathir
The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak, The Enfolded One 56 (2) Makkah 4 2 v. 1 [8]
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur'anic concepts.
  • Gods' promise of eternal damnation for the disbelievers.
75 Al-Qiyamah ٱلْقِيَامَة
al-Q̈iyamah
Resurrection, The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead 40 (2) Makkah 31 36 v. 1 [8]
  • The concept of resurrection.[8]
76 Al-Insan ٱلْإِنْسَان
al-ʾInsān
The Human, Man 31 (2) Madinah 98 52 v. 1 [8]
77 Al-Mursalat المرسلات ٱلْمُرْسَلَات
al-Mursalāt
Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth 50 (2) Makkah 33 32 v. 1 [8]
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur'an.[8]
78 An-Naba' ٱلنَّبَأ
an-Nabaʾ
The Great News, The Announcement, The Tiding 40 (2) Makkah 80 33 v. 2 [8]
  • Life after death.[8]
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.[8]
79 An-Nazi'at ٱلنَّازِعَات
an-Nāziʿāt
Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers, Those That Rise 46 (2) Makkah 81 31 v. 1 [8]
80 Abasa عَبَسَ
ʿAbasa
He Frowned 42 (1) Makkah 24 17 v. 1 [8]
81 At-Takweer ٱلتَّكْوِير
at-Takwīr
The Folding Up, The Overthrowing, Shrouding in Darkness 29 (1) Makkah 7 27 v. 1 [8]
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.[8]
82 Al-Infitar ٱلْإِنْفِطَار
al-ʾInfiṭār
The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart 19 (1) Makkah 82 26 v. 1 [8]
83 Al-Mutaffifeen ٱلْمُطَفِّفِين
al-Muṭaffifīn
The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Those Who Give Short Measure 36 (1) Makkah 86 37 v. 1 [8]
84 Al-Inshiqaq ٱلْإِنْشِقَاق
al-ʾInšiq̈āq̈
The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open, The Splitting Asunder 25 (1) Makkah 83 29 v. 1 [8]
85 Al-Buruj ٱلْبُرُوج
al-Burūj
The Mansions Of The Stars, The Constellations, The Great Constellations 22 (1) Makkah 27 22 v. 1 [8]
86 At-Tariq ٱلطَّارِق
aṭ-Ṭāriq̈
The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer, That Which Comes in the Night 17 (1) Makkah 36 15 v. 1 [8]
87 Al-A'la ٱلْأَعْلَىٰ
al-ʾAʿlā
The Most High, The All-Highest, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest 19 (1) Makkah 8 19 v. 1 [8]
88 Al-Ghashiyah ٱلْغَاشِيَة
al-Ghāšiyah
The Overwhelming Event, The Overshadowing Event, The Pall 26 (1) Makkah 68 34 v. 1 [8]
89 Al-Fajr ٱلْفَجْر
al-Fajr
The Break of Day, The Daybreak, The Dawn 30 (1) Makkah 10 35 v. 1 [8]
90 Al-Balad ٱلْبَلَد
al-Balad
The City, The Land 20 (1) Makkah 35 11 v. 1 [8]
91 Ash-Shams ٱلشَّمْس
aš-Šams
The Sun 15 (1) Makkah 26 16 v. 1 [8]
92 Al-Layl ٱللَّيْل
al-Layl
The Night 21 (1) Makkah 9 10 v. 1 [8]
93 Ad-Dhuha ٱلضُّحَىٰ
aḍ-Ḍuḥā
The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright, The Bright Morning Hours 11 (1) Makkah 11 13 v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.[8]
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah's past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
  • Prophecy regarding the good future for Muhammad.
94 Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) ٱلشَّرْح
aš-Šarḥ
The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief, Patient, The Opening-Up of the Heart 8 (1) Makkah 12 12 v. 1
95 At-Tin ٱلتِّين
at-Tīn
The Fig Tree, The Fig 8 (1) Makkah 28 20 v. 1 [8]
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.[8]
96 Al-Alaq ٱلْعَلَق
al-ʿAlaq̈
The Clinging Clot, Clot of Blood, The Germ-Cell 19 (1) Makkah 1 1 v. 2 [8]
  • The first five verses revealed to Muhammad. (v. 1-5) [8]
97 Al-Qadr ٱلْقَدْر
al-Q̈adr
The Night of Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate, Destiny 5 (1) Makkah 25 14 v. 1 [8]
98 Al-Bayyinah ٱلْبَيِّنَة
al-Bayyinah
The Clear Evidence, The Evidence of the Truth 8 (1) Madinah 100 92 v. 1 [8]
99 Az-Zalzalah ٱلزَّلْرَلَة
Az-Zalzalah
The Earthquake 8 (1) Madinah 93 25 v. 1 [8]
100 Al-'Adiyat ٱلْعَادِيَات
al-ʿĀdiyāt
The Courser, The Chargers, The War Horse 11 (1) Makkah 14 30 v. 1 [8]
101 Al-Qari'ah ٱلْقَارِعَة
al-Q̈āriʿah
The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Sudden Calamity 11 (1) Makkah 30 24 v. 1 [8]
102 At-Takathur ٱلتَّكَاثُر
at-Takāthur
The Piling Up, Rivalry in World Increase, Competition, Greed for More and More 8 (1) Makkah 16 8 v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.[8]
103 Al-'Asr ٱلْعَصْر
al-ʿAṣr
The Time, The Declining Day, The Epoch, The Flight of Time 3 (1) Makkah 13 21 v. 1 [8]
104 Al-Humazah ٱلْهُمَزَة
al-Humazah
The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger, The Slanderer 9 (1) Makkah 32 6 v. 1 [8]
105 Al-Feel ٱلْفِيل
al-Fīl
The Elephant 5 (1) Makkah 19 9 v. 1 [8]
106 Quraysh قريش قُرَيْش
Q̈urayš
The Quraysh 4 (1) Makkah 29 4 v. 1 [8]
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.[12]
107 Al-Ma'un ٱلْمَاعُون
al-Maʿūn
The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Assistance 7 (1) Makkah 17 7 v. 7 [8]
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.[12]
108 Al-Kawthar ٱلْكَوْثَر
al-Kawthar
Abundance, Plenty, Good in Abundance 3 (1) Makkah 15 5 v. 1 [8]
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.[12]
109 Al-Kafirun ٱلْكَافِرُون
al-Kāfirūn
The Disbelievers, The Kuffar, Those Who Deny the Truth 6 (1) Makkah 18 45 v. 1 [8]
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.[12]
110 An-Nasr ٱلنَّصْر
an-Naṣr
The Help, Divine Support, Victory, Succour 3 (1) Madinah 114 111 v. 1 [8]
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.[8]
111 Al-Masad ٱلْمَسَد
al-Masad
The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre, The Twisted Strands 5 (1) Makkah 6 3 v. 5 [8]
112 Al-Ikhlas ٱلْإِخْلَاص
al-ʾIkhlāṣ
Purity of Faith, The Fidelity, The Declaration of [God's] Perfection 4 (1) Makkah 22 44
  • The oneness of God.[8]
113 Al-Falaq ٱلْفَلَق
al-Falaq̈
The Daybreak, Dawn, The Rising Dawn 5 (5) Makkah 20 46 v. 1 [8]
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.[12]
114 Al-Nas ٱلنَّاس
an-Nās
Mankind, Men 6 (1) Makkah 21 47 v. 1 [8]
  • Trust in God's protection from temptations.[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 'Ta Ha' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O man'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.
  2. ^ 'Ya Sin' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O thou human being'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Asad 1980, Introduction to Sura 1.
  2. ^ https://www.scribd.com/doc/296556298/Who-Rearranged-the-Quran)
  3. ^ a b Asad 1980, Appendix II.
  4. ^ a b Robinson, Neal (2003). Discovering the Qurʼan: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text (PDF). Georgetown University Press. pp. 25–97. ISBN 1589010248.
  5. ^ Qran.org: Quran Verses in Chronological Order
  6. ^ Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs, by Kevin P. Edgecomb (2002).
  7. ^ Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura..
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura.
  9. ^ Peters, F.E. (1993). A Reader on Classical Islam. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 176–177. ISBN 9781400821181.
  10. ^ a b c Asad 1980, Footnote(s) to the verse(s).
  11. ^ Gwynne, Rosalind Ward (2014). Logic, Rhetoric and Legal Reasoning in the Qur'an: God's Arguments. Routledge Studies in the Qur'an. Routledge, UK. ISBN 1134345003. pp. 1-2.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1934). The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary. Introduction to the Sura.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Al-Quran, open source multi-language Quran project