List of surahs in the Quran

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The first Sura of the Quran, consisting of seven verses.

The Quran is divided into surahs (chapters) and further divided into ayat (verses). The real translation of the word, ayat, is actually "a sign". For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah.

Each surah, except for At-Tawba is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm ("In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"), also known as the Basmala.[1] 29 surahs are preceded by Muqatta'at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear.[2][3]

Note that the names of the surahs do not always reflect the topics discussed in the surah. Many surah names simply come from a unique word found in the surah or from the first words of the surah. The names serve merely as a means to identify which surah is being talked about, but not as an indicator of what topics the surah discusses. For example, the main topic of Surat Ash-Shu'ara ("The Poets") is the stories of prophets that were sent to mankind before Muhammad (specifically in this Surah: Moses, Noah, Hud, Saleh, Lot, and Jethro) and how their message was ultimately the same: to worship One God and be just to people. However, the name "The Poets" comes from the very last few verses of the surah, which mention deviant poets and show how Muhammad is not a poet like some of the Quraysh tried to claim.

It might be important to mention that some modern scientific techniques such as <ref0908!#>Nassourou, Mohamadou (2013) "The Qurʾanic verses : history, computer-supported reconstruction of the order of revelation, examining the concept of abrogation", AVM - Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft, Munich, Germany, ISBN 978-3869244754</ref> have been used to reconstruct the chronology of the Quranic verses.

Distribution of surah across ajzāʼ, with the length of the bar corresponding to a surah being propotionate to the number of letters of the surah in the juz divided by the total number of letters in the juz.

Table[edit]

Surah
# Arabic title(s) Romanized title(s) English title(s) Number of verses Number of Rukūʿs Classification Note on Revelation Location and Period Egyptian Standard Chronological Order[4][5][6] Muqatta'at (isolated letters)[3] Title refers to Topics and Themes Number of Sajdah Number of pages
1 ،الفاتحة

أم الكتاب، أم القرآن، السبع المثاني، الحمد، الشفاء، سورة الصلاة، الأساس

Al-Fatiha

aka: Umm ul-Kitab, Umm ul-Qur'an, As-Sab' ul-Mathani, Al-Hamd, Ash-Shifa', Surat As-Salah, Al-'Asas

The Opening

aka: Mother of the Book, Mother of the Koran, The Oft-Recited Seven, Praise, The Cure, Chapter of the Prayer, The Foundation

7 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 5 Whole Surah [7]
  • The fundamental principles of the Qur'an in a condensed form.[7]
  • A prayer to God which encompasses all needs.
0 .5
2 البقرة Al-Baqara The Cow 286 40 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj 87 Alif Lam Mim v. 67-73 [7] 0 48
3 آل عمران Ali Imran The House of Imran 200 20 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 89 Alif Lam Mim v. 33, 35 [7] 0 27
4 النساء An-Nisa' Women 176 24 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 92 Whole Surah [7]
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another (v. 1) [7]
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance) and emphasis on justice[7]
  • Rights of women[7]
  • Peace and war and the hypocrites[7]
  • People of the Book
0 29
5 المائدة Al-Ma'ida The Table Spread 120 16 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 3, revealed at Arafat on Last Hajj 112 v. 112-114 [7] 0 22
6 الأنعام Al-An'am Cattle 165 20 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medina 55 v. 136ff.[7]
  • Oneness and uniqueness of God[7]
  • Refutation of the polytheists
  • Refutation of Pre-Islamic superstitions concerning animals, then countered with Islamic values [7]
0 23
7 الأعراف Al-A'raf The Heights 206 24 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 163-170, from Medina 39 Alif Lam Mim Sad v. 46, 48 [7] 1 26
8 الأنفال Al-Anfal Spoils of War 75 10 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 30-36 from Mecca 88 v. 1 [7] 0 10
9 ،التوبة

البراءة

At-Tawba

aka: Al-Bara'a

Repentance

aka: The Absolution

129 16 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except last two verses from Mecca 113
  • How and why to fight the unbelievers
  • Criticism of corrupt religious leaders
  • Trials during wartime and the fitna of the hypocrites
  • Who can receive charity
  • Loyalty and obedience to God and his Prophet
0 21
10 يونس Yunus Jonah 109 11 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medina 51 Alif Lam Ra v. 98 [7]
  • Divine origin of the Qur'an and that Muhammad did not fabricate it (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94) [7]
  • Response to challenges made by the Meccan polytheists
  • All creatures will return to God
  • Futility of conjecture (Polytheism is dismissed as conjecture)
  • How different people respond to guidance:
    • Noah's people reject guidance altogether
    • Pharaoh believes when it is too late
    • Jonah's people believed and were saved
0 13
11 هود Hud Hud 123 10 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 12, 17, 114, from Medina 52 Alif Lam Ra v. 50-60
  • Continuation of refutation of the polytheists
  • Stories of past prophets' struggles to comfort and encourage the Prophet and the believers:
0 15
12 يوسف Yusuf Joseph 111 12 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medina 53 Alif Lam Ra Whole Surah
  • The story of Joseph (an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs; a comfort to the Prophet and believers in the Year of Sadness) [7]
0 14
13 الرعد Ar-Ra'd Thunder 43 6 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 96 Alif Lam Mim Ra v. 13 [7]
  • God's majesty reflected in the natural wonders of creation
  • Revelation and the concequences of accepting or rejecting it [7]
1 6
14 إبراهيم Ibrahim Abraham 52 7 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 28, 29, from Medina 72 Alif Lam Ra v. 35-41 [7]
  • Revelation to lead mankind from darkness to light[7]
  • Gratitude and ingratitude to God's blessings
  • Patience and trust in God
  • The severity of God's punishments
  • Abraham's prayers
0 7
15 الحجر Al-Hijr The City of Stone or The Rocky Plain 99 6 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 87, from Medina 54 Alif Lam Ra v. 80 [7]
  • Inevitability of God's decree
  • Responses to challenges of the polytheists
  • Creation of Adam and Iblis's refusal to bow
  • Angels bring Abraham good news of Isaac and the story of Lot
  • Mention of Midian and Thamud
  • Reminder to the Prophet to have forbearance and resolution
0 5
16 ،النحل

النعم

An-Nahl

aka: An-Ni'em

The Bee

aka: The Blessings

128 16 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except the last three verses from Medina 70 v. 68-69 [7]
  • The many wonders of creation and God's blessings on man [7]
  • Rejection of polytheism and warnings to the polytheists
  • Importance of uprightness and keeping oaths
1 15
17 ،الإسراء

بني إسراءيل، سبحان

Al-Isra'

aka: Bani Isra'eel, Subhan

The Night Journey

aka: The Children of Israel, Glory

111 12 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medina 50 v. 1 [7] 1 11
18 الكهف Al-Kahf The Cave 110 12 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 28, 83-101, from Medina 69 v. 13-20 [7]
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:[7]
    • The men of the cave (v. 13-20) [7]
    • The rich man and the poor man (v. 32-44) [7]
    • Moses and the unnamed sage (v. 60-82) [7]
    • The allegory of Dhul-Qarnayn (v. 83-98) [7]
0 11
19 مريم Maryam Mary 98 6 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 58 and 71, from Medina 44 Kaf Ha Ya 'Ain Sad v. 16-37 [7] 1 7
20 طه Ta-Ha Ta-Ha 135 8 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 130 and 131, from Medina 45 Ta Ha [notes 1] v. 1 [7]
  • The guidance offered by God through His prophets[7]
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical[7]
    • The story of Moses (v. 9-98) [7]
0 10
21 الأنبياء Al-Anbiya' The Prophets 112 7 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 73 v. 48-91 [7]
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God[7]
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation[7]
    • Stories of the prophets of old (v. 48-91) [7]
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community (v. 92) [7]
0 10
22 الحج Al-Hajj The Pilgrimage 78 10 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 52-55, revealed between Mecca and Medina 103 v. 25-38 [7]
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it (v. 25-38) [7]
2 10
23 المؤمنون Al-Mu'minoon The Believers 118 6 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 74 v. 1 [7]
  • True faith[7]
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him[7]
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power (v. 52-53) [7]
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death[7]
0 8
24 النور An-Nur Light 64 9 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 102 v. 35 [7]
  • Mutual relations and ethical rules between men and women[7]
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ ("Verse of Light"). (v. 35) [7]
0 10
25 الفرقان Al-Furqan The Criterion 77 6 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 68-70, from Medina 42 v. 1 [7]
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false[7]
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man (v. 20) [7]
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity[7]
1 7
26 الشعراء Ash-Shu'ara The Poets 227 11 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 197 and 224-227, from Medina 47 Ta Sin Mim v. 224 [7]
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message, and worship power and wealth, etc.[7]
0 10
27 النمل An-Naml The Ants 93 7 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 48 Ta Sin v. 18 [7] 1 9
28 القصص Al-Qasas The Story 88 9 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 52-55 from Medina and 85 from Juhfa at the time of the Hijra 49 Ta Sin Mim v. 25 [7]
  • Human aspects of the life of Moses[7]
0 11
29 العنكبوت Al-Ankabut The Spider 69 7 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD).

Except 1-11, from Medina

85 Alif Lam Mim v. 41 [7]
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth (v. 41) [7]
0 9
30 الروم Ar-Rum Byzantium 60 6 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD).

Except 17, from Medina

84 Alif Lam Mim v. 1 [7]
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.) (v. 1-7) [7]
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this[7]
0 7
31 لقمان Luqman Luqman 34 4 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 27-29, from Medina 57 Alif Lam Mim v. 12-19 [7]
  • The story of Luqman, a legendary sage, counselling his son (v. 12-19) [7]
0 4
32 ،السجدة

المضاجع، الم تنزيل

As-Sajda

aka: Al-Madaji', Alif Lam Meem Tanzeel

Prostration

aka: The Beds, Alif Lam Meem Revelation

30 3 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 16-20, from Medina 75 Alif Lam Mim v. 15 [7]
  • God's creation[10]
  • God's revelation and man's acceptance or denial[10]
  • The Day of Judgement[10]
1 3
33 الأحزاب Al-Ahzab The Confederates 73 9 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 90 v. 9-27 [7] 0 10
34 سبأ Saba' Sheba 54 6 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 58 v. 15-20 [7]
  • The insignificance of the knowledge accessible to man (v. 9) [7]
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory (v. 15-20) [7]
  • Always be conscious of God (v. 46) [7]
0 7
35 ،فاطر

الملائكة

Fatir

aka: Al-Mala'ika

The Originator

aka: Angels

45 5 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 43 v. 1 [7]
  • God’s power to create and resurrect[7]
  • God’s revelation of His will through His prophets[7]
0 6
36 يس Ya Seen Ya Seen 83 5 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 45, from Medina 41 Ya Sin [notes 2] v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.[7]
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.[7]
0 6
37 الصافات As-Saffat Those Ranged in Ranks 182 5 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 56 v. 1 [7]
  • Resurrection and the certainty that all human beings will have to answer before God.[7]
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.[7]
    • Stories of earlier prophets. (v. 75-148) [7]
0 7
38 ،ص

داوود

Sad

aka: Dawood

Sad

aka: David

88 5 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 38 Sad v. 1 [7]
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.[7]
1 5
39 ،الزمر

الغرف

Az-Zumar

aka: Al-Ghuraf

The Crowds

aka: The Dwellings

75 8 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 59 v. 71, 73 [7]
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.[7]
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.[7]
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.[7]
0 9
40 ،غافر

المؤمن، الفضل

Ghafir

aka: Al-Mu'min, Al-Fadhl

The Forgiver

aka: The Believer, Bounty

85 9 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 56, 57, from Medina 60 Ha Mim v. 3 [7]
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.[7]
    • Stories of earlier prophets.[7]
0 10
41 ،فصلت

حم سجدة، المصابيح، الأقوات

Fussilat

aka: Ha Meem Sajda, Al-Masabeeh, Al-Aquat

Expounded

aka: Ha Meem Prostration, Lamps, Means of Sustenance

54 6 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 61 Ha Mim v. 3[7]
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.[7]
1 6
42 ،الشورى

حم عسق

Ash-Shura

aka: Ha Meem 'Ain Seen Coff

Counsel

aka: Ha Meem Ain Seen Coff

53 5 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medina 62 Ha Mim 'Ain Sin Qaf v. 36 [7]
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16) [7]
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15) [7]
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.[7]
0 6
43 الزخرف Az-Zukhruf Gold Ornaments 89 7 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 54, from Medina 63 Ha Mim v. 35 [7]
  • To equal anyone or anything with God is spiritually destructive and logically unacceptable.[7]
  • People’s blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23) [7]
0 7
44 الدخان Ad-Dukhan Smoke 59 3 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 64 Ha Mim v. 10 [7]
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.[10]
0 3
45 ،الجاثية

الشريعة

Al-Jathiya

aka: Ash-Shari'a

Kneeling

aka: The Clear Path

37 4 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 14, from Medina 65 Ha Mim v. 28 [7]
  • The humility with which all human beings will face their final judgment on resurrection. (v. 28) [7]
0 4
46 الأحقاف Al-Ahqaf The Sand Dunes 35 4 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 10, 15, 35, from Medina 66 Ha Mim v. 21 [7] 0 5
47 ،محمد

القتال

Muhammad

aka: Al-Qital

Muhammad

aka: Fighting

38 4 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 13, revealed during Muhammad's Hijrah 95 v. 2 [7]
  • Fighting (qital) in God’s cause.[7]
0 4
48 الفتح Al-Fath Victory 29 4 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD).Revealed while returning from Hudaybiyya 111 v. 1 [7] 0 5
49 الحجرات Al-Hujurat The Private Chambers 18 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 106 v. 4 [7]
  • Social ethics[7]
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.[7]
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13) [7]
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.) [7]
0 3
50 ،ق

الباسقات

Qaf

aka: Al-Basiqat

Qaf

aka: Towering

45 3 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 38, from Medina 34 Qaf v. 1 [7] 0 3
51 الذاريات Adh-Dhariyat The Scattering Winds 60 3 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 67 v. 1 [7] 0 3
52 الطور At-Tur The Mountain 49 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 76 v. 1 [7] 0 3
53 النجم An-Najm The Star 62 3 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD). Except 32, from Medina 23 v. 1 [7]
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha, the Lote-Tree of the Extremity). (v. 13-18) [7]
1 3
54 ،القمر

اقتربت الساعة

Al-Qamar

aka: Iqtarabat As-Sa'a

The Moon

aka: The Hour Has Drawn Near

55 3 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 44-46, from Medina 37 v. 1 [7] 0 3
55 الرحمن Ar-Rahman The Compassionate 78 3 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 97 v. 1 [7] 0 3
56 الواقعة Al-Waqi'a The Inevitable 96 3 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 81 and 82, from Medina 46 v. 1 [7] 0 3
57 الحديد Al-Hadid Iron 29 4 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 94 v. 25 [7] 0 4
58 ،المجادلة

الظهار

Al-Mujadila

aka: Eth-Thihar

She who Disputes

aka: Zihar

22 3 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 105 v. 1 [7]
  • Divorce[7]
  • Faith and denial[7]
  • Hypocrisy[7]
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.[7]
0 3
59 ،الحشر

بنو نضير

Al-Hashr

aka: Banu Nadeer

The Gathering

aka: Banu Nadir

24 3 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 101 v. 2 [7]
  • The conflict between the Muslim community and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.[7]
0 3.5
60 ،الممتحنة

الامتحان، المودة

Al-Mumtahina

aka: Al-Imtihan, Al-Mawada

She who is Examined

aka: The Examination, Affection

13 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 91 v. 10 [7]
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.[7]
0 2.5
61 ،الصف

الحواريون، عيسى

As-Saff

aka: Al-Hawariyoon, Esa

The Ranks

aka: The Apostles, Jesus

14 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 109 v. 4 [7]
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.[7]
0 1.5
62 الجمعة Al-Jumu'a The Congregation 11 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 110 v. 9-10 [7] 0 1.5
63 المنافقون Al-Munafiqun The Hypocrites 11 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 104 Whole Surah [7] 0 1.5
64 التغابن At-Taghabun Mutual Disposession 18 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 108 v. 9 [7] 0 2
65 ،الطلاق

سورة النساء القصرى

At-Talaq

aka: Surat An-Nisa' Al-Qusra

Divorce

aka: The Shorter Chapter of Women

12 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 99 Whole Surah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).[7]
0 2
66 ،التحريم

لما تحرم، المتحرم، سورة النبي

At-Tahrim

aka: Lima Tuharrim, Al-Mutaharrim, Surat An-Nabi

Forbiddance

aka: Why do you Forbid?, The Forbidden, Chapter of the Prophet

12 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 107 v. 1 [7]
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.[7]
0 2
67 ،الملك

تبارك، تبارك الذي بيده الملك، المانع، المنجية

Al-Mulk

aka: Tabarak, Tabarak Aladhee Biyedihi Al-Mulk, Al-Mani', Al-Munjiyya

Dominion

aka: Blessed, Blessed is the One who Holds the Dominion, The Shield, The Savior

30 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 77 v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.[7]
0 2.5
68 القلم Al-Qalam The Pen 52 2 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610 - 618 AD). Except 17-33 and 48-50, from Medina 2 Nun v. 1 [7] 0 2
69 الحاقة Al-Haqqa The Undeniable Reality 52 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 78 v. 1 0 2
70 ،المعارج

المواقع، سأل

Al-Ma'arij

aka: Al-Mawaqi', Sa'ala

The Ascending Ways

aka: The Impending Matters, Someone Asked

44 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 79 v. 3 [7]
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.[7]
0 2
71 نوح Nuh Noah 28 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 71 Whole Surah
  • The story of Noah.[7]
    • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.[7]
0 1.5
72 الجن Al-Jinn The Jinn 28 2 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 40 v. 1 [7] 0 2
73 المزمل Al-Muzzammil The Enwrapped One 20 2 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610 - 618 AD). Except 10, 11 and 20, from Medina 3 v. 1 [7] 0 1.5
74 المدثر Al-Muddathir The Covered One 56 2 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 4 v. 1 [7]
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur'anic concepts.[7]
0 2
75 ،القيامة

لا أقسم

Al-Qiyama

aka: La Uqsimu

Resurrection

aka: I Swear

40 2 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 31 v. 1 [7]
  • The concept of resurrection.[7]
0 1
76 ،الإنسان

هل أتى، الدهر، الأبرار

Al-Insan

aka: Hal Ataa, Ad-Dahr, Al-Abrar

The Human

aka: Hasn't There Come?, Endless Time, The Pious

31 2 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 98 v. 1 [7] 0 2
77 المرسلات Al-Mursalat Those Sent Forth 50 2 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 48, from Medina 33 v. 1 [7]
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur'an.[7]
0 1.5
78 ،النبأ

المعصرات، التساءل

An-Naba'

aka: Al-Mu'sirat, At-Tasa'ul

The Tiding

aka: Rain Clouds, Questioning one Another

40 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 80 v. 2 [7]
  • Life after death.[7]
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.[7]
0 1.5
79 ،النازعات

الساهرة، الطامة

An-Nazi'at

aka: Es-Sahira, Et-Tomma

The Snatchers

aka: The Wide Expanse, The Calamity

46 2 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 81 v. 1 [7] 0 1.5
80 ،عبس

الصاخة، السفرة

Abasa

aka: As-Saakha, As-Saffara

He Frowned

aka: The Piercing Cry, The Scribes

42 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 24 v. 1 [7] 0 1
81 التكوير At-Takwir The Enfolding 29 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 7 v. 1 [7]
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.[7]
0 1
82 الإنفطار Al-Infitar The Splitting 19 1 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 82 v. 1 [7] 0 1
83 المطففين Al-Mutaffifeen The Defrauders 36 1 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 86 v. 1 [7] 0 1
84 ،الإنشقاق

انشقت

Al-Inshiqaq

aka: Inshaqat

The Bursting Open

aka: Burst Open

25 1 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 83 v. 1 [7] 1 1
85 البروج Al-Burooj The Constellations 22 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 27 v. 1 [7] 0 1
86 الطارق At-Tariq The Night Visitant or The Morning Star 17 1 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 36 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
87 الأعلى Al-A'la The Highest 19 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 8 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
88 الغاشية Al-Ghashiya The Overwhelming Event 26 1 Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 68 v. 1 [7] 0 1
89 الفجر Al-Fajr The Dawn 30 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 10 v. 1 [7] 0 1
90 البلد Al-Balad The City 20 1 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 35 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
91 الشمس Ash-Shams The Sun 15 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 26 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
92 الليل Al-Lail The Night 21 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 9 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
93 الضحى Ad-Dhuha The Morning Brightness 11 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 11 v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.[7]
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah's past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
0 .5
94 ،الشرح

الانشراح

Ash-Sharh

aka: El-Inshirah

Expansion

aka: Solace

8 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 12 v. 1 0 .5
95 التين At-Teen The Fig 8 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 28 v. 1 [7]
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.[7]
0 .5
96 ،العلق

اقرأ

Al-Alaq

aka: Ikra'

The Blood Clot

aka: Read!

19 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 1 v. 2 [7]
  • The first five verses revealed to Muhammad. (v. 1-5) [7]
1 .5
97 القدر Al-Qadr The Night of Power 5 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 25 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
98 ،البينة

لم يكن

Al-Bayyina

aka: Lam Yakun

The Clear Proof

aka: They will Not

8 1 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 100 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
99 الزلزلة Az-Zalzala The Earthquake 8 1 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 93 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
100 العاديات Al-'Adiyat The Chargers 11 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 14 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
101 القارعة Al-Qari'a The Catastrophe 11 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 30 v. 1 [7] 0 .5
102 التكاثر At-Takathur Vying for Increase 8 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 16 v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.[7]
0 .5
103 العصر Al-'Asr Time 3 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 13 v. 1 [7] 0 .33
104 الهمزة Al-Humaza The Slanderer 9 1 Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD) 32 v. 1 [7] 0 .33
105 الفيل Al-Feel The Elephant 5 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 19 v. 1 [7] 0 .33
106 قريش Quraysh Quraysh 4 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 29 v. 1 [7]
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.[10]
0 .33
107 الماعون Al-Ma'oon Assistance 7 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD). Only 1-3 from Mecca; the rest from Medina 17 v. 7 [7]
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.[10]
0 .33
108 الكوثر Al-Kawthar Abundance 3 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 15 v. 1 [7]
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.[10]
0 .33
109 الكافرون Al-Kafiroon Disbelievers 6 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 18 v. 1 [7]
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.[10]
0 .33
110 النصر An-Nasr Help 3 1 Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD).Revealed at Mina on Last Hajj, but regarded as Medinan sura 114 v. 1 [7]
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.[7]
0 .33
111 ،المسد

اللهب

Al-Masad

aka: Al-Lahab

Palm Fiber

aka: The Flame

5 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 6 v. 5 [7] 0 .33
112 ،الإخلاص

المنفرة، النجاة، المعرفة، المذكرة، نور القرآن

Al-Ikhlas

aka: Al-Munaffira, An-Najah, Al-Ma'rifa, Al-Mudhekira, Nur Al-Quran

Sincerity

aka: Casting Away, Deliverance, Recognition, The Reminder, Light of the Quran

4 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 22
  • The oneness of God.[7]
0 .33
113 الفلق Al-Falaq Daybreak 5 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 20 v. 1 [7]
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.[10]
0 .33
114 الناس An-Nas Mankind 6 1 Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) 21 v. 1 [7]
  • Trust in God's protection from temptations.[10]
0 .33

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 'Ta Ha' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O man'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.
  2. ^ 'Ya Sin' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O thou human being'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Asad 1980, Introduction to Sura 1.
  2. ^ https://www.scribd.com/doc/296556298/Who-Rearranged-the-Quran)
  3. ^ a b Asad 1980, Appendix II.
  4. ^ Robinson, Neal (2003). Discovering the Qurʼan: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text (PDF). Georgetown University Press. pp. 25–97. ISBN 1589010248. 
  5. ^ Qran.org: Quran Verses in Chronological Order
  6. ^ Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs, by Kevin P. Edgecomb (2002).
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura.
  8. ^ Peters, F.E. (1993). A Reader on Classical Islam. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 176–177. ISBN 9781400821181. 
  9. ^ Gwynne, Rosalind Ward (2014). Logic, Rhetoric and Legal Reasoning in the Qur'an: God's Arguments. Routledge Studies in the Qur'an. Routledge, UK. ISBN 1134345003. pp. 1-2.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1934). The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary. Introduction to the Sura.
  11. ^ Asad 1980, Footnote(s) to the verse(s).

References[edit]

External links[edit]