Microsoft Lumia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lumia series)
Jump to: navigation, search
Microsoft Lumia
Microsoft Lumia logo.svg
Nokia & Microsoft Lumia devices.png
Microsoft Lumia logo (Top) and various Nokia and Microsoft branded Lumia devices (Bottom). From left to right, the Lumia 1320, the Lumia 535, and the Lumia 530.
Manufacturer Microsoft Mobile (2014–present)
Nokia (2011–2014)
Availability by country November 2011 (Europe)
January 2012 (elsewhere)
Related List of Windows 10 Mobile devices
List of Windows Phone devices
List of Nokia products
Type Smartphone, Phablet, Tablet
Form factor Bar
Operating system Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone
CPU Qualcomm Snapdragon
Data inputs Touchscreen
Development status Production ceased[1]
Website www.microsoft.com/en/mobile/phones/lumia/

Microsoft Lumia (previously the Nokia Lumia Series) is a range of mobile devices designed and marketed Microsoft Mobile and previously by Nokia. Introduced in November 2011, the line was the result of a long-term partnership between Nokia and Microsoft—as such, most Lumia smartphones run the Windows Phone operating system, excluding some later models which run the newer Windows 10 Mobile. The Lumia name is derived from the partitive plural form of the Finnish word lumi, meaning "snow".[2][3]

On 3 September 2013, Microsoft announced its purchase of Nokia's mobile device business, with the deal closing on 25 April 2014. As a result, the Lumia line's maintenance was transferred to Microsoft Mobile. As part of the transition, Microsoft continued to use the Nokia brand on Lumia devices until October 2014, when it began to officially phase out the Nokia name in its promotion and production of smartphones in favor of Microsoft branding.[4] In November 2014, Microsoft announced the first Microsoft (non-Nokia) branded Lumia device, the Lumia 535.[5] In October 2015, Microsoft announced the first Lumia devices running on Windows 10 Mobile, the Lumia 950, Lumia 950 XL and Lumia 550.[6][7][8] The most recent Lumia smartphone, the Lumia 650, was announced by Microsoft on February 15, 2016.[9]

Sales decreased sharply after the introduction of Windows 10 in 2015 and Microsoft briefly stopped selling Lumia devices from the Microsoft Store at the end of 2016,[10] although availability was restored at the beginning of 2017.[11][12]

History[edit]

From 1998 to 2012, Nokia was the largest vendor of mobile phones in the world, which included early smartphones built on its Symbian platform. However, in recent years, its market share declined as a result of the growing use of touchscreen smartphones from other vendors, such as Apple's iPhone line and Android-based products. In 2010, its market share had declined to 28%, and in April 2012, Samsung Electronics (a prominent user of Android) ultimately overtook Nokia as the largest mobile phone vendor in the world. Nokia's CEO Stephen Elop vetoed the idea of producing Android devices, believing the company wouldn't be able to suitably differentiate its Android products from that of other vendors.[13][14] In an employee memo, Elop infamously described the company as being on a "burning platform", blaming the "war of ecosystems" between iOS and Android as part of Nokia's overall struggle, and asserting that the company needed to make major changes to its operation.[15][16]

Partnership between Microsoft and Nokia[edit]

The Nokia Lumia logo, used prior to the post-acquisition rebranding by Microsoft
Nokia Lumia 800, the first Lumia device

In February 2011, Stephen Elop and Microsoft's CEO Steve Ballmer jointly announced a major business partnership between Nokia and Microsoft, which would see Nokia adopt Windows Phone as its primary platform on future smartphones, replacing both Symbian and MeeGo. The deal also included the integration of Bing as the search engine on Nokia devices, and the integration of Nokia Maps into Microsoft's own mapping services.[15] Nokia had planned to use the MeeGo platform as part of its future plans prior to the announcement, although the company announced that it would still release one MeeGo device in 2011.[15][17][18] Aligning with Microsoft had been considered a possibility by analysts due to Elop's prior employment with the company.[16][19]

Nokia unveiled its first Windows Phone 7-based devices, the mid-range Lumia 710 and high-end Lumia 800, on 26 October 2011 at its Nokia World conference.[20][21] Motivated by requests from the U.S. carrier AT&T for an LTE-enabled device, Nokia quickly developed the Lumia 900 as a follow-up, first unveiled at the 2012 International CES. The Lumia 900 received heavy promotion by the carrier as a flagship device, but its launch was dampened by a software bug that prevented the device from connecting to certain mobile data networks, forcing AT&T to issue credits to those who purchased the device. Upon its launch in April 2012, the Lumia 900 was listed as a top seller on Amazon.com, but online sales began to taper off by May. While not revealing further details, a Nokia representative stated that the company was "pleased with the consumer reaction, as well as the support we have received from AT&T", while AT&T's mobility chief Ralph de la Vega stated that the Lumia 900 had "exceeded expectations".[13][22]

In early 2012, Nokia released the Lumia 610, a new entry-level device taking advantage of the lower system requirements introduced by Windows Phone 7's "Tango" update. These new low-end devices were intended to improve Windows Phone adoption in emerging markets such as China.[23][24][25]

Later in September 2012, Nokia unveiled the Lumia 820 and the Lumia 920, its first two devices to use the second generation of the Windows Phone platform, Windows Phone 8.[26] Both featured NFC, with the Lumia 820 embedding a microSD card slot, and an optional Wireless Charging Shell for Qi wireless charging. The Lumia 920 also notably featured Qi wireless charging, and a "PureView" camera with optical image stabilization. While Nokia received criticism when it was revealed that a demonstration video of its image stabilization technology was, in fact, filmed using a professional camera, the Lumia 920 was a commercial success for the company.[13][27]

A Nokia Lumia 520

At MWC 2013, Nokia introduced two more Windows Phone 8 devices: the mid-range Nokia Lumia 720 and the budget Nokia Lumia 520, the latter of which has become the highest selling Windows phone device ever.[28]

In 2013, Nokia also introduced the Lumia 925, a revised version of the 920 with a slimmer build incorporating aluminium,[29] and the Lumia 1020, which features a 41-megapixel camera based on technology from its Symbian-based 808 PureView.[30]

On 22 October 2013, Nokia extended the Lumia brand into the tablet market with the unveiling of the Lumia 2520; running Microsoft's Windows RT operating system, it was the company's first tablet since the Nokia Internet tablet range.[31] Some critics believed that the usage of Windows RT rather than full Microsoft Windows 8.1 led to bad sales, as most major Windows tablet makers have used Windows 8.1 in favour of Windows RT.[32][33] Alternatively, others have claimed that the device's failure was due to its heavy weight and high price.[34][35] Lumia 2520 was discontinued in early 2015.[36]

Although sales of the Lumia line had exceeded those of BlackBerry in the same period, Nokia still made an operating loss of €115m, with revenues falling 24% to €5.7bn following the second quarter of 2013. Over the past nine quarters[when?], Nokia sustained €4.1 billion worth of operating losses.[37][38][39]

Acquisition of Nokia's mobile phone business[edit]

Nokia Lumia 1020 with 41 MP rear camera

On 3 September 2013, Microsoft announced its intent to acquire Nokia's mobile phone business (including rights to the Lumia and low-end Asha brands) in an overall deal of over US$7bn. Stephen Elop stepped down as Nokia's CEO and returned to Microsoft as its head of devices as part of the deal, which closed in early 2014.[40] While Microsoft will license the Nokia name under a 10-year agreement, the company will only be able to use it on feature phones: those running the Series 30, Series 30+[41] and the Series 40 mobile operating systems based on Java ME and MediaTek technology,[42] respectively.[43][44] These changes resulted in future Lumia models being first-party hardware produced by Microsoft.[45][46]

Android prototypes[edit]

On 13 September 2013, the New York Times writer Nick Wingfield revealed that Nokia had been testing the Android operating system on its Lumia hardware.[47] It was one of two known Android projects at the company; the other was running the OS on low–end Asha hardware, which resulted in the Nokia X family of devices. Despite the testing, the Android-based Lumia handsets were never released and only altered Asha devices were brought to the market.[48][49][50]

In July 2014 Microsoft announced that it would discontinue all Nokia Asha and X Devices in favour of Lumia Devices. All future Nokia Asha and X designs will be used in future Lumia Designs.

Under Microsoft ownership[edit]

Microsoft Lumia 535, the first Microsoft branded Lumia device

Even after the acquisition of Nokia's mobile device business by Microsoft, several Lumia devices were unveiled by Microsoft Mobile in September 2014 that still carried the Nokia name, including the Lumia 830 and Lumia 735.[51] In July 2014, it had been reported by evleaks that Microsoft was attempting to license the Nokia name in a co-branding scheme, which would have possibly seen future devices branded as "Nokia by Microsoft".[52][53][54] As a part of the change of ownership, the social network pages have also been rebranded as Microsoft Lumia[55][56] rather than Microsoft Mobile; this sought to emphasize the Windows Phone over other Nokia mobile phones while also updating social network pages of Windows Phone to the new Microsoft Lumia branding.[57] To reflect this change, Nokia Conversations was also been rebranded as Lumia Conversations,[58] and NokNok.tv to Lumia Conversations UK.[59] However, the rebranding has not been consistent, as the Nokia Army was renamed the Spartan Nation and the support site for legacy phones, accessories, various Nokia-branded devices, and services, originally Nokia Discussions, was renamed the Microsoft Mobile Community.[60] The Lumia Beamer was the last Lumia-branded application to have its URL changed from Nokia to Lumia, signifying the end of the transitional term during which Microsoft was allowed to use Nokia.com and related sites.[61]

However, in October 2014, Microsoft officially announced that it would phase out the Nokia brand in its promotion and production of Lumia smartphones, and that future Lumia models would be branded solely with the name and logo of Microsoft.[4][62][63][64] In November 2014, Microsoft announced its first self-branded phone, Microsoft Lumia 535.[5][65][66] Rebranding the Lumia line did not affect sales, though some critics believed that it might negatively influence consumers' decisions due to Nokia's established reputation for durability compared to the relative infancy of Microsoft's brand in the consumer phone space.[67][68] The Nokia Lumia 638 was the last Lumia product to bear the Nokia brand, and was only released in India in December 2014.

In November 2014, a post by a Microsoft Twitter account stated that all Nokia and Microsoft Lumia smartphones running Windows Phone 8 and 8.1 would receive updates to Windows 10; however, following the official unveiling, Microsoft denied this, stating that they instead were targeting the "majority" of Lumia phones and that not all phones would receive the update or support all of its features.[69] Later, Microsoft confirmed that low-end devices with 512 MB of RAM (including the Nokia Lumia 520, which represents 24.5% of all Windows Phone devices sold),[70] would also get the Windows 10 upgrade, but reaffirmed that not all of its features would be supported on these devices.[71][72] Additionally, Microsoft stated on January 16, 2015 that low-end Windows Phone 8.1 phones will not get some Lumia Denim features.[73]

In July 2015, Bloomberg reported that Microsoft had a planned restructuring of Microsoft Mobile, which includes the Microsoft Lumia range. This would reportedly include a write down of approximately US$7.6 billion on the acquisition of Nokia's mobile phone business and a layoff of around 7,200 employees. It was also reported that Microsoft would release fewer first-party devices each year.[74]

As part of a larger restructuring, the Microsoft Devices & Studios engineering group was merged with the Operating Systems Engineering Group to form the larger Windows & Devices Engineering Group. In July 2015, it was announced that the head of Surface, Panos Panay, would head the new Microsoft devices unit, which would include the Microsoft Lumia as well as various other Microsoft hardware products such as the Band, HoloLens, and Xbox.[75]

In October 2015, Microsoft launched the first Lumia devices running on Windows 10 Mobile: the Lumia 950, Lumia 950 XL and Lumia 550.[6][7][8] In February 2016, the Lumia 650, which also runs Windows 10 Mobile, was launched.[76]

Sales of Lumia devices declined between fiscal years 2015 and 2016, with phone revenue decreasing by $4.2 billion or 56%. When Microsoft announced the acquisition in September 2013, 7.3 million devices were sold in the quarter, but this shrunk to 1.2 million at the quarter ending June 2016.[77] Since the Lumia series make up 95% of total Windows Phone/Windows 10 Mobile sales, the operating system market share also shrunk along with it.[78] Throughout 2016 Microsoft slowed down production volumes of Lumia devices, and it was speculated that the series would be discontinued by the end of 2016,[79] although no official announcement has been provided as of May 2017.

However Microsoft have not exited the hardware market entirely. CEO Satya Nadella said in November 2016 that the company is working on the "ultimate mobile device".[80] The device has been unofficially dubbed by journalists as the "Surface phone", and there are rumours of a late 2017 launch.[81]

Lumia updates[edit]

Nokia and Microsoft Mobile have released several updates unique to Lumia devices which feature a combination of firmware and software updates. The latter of these includes imaging improvements, new technology support, feature updates, and bug fixes. Because Lumia devices exclusively use Windows Phone, major operating system updates are often bundled with the firmware updates upon release.

Similar to how Windows Phones receive operating system updates, Lumia update releases are dependent on carriers who decide if and when devices are to receive them.[82] However, operating system updates are not subject to these constraints if users are part of Microsoft's Windows Insider or Preview for Developers programs.

Legend
  Previous release   Current release
History of Lumia updates
Release name
Code name
Date announced Concurrent operating system version Highlights

Lumia Amber
[83]

August 15, 2013 [84]

Windows Phone 8 Update 2 (GDR2)

Default version for Nokia Lumia 625, 925, 928 and 1020 devices, developed by Nokia

  • Double tap the screen to turn on
  • New settings and processing algorithms for the Nokia Pro Camera
  • Tutorial mode for the Nokia Pro Camera
  • Bracketing mode for the Nokia Pro Camera
  • Stereo audio recording
  • Customisable audio bass filter
  • New settings and processing algorithms for the Nokia Smart Camera
  • Nokia Best Shot in the Nokia Smart Camera captures a moving object multiple times
  • Motion Focus in the Nokia Smart Camera places focus on moving objects
  • Support for colourful profiles in the Display+Touch Settings menu
  • Flip to silence
  • FM Radio support[85][86]
  • Lumia Storage Check
  • Nokia Glance Screen
  • Nokia call+SMS filter Settings app
  • New ringtones (Bloom, Breathing, Dawn, Launch, and Wobbles)
  • Up to 10% improved battery life (varies per device)
  • Enables Nokia Video Trimmer and Nokia Video Upload
Lumia Black
Bittersweet Shimmer
[87]

January 9, 2014 [88]

Windows Phone 8 Update 3 (GDR3)

Default version for Nokia Lumia 525, 1320 and 1520 devices, developed by Nokia

Lumia Cyan
Cherry Blossom Pink
[91]

July 15, 2014 [92]

Windows Phone 8.1

Default version for Nokia Lumia 521, 530, 630, 635, 636, 638 and 930 devices, developed by Microsoft

Lumia Denim
Debian Red
[93]

September 4, 2014 [94]

Windows Phone 8.1 Update 1 (GDR1)
Windows Phone 8.1 Update 2 (GDR2)

Default version for Nokia Lumia 730, 735 and 830 and Microsoft Lumia 430, 435, 532 and 535 devices with Windows¨Phone 8.1 Update 1; default version for Microsoft Lumia 540, 640 and 640 XL devices with Windows Phone 8.1 Update 2; developed by Microsoft

  • An improved Lumia Camera experience for high-end devices
  • Auto HDR and Dynamic Flash for the Lumia Camera
  • Improved image processing algorithms for the Lumia Camera
  • Increased speed in capturing images
  • "Hey Cortana" voice activation
  • MSN Weather and MSN Health & Fitness support for the Glance Screen
  • Enables Lumia Moments[95]

List of Lumia devices[edit]

Numbering convention[edit]

The first digit (or the first two digits for devices with four-digit model numbers) indicates the device's family, with larger numbers generally denoting a higher-end device. Under Nokia, numbers larger than 10 indicated a phablet (e.g. 1320, 1520) or tablet (2520). Since the sale of the Lumia line to Microsoft, four-digit model numbers have been discontinued, with larger models instead being denoted by an "XL" suffix (e.g. 950 XL).

The second digit indicates the generation of the device, based on the operating system it originally shipped with:

Digit Operating system Notes
0 or 1 Windows Phone 7 except the 810
2 Windows Phone 8
3 Windows Phone 8.1
4 Windows Phone 8.1 Update 2
5 Windows 10 Mobile

The third digit is used to distinguish between variants in the same family and generation. 0 indicates the base model, while other numbers indicate either a minor upgrade (e.g. 920 and 925), a 4G-capable variant (e.g. 730 and 735) or a regional or carrier-specific variant.

An optional "C" or "T" suffix indicates a variant produced exclusively for the Chinese market.

Nokia-branded Lumia devices[edit]

Nokia Lumia devices
Name Codename Release date Series Generation Installed operating system Variations
Nokia Lumia 800[96] Sea Ray November 2011 800 1 Windows Phone 7.5 800C with CDMA2000 for China Telecom[97]
Nokia Lumia 710[98] Sabre January 2012 700 1 Windows Phone 7.5
Nokia Lumia 900[99] Ace April 2012 900 1 Windows Phone 7.5
Nokia Lumia 610[100] Cliff April 2012 600 1 Windows Phone 7.5 610C with CDMA2000 for China Telecom[101]
Nokia Lumia 510[102] Glory September 2012 500 1 Windows Phone 7.5
Nokia Lumia 820[103] Arrow November 2012 800 2 Windows Phone 8 810 for T-Mobile,[104] 822 for Verizon[105]
Nokia Lumia 920[106] Phi November 2012 900 2 Windows Phone 8 928 (Lazer) for Verizon with Xenon-flash camera,[107] 920T for China Mobile[108]
Nokia Lumia 505[109] December 2012 500 1 Windows Phone 7.8
Nokia Lumia 620[110] Sand January 2013 600 2 Windows Phone 8
Nokia Lumia 520[111] Fame January 2013 500 2 Windows Phone 8 520T with TD-SCDMA for China Mobile[112]
Nokia Lumia 720[113] Zeal January 2013 700 2 Windows Phone 8 720T with TD-SCDMA for China Mobile[114]
Nokia Lumia 925[115] Catwalk June 2013 900 2 Windows Phone 8 925T with TD-SCDMA for China Mobile[116]
Nokia Lumia 1020[117] EOS July 2013 1000 2 Windows Phone 8
Nokia Lumia 625[118] Max August 2013 600 2 Windows Phone 8
Nokia Lumia 1320[119] Batman October 2013 1300 2 Windows Phone 8
Nokia Lumia 1520[120] Bandit October 2013 1500 2 Windows Phone 8
Nokia Lumia 2520[121] Sirius October 2013 2500 2 Windows RT
Nokia Lumia 525[122] Glee December 2013 500 2 Windows Phone 8
Nokia Lumia Icon[123] February 12, 2014 900 3 Windows Phone 8.1
Nokia Lumia 930[124] Martini April 2014 900 3 Windows Phone 8.1
Nokia Lumia 630[125] Moneypenny April 2014 600 3 Windows Phone 8.1 635 with LTE, 636 and 638 with 1GB RAM[126]
Nokia Lumia 530[127] Rock July 2014 500 3 Windows Phone 8.1
Nokia Lumia 730 Dual SIM[128][129][130] September 2014 700 3 Windows Phone 8.1
Nokia Lumia 735[129] Superman September 2014 700 3 Windows Phone 8.1
Nokia Lumia 830[131] Tesla September 2014 800 3 Windows Phone 8.1

Microsoft-branded Lumia devices[edit]

Microsoft Lumia devices
Name Codename Release date Series Generation Installed operating system Variations
Microsoft Lumia 535[132][133] Chakra November 2014 500 3 Windows Phone 8.1 Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 435[134] Vela January 2015 400 3 Windows Phone 8.1 Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 532[135] Leo January 2015 500 3 Windows Phone 8.1 Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 640[136] Dempsey March 2015 600 4 Windows Phone 8.1 LTE, Dual SIM, LTE Dual SIM.
Microsoft Lumia 640 XL[137] Makepeace March 2015 600 4 Windows Phone 8.1 LTE, Dual SIM, LTE Dual SIM.
Microsoft Lumia 430[138] Doris March 2015 400 3 Windows Phone 8.1 Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 540[139] April 2015 500 4 Windows Phone 8.1 Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 950[140] Talkman November 2015 900 5 Windows 10 Mobile Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 950 XL[141] Cityman November 2015 900 5 Windows 10 Mobile Dual SIM
Microsoft Lumia 550[142] Saimaa December 2015 500 5 Windows 10 Mobile
Microsoft Lumia 650[143] Saana February 2016 600 5 Windows 10 Mobile LTE, LTE Dual SIM

Comparison of Lumia smartphones[edit]

Sales[edit]

Quarterly sales of Lumia devices (million units)
Quarters Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Q2 2014 Q3 2014 Q4 2014 Q1 2015 Q2 2015 Q3 2015 Q4 2015 Q1 2016 Q2 2016 Q3 2016 Total
Quarterly global sales 1 2 4 2.9 4.4 5.6 7.4 8.8 8.2 8 7.4 9.3 10.5 8.6 8.4 5.8 4.5 2.3 1.2 1 111.3

Graph of quarterly global sales (million units)[144][145][146][147][148][149][150][151][152][153][154]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Popa, Bogdan (12 September 2016). "Microsoft Stops Lumia Production, Replacement Units No Longer Available". Softpedia. SoftNews. 
  2. ^ Bartlett, Karen (2 November 2011). "Naming the Nokia Lumia". Conversations by Nokia. Nokia. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Edmonds, Rich (5 February 2013). "Some interesting "Did you know..." facts about Nokia". Windows Central. 
  4. ^ a b Warren, Tom (24 October 2014). "Microsoft Lumia design officially revealed without Nokia branding". The Verge. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Fraser, Adam (11 November 2014). "High five for Microsoft Lumia 535". Microsoft Devices Blog. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Dolcourt, Jessica (6 October 2015). "Microsoft Lumia 950 coming in November with Windows 10, 5.2-inch screen, starts at $549 (hands-on)". CNet. 
  7. ^ a b Kastrenakes, Jacob (6 October 2015). "Microsoft Lumia 950 XL with 5.7-inch display and liquid cooling announced for $649". The Verge. 
  8. ^ a b Statt, Nick (6 October 2015). "Microsoft's new Lumia 550 announced at $139". The Verge. 
  9. ^ Hänninen, Samuli (15 February 2016). "Microsoft Lumia 650: sophisticated, metal design and Windows 10 under $200". Microsoft Devices Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  10. ^ Hill, Brandon (31 December 2016). "Microsoft Ends Sales Of All Lumia Windows 10 Mobile Devices From Microsoft Store". HotHardware. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  11. ^ O., JR (9 January 2017). "Lumia Isn't Dead After All: New Stocks Available For 950 XL, 640 XL And More". iTechPost. IQ Adnet. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  12. ^ Thorp-Lancaster, Dan (19 January 2017). "Lumia 550, 950 and 950 XL now back in stock at the U.S. Microsoft Store". Windows Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c Cheng, Roger (18 December 2012). "Nokia on the edge: Inside an icon's fight for survival". CNET. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Samsung overtakes Nokia in mobile phone shipments". BBC News. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c "Nokia and Microsoft form partnership". BBC. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  16. ^ a b Weintraub, Seth (9 February 2011). "Nokia's Elop drops bomb: the platform is on fire". Fortune. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Gulliver, John (11 February 2011). "Nokia N9 to be launched this year". Nokia Phones. Archived from the original on 27 August 2011. 
  18. ^ John, Norman (30 October 2011). "Nokia N9 and MeeGo Apps Site Launched, Checkout and Download Hot and Top Apps". Nokia World. 
  19. ^ John, Michael. "Microsoft announces Lumia". Cellz. Cellz. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  20. ^ Sakr, Sharif (26 October 2011). "Nokia Lumia 710 hands-on (video)". Engadget. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  21. ^ Toor, Amar (26 October 2011). "Nokia announces the Lumia 800, the 'first real Windows Phone' (video)". Engadget. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  22. ^ Cheng, Roger (13 June 2012). "Just how well did Nokia's Lumia 900 do?". CNET. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  23. ^ Warren, Tom (27 February 2012). "Windows Phone 7.5 update will support 256MB RAM and slower processors in April". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  24. ^ "Windows Phone Tango: for low-cost smartphones". Jhang Mobiles. 10 August 2011. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. 
  25. ^ Nagy, Anton D. (7 June 2012). "Windows Phone Mango vs. Windows Phone Tango (Video)". PocketNow. 
  26. ^ Woods, Ben (5 September 2012). "Nokia's first Windows Phone 8 devices revealed: The Lumia 820 and 920". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  27. ^ Volpe, Joseph (5 September 2012). "Nokia Lumia 920 official: Dual-core 1.5GHz Snapdragon S4 CPU, 8MP PureView camera, Windows Phone 8 (video)". Engadget. Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  28. ^ Thurrott, Paul (27 September 2013). "Short Takes: September 27, 2013". Windows IT Pro. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  29. ^ Dolcourt, Jessica (19 July 2013). "Nokia Lumia 925 review: First metal Lumia gets it right". CNET. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "Nokia Lumia 1020 preview: Take two". GSMArena. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  31. ^ "Nokia's first tablet, Lumia 2520, unveiled". CBC News. 22 October 2013. 
  32. ^ Sohail, Omar (8 February 2015). "Microsoft RT tablets: Production of Nokia Lumia 2520 to cease". Christian Today. 
  33. ^ Lee, Tyler (4 February 2015). "Microsoft No Longer Manufacturing Nokia Lumia 2520". Übergizmo. 
  34. ^ "Nokia Lumia 2520: 3 Reasons It Is Doomed To Fail Even Before It Hits Stores". KPop Starz. 25 October 2013. 
  35. ^ Seifert, Dan (22 November 2013). "Nokia Lumia 2520 review". The Verge. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  36. ^ Al-Riyami, Fahad (2 February 2015). "The last Windows RT tablet reportedly discontinued, say goodbye to the Lumia 2520". WinBeta. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. 
  37. ^ Blandford, Rafe (18 July 2013). "Nokia Q2 2013 results - Lumia sales up against mixed background". All About Symbian. 
  38. ^ Souppouris, Aaron (29 October 2013). "Nokia's Q3 2013: $162 million profit from $7.79 billion revenue". The Verge. 
  39. ^ Reed, Brad (29 October 2013). "Nokia narrows Q3 loss as Lumia sales spike". Boy Genius Report. 
  40. ^ Pierce, David (2 September 2013). "Microsoft buying Nokia's phone business in a $7.2 billion bid for its mobile future". The Verge. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  41. ^ Sawers, Paul (5 January 2015). "Microsoft launches the Nokia 215, a $29 feature phone touted as its most affordable Internet device yet". Venture Beat. 
  42. ^ Sándor, Nacsa (15 August 2012). "MediaTek’s ‘smart-feature phone’ effort with likely Nokia tie-up". Lazure. 
  43. ^ Foley, Mary Jo (25 April 2014). "Microsoft takes control of Nokia's phone business; acquires 25,000 new employees". ZDNet. 
  44. ^ Lunden, Ingrid (3 September 2013). "Nokia’s Licensing Its Name To Microsoft, But It’s Free To Keep Building Hardware, And Could Even Dial Up To Mobile Devices Again By January 2016". Tech Crunch. 
  45. ^ Patel, Nilay (3 September 2013). "There will never be another Nokia smartphone". The Verge. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  46. ^ Tung, Liam (5 September 2013). "Is Microsoft about to bring Office and XBox to Nokia's Asha phones?". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 19 May 2017. While Microsoft figures out how to integrate Nokia into its own business, it will retain Nokia's brand name under licence to sell both Asha devices and other feature phones. 
  47. ^ Nick Wingfield (13 September 2013). "Behind Microsoft Deal, the Specter of a Nokia Android Phone". Bits. The New York Times. 
  48. ^ Hamblen, Matt (12 December 2013). "Perspective: The fate of Nokia's Android phone depends on Microsoft". Computerworld. 
  49. ^ Best, Jo (24 February 2014). "Nokia really is going Android with the launch of three 'gateway' devices called X". ZDNet. 
  50. ^ Davies, Chris (24 February 2014). "Nokia X official: Android for the sub-Lumia masses". Slash Gear. 
  51. ^ Hachman, Mark (4 September 2014). "Microsoft announces two Lumia phones, always-on Cortana, and clever new mobile accessories". PC World. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  52. ^ F., Alan (28 June 2014). "Microsoft to use "Nokia by Microsoft" branding on new phones; Surface name to be replaced by Lumia?". PhoneArena. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  53. ^ Eadicicco, Lisa (24 October 2014). "Microsoft Has Officially Cut Nokia's Brand From Its Most Popular Smartphone Line". Business Insider. 
  54. ^ Lomas, Natasha (28 April 2014). "Microsoft Won’t Brand Its Own Phones ‘Microsoft Mobile’ — Nor Use Nokia’s Name For Long". Tech Crunch. 
  55. ^ Mlot, Stephanie (22 October 2014). "Nokia's Phone Business Rebranded as 'Microsoft Lumia'". PC Magazine. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  56. ^ Paul, Ian (24 October 2014). "This is what Microsoft's Nokia-less Lumia phones will look like". PC World. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  57. ^ McAllister, Neil (22 October 2014). "Nokia France leak: Windows Phone DUMPED in Microsoft Lumia revamp". The Register. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  58. ^ Callaham, John (9 November 2014). "The Nokia Conversations blog is now Lumia Conversations". Windows Central. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  59. ^ Browne, Mike (8 January 2015). "Welcome to Lumia Conversations UK". Lumia Conversations UK. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. 
  60. ^ "#Nokia Support Discussions gets a new home – The #Microsoft Mobile Community. by @jimboireland". Nokia News Ireland. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  61. ^ Viswav, Pradeep (8 December 2014). "Lumia Beamer app update changes beaming URL to lumiabeamer.com". MSPowerUser. 
  62. ^ Warren, Tom (10 September 2014). "Microsoft is killing the Nokia and Windows Phone brands". The Verge. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  63. ^ Chacos, Brad (11 September 2014). "Microsoft is killing the Nokia and Windows Phone names, reports say". PC World. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  64. ^ Warren, Tom (21 October 2014). "Microsoft Lumia will replace the Nokia brand". The Verge. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  65. ^ Bright, Peter (11 November 2014). "The Lumia 535 is the first Microsoft-branded smartphone". Ars Technica. 
  66. ^ Saxena, Anupan (11 November 2014). "First Microsoft-branded smartphone Lumia 535 launched". The Times of India. 
  67. ^ Dasani, Jill (28 January 2015). "AdDuplex Stats – Lumia 535 a massive hit in India, Lumia 730 follows". Nokia the One. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. 
  68. ^ Tre, Tuoi (6 February 2015). "Nokia phones still popular with consumers in Vietnam following Microsoft buyout: retailers". Tuoi Tre News. 
  69. ^ Newman, Jared (23 January 2015). "Microsoft reneges on Windows 10 upgrades for all current Lumia phones". PC World. IDG. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  70. ^ Saleem, Hammad (24 March 2015). "Windows Phone performance as of March 2015, budget-friendly devices continue to dominate". WinBeta. Archived from the original on 26 March 2015. 
  71. ^ Author, Ron (8 February 2015). "Joe Belfiore confirms Windows 10 for 512MB phones, subset of phones to get the first preview build". WinBeta. Archived from the original on 9 March 2015. 
  72. ^ "Joe Belfiore: Windows 10 update for 512MB phones in the works". GSMArena. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  73. ^ Rubino, Daniel (16 January 2015). "Microsoft clarifies Lumia Denim update for some is just in-name-only". Windows Central. 
  74. ^ Bass, Dina; Ewing, Adam (8 July 2015). "Microsoft to Cut Jobs, Take $7.6 Billion Writedown on Nokia". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 8 July 2015. 
  75. ^ Viswav, Pradeep (21 July 2015). "Surface Chief Panos Panay Is Taking Over Engineering For All Of Premium Devices Including Lumia Windows Phones.". MSPowerUser. 
  76. ^ "Microsoft Lumia 650 launched at $199: Here are the top specs". The Indian Express. 17 February 2016. 
  77. ^ Orlowski, Andrew (29 July 2016). "Microsoft buries the bad Windows Phone news: Mobile sales collapse". The Register. 
  78. ^ Warren, Tom (23 May 2016). "Windows Phone market share sinks below 1 percent". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  79. ^ Thakran, Shekhar (12 September 2016). "Microsoft to Discontinue Lumia Phones This December: Report". Gadgets. NDTV. 
  80. ^ Keach, Sean (3 May 2017). "Microsoft Surface Phone release date, news, specs, rumours and price". Trusted Reviews. Time. 
  81. ^ Riley, Sean (8 May 2017). "Microsoft Surface Phone Rumors: What You Can Expect". Tom's Guide. Purch. 
  82. ^ Hautala, Eric (6 January 2012). "New maintenance release for Windows Phone". Windows Phone Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  83. ^ Blandford, Rafe (15 May 2013). "Nokia's "Lumia Amber" software update in detail". All About Windows Phone. 
  84. ^ "Green light for Lumia Amber.". lumiaconversations.microsoft.com. Microsoft. August 15, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  85. ^ "Lack of FM chip not the reason the Nokia Lumia 620 is not getting FM Radio support". WMPoweruser. 
  86. ^ "FM Radio support". Nokia. 
  87. ^ Delaney, Ian (9 January 2014). "Nokia Lumia Black update begins rollout.". Lumia Conversation. 
  88. ^ "Nokia kicks off Lumia Black software update with new features, apps". blogs.windows.com. Microsoft. January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  89. ^ GSM, Mustafa (11 January 2014). "Nokia Lumia Black software update features overview". G.S.M. Arena. 
  90. ^ Xbox, WP (23 October 2013). "Nokia Lumia Black : List of Features / Apps That are Coming to Windows Phone". WPXbox. 
  91. ^ Arena, GSM (3 April 2014). "Nokia's WP 8.1 release detailed, to be called Lumia Cyan". GSM Arena. 
  92. ^ "All-new Windows Phone experience: Lumia Cyan update". lumiaconversations.microsoft.com. Microsoft. July 15, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  93. ^ Sulleyman, Aatif (19 December 2014). "Lumia Denim Features List: What's new?". Trusted Reviews. 
  94. ^ "Full of features: Lumia Denim Update". lumiaconversations.microsoft.com. Microsoft. September 4, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  95. ^ Ivanoff, Ivan (8 February 2015). "Nokia Lumia 1520 Denim Update Makes Its Camera That Much Better". J.B.G. News. 
  96. ^ "Nokia Lumia 800 and 710 price and release dates confirmed". Cnet. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  97. ^ Millward, Steven (28 March 2012). "Nokia and China Telecom to Launch Lumia 800C March 31st, WP7 Marketplace Now Live in China". Tech in Asia. 
  98. ^ "T-Mobile's Nokia Lumia 710 is official, on January 11th". Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  99. ^ "Nokia Lumia 900 Release Date April 8th". International Business Times. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  100. ^ F., Alan (27 May 2012). "Nokia #1 again in Finland as Nokia Lumia 610 and Nokia Lumia 900 launch". PhoneArena. 
  101. ^ Hashmi, Saad (28 March 2012). "Nokia Lumia 800C and Lumia 610C announced for China Telecom’s CDMA network". Windows Phone Daily. 
  102. ^ Dhingra, Deepak (October 23, 2012). "Nokia launches budget Lumia 510: Windows Phone 7.5, 4-inch display and 5-megapixel camera (video)". Engadget. 
  103. ^ Summers, Nick (5 September 2012). "Nokia launches the Lumia 820, the 920’s little brother with 8 megapixel camera, 4.3" screen". The Next Web. 
  104. ^ "Nokia Lumia 810 for T-Mobile review". engadget.com. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  105. ^ "HTC 8X, Nokia Lumia 822 release & price on Verizon". Phones Review. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  106. ^ "Nokia Lumia 920 release date UK: 2 November". Pocket-lint. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  107. ^ Eddy, Nathan (May 12, 2012). "Nokia, Verizon Prepare for Lumia 928 Smartphone Launch". eWeek. 
  108. ^ "Live from Nokia's MWC 2013 Press Conference". AnandTech. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  109. ^ Admin, Site (17 December 2012). "Nokia Lumia 505: New Windows Phone 7.8". Release Phones. 
  110. ^ Dolcourt, Jessica. "Nokia Lumia 620 Review – Watch CNET's Video Review – page 2". Reviews.cnet.com. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  111. ^ Saxena, Anupam (20 March 2013). "Nokia launches Lumia 720 and Lumia 520 with Windows Phone 8 in India". NDTV Gadgets. 
  112. ^ Vasil, Cosmin (21 March 2013). "Nokia Lumia 520T Arriving in China for $225/€175". Softpedia. 
  113. ^ H., Victor (27 February 2013). "Nokia Lumia 720 and Lumia 520 release date set for April 1 (not a joke)". Phone Arena. 
  114. ^ Viswav, Pradeep (20 March 2013). "China Mobile Variant Of Nokia Lumia 720 To Include CMMB Mobile TV Technology". Windows Mobile PowerUser. 
  115. ^ Epstein, Zach (14 May 2013). "Nokia unveils Lumia 925 with aluminum body, PureView camera; headed to T-Mobile". BGR. 
  116. ^ R., Maxwell (8 June 2013). "Nokia Lumia 925T all set to make a splash with China Mobile". Phone Arena. 
  117. ^ Delaney, Ian (12 September 2013). "Nokia and Telefonica launch 64GB Nokia Lumia 1020". Microsoft Lumia Conversations. 
  118. ^ "Nokia Lumia 625: hero of the big screen". Nokia. 
  119. ^ of India, Trust (20 December 2013). "Nokia announces Lumia 1320, 525, Asha 500, 502, 503 India launch". IBN Live. 
  120. ^ Lawler, Richard (8 November 2013). "Nokia's 6-inch Lumia 1520 arrives on AT&T November 22nd for $200, pre-orders open now". Engadget. 
  121. ^ Rigg, Jamie (10 January 2014). "Nokia's Lumia 2520 tablet exclusive to John Lewis in the UK from December 4th". Engadget. 
  122. ^ tomwarren. "Nokia Lumia 525 unveiled as successor to the most popular Windows Phone". The Verge. Vox Media. 
  123. ^ GSM, Arena (9 February 2014). "Nokia Lumia Icon launching on February 20". GSM Arena. 
  124. ^ Page, Carly (21 July 2014). "Lumia 930 release date, price, specs and availability". The Inquirer. 
  125. ^ Rougeau, Micheal (2 April 2014). "New Lumia 630, Lumia 635 are the first to launch with Windows Phone 8.1". Tech Radar. 
  126. ^ Taylor, April (4 November 2014). "Nokia Lumia 635 Windows Phone 8.1, quad-core LTE smartphone hits Cricket Wireless on Nov. 7". iTech Post. 
  127. ^ F., Alan (13 August 2014). "Nokia Lumia 530 launches in India". Phone Arena. 
  128. ^ developer.nokia.com/devices
  129. ^ a b Sharma, Ravi (26 November 2014). "Nokia Lumia 730 review: Not just a selfie phone". Times of India. 
  130. ^ McGregor, Jay (4 October 2014). "Microsoft Launches The Nokia Lumia 830, Dual-Sim 730 And 4G 735". Forbes. 
  131. ^ Ranger, Steve (2 December 2014). "Nokia Lumia 830 review: Smart, cheeky design, elegant software - and the end of an era". ZDNet. 
  132. ^ Saxena, Anupam (11 November 2014). "First Microsoft-branded smartphone Lumia 535 launched". Times of India. 
  133. ^ Finance, Yahoo! (11 November 2014). "Microsoft Lumia 535: "5x5x5" Innovation with an Affordable Price Tag". Yahoo! Finance. 
  134. ^ Bulletin, Maynila (19 January 2015). "Microsoft Lumia 435 and Lumia 532: Affordable Lumia smartphones". Manila Bulletin. 
  135. ^ Nishta, author (14 January 2015). "Introducing the Lumia 435: our most affordable Lumia yet". Lumia Conversations. 
  136. ^ K., Pranav (2 March 2015). "MWC15: Microsoft launches Microsoft Lumia 640". Windows Mobile PowerUser. 
  137. ^ K., Pranav (2 March 2015). "MWC15: Microsoft announces Lumia 640 XL". Windows Mobile PowerUser. 
  138. ^ Fraser, Adan (19 March 2015). "Hello, Lumia 430 Dual SIM". Lumia Conversations. 
  139. ^ Fraser, Adan (15 April 2015). "The brand new Microsoft Lumia 540 Dual SIM". Lumia Conversations. 
  140. ^ Newman, Jared (6 October 2015). "Microsoft's flagship Lumia 950 and 950XL will lead Windows 10 Mobile with premium specs. The first Windows 10 flagship phones have high-quality cameras, liquid-cooled processors, and Continuum support.". PC World. 
  141. ^ Olivarez-Giles, Nathan (6 October 2015). "Microsoft Unveils Powerhouse Lumia 950 and 950 XL Phones.". Wall Street Journal. 
  142. ^ Trew, James (6 October 2015). "Microsoft's Lumia 550 offers entry-level Windows 10 for $140.". Engadget. 
  143. ^ Weinberger, Matt (15 February 2016). "Microsoft is marking the end of an era with a $199 Windows phone for the business.". Business Insider. 
  144. ^ "Nokia — Results and Reports". 
  145. ^ "Nokia Lumia sales hit record 8.8 million in Q3, North America doubles". 
  146. ^ "Nokia Lumia sales weaker over holidays, but doubled in 2013". 
  147. ^ "9.3 million Lumia smartphones were sold by Microsoft last quarter". 
  148. ^ "Nokia Lumia sales hit record 7.4 million in Q2". 
  149. ^ "Microsoft sold 8.6 million Lumia phones in its Q3 2015 fiscal quarter". 
  150. ^ "Microsoft sold 5.8 million Lumia phones in its Q1 2016 fiscal quarter". 
  151. ^ Windows Phone is dead | The Verge
  152. ^ Microsoft's Q3 2016: Surface up and Windows Phone down again
  153. ^ Microsoft only sold around 1.2 million Lumia phones in the April to June quarter
  154. ^ Microsoft sold less than 1 million Lumia phones last quarter

External links[edit]