Balu, Haryana

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Balu, Haryana is located in Haryana
Balu, Haryana
Shown within Haryana
Balu, Haryana is located in India
Balu, Haryana
Shown within Haryana
Location Haryana, India
Coordinates 29°39′00″N 76°21′58″E / 29.65°N 76.366°E / 29.65; 76.366Coordinates: 29°39′00″N 76°21′58″E / 29.65°N 76.366°E / 29.65; 76.366
Type Settlement
Cultures Indus Valley Civilization

Balu is a small archeological site attributed to the Indus Valley Civilisation, located some 22 kilometres (14 mi) south of the city of Kaithal in the Indian state of Haryana.

Historical significance[edit]

This is a small fortified settlement which has yielded several plant remains.[1]

Floral remains[edit]

Several plant remains were found here include various types of barley, wheat, rice, horsegram, green gram, various types of pea, sesamum, melon, watermelon, grapes, dates, garlic etc. (Saraswat and Pokharia - 2001-2)[1] which is comparable to a nearby IVC site Kunal, Haryana revealed remains of rice (probably wild).

Earliest garlic[edit]

The plant remains found here include a garlic specimen, recognised as the earliest evidence of garlic.[1] This is the earliest evidence of garlic cloves in south & south-east Asia, and it dates to the Mature Harappan period.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. pp. 137, 157. ISBN 9788131711200. 

External links[edit]

Location of Balu and other IVC sites in Haryana [1]