Rohtak

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Rohtak district.
Rohtak
रोहतक
Metropolitan City
M.D. University
M.D. University
Rohtak is located in Haryana
Rohtak
Rohtak
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 28°53′27″N 76°34′47″E / 28.8909°N 76.5796°E / 28.8909; 76.5796Coordinates: 28°53′27″N 76°34′47″E / 28.8909°N 76.5796°E / 28.8909; 76.5796
Country India
State Haryana
District Rohtak
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation of Rohtak
 • Member of Parliament Deepender Singh Hooda (INC)
 • Mayor Renu Dabla
Area
 • Total 115 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation 220 m (720 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 373,133
 • Rank 119
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 124 001 – 124 017
Telephone code 91 1262 XXX XXX
Vehicle registration HR 12 (Passenger), HR 46 (Commercial)
Major Highways NH10, NH71, NH71A & SH18
Nearest City Jhajjar, Sonipat
Railways Stations in City Rohtak Jn, Asthal Bohar Jn
Sex ratio 1.13[1] /
Vidhan Sabha constituency Rohtak City
Planning agency Haryana Urban Development Authority
Civic agency Municipal Corporation of Rohtak
Website rohtak.nic.in

Rohtak (About this sound listen ) is known as the "Heart of Haryana" having the largest outer bypass road in the state. It is the administrative headquarters of Rohtak district. Rohtak is one of the fastest emerging city of India in the field of education and industry. It is located 70 km northwest of New Delhi and 250 km south of the state capital Chandigarh at the NH 10. Rohtak forms a part of National Capital Region.[2][3]

History[edit]

Economists believes that the city's name is of Indo-Aryan origin and is recorded in the Vedas .It was founded by a Rajput King name Raja Rohtash Singh Parmar was Rohtashgarh after his change. The spelling changed to Rohtak. Rohtashgarh belonged to parmar cast and subsequently He traces the development of the name as being "Rohītaka-kula > Rohitaka > Rohtek" and notes that this accords with the place existing around 500 BC.[4]

The ruins of the ancient town at Khokrakot prove that perhaps the town is as old as Indus valley Civilization as the Minar finds at Khokhrakot are typical of Indus Valley sites. It is also Identified with Rohitika,mentioned in the Mahabharta. It was quite possibly the capital of Bahudhanyaka the kingdom of yaudheyas. In the vinaya of the Mulasarvasti-vadins, Jivaka is represented as taking journey from Taxila in the north west of Bhadramkara, Udumbasa, Rohitaka and Nathura in the Ganga Doab. The ancient highway carried the trade of the ganga valley to Taxila passing through Rohitika to Sakala. The existance of the town during the rule of Kushan is testified by the recovery of Khushana Pillar Capital decorated with carving of winged lions and riders. The Pillar capital represents the sculplor's excellence in his professional skill. An example of a lion capital of 1st or 2nd century AD, it resembles the lion capital in the British museum at London, famous for its inscriptions. The riders on it are similar to the riders on elephant at Karle cave and figures at Sanchi Gateway. It is a significant example of the sculptural art of Haryana towards the beginning of the Christian era. Clay mounds of coins discovered at Khokhrakot have thrown important light on the process of casting coins in ancient India. The coin moulds of the later Yadhyayas of the 3rd or 4th century AD have been discovered in large number here of the same and subsequent dates are several cly sealings. A Gupta terraacota plague and a head of later date have also been discovered. The town continued to flourish till the 10th century AD as coins of Samanta Deva, the Hindus King of Kabul have been found here.[5]

Art and culture[edit]

A very old and antique heritage has been preserved in Rohtak. Baba Mast Nath Math, Gokaran, kiloi temple, and several more like fine looking buildings erected in traditional Indian and Mughal styles such as spacious havelis with ornate facade, finely carved wooden door sets and sand stone pillars, mosques that were once lavishly decorated in stucco work, dharamshalas with fine looking statues of Radha and Krishna and temple spires and are few of them. The survey was extended to study a few large village estates such as Balambha, Farmana Khas, Lakhan Majra, Bhaini Surjan and Meham by Society for Peoples’ Advancement, Technology and Heritage (SOPATH). The present Monastery was founded by Baba Mast Nath in 1731.

Sai Mandir
  • Medieval Times

A centuries old fort was situated at Rohtak, in present Quila Mohlla. That fort was built by shekhs of Yaman under Kazi Sultan Muhammad Surkh during Ghori Dynasty kings. The then emperor Delhi Mahmud Tughlaq posted two brothers named Malik Idrees and Mubariz Khan at that fort in 1400. The fort of Rohtak was besieged by Sayad Khizer Khan in 1410 which could only succeed after a long seize of six months.[6]

  • British period (1800-1947)

Rohtak being the oldest District of Haryana, the British officers used to reside here since 1810. Those British constructed a Church at Rohtak, which was completed 22 September 1867. It was named All Center Church. Its central hall was built by Maj. Feindala in the memory of his daughter Athel Nora, while the contribution for woodwork was given by JF Bruster and RF Kalenal.[7] There are some tomb stones, having dated inscriptions in the graveyard near mini secretariat building of Rohtak. Previously it was said to be surrounded by a garden, but now only a narrow strip of land is left far this cemetery. It has some 180 years old historic tombstones, like that of DC Moore and others. This centuries old cemetery is quite in a deserted condition now and a thick thorny plantation has covered the very attractive tombs stones there. It needs to be restored in a better way, with adequate guards.[8]

Sweets[edit]

Rewri and jalebi of this town are famous.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Average annual rainfall in Rohtak city is 458.5mm (18.0 inch).[9] Rohtak's climate shows extreme variation in temperature. It does not usually fall below freezing point in the winter months from November to January. In summer from April to July, the day temperature generally remains between 30 °C and 40 °C occasionally going up to 48 °C on a few days.[citation needed]

  • Lowest: 3 °C (37 °F)
  • Highest: 44 °C (111 °F)

The climate is almost same as that of Delhi due to Rohtak being just 70kms far. So Delhi chart can be followed.

Climate data for Delhi (70km from Rohtak)[10]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
34.1
(93.4)
40.6
(105.1)
45.6
(114.1)
47.2
(117)
46.7
(116.1)
45.0
(113)
42.0
(107.6)
40.6
(105.1)
39.4
(102.9)
36.1
(97)
29.3
(84.7)
47.2
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
23.5
(74.3)
29.2
(84.6)
36.0
(96.8)
39.2
(102.6)
38.8
(101.8)
34.7
(94.5)
33.6
(92.5)
34.2
(93.6)
33.0
(91.4)
28.3
(82.9)
22.9
(73.2)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
16.8
(62.2)
22.3
(72.1)
28.8
(83.8)
32.5
(90.5)
33.4
(92.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.0
(86)
29.5
(85.1)
26.3
(79.3)
20.8
(69.4)
15.7
(60.3)
25.1
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.9
(78.6)
27.8
(82)
26.8
(80.2)
26.3
(79.3)
24.7
(76.5)
19.6
(67.3)
13.2
(55.8)
8.5
(47.3)
19.0
(66.2)
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.9
(66)
20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
17.3
(63.1)
9.4
(48.9)
3.9
(39)
1.1
(34)
−0.6
(30.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
20
(0.79)
15
(0.59)
21
(0.83)
25
(0.98)
70
(2.76)
237
(9.33)
235
(9.25)
113
(4.45)
17
(0.67)
9
(0.35)
9
(0.35)
790
(31.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.8 5.5 13.0 12.1 5.7 1.7 0.6 1.6 51.7
 % humidity 63 55 47 34 33 46 70 73 62 52 55 62 54.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 214.6 216.1 239.1 261.0 263.1 196.5 165.9 177.0 219.0 269.3 247.2 215.8 2,684.6
Source #1: NOAA[11]
Source #2: Indian Meteorological Department[12]

[13][14]

Rainfall[edit]

Annual rainfall of the district is about 58 cm. Rainfall is unevenly distributed and DDCReases from south east to Southwest. Rainy season starts from July to September. About 80% of the total rainfall is received during this period. Some amount of rainfall is received from western disturbances during winter season. Due to less rainfall and its short duration the agricultural activities is mostly dependent upon canal irrigation and Tubewells.[15]

Hydrology[edit]

The development of an area largely depends over the quality as well as quantity of ground water. As far Rohtak District is concerned ground water occurs in semi-confined to unconfined aquifers. The unconfined aquifers are tapped by dugwells. While the semi-confined aquifers are tapped by shallow tubewells which are 22,000 in number.[16]

Political controversy[edit]

The development of Rohtak has caused controversy. An allegedly disproportionate number of state development projects have been awarded to the city by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, who comes from it. This has received severe criticism from both the opposition parties and some members of the governing Indian National Congress party, who attack Hooda for being biased.[3] Rao Inderjit Singh, a Congress leader from South Haryana, used Right to Information requests to determine that from a total of 5,135 announcements of schemes in the state, 2,045 have gone to the three districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar and Sonepat. These comprise areas of Hooda’s own constituency and that of his son, the Lok Sabha MP Deepender Singh Hooda. Of the 3,356 completed schemes, 1,560 are from these three districts whereas 1,796 schemes have been completed in the rest of the state.[17][18] Ambala MP Selja Kumari[19] is also against the region-specific and biased development of Rohtak.[20][21]

The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has spent over Rs 340 crore from its own pocket for development of Rohtak.HUDA till December 31, 2010 collected Rs 322 crore as EDC in Rohtak and spent almost Rs 663 crore out of the EDC fund.[22]

Industry and business[edit]

Industrial areas and townships[edit]

Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) has developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT).

Facilities[edit]

View of D-Park, Model Town

The Municipal Corporation has prepared a strategy for future developments, that includes new residential areas, healthy environment, and maintained roads.[23]

Healthcare[edit]

The city hosts the Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS)[24] and Civil Hospital, both of which are operated by the State Government. There are also various privately operated medical facilities. Pt B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak is situated at a distance of about 240 km from Chandigarh and about 70 km from Delhi on Delhi-Hissar-Sirsa-Fazilka National Highway (NH-10). It is the only major Institution for Medical Education and Research and a tertiary care centre for provision of specialized health care services not only to the people of the State of Haryana, but also to those from Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi and western U.P. The Institute was started under the name of Medical College, Rohtak in the year 1960. For the first three years, the students were admitted to Medical College, Patiala which acted as a host Institution. In 1963, the students were shifted to Rohtak. In the subsequent years, multifaceted expansion measures have transformed the Institute into a fully developed center of Medical Education and research in all the major disciplines of Medicine. In the year 1994, Medical College, Rohtak was renamed as Pt. B.D.Sharma, Medical College, Rohtak and subsequently it was upgraded to a Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences in the year 1995. Today Pt. B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak is a famous institution not only for medical education but also for the health care facilities both at the National as well as International level. The Institute

complex houses the following buildings:

  • Medical College
  • Well Equipped Hospital of 1246 beds
  • Super-specialty Centre
  • Multislice whole body CT Scan building
  • De-addiction center
  • Dental College and Hospital
  • Pharmacy College
  • College of Nursing

The Institute has a remarkably well developed campus spread over an area of 350 acres of land. During the 50 years of its existence, Pt. B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak has witnessed a phenomenal growth achieving not only its designated goals but also in expanding its horizons to set newer objectives completely commensurable with the requirements of National goal of “Health for all by 2020”.[25] Some other medical colleges -

Sport[edit]

Athletic Stadium at Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex, Sector-6

The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has developed the Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex. in Sector-6.[when?] The complex includes cricket, hockey and football facilities, tennis courts, an athletics stadium, wrestling hall, swimming pools and other leisure facilities.[citation needed]

Chaudhary Bansi Lal Cricket Stadium is a cricket ground in the Lahli, Rohtak(Haryana). The Stadium can accommodate only 8,000 spectators. The ground came into the lime light when Sachin Tendulkar played his last Ranji match in October 2013

Tourism[edit]

  • Tilyar Lake

The tourist spot of Tilyar Lake is near to the city.[26] includes Restaurant, Bar and Rohtak zoo. The lake lies in a 132-acre (0.53 km2) area and forms an integral part of the tourist setup, making it one of the greenest stretches in the adjoining area. The spacious lawns and the scenery on view make this resort a great place to relax, and people visit from as far away as Mumbai. It is also an excellent spot for watching a variety of birds that flock on the little island located in the middle of the lake.

  • Rohtak Zoo

The lake complex also houses Rohtak Zoo. Along with other heritage sites on the outskirts of city, there are many tourist places in Rohtak. The following animals have been housed in this zoo:, tiger, leopard, fox, hyena, wolf, gharial, mugger, hippopotamus, Himalayan black bear, jackal, otter, pig-tailed monkey, baboon, bonnet macaque, gray langur, sambhar, blackbuck, chinkara, Indian hog deer, barking deer, guineafowl, silver pheasant and fantail pigeon.

Transportation[edit]

View of Latest Sign-Board

Roads[edit]

Rohtak is connected to seven cities by three national highways (NH10, NH71, and NH71A) and two State Highways (SH16 and SH18). National Highway 10 from New Delhi to Rohtak is being upgraded to six lanes with 30 km Rohtak City Bypass, so that the vehicles traveling between New Delhi and Hisar do not have to enter Rohtak city. National Highway 10 from Rohtak to Hissar and several cities of Punjab is being widened to a four-lane highway.[citation needed]

National highways[edit]

Rohtak is well connected to Delhi through NH-10. For better movement of commuters NHAI is widening the highway to six lanes. But the work quality and speed is so poor that the project is being delayed from many years. The construction company is accused many times of using low quality material in construction of roads.

This should be compared with other national highways which were started after this and are operational for full their length.

Railway[edit]

Rohtak City is connected to New Delhi, Bahadurgarh Bhiwani, Jind, Gohana, and Panipat by rail. It is on the Delhi-Firozpur line. Delhi-Rohtak-Jakhal-Bhatinda railway line is double tracked, the other railway lines like Rohtak-Panipat are of single track.[citation needed] A new railway line from Rohtak to Rewari via Jhajjar became operational from January 2013.[27]

The railway track between New Delhi and Rohtak has been electrified. There has been an EMU service between the two cities since March,2013.[28]

Air travel[edit]

There is currently no commercial airport serving the city. The state govt has shown interests in building a Greenfield Cargos Airport at the Meham village to serve this city and the AAI has given consent in principle for this. The nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi.

Demographics[edit]

As of the provisional 2011 census figures, Rohtak municipality had a population of 373,133.[1] The municipality had a sex ratio of 887 females per 1,000 males and 10.9% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 84.08%; male literacy was 88.94% and female literacy was 78.68%.[1]

Sectors[edit]

In Rohtak old sectors are Sector 1, Sector 3, Sector 14, Sector 2, 4 are newly developed and new sectors 5, 6, 25 are being planned. Sector 3 is the best sector to live in.

Media and communications[edit]

All India Radio has a local station in Rohtak which transmits various programs of mass interest.

Education[edit]

Pranav Mukherjee Addressing an Event At MDU
Institute of Engineering and Tech. at Maharishi Dayanand University

Rohtak has 16 national government institutes, making it one of the biggest educational hubs of the country. Rohtak Loksabha constituency is the only constituency in India to have AIIMS,IIM and IIT. Current renowned health university named after Haryana's first chief minister, Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma will be upgraded to AIIMS at cost of Rs 200 crore.[29] Indian Institute of Management Rohtak is currently being set up with a budget of Rs 600 crore. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi is also being set up with a budget of Rs 500 crore.[30][31] These institutes along with Haryana's biggest university according to number of students enrolled Maharishi Dayanand University and numerous other universities of fashion technology, film and media make it an educational city. Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak [32]

Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences or PGIMS Rohtak is a graduate medical institute in the city of Rohtak, India. The institute offers various courses in major specialties of medicine.

City also has D.A.V. Centenary Public School, Sri Ram Global School, GD Goenka World School, Indus College of Education, Rohtak[33] and Indus Public School, Rohtak[34] belonging to Indus Group of Institutions founded by chairman, trustee, and Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) National Secretary Captain Abhimanyu Sindhu under Sindhu Education Foundation and Param Mitra Manav Nirman Sansthan.[35]

Administration[edit]

There is a mini Secretariat in main city near by Court.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Rohtak tops in AIDS cases". The Times of India. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Mohan, Neeraj. "Rohtak develops with Haryana CM’s bounty". Tehelka. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Witzel, Michael (1999). "Aryan and non-Aryan Names in Vedic India.". In Bronkhorst, Johannes; Deshpande, Madhav. Aryans and Non-Non-Aryans, Evidence, Interpretation, and Ideology. Cambridge: Harvard University. p. 352 (PDF p. 25). ISBN 978-1-888789-04-1. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.reference.com/browse/rohtak
  6. ^ http://www.ijless.com/journal%20data/IJLESSJune14_20_24_Sangeeta.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.ijless.com/journal%20data/IJLESSJune14_20_24_Sangeeta.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.ijless.com/journal%20data/IJLESSJune14_20_24_Sangeeta.pdf
  9. ^ http://rohtak.nic.in/stat3.htm
  10. ^ http://www.travelindia-guide.com/north/haryana/rohtak_weather.php
  11. ^ "New Delhi (SFD) 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Extremes for Delhi". Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/India/Rohtak/climate-profile.aspx
  14. ^ Delhi#Climate
  15. ^ http://rohtak.nic.in/study_area.htm
  16. ^ http://rohtak.nic.in/study_area.htm
  17. ^ Dogra, Chander Suta (5 March 2013). "Rao Inderjit Singh’s move may give impetus to new alignments". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  18. ^ "Rao Inderjit charges CM with bias against south Haryana". The Tribune. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  19. ^ Manav, Sushil (22 April 2013). "Hooda counters Selja’s claims of skewed development – Says entire state has witnessed progress in his regime". The Tribune. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  20. ^ "Haryana Congress session reveals rebel trouble". The Times Of India. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "Inauguration of Rewari-Rohtak rail track: City MP feels left out". Hindustan Times. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  22. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/haryana-spends-more-than-it-earns-in-rohtak/806969/
  23. ^ Dainik Bhaskar e-Paper Rajasthan | Punjab | Haryana | Madhya Pradesh | Jharkhand | Chhattisgarh
  24. ^ Haryana to get AIIMS extension, Rohtak PGI to be upgraded – Indian Express
  25. ^ http://pgimsrohtak.nic.in/intro.htm
  26. ^ Tilyar Lake, Picnic at Tilyar Lake Rohtak, Weekend Breaks from Delhi
  27. ^ "New 81-km railway line inaugurated in southern Haryana"
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/news/haryana/rohtak-pgims-to-be-upgraded_587684.html
  30. ^ http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/haryana-grants-iitdelhi-50-acres-for-extension-of-research-campus/1090051/
  31. ^ [2]
  32. ^ "PT BD SHARMA". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  33. ^ http://icerohtak.co.in/
  34. ^ http://induspublicschool.com/
  35. ^ http://www.induseducation.org/
  36. ^ http://rohtak.nic.in/administration.htm

External links[edit]