Ningxiang County

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Ningxiang County
宁乡县
County
Ningxiang County is located in Hunan
Ningxiang County
Ningxiang County
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 28°10′58″N 113°20′26″E / 28.1827°N 113.3405°E / 28.1827; 113.3405Coordinates: 28°10′58″N 113°20′26″E / 28.1827°N 113.3405°E / 28.1827; 113.3405
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Prefecture-level city Changsha
Established July 1983
Government
 • Communist Party Secretary Tan Xiaoping (谭小平)[2]
 • Chairman of Ningxiang County People's Congress He Yinghui (贺应辉)[3]
 • County Governor Zhou Hui (周辉)[4]
 • Chairman of Ningxiang County of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Yu Yajun (喻亚军)[5]
Area
 • County 2,906 km2 (1,122 sq mi)
Population (August 2012)
 • County 1,368,117[1]
 • Urban 300,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.nxgov.com/zfmh/index.html

Ningxiang County (simplified Chinese: 宁乡县; traditional Chinese: 寧鄉縣; pinyin: Níngxiāng Xiàn; literally: "peaceful home") is a county and the 2nd most populous county-level divison in the Province of Hunan, China; it is under the administration of Changsha City. the county is bordered to the north by Heshan District of Yiyang and Taojiang County, to the west by Anhua County and Lianyuan City, to the south by Louxing District of Loudi, Xiangxiang City, Shaoshan City and Yuhu District of Xiangtan,to the east by Yuelu and Wangcheng Districts. Located in the central east of Hunan Province, Ningxiang covers 2,906 km2 (1,122 sq mi)[8] with registered population of 1,393,528 and resident population of 1,218,400 (as of 2014).[8] The county has 4 subdistricts, 21 towns and 4 townships under its juridiction, the county seat is Yutan Subdistrict (玉潭街道).[9]

The county is famous for its tourism as the home of attractions like He Shuheng's Former Residence, Xie Juezai's Former Residence, Liu Shaoqi's Former Residence, Baiyun Temple, Miyin Temple, and Puji Temple.

Archeology[edit]

Ningxiang was a site of spectacular Shang archaeological finds[10]

In 2004, a Chinese team excavated ruins from the Western Zhou period (11th century-771BC) at Tanheli. The findings were of a city site that included two large yellow earth artificial building sites and two even larger sites that may have been palace dwellings. Remnants of moats were found both inside and outside the city. In the highlands outside the city were excavated seven small tombs for nobles and lords which contained many bronze culture implements as well as those made of jade. The site was listed in Beijing as one of the top ten archeological discoveries of 2004.[11]

Bronze square ding (cauldron) with human faces 02.jpg Dahe Renmianwen square ding: a ding vessel decorated with human face. It is a bronze vessel of the later Shang Dynasty and unearthed at Zhaizishan, Huangcai Town, Ningxiang County in 1959. It is displayed at the Hunan Provincial Museum.
四羊方尊.jpg Siyangfangzun or Four-goat Square Zun: a zun vessel of the later Shang Dynasty and Unearthed at Zhuanerlun hillside (转耳仑山腰), Huangcai town, Ningxiang County. Discovered by Jiang Jingsu (姜景舒) and his other two brothers on April, 1938. It is displayed at the National Museum of China.

Administrative division[edit]

According to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Ningxiang county on November 19, 2015,[9] The divisions of Ningxiang County, according to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Ningxiang county on November 19, 2015:[12] Fengmuqiao township and Xieleqiao town merged to Huitang town, Nantianping township merged to Batang town, Zhuliangqiao township merged to Shuangjiangkou town, Ningxiang county has 4 townships, 21 towns and 4 subdistricts under its jurisdiction.

Buildings in the city proper on the Wei River bank.
Buildings in the city proper of Ningxiang County.
Name Chinese character Population (2005) Area (Km2) Note
Qingshanqiao 青山桥镇 49,000 71.8
Liushahe 流沙河镇 69,000 140.57
Yutan Subdistrict 玉潭街道 200,000 20
Daolin 道林镇 56,000 135
Huaminglou 花明楼镇 51,000 112.4
Donghutang 东湖塘镇 47,000 138
Xiaduopu 夏铎铺镇 37,000 103.4
Xieleqiao 偕乐桥镇 21,000 72.5
Shuangfupu 双凫铺镇 47,000 62.9
Meitanba 煤炭坝镇 53,000 73.4
Batang 坝塘镇 41,000 107
Huitang 灰汤镇 23,000 43
Shuangjiangkou 双江口镇 38,000 89.5
Laoliangcang 老粮仓镇 63,000 121.8
Xiangzikou 巷子口镇 42,000 105.8
Longtian 龙田镇 21,000 72.5
Hengshi 横市镇 50,000 123
Huilongpu 回龙铺镇 37,000 71.8
Huangcai 黄材镇 62,000 220
Jinzhou 金洲镇 31,000 62.1
Dachengqiao 大成桥乡 43,000 106.2
Zhuliangqiao Township 朱良桥乡 33,000 82.72
Jinghuapu Township 菁华铺乡 32,000 65.8
Nantianping Township 南田坪乡 27,000 64
Zifu 资福镇 38,000 87.4
Fengmuqiao Township 枫木桥乡 38,000 72.6
Yujia'ao Township 喻家坳乡 39,000 96.85
Shatian Township 沙田乡 34,000 74.22
Baimaqiao Subdistrict 白马桥街道 50,000 22.8
Lijingpu Subdistrict 历经铺街道 34,000 35
Chengjiao Subdistrict 城郊街道 50,000 22.8
Weishan Township 沩山乡 14,000 42.8

Geography[edit]

Ningxiang County is located in the middle of Hunan province. The county has a total area of 2,903.52 square kilometres (1,121.06 sq mi). The county is bordered by Wangcheng District, to the east, Xiangtan County, to the Southeast, Shaoshan, Xiangxiang, Lianyuan, and Loudi, to the south, Anhua County, to the west, Taojiang County and Yiyang, to the North.

Climate[edit]

Ningxiang County is in the subtropical monsoon climate zone and exhibits four distinct seasons. Spring and fall are warm, while winter is chilly with cold winds. Winter temperatures average around 5 °C (41 °F). Summers are very hot and dry with a July daily average of 35 °C (95 °F).

Rivers[edit]

The Wei River flows through Ningxiang County and has seven major tributaries: Huangjuan River, Duan River, Mei River, Tiechong River, Yutang River, Chu River and Wu River.

The Jin River flows through Ningxiang County to Xiangtan, is one of the largest tributaries of the Xiang River.

Lakes and reservoirs[edit]

The Huangcai Reservoir, also known as "Qingyang Lake", is a large reservoir located in the northwestern part of Ningxiang County. It is the largest body of water in Ningxiang County and the largest reservoir in Ningxiang County.

The Tianping Reservoir, also known as "Qingshan Lake", is a large reservoir located in the western part of Ningxiang County. It is the second largest body of water in Ningxiang County and the second largest reservoir in Ningxiang County.

Mountains[edit]

The highest natural elevation in Ningxiang County is 1071m at Wazizhai (瓦子寨).

Economy[edit]

Ningxiang is one of the most developed counties in Hunan, it ranked the 62th in the Top100 of counties and county-level ciities of China by comprehensive strength in 2016.[13] It is one of the best developed manufacturing counties and county-level cities in the province, the manufacturing industry is its economic pillar. Ningxiang's economic engines are food and beverage, Advanced equipment manufacturing, new materials, modern services industry, machinery manufacture and clothing. For example of 2015, the gross domestic product of Ningxiang County was CN¥100.22 billion (US$ 16.09 billion), Of this total, the value added of the the manufacturing industry was CN¥61.31 billion (US$9.84 billion), shares 61.18 percentage of its GDP.[14]

Ningxiang County has a variety of industries, such as the Wangbuliao Clothing, Sundance Clothing, Tsingtao Brewery, Jiajia Food (zh), and Sany. The county's manufacturering products include paper, technological equipment, automobiles, food, clothing and other goods. The service sector of the county's economy includes things like banking, health care, construction, communications, education, tourism and government.

Tourism comprises a large part of Ningxiang County's economy, with 20 million visitors spending ¥2 billion in 2014.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of 2012, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the county's population now to be 1,368,117.

Language[edit]

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Changsha dialect and Ningxiang dialect (zh).

Religion[edit]

The county government supports all religious. As of 2015, the majority of Ningxiang people are atheists. Most of Ningxiang people are worship Chinese folk religion. Only 3% of Ningxiang people belong to Buddhists, 1% are Taoists, 1% are Roman Catholics and Protestants.

Education[edit]

Jianfan Library of First High School of Ningxiang.

Ningxiang County has its own laws regulating education. The county government require young people to attend school. The age limits vary: six to fifteen. Every child in the county is guaranteed up to 9 years of education (Chinese: 九年义务教育). Filling classroom from kindergarten to the twelfth grade, they attend classes for an average of five hours a day, five days a week, until the beginning of the following summer.

Ningxiang County's students pass through several levels of schooling, and thus, several curricula, on their way to a high school diploma. They attend:

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The Luzan Railway, from Luoyang City, Henan Province to Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province, through Ningxiang County.

Culture[edit]

Huaguxi is the most influence local theater.

Tourism[edit]

Ningxiang County's most visited Buddhism temple is Miyin Temple, which was built in Tang dynasty in Weishan Township, the county is also known for Puji Temple and Shangliu Temple in Qingshanqiao Town, and Baiyun Temple in Huilong Mountain.

Huitang Hot Spring is a popular attraction.

Liu Shaoqi's Former Residence, Xue Juezai's Former Residence and He Shuheng's Former Residence are well known tourist spot.

Notable people[edit]

Ningxiang County is the birthplace of:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 宁乡县第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Ningxiang Government (in Chinese). 2012-08-30. 
  2. ^ 微长沙快讯:望城区委书记谭小平拟任宁乡县委书记. Xingchen Online (in Chinese). Changsha. 2015-03-31. 
  3. ^ 宁乡县十六届人大四次会议开幕. Red.net. Changsha. 2015-01-14. 
  4. ^ 宁乡县周辉. Red.net (in Chinese). Changsha. 2015. 
  5. ^ 政协宁乡县第十一届委员会主席、副主席、秘书长简历. Ningxiangdaily (in Chinese). 2012-11-23. 
  6. ^ 最新县及县以上行政区划代码(截止2013年8月31日) (in Chinese). 2014-01-17. 
  7. ^ 宁乡县被正式命名为“国家卫生县城”. Red.net (in Chinese). Changsha. 2014-01-04. 
  8. ^ a b Changsha Yearly Book 2015 (长沙统计年鉴2015)
  9. ^ a b According to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Liuyang city on November 19, 2015: changshamca.gov (2015-11-27): 《长沙市人民政府关于调整望城区部分乡镇区划的通知》, rednet (2015-11-19): 《湖南省民政厅关于同意长沙市望城区乡镇区划调整方案的批复》(湘民行发〔2015〕39号), also see: rednet (2015-12-03): 《长沙正式对有关区县市下发通知调整乡镇行政区划》
  10. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China, 1999:209
  11. ^ "Ruins from the Western Zhou Period, Tanheli, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province". www.china.org. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  12. ^ rednet (2015-12-04): 《湖南省民政厅关于同意宁乡县乡镇区划调整方案的批复》(湘民行发〔2015〕40号) also see: rednet (2015-12-03): 《长沙昨日下发通知调整乡镇行政区划 合并乡镇20个》
  13. ^ xinhuanet (7-Nov-16): 2016年全国综合实力百强县 or people.com (7-Nov-16)
  14. ^ the economy of Ningxiang County in 2015: according to 宁乡县2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报

External links[edit]