Ningxiang County

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Ningxiang County
宁乡县
County
Ningxiang County is located in Hunan
Ningxiang County
Ningxiang County
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 28°10′58″N 113°20′26″E / 28.1827°N 113.3405°E / 28.1827; 113.3405Coordinates: 28°10′58″N 113°20′26″E / 28.1827°N 113.3405°E / 28.1827; 113.3405
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Prefecture-level city Changsha
Established July 1983
Government
 • Communist Party Secretary Tan Xiaoping (谭小平)[2]
 • Chairman of Ningxiang County People's Congress He Yinghui (贺应辉)[3]
 • County Governor Zhou Hui (周辉)[4]
 • Chairman of Ningxiang County of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Yu Yajun (喻亚军)[5]
Area
 • County 2,906 km2 (1,122 sq mi)
Population (August 2012)
 • County 1,368,117[1]
 • Urban 300,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.nxgov.com/zfmh/index.html

Ningxiang County (simplified Chinese: 宁乡县; traditional Chinese: 寧鄉縣; pinyin: Níngxiāng Xiàn; literally: "peaceful home") is under the administration of Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, China. As of the 2012 census, the population was 1,368,117, making it the second-most populous county in Changsha. Its county seat is Yutan Town. The GDP of the county in 2012 was ¥74 billion, which would rank it No.2 in Hunan province and No.61 compared to the Top 100 most economically powerful counties and cities in China (zh).

The county is famous for its tourism as the home of attractions like He Shuheng's Former Residence, Xie Juezai's Former Residence, Liu Shaoqi's Former Residence, Baiyun Temple, Miyin Temple, and Puji Temple.

Archeology[edit]

The Wine Glass with Four Sheep.

Ningxiang was a site of spectacular Shang archaeological finds[8]

In 2004, a Chinese team excavated ruins from the Western Zhou period (11th century-771BC) at Tanheli. The findings were of a city site that included two large yellow earth artificial building sites and two even larger sites that may have been palace dwellings. Remnants of moats were found both inside and outside the city. In the highlands outside the city were excavated seven small tombs for nobles and lords which contained many bronze culture implements as well as those made of jade. The site was listed in Beijing as one of the top ten archeological discoveries of 2004.[9]

Administrative division[edit]

Buildings in the city proper on the Wei River bank.
Buildings in the city proper of Ningxiang County.
Name Chinese character Population (2005) Area (Km2) Note
Qingshanqiao 青山桥镇 49,000 71.8
Liushahe 流沙河镇 69,000 140.57
Yutan 玉潭镇 200,000 20
Daolin 道林镇 56,000 135
Huaminglou 花明楼镇 51,000 112.4
Donghutang 东湖塘镇 47,000 138
Xiaduopu 夏铎铺镇 37,000 103.4
Xialeqiao 偕乐桥镇 21,000 72.5
Shuangfupu 双凫铺镇 47,000 62.9
Meitanba 煤炭坝镇 53,000 73.4
Batang 坝塘镇 41,000 107
Huitang 灰汤镇 23,000 43
Shuangjiangkou 双江口镇 38,000 89.5
Laoliangcang 老粮仓镇 63,000 121.8
Xiangzikou 巷子口镇 42,000 105.8
Longtian 龙田镇 21,000 72.5
Hengshi 横市镇 50,000 123
Huilongpu 回龙铺镇 37,000 71.8
Huangcai 黄材镇 62,000 220
Jinzhou 金洲镇 31,000 62.1
Dachengqiao 大成桥乡 43,000 106.2
Zhuliangqiao 朱良桥乡 33,000 82.72
Jinghuapu 菁华铺乡 32,000 65.8
Nantianping 南田坪乡 27,000 64
Zifu 资福乡 38,000 87.4
Fengmuqiao 枫木桥乡 38,000 72.6
Yujia'ao 喻家坳乡 39,000 96.85
Shatian 沙田乡 34,000 74.22
Baimaqiao 白马桥乡 50,000 22.8
Lijingpu 历经铺乡 34,000 35
Chengjiao 城郊乡 50,000 22.8
Weishan 沩山乡 14,000 42.8

Geography[edit]

Ningxiang County is located in the middle of Hunan province. The county has a total area of 2903.52 square kilometers. The county is bordered by Wangcheng District, to the east, Xiangtan County, to the Southeast, Shaoshan, Xiangxiang, Lianyuan, and Loudi, to the south, Anhua County, to the west, Taojiang County and Yiyang, to the North.

Climate[edit]

Ningxiang County is in the subtropical monsoon climate zone and exhibits four distinct seasons. Spring and fall are warm, while winter is chilly with cold wind. Winter temperatures average around 5 ℃. Summers are very hot and dry with a July daily average of 35 ℃.

Rivers[edit]

The Wei River flows through Ningxiang County and has seven major tributaries: Huangjuan River, Duan River, Mei River, Tiechong River, Yutang River, Chu River and Wu River.

The Jin River flows through Ningxiang County to Xiangtan, is one of the largest tributaries of the Xiang River.

Lakes and reservoirs[edit]

The Huangcai Reservoir, also known as "Qingyang Lake", is a large reservoir located in the northwestern part of Ningxiang County. It is the largest body of water in Ningxiang County and the largest reservoir in Ningxiang County.

The Tianping Reservoir, also known as "Qingshan Lake", is a large reservoir located in the western part of Ningxiang County. It is the second largest body of water in Ningxiang County and the second largest reservoir in Ningxiang County.

Mountains[edit]

The highest natural elevation in Ningxiang County is 1071m at Wazizhai (瓦子寨).

Economy[edit]

Ningxiang County is placed the top 100 most economically powerful counties and cities in China. Encompassing ¥74 billion, the county has the second-largest economy in Hunan province.

Industry in Ningxiang County can be divided into three main groups: natural resources (primary industries), manufacturering (secondary industries), and service (tertiary) industries. The primary sector, including agriculture, fishing, forestry and mining, accounted for 3.3% of the county's GDP. Secondary industries, including manufacturering, construction, transport and communications, made up 82.1% of GDP. And the tertiary sector of trade, finance, services and public administration, accounted for nearly 14.6% of GDP.

In the past, agriculture have been very important to the county's economy, before the Chinese economic reform, 50% of the county's people were engaged in agriculture, but in recent years, there has been a dramatic drop, and now less than 20% of the county's people are farmers.

Ningxiang County has a variety of industries, such as the Wangbuliao Clothing, Sundance Clothing, Tsingtao Brewery, Jiajia Food (zh), and Sany. The county's manufacturering products include paper, technological equipment, automobiles, food, clothing and other goods. The service sector of the county's economy includes things like banking, health care, construction, communications, education, tourism and government.

Tourism comprises a large part of Ningxiang County's economy, with 20 million visitors spending ¥2 billion in 2014.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of 2012, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the county's population now to be 1,368,117.

Language[edit]

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Changsha dialect and Ningxiang dialect (zh).

Religion[edit]

The county government supports all religious. As of 2015, the majority of Ningxiang people are atheists. Most of Ningxiang people are worship Chinese folk religion. Only 3% of Ningxiang people belong to Buddhists, 1% are Taoists, 1% are Roman Catholics and Protestants.

Education[edit]

File:Ningxiang county First Senior High School 1.jpg|宁乡一中剑凡图书馆。

Jianfan Library of First High School of Ningxiang.

Ningxiang County has its own laws regulating education. The county government require young people to attend school. The age limits vary: six to fifteen. Every child in the county is guaranteed up to 9 years of education (Chinese: 九年义务教育). Filling classroom from kindergarten to the twelfth grade, they attend classes for an average of five hours a day, five days a week, until the beginning of the following summer.

Ningxiang County's students pass through several levels of schooling, and thus, several curricula, on their way to a high school diploma. They attend:

  • Elementary School. The Elementary School usually means grade 1 through 6. And grades 7, 8, and 9 make up what is called a "Elementary Middle School". Ningxiang County has more than 200 public schools and more than 100 public middle schools. Almost every elementary school provides instruction in these subjects: Chinese language (it includes reading, grammar, composition, and literature), English language, mathematics, science, history, geography, biology, ideological and political, computer, art, music, and physical education.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The Luzan Railway, from Luoyang City, Henan Province to Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province, through Ningxiang County.

Culture[edit]

Huaguxi is the most influence local theater.

Tourism[edit]

Ningxiang County's most visited Buddhism temple is Miyin Temple, which was built in Tang dynasty in Weishan, the county is also known for Puji Temple and Shangliu Temple in Qingshanqiao Town, and Baiyun Temple in Huilong Mountain.

Huitang Hot Spring is a popular attraction.

Liu Shaoqi's Former Residence, Xue Juezai's Former Residence and He Shuheng's Former Residence are well known tourist spot.

Notable people[edit]

Ningxiang County is the birthplace of:

  • Gan Siqi - one of only 57 generals bestowed the honour of being a "founding general" of the People's Republic of China.
  • He Shuheng - a proletarian revolutionary in modern China.
  • Huang Yali - a pop singer who earned sixth place in the 2006 Super Girl contest.
  • Li Zehou - a scholar of philosophy and intellectual history who currently resides in the United States.
  • Lu Diping - a military general and politician.
  • Tao Zhiyue - a Kuomintang general during the Second Anti-Japanese War.
  • Tong Enzheng - a archaeologist, historian, designer, and science fiction author.
  • Xie Fei - son of Xue Juezai, a world-recognized Chinese film director.
  • Zhou Shuguang - a blogger and citizen journalist best known for traveling around China to document injustice done to citizens.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 宁乡县第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Ningxiang Government (in Chinese). 2012-08-30. 
  2. ^ 微长沙快讯:望城区委书记谭小平拟任宁乡县委书记. Xingchen Online (in Chinese) (Changsha). 2015-03-31. 
  3. ^ 宁乡县十六届人大四次会议开幕. Red.net (Changsha). 2015-01-14. 
  4. ^ 宁乡县周辉. Red.net (in Chinese) (Changsha). 2015. 
  5. ^ 政协宁乡县第十一届委员会主席、副主席、秘书长简历. Ningxiangdaily (in Chinese). 2012-11-23. 
  6. ^ 最新县及县以上行政区划代码(截止2013年8月31日) (in Chinese). 2014-01-17. 
  7. ^ 宁乡县被正式命名为“国家卫生县城”. Red.net (in Chinese) (Changsha). 2014-01-04. 
  8. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China, 1999:209
  9. ^ "Ruins from the Western Zhou Period, Tanheli, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province". www.china.org. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 

External links[edit]