Unification movement

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The Unification movement is a broad spectrum of entities affiliated with the Reverend Sun Myung Moon.[1] It is a nascent, spiritually-based and charismatically-led movement of legally independent organizations.[2] It is sometimes known as the Unification Church, however its members point out that Rev. Moon repeatedly proclaimed the "end of religion" and his desire to not have a "church" so that hence movement is a more apt way of describing the theology, organizations, and individuals associated with him.[3][4][5][6][7]

Although Rev. Moon is commonly known as a religious figure, commentators have mentioned his belief in a literal Kingdom of God on earth to be brought about by human effort as a motivation for his establishment of multitudinous groups that are not strictly religious in their purposes.[8][9] In Korean society, there is a popular culture linked with the “Chaebol” structure where one individual oversees a broad spectrum of intertwined organizations.[10] This is the case with Rev. Moon and the Unification movement. Rev. Moon was not directly involved with managing the day-to-day activities of the numerous organizations that he indirectly oversaw, yet all of them attribute the inspiration behind their work to his leadership and teachings.[11] Others have said that one purpose of these non-sectarian organizations is to pursue social respectability.[12] These organizations have sometimes been labeled "front groups", an expression which originally referred to Soviet supported organizations during the Cold War.[13]

Multi-faceted organizations[edit]

Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity[edit]

The Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity (HSA-UWC) was a spiritual organization founded in South Korea in 1954 by Sun Myung Moon to unify Christianity around a broad and inclusive vision of a messianic mission. Rev. Moon established HSA-UWC to rally Christianity to support his view that humanity must create God-centered families, and that it is through this ideal that God’s will can be manifest.

The organization was ordered to be disbanded in 1994 with Rev. Moon's announcement of the founding of a new and distinct entity, the Family Federation for World Peace and Unification. Rev. Moon stated that the mission of HSA-UWC had been completed as "the period of religion is passing away".[14][15]

Family Federation for World Peace and Unification[edit]

The Family Federation for World Peace and Unification (FFWP) was established in 1994 with the goal of promoting ideal families that attend God. It is led by Rev. Moon’s widow Mrs. Hak Ja Han Moon, who following Rev. Moon’s death announced her distinct messianic status.[16] The Unification movement is split into several groups, all of which claim legitimacy and the spiritual authority of Rev. Moon. These groups diverge theologically and doctrinally. It is often unclear which among the many groups retains legal control over certain organizations.[17] The most prominent groups are the FFWP and the Family Peace Association, founded by Moon's eldest living son, Hyun Jin Preston Moon. Due to the ongoing division, the future of the Unification movement and its theological and institutional legacy is uncertain.[18][19][20][21]

The Family Peace Association[edit]

The Family Peace Association has the mission: “To enlighten humanity by uplifting their spiritual consciousness through universal principles and values rooted in God-centered families.”[22][23][24][25] Its founders are Hyun Jin Moon and Junsook Moon.[26][27][28][29][30][31]

CARP[edit]

The Collegiate Association for the Research of Principles (CARP) is a collegiate organization founded by Moon and his followers in 1955, which promotes intercultural, interracial, and international cooperation through the Unification world view.[32][33] J. Isamu Yamamoto states in Unification Church: "At times CARP has been very subtle about its association with the Unification Church, however, the link between the two has always been strong, since the purpose of both is to spread Moon's teachings."[34]

Universal Peace Federation[edit]

The Universal Peace Federation is an international organization which promotes religious freedom.[35] Dialogue and Alliance is its journal published from Tarrytown, New York.[36]

Women's Federation for World Peace[edit]

The Women's Federation for World Peace was founded in 1992 by Hak Ja Han. Its stated purpose is to encourage women to work more actively in promoting peace in their communities and greater society. It has members in 143 countries.[37][38][39]

Interfaith organizations[edit]

  • The Assembly of the World's Religions was founded by Sun Myung Moon. The first assembly was held from November 15 to 21, 1985, in MacAfee, New Jersey. The second was from August 15 to 21, 1990 in San Francisco.[40]
  • Inter-Religious Federation for World Peace[41][42]
  • American Clergy Leadership Conference (ACLC)[43][44][45]
  • The Middle East Peace Initiative sponsors projects to promote peace and understanding including visits by international Christians to Israel and Palestine and dialogues between members of the Israeli Knesset and the Palestinian Legislative Council.[46]

Educational organizations[edit]

  • Cheongshim Graduate School of Theology[47]
  • CheongShim International Academy
  • International Conference on the Unity of the Sciences
  • International Educational Foundation.[48]
  • New World Encyclopedia — an Internet encyclopedia that, in part, selects and rewrites certain Wikipedia articles through a focus on Unification values.[49] It "aims to organize and present human knowledge in ways consistent with our natural purposes"[50] and "to promote knowledge that leads to happiness, well-being, and world peace."[51]
  • Paragon House, book publishing.[52]
  • The Professors World Peace Academy was founded in 1973 by Sun Myung Moon,[53] who declared the group's intent to "contribute to the solutions of urgent problems facing our modern civilization and to help resolve the cultural divide between East and West". PWPA now has chapters in over one hundred countries.[54]
  • Sun Hwa Arts School
  • Sun Moon University[55]
  • Sun Myung Moon Institute[56]
  • High School of the Pacific in Kealakekua, Hawaii[57]
  • The Unification Theological Seminary, founded in 1975, is the main seminary of the international Unification Church. It is located in Barrytown, New York and with an Extension Center in midtown Manhattan. Its purpose has been described as training leaders and theologians within the Unification Church.[58] The seminary's professors come from a wide range of faiths, including a rabbi, a Methodist minister, a Presbyterian, and a Catholic priest.[59][60][61]
  • Blessed Teens Academy—Greeley, Colorado [62]
  • New Hope Academy—Landover Hills, Maryland, USA. "Although New Hope Academy was founded in 1990 by members of the Unification movement, it is not a sectarian school. No doctrines are taught; in fact, no classes in religion are offered.However morning services are mandatory,during services discussions about religious doctrines, hymns, and group prayers all take place. We believe it is the job of parents—with the support of their church, temple, or mosque—to impart their personal faith to their child." [63][64]
  • WUF - World University Federation
  • Several UC-related groups are working to promote sexual abstinence until marriage and fidelity in marriage and to prevent child exploitation; they care for victims of Thailand's sex trade as well.[65][66][67] In 1996, members of the Unification Church gathered 3,500 signatures in an anti-pornography campaign.[68]

Organizations in the arts[edit]

Sports organizations[edit]

Political organizations[edit]

Businesses[edit]

Members of the Unification movement owns a number of businesses in various countries. In Eastern Europe Unification movement missionaries are using the church's business ties to win new converts.[112] David Bromley, a sociologist at Virginia Commonwealth University, said: "The corporate section is understood to be the engine that funds the mission of the church. The wealth base is fairly substantial. But if you were to compare it to the LDS Church or the Catholic Church or other churches that have massive landholdings, this doesn't look on a global scale like a massive operation."[113]

  • AmericanLife TV cable television network formerly owned by the Unification movement.[114]
  • Cheongshim Hospital, Korean hospital.[115]
  • Il hwa Company, South Korean based producer of ginseng and related products.[116]
  • Isshin Hospital, Church sponsored hospital in Japan which practices both modern and traditional Asian medicine.[117][118]
  • International Oceanic Enterprises Inc.[119]
  • International Seafood of Alaska [120]
  • Master Marine, shipbuilding and fishing company in Alabama.[121]
  • National Hospitality Corporation.[122]
  • News World Communications is an international news media corporation[123] founded by Moon in 1976. Hyun Jin Moon took over the company as chairman in 2009.[124] It owns United Press International, The World and I, The Segye Ilbo (South Korea), and The Sekai Nippo (Japan).[125][126] Until 2008 it published the Washington, DC–based newsmagazine Insight on the News.[123] Until 2010, it owned The Washington Times, when Sun Myung Moon and a group of former Times editors purchased the Times from News World Communications.[127] The Times is currently owned by diversified conglomerate Operations Holdings, also associated with the Unification Church.
  • News World Media Development, owner of The World & I and former owner of The Washington Times.
  • Operations Holdings, owner of The Washington Times, US Marine Corporation, OH Travel, and Manhattan Center Studios.[128]
  • The Washington Times newspaper in Washington, D.C.
  • Pyeonghwa Motors, founded in 2000, has invested more than $300 million in the automobile industry of the North Korea.[129] Starting in 1992 the church established business ties with communist North Korea and owned an automobile manufacturer (Pyeonghwa Motors), a hotel, and other properties there. In 1998, the Unification Movement launched its operations in North Korea with the approval of the Government of South Korea, which had prohibited business relationships between North and South before.[130][131][132]
  • Tongil Group: A South Korean chaebol (tongil is Korean for "unification") founded in 1963 by Moon as a nonprofit organization which would provide revenue for the UC. Its core focus was manufacturing but in the 1970s and 1980s it expanded by founding or acquiring businesses in pharmaceuticals, tourism, and publishing.[133][134] Among Tongil Group's chief holdings are: The Ilwha Company, which produces ginseng and related products; Ilshin Stone, building materials; and Tongil Heavy Industries, machine parts including hardware for the South Korean military.[135]
  • True World Foods, which runs a major portion of the sushi trade in the United States.[136]
  • USP Rockets LLC, a real estate development firm in the United States.[137]
  • U.S. Property Development Corporation, real estate investment[138]
  • Yongpyong Resort, which hosted the alpine skiing events for the 2018 Winter Olympics and Paralympics.[139][140]

In the United States members of the Unification movement own fishing interests. The biggest are in Gloucester, Massachusetts, Alaska and Alabama. In Kodiak, Alaska the Unification movement "runs a fleet of fishing boats ... [and is] the largest private employer" in Kodiak.[141]

United Nations related non-governmental organizations[edit]

Since 2000, Moon has promoted the creation of an interreligious council at the United Nations as a check and balance to its political-only structure.[142][143] Since then King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia and King Juan Carlos I of Spain hosted officially a program to promote the proposal.[144] Moon's Universal Peace Federation is in special consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council[145][146] and a member of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development,[147][148] a member of the United Nations Division for Palestinian Rights,[149][150] a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council,[151][152][153] a member of the UNHRC,[154][155] a member of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.[156] Three of Moon's non-governmental organizations (NGOs)—Universal Peace Federation, Women's Federation for World Peace and Service for Peace—are in consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.[145][146][157]

Other organizations[edit]

  • International Relief Friendship Foundation (IRFF) [158][159]
  • Joshua House Children's Centre in Georgetown, Guyana helps homeless and victimized children.[160]
  • Korean War 60th Anniversary Memorial Committee [161]
  • National Committee Against Religious Bigotry and Racism[162]
  • The New Hope East Garden Project, agricultural project in Brazil.[163]
  • Ocean Church[164]
  • Service For Peace[157]
  • Summit Council for World Peace[165]
  • Tongil Foundation[135]
  • World Media Association, sponsors trips for American journalists to Asian countries.[166]
  • World Peace and Unification Sanctuary, a spiritual group led by Sun Myung Moon's and Hak Ja Han's youngest son, Hyung Jin Moon.[167][168][169][170]

Organizations supported by members of the Unification movement[edit]

  • American Conference on Religious Movements, a Rockville, Maryland based group that fights discrimination against new religions. The group is funded by the Church of Scientology, the Hare Krishna organization, as well as by Unificationists, who give it $3,000 a month.[75]
  • American Freedom Coalition (AFC), a group which seeks to unite American conservatives on the state level to work toward common goals. The coalition, while independent, receives support from the Unification Church.[171] American Freedom Journal was a publication of the AFC published by Rev. Robert Grant.[172] The journal was started in 1988 and suspended publication sometime before 1994.[173] Contributors included Pat Buchanan, Ed Meese, Ben Wattenberg and Jeane Kirkpatrick.[174]
  • Christian Heritage Foundation, a private, independent charitable foundation based in Virginia that distributes Bibles and Christian literature to Communist and Third World nations. In 1995 it was given $3.5 million by the Women's Federation for World Peace.[175]
  • Empowerment Network, a pro-faith political action group supported by United States Senator Joe Lieberman.[176]
  • Foundation for Religious Freedom (Also known as the New Cult Awareness Network.), an organization affiliated with the Church of Scientology which states its purpose as "Educating the public as to religious rights, freedoms and responsibilities." [177][178]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CESNUR - From the Unification Church to the Unification Movement, 1994-1999: Five Years of Dramatic Changes". www.cesnur.org. Retrieved 22 February 2018. 
  2. ^ Swatos, Jr, William H. (February 1998). Encyclopedia of religion and society. Walnut Creek, California.: AltaMira Press. ISBN 978-0-7619-8956-1. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  3. ^ Moon, Sun Myung (May 2006). Cheon Seong Gyeong (First ed.). Sun-jo Hwang; HSA Publications. pp. 1011,1606. 
  4. ^ Moon, Sun Myung. "The Proclamation of the Complete Testament Age -- View of the Principle of the Providential History of Salvation". tparents.org. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  5. ^ Moon, Sun Myung. "Total Indemnity". www.unification.net. Damian Anderson. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  6. ^ Email Us. "'Moonies' founder dies, aged 92 - The Irish Times - Mon, Sep 03, 2012". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2012-09-04. 
  7. ^ Moon’s death marks end of an era, Eileen Barker, CNN, 2012-9-3
  8. ^ Swatos, Jr, William H. (February 1998). Encyclopedia of religion and society. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press. ISBN 978-0-7619-8956-1. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  9. ^ Biermans, J. 1986, The Odyssey of New Religious Movements, Persecution, Struggle, Legitimation: A Case Study of the Unification Church Lewiston, New York and Queenston, Ontario: The Edwin Melton Press ISBN 0-88946-710-2 p173
  10. ^ Jung, Dong-Hyeon. "Korean Chaebol in Transition". China Report. Sage journals. pp. 299–303. doi:10.1177/000944550404000306. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  11. ^ Swatos, Jr, William H. (February 1998). Encyclopedia of religion and society. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press. ISBN 978-0-7619-8956-1. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  12. ^ Helm, S. Divine Principle and the Second Advent Archived 2008-09-21 at the Wayback Machine. Christian Century May 11, 1977 "In fact Moon’s adherents differ from previous fringe groups in their quite early and expensive pursuit of respectability, as evidenced by the scientific conventions they have sponsored in England and the U.S. and the seminary they have established in Barrytown, New York, whose faculty is composed not of their own group members but rather of respected Christian scholars."
  13. ^ Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America: African diaspora traditions and other American innovations: Introduction, Eugene V. Gallagher, W. Michael Ashcraft, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006, pages 94-95
  14. ^ Introvigne, Massimo (2000-10-15). The Unification Church: Studies in Contemporary Religion. Signature Books. ISBN 1560851457. 
  15. ^ Introvigne, Massimo. "From the Unification Church to the Unification Movement, 1994-1999: Five Years of Dramatic Changes". www.cesnur.org. CESNUR - Center for the Studies on New Religions. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  16. ^ "FFWPU International Headquarters – Practicing True Love in Resemblance to Heavenly Parent". FFWPU International Headquarters. FFWPU International Headquarters. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  17. ^ Fefferman, Dan. "SCHISM in the Unification Church" (PDF). CESNUR Center for Studies on New Religions. 2016 CESNUR Conference. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  18. ^ "Life and Legacy of Sun Myung Moon and the Unification Movements in Scholarly Perspective". www.cesnur.org (in Italian). CESNUR Center for Studies on New Religions. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  19. ^ Boorstein, Michelle; Shapira, Ian (23 November 2009). "Succession, division worry church members and beneficiaries". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  20. ^ Song, Hongeun. "Unification Church 'I Am The Prince"" (June 2011). Shin Dong A. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  21. ^ Barker, Eileen (April 8, 2016). Revisionism and Diversification in New Religious Movements. Routledge. ISBN 9781317063605. 
  22. ^ "Family Peace Association - GuideStar Profile". www.guidestar.org. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  23. ^ "가정평화협회 창설". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  24. ^ "가정평화협회 창설". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  25. ^ "가정평화협회 창설, 환영사하는 곽진만 조직위원장". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  26. ^ 송, 홍근. "문현진 가정평화협회 창설자". shindonga.donga.com (in Korean). Shin Dong A. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  27. ^ "문현진 곽전숙 가정평화협회 창설자 내외". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  28. ^ "기조연설하는 문현진 박사". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  29. ^ "가정평화협회 창설". Segye Times (in Korean). Retrieved 1 March 2018. 
  30. ^ "기조연설하는 문현진 박사". Buja Dongne Times (in Korean). Retrieved 1 March 2018. 
  31. ^ "가정평화협회 창설, 축사하는 사이드 아킬 시라즈 총재". 중앙일보 (in Korean). 4 December 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  32. ^ "In 1955, Reverend Moon established the Collegiate Association for the Research of the Principle (CARP). CARP is now active on many campuses in the United States and has expanded to over eighty nations. This association of students promotes intercultural, interracial, and international cooperation through the Unification world view." [1]
  33. ^ Storey, John Woodrow; Glenn H. Utter (2002). Religion and Politics. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 99. ISBN 1-57607-218-5. 
  34. ^ Yamamoto, J.; Alan W Gomes (1995). Unification Church. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. p. 19. ISBN 0-310-70381-6. 
  35. ^ Religious persecution, Business World, January 9, 2014
  36. ^ R. North, S.J. (Compiled), Elenchus of Biblica 1987, Rome, 1990, p.544.[2]
  37. ^ Staff (June 19, 1993). "Moon's wife to speak in Lawrence". The Kansas City Star. The Kansas City Star Co. p. E10. 
  38. ^ Cuda, Amanda (December 28, 2004). "Event works for understanding through friendships". Connecticut Post. p. Section: Womanwise. 
  39. ^ Peterson, Thair (March 21, 1998). "Bridging the Interracial Gap". Long Beach Press-Telegram. p. A3. 
  40. ^ Introduction and Brief History of the Assembly of the World's Religions
  41. ^ The Reunification of Korea and World Peace, Sun Myung Moon
  42. ^ Inter-Religious Federation for World Peace
  43. ^ The Encyclopedia Of Christianity, Erwin Fahlbusch, et al, p598
  44. ^ False Dawn, Lee Penn, p122
  45. ^ Moonstruck, SF Weekly, 2006-02-22
  46. ^ Ghouse, Mike (21 February 2012). "Commitment to Israel-Palestine, Part 2". Huffington Post. 
  47. ^ Cheongshim Graduate School of Theology
  48. ^ ELISABETH ROSENTHALPublished: 12 September 2000 (12 September 2000). "Group Founded by Sun Myung Moon Preaches Sexual Abstinence in China — New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  49. ^ About, Professors World Peace Academy
  50. ^ "Project Vision," New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved, June 25, 2008.
  51. ^ "About," New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved, April 10, 2015.
  52. ^ McDowell, Edwin (April 2, 1984). "Unification Church Is Starting A Publishing House". The New York Times. 
  53. ^ "The Peace Academy, based in New York, was founded by Moon in 1973. It is financed primarily by his International Cultural Foundation." [3]
  54. ^ History of PWPA, Professors World Peace Academy
  55. ^ Sun Moon University
  56. ^ Robertson, Roland and Garrett, William R., 1991, Religion and Social Order, Paragon House, page 206
  57. ^ [4]
  58. ^ Yamamoto, J. I., 1995, Unification Church, Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House ISBN 0-310-70381-6 (Excerpt: Archived 2012-02-10 at the Wayback Machine.)
    "1. The Unification Theological Seminary
    a. The Unification Church has a seminary in Barrytown, New York called The Unification Theological Seminary.
    b. It is used as a theological training center, where members are prepared to be leaders and theologians in the UC.
    c. Since many people regard Moon as a cult leader, there is a false impression that this seminary is academically weak.
    d. Moon's seminary, however, has not only attracted a respectable faculty (many of whom are not members of the UC), but it also has graduated many students (who are members of the UC) who have been accepted into doctoral programs at institutions such as Harvard and Yale."
  59. ^ Dialogue with the Moonies Rodney Sawatsky, Theology Today, April 1978. "Only a minority of their teachers are Unification devotees; a Jew teaches Old Testament, a Christian instructs in church history and a Presbyterian lectures in theology, and so on. Typical sectarian fears of the outsider are not found among Moonies; truth is one or at least must become one, and understanding can be delivered even by the uninitiated."
  60. ^ Where have all the Moonies gone? K. Gordon Neufeld, First Things, March 2008, "While I was studying theology, church history, and the Bible—taught by an eclectic faculty that included a rabbi, a Jesuit priest, and a Methodist minister—most of my young coreligionists were standing on street corners in San Francisco, Boston, and Miami urging strangers to attend a vaguely described dinner."
  61. ^ Divine Principle and the Second Advent Archived 2008-09-21 at the Wayback Machine. Christian Century May 11, 1977 "In fact Moon's adherents differ from previous fringe groups in their quite early and expensive pursuit of respectability, as evidenced by the scientific conventions they have sponsored in England and the U.S. and the seminary they have established in Barrytown, New York, whose faculty is composed not of their own group members but rather of respected Christian scholars."
  62. ^ [5]
  63. ^ [6]
  64. ^ Statement on Faith, Devotions, and Traditions: http://www.newhopeacademy.org/MD-private-school/international-faiths-religions.php
  65. ^ Rosenthal, Elisabeth (2000-09-12). "Group Founded by Sun Myung Moon Preaches Sexual Abstinence in China". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  66. ^ "Glenallen resident returns from Thailand after helping victims of human trafficking". 7 May 2012. 
  67. ^ Mo. woman helps victims of human trafficking
  68. ^ Gruzen, Tara (February 13, 1996). "College Group Preaches A Lesson On Pure Love At Anti-porn Protest". Chicago Tribune. 
  69. ^ DANCE VIEW; A Wobbly Kirov Is Saved by 'The Firebird', New York Times, July 7, 1995
  70. ^ DANCE; A Small Place Reaches for Ballet's Big Time, New York Times, July 29, 2001
  71. ^ Sewell, Rhonda B. (February 28, 2003). "Korean Culture Takes the Stage". The Blade. p. D11. The colors, sounds, and heritage of South Korea will come alive tonight as the Little Angels, an all-girls Korean folk ballet company, performs in the Ritz Theatre in Tiffin. ... The company was founded in 1962 by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon and his wife, Hak Ja Han, as a way to project a positive image of the country... 
  72. ^ Moon, Sun Myung (2009). As a Peace-Loving Global Citizen. Gimm-Young Publishers. ISBN 0-7166-0299-7.  page 67. "My plan was to have these seventeen children learn how to dance and then send them out into the world. Many foreigners knew about Korea only as a poor country that had fought a terrible war. I wanted to show them the beautiful dances of Korea so that they would realize that the Korean people are a people of culture."
  73. ^ Dunning, Jennifer (December 29, 1973). "Dance: The Little Angels; Korean Folk Ballet Presents 31 Children in Intricate Routines and Songs". The New York Times. p. 53. 
  74. ^ Dunning, Jennifer (February 1, 1993). "Dance in Review". The New York Times. 
  75. ^ a b c A Church in Flux is Flush with Cash Washington Post, November 23, 1997
  76. ^ Kelleher, Terry (September 20, 1982). "'Inchon reflects only the cult of bad moviemaking". The Miami Herald. p. 5C. 
  77. ^ Moon Church Founds Ballet School New York Times, 1990-09-08
  78. ^ Universal Ballet
  79. ^ Interview with Julia Moon exploredance.com
  80. ^ Inside and Outside the Korean Dance Scene
  81. ^ "Reverendo Moon retorna à Grã-Bretanha" (in Portuguese). BBC Brasil. 2005-11-05. Retrieved 2004-11-16. 
  82. ^ South Korea to host global peace cup in JulySports Illustrated May 6, 2003
  83. ^ Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma at ROKfootball.com
  84. ^ Warming Up for the Kick-off, Wall Street Journal, August 2, 2010
  85. ^ "Jerez se convierte hoy en una de las sedes oficiales de la 'Peace Cup 2009'" (in Spanish). AndaluciaPress. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  86. ^ "Peace Cup might go to Spain". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  87. ^ "Soccer World News//World Roundup". CNN. 
  88. ^ Finance Today
  89. ^ cupress.com Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  90. ^ Church Spends Millions On Its Image Washington Post September 17, 1984. "In May, a church political group called the Freedom Leadership Foundation paid for four Republican Senate staff members – including aides to Sens. Steve Symms (R-Idaho), Robert W. Kasten Jr. (R-Wis.) and William L. Armstrong (R-Colo.) – to fly to Central America where they met with government leaders and U.S. Embassy officials in Honduras and Guatemala and joined the official U.S. observer delegation to the Salvadoran election."
  91. ^ My Four and One Half Years with The Lord of The Flies, Allen Tate Wood "From March to December of 1970 I was head of the Unification Church's political arm in the United States (The Freedom Leadership Foundation). On Moon's behalf we sought to defuse the Peace Movement and buttress the hawk position by convincing senators and congressmen that there was substantial grass roots support for a hard line stand in Asia. In 1969 we were just scratching the surface. Today Moon's organization is in a position of vastly increased power and prestige. Through the Freedom Leadership Foundation and its descendant CAUSA, Moon has won the gratitude and respect of many congressmen and senators, not to mention former presidents Nixon, Reagan and Bush."
  92. ^ Sun Myung Moon forms new political party to merge divided Koreas Archived 2013-09-01 at the Wayback Machine. Church and State, May 2003
  93. ^ Proposal for a Joint Mission to North Korea, Tehran Times, 2017-11-6
  94. ^ New moons are rising, Asia Times, October 31, 2009
  95. ^ Neil Bush, the Rev. Moon, Paraguay and the U.S. Dept. of Education by Bill Berkowitz, Scoop (New Zealand), 2008-03-29.
  96. ^ The Pittsburgh Press, December 20, 1982, page 11
  97. ^ Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy
  98. ^ Church Spends Millions On Its Image Washington Post September 17, 1984. "The church also is spending $1.5 million a year on a new local think tank, the Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, that is underwriting conservative-oriented research and seminars at Stanford University, the University of Chicago, the Institute for Energy Analysis in Oak Ridge, Tenn., and other institutions."
  99. ^ "Moon's 'Cause' Takes Aim At Communism in Americas." The Washington Post. August 28, 1983
  100. ^ Sun Myung Moon's Followers Recruit Christians to Assist in Battle Against Communism Christianity Today June 15, 1985
  101. ^ Church Spends Millions On Its Image, Washington Post, 1984-09-17. "Another church political arm, Causa International, which preaches a philosophy it calls "God-ism," has been spending millions of dollars on expense-paid seminars and conferences for Senate staffers, Hispanic Americans and conservative activists. It also has contributed $500,000 to finance an anticommunist lobbying campaign headed by John T. (Terry) Dolan, chairman of the National Conservative Political Action Committee (NCPAC)."
  102. ^ Public TV Tilts Toward Conservatives, Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting "While conservatives dismiss Bill Moyers' world-class documentaries on our constitutional checks and balances as "propaganda," they never mention PBS's airing of unabashed right-wing agitprop films such as Nicaragua Was Our Home (the pro-contra film produced by Rev. Sun Myung Moon's CAUSA, which funded the contras after Congress' ban)..."
  103. ^ Ribadeneira, Diego (August 21, 1999). "Ire at school Star of David ruling unites ACLU, Pat Robertson". The Boston Globe. The New York Times Company. p. B2. 
  104. ^ Dorsey, Gary (August 26, 1999). "Unification Church group sues state over task force; Investigation of cults called unconstitutional". The Baltimore Sun. p. 2B. 
  105. ^ Argetsinger, Amy (October 14, 1999). "Task Force Finds Few Instances of Campus Cults". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. p. M4. 
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