Westin Hotels & Resorts
|Founder||Severt W. Thurston, Frank Dupar|
|Headquarters||Bethesda, Maryland, United States|
Number of locations
|242 (September 2020)|
|Subsidiaries||Element by Westin|
Westin Hotels & Resorts is an American upscale hotel chain owned by Marriott International. As of June 30, 2020[update], the Westin Brand has 226 properties with 82,608 rooms in multiple countries in addition to 58 hotels with 15,741 rooms in the pipeline.
In 1930, Severt W. Thurston and Frank Dupar of Seattle, Washington met unexpectedly during breakfast at the coffee shop of the Commercial Hotel in Yakima, Washington. The competing hotel owners decided to form a management company to handle all their properties, and help deal with the crippling effects of the ongoing Great Depression. The men invited Peter and Adolph Schmidt, who operated five hotels in the Puget Sound area, to join them, and together they established Western Hotels. The chain consisted of 17 properties – 16 in Washington and one in Boise, Idaho. Its headquarters and executive offices were located in its flagship property, the New Washington Hotel in Seattle.
Western Hotels expanded to Vancouver, British Columbia and Portland, Oregon in 1931, to Alaska in 1939, and then to California in 1941, assuming management of the Sir Francis Drake Hotel the day after Pearl Harbor was bombed. Western added properties in Utah in 1949 and Montana in 1950.
Western Hotels executive Edward Carlson convinced Victor "Trader Vic" Bergeron to open his first franchised Trader Vic's location in the chain's Benjamin Franklin Hotel in Seattle in 1949. Originally a small bar named The Outrigger, it was expanded into a full restaurant in 1954 and renamed Trader Vic's in 1960. Due to the restaurant's success, Bergeron worked with Western Hotels to open Trader Vic's locations in a number of its hotels.
In 1955, Western Hotels assumed management of the landmark Olympic Hotel in Seattle. It became the chain's new flagship, and the headquarters and executive offices were moved from the New Washington Hotel to a newly-decorated suite of offices on the 12th floor of the Olympic, in celebration of the chain's 25th anniversary.
Early management developed each property individually. After more than two decades of rapid growth, many of its properties were merged into a single corporate structure in 1958, focusing on bringing the hotels together under a common chain identity. Also in 1958, Western Hotels assumed management of three hotels in Guatemala, its first properties outside the US and Canada. Western opened its first hotel in Mexico in 1961. In March of that same year, they opened the first hotel to be both constructed and owned by the chain, The Bayshore Inn in Vancouver.
Edward Carlson became President of the chain in 1960 and is credited with bringing the Century 21 Exposition to Seattle in 1962. Carlson's own napkin sketch of a tower with a revolving restaurant on top, inspired by his visit to the Stuttgart TV Tower, was the origin of the Space Needle. The chain managed the restaurant atop the Space Needle from its opening until 1982. Western Hotels also managed a floating hotel aboard the ocean liner QSMV Dominion Monarch, docked in Seattle harbor during the fair.
Western International Hotels
The company was renamed Western International Hotels in January 1963, to reflect its growth outside the US. That same year, the company went public.
From November 1, 1965, to 1970, Western International had an agreement with Hotel Corporation of America (today known as Sonesta), under which all 72 hotels of the two chains were jointly marketed as HCA and Western Hotels.
From 1968 to 1973, Western International had a similar joint marketing agreement with UK-based Trust House Hotels.
In 1970, Western International was acquired by UAL Corporation, with Edward Carlson becoming president and CEO of UAL, Inc and United Airlines.
On January 5, 1981, the company changed its name again to Westin Hotels (a contraction of the words Western International). The chain's flagship Washington Plaza Hotel in Seattle was the first property to be rebranded, becoming The Westin Hotel on September 1, 1981. That same year, Westin opened a new corporate headquarters directly across the street in the Westin Building, which shared a parking garage with the hotel.
In 1987, UAL chairman Richard Ferris announced a plan to reorganize UAL as Allegis Corporation, a travel conglomerate based around United Airlines, Hertz Rent a Car, Hilton Hotels, and Westin and linked by Apollo. This strategy failed, however, and Allegis sold Westin in 1988 to the Japanese Aoki Corporation for $1.35 billion. Aoki immediately sold the Plaza Hotel to Donald Trump for $390 million.
In 1994, Aoki agreed to sell Westin to real estate investment firm Starwood Capital Group (parent of Starwood) and Goldman Sachs at an enormous loss, for $561 million, but by the time the sale closed in May 1995, the buyers had negotiated the price down to $537 million. In 1998, Starwood assumed full ownership of the company.
Westin was the first hotel chain to introduce guest credit cards (in 1946), 24-hour room service (1969), and personal voice mail in each room (1991).
In 1999, Westin began selling the Heavenly Bed mattresses featured in Westin properties, and manufactured by Simmons Bedding Company, to the general public. In 2005, Westin partnered with Nordstrom, which carried the mattresses and bedding in its stores. In 2011, Westin began selling the Heavenly mattresses and bedding at Pottery Barn stores.
- The Westin Dhaka
- The Westin Seattle – The first and original Westin branded hotel, iconic cylindrical towers scaling the Seattle skyline
- The Westin Charlotte
- The Westin Bonaventure Hotel & Suites Los Angeles
- Moana Surfrider, A Westin Resort & Spa
- The Westin Peachtree Plaza Atlanta
- The Westin Book Cadillac Detroit
- The Westin Nova Scotian – Halifax, Nova Scotia
- The Westin Singapore – has the highest hotel lobby in Singapore
- The Westin St. Francis – San Francisco hotel on Union Square
- The Westin Excelsior, Rome – The Villa La Cupola Suite, billed at US$30,000 per night, is listed at number 8 on World's 15 most expensive hotel suites compiled by CNN Go in 2012.
- The Westin Palace Madrid
- The Westin San Jose – Formerly the Saint Claire and Hyatt Saint Claire.
- The Westin Hamburg – opened in 2016 and located in Hamburg's Elbphilharmonie concert hall
- The Westin Hotel in downtown Minneapolis has been sold.
- Walt Disney World Swan-Connected with the Walt Disney World Dolphin at Walt Disney World
- The Westin Dubai Mina Seyahi Beach Resort and Marina – opened in 2008
- "Westin Hotel Locations". Marriott.com.
- "Westin". Marriott Hotels Development. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- "Westin Hotels and Resorts, The J. Wm. Keithan Archives, 1905–2004". Washington State University Libraries. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- Flood, Chuck (September 18, 2017). Lost Restaurants of Seattle. ISBN 978-1439662625.
- "New Offices on 25th Anniversary" (PDF). Western Hotels, Inc. Front!. November–December 1955. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
- "Westin Hotels and Resorts Worldwide". Reference for Business.com. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- Becker, Paula (January 5, 2005). "Carlson, Edward "Eddie" E. (1911–1990)". HistoryLink. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- Stein, Alan J.; Becker, Paula (October 15, 2011). "They wrote the book on Seattle's World's Fair". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- "World's Fair". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane. March 19, 1962. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- "Hotel Marketing Firms Meeting Here". Chicago Tribune. March 22, 1966. p. 56 – via Newspapers.com.
Hotel Corporation of America and….Western International Hotels…. each have a 50 per cent interest in the newly formed marketing subsidiary named HCA and Western Hotels.
- "Western Hotels Co. Buying the Plaza For $25‐Million". The New York Times. November 13, 1974.
- "Western International Hotels, one of America's leading hotel management..." United Press International. January 5, 1981. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- Stein, Alan J. (November 6, 2012). "Washington Plaza Hotel opens in Seattle on June 29, 1969". HistoryLink.
- "Western International Hotels Company, Washington Plaza Hotel, Downtown, Seattle, WA (1967–1969)". Pacific Coast Architecture Database. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- Cuff, Daniel F. (March 23, 1989). "BUSINESS PEOPLE; Westin Hotels Names Chairman's Wife Chief". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
- Cole, Robert J. (March 27, 1988). "Plaza Hotel Is Sold To Donald Trump For $390 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
- "Aoki Closes Westin Hotels Sale At Loss". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane. Associated Press. May 16, 1995. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
- Mayerowitz, Scott (September 23, 2016). "Marriott Buys Starwood Hotels for $13 Billion". Inc. Associated Press. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- "Westin History". Funding Universe.
- "Westin signs Pottery Barn as new 'Heavenly' shop | Reuters".
- "2016 Annual Report". Marriott International. p. 7.
- "2017 Annual Report". Marriott International. p. 7.
- "2018 Annual Report". Marriott International. p. 6.
- "2019 Annual Report". Marriott International. p. 6.
- "2020 Annual Report". Marriott International. p. 13.
- Nee, Lee Yen (July 10, 2013). "Westin returns with 300 jobs for Nov opening". Today. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- Arnold, Helen (March 25, 2012). "World's 15 most expensive hotel suites". CNN Travel. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Cannon, Marisa (December 3, 2016). "Westin opens Hamburg hotel". Business Traveller.
- Burne, Emma (October 21, 2021). "The Westin Hotel in downtown Minneapolis has been sold". AmericanOtels News.