1973 Philippine Martial Law referendum

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The Philippine Martial Law referendum of 1973 was a national referendum in which the Citizen's Assemblies voted for:

  • The ratification of the 1973 Constitution
  • The suspension of the convening of the Interim National Assembly provided for the Transitory provisions of the 1973 Constitution
  • The continuation of Martial Law

The referendum was set on July 27–28, 1973.

This referendum was marred with controversy. It is contested that there could not have been any valid referendum held from January 10 to 15, 1973. Observers noted that many of the claimed 35,000 citizen's assemblies never met and voting was by show of hands.[1][2]

Referendum Results[edit]

Ratification %
Yes 90.77
No 9.23

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schirmer, Daniel B.; Shalom, Stephen Roskamm (1987). The Philippines Reader: A history of Colonialism, Neocolonialism, Dictatorship and Resistance. South End Press.
  2. ^ Celoza, Albert F. (1997). Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism. Praeger Publishers.

External links[edit]