Bangsamoro (political entity)

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  • Bangsamoro Autonomous Region
  • Rehiyong Awtonomo ng Bangsamoro (Filipino)
  • منطقة بانجسامورو ذاتية الحكم
    Munṭiqah banjisāmūrū dhātiyyah al-ḥukm (Arabic)
Proposed Autonomous region
Political map of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region
Political map of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region
Country  Philippines
Projected establishment Upon the ratification of the Basic Law on selected areas in Muslim Mindanao
 • Type Autonomous region Parliamentary system
 • Chief Minister None
 • Deputy Chief Minister None
 • Speaker of the Bangsamoro Parliament None
Demonym(s) Bangsamoro
Time zone PST (UTC+8)

The Bangsamoro Autonomous Region (Filipino: Rehiyong Awtonomo ng Bangsamoro Arabic: منطقة بانجسامورو ذاتية الحكم‎‎ Munṭiqah banjisāmūrū dhātiyyah al-ḥukm) is a proposed autonomous region within the Philippines. The proposal is part of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro, a preliminary peace agreement signed between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the government. When Rodrigo Duterte won as President of the Philippines in 2016, his administration announced that the Bangsamoro Basic Law bill would shelved instead of being taken up by the 17th Congress of the Philippines.[1]


Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao[edit]

The new entity is intended to supersede the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), which President Benigno Aquino III described as a "failed experiment." The new political entity seeks to bring closure to the 17-year peace process between the Philippine government and the Moro people in the Mindanao.[2]

Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro[edit]

On 15 October 2012, the historic preliminary agreement was signed by government chief negotiator Marvic Leonen, MILF Peace Panel Chair Mohagher Iqbl (nom de guerre[3]), and Malaysian facilitator Tengku Dato’ Ab Ghafar Tengku Mohamed along with President Aquino, Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia, Chairman Al-Hajj Murad Ebrahim of the MILF, and Secretary-General Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation at the Malacañang Palace in Manila.[4] The document outlines general agreements on major issues, including the extent of power, revenues, and territory granted for the new Muslim autonomous region.[5][6] At the first stage of the negotiation, Malaysia's involvement as the facilitator has caused a concern among Filipino communities, as been reported by media in the Philippines.[7][8] It was, however have, explained by the Malaysian side that its involvement was due to the request by the Philippine government and MILF.[9]

The Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro was signed at Malacañang in 27 March 2014, as witnessed by leaders and members of MILF and the Philippine government, as well as by Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, whose country served as the third-party negotiator in the peace talks.[10]

Possible delay of Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL)[edit]

On 25 January 2015, 44 members of the Special Action Force were killed after the killing of Malaysian terrorist Zulkifli Abdhir aka Marwan, by allegedly the MILF and BIFF. Senator Bongbong Marcos, Chairman of the Committee on Local Government in the Senate, suspended the hearings on the BBL due to the bloody encounter, while Senators Alan Peter Cayetano and JV Ejercito withdrew as an author in the BBL bill.

Dozens have been killed in the fighting, including 44 police commandos, 17 MILF rebels and three civilians.[11]

Senate version of the Basic Law[edit]

In the Philippine Senate, a revised version of the BBL, known as the Basic Law for the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region, was presented on 11 August 2015[12] after lengthy deliberations on the BBL in the Committee on Local Government,[12] and was due for interpellation on 17 August 2015.[13] Due to the length and complexity of the bill, however, the senate temporarily deferred the period of interpellation for the bill.[14] The 16th Congress went on recess without passing the bill on 2 February 2016.[15]

Proposed federalism[edit]

The Bangsamoro Basic Law bill has been shelved and will not be taken up by the 17th Congress of the Philippines. Instead the bill would be subsumed by federalism which has been proposed by President Rodrigo Duterte.[16] In case the proposed federalism fails to be passed, President Duterte said that he will concede to the provisions of the bill.[17]


Body Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Bangsamoro Autonomous Region  Republic of the Philippines (Central Government only)
Constitutional Document ARMM Organic Act (Republic Act No. 6734) Basic Law for the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region[18] Constitution of the Philippines
Head of State / Territory Regional Governor of the ARMM Chief Minister of the Bangsamoro President of the Philippines
Head of Government
Executive Executive Departments of the ARMM Bangsamoro Cabinet Executive Departments of the Philippines
Legislative Regional Legislative Assembly Bangsamoro Parliament Bicameral: Senate and Congress
Judiciary None (under Philippine government) To be determined (Planned) Supreme Court
Legal Supervisory
or Prosecution
None (under Philippine government) Planned (before 2016) Department of Justice
Police Force(s) Philippine National Police;
under the Central Government
Philippine National Police
Military Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP);
under the Central Government
Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP)
Currency Philippine peso Philippine peso
Official Language(s) Filipino and English Filipino and English
Foreign relations None full rights
Shariah law Yes, for Muslims only "Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines" issued in 1977 under Presidential Directive 1083[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Gov’t, MILF Agree to Create Bangsamoro to Replace ARMM". 15 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  3. ^ "‘Who is he?’ Senate panel to press Iqbal on real name". 10 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-10. 
  4. ^ Framework Agreement of the Bangsamoro. Government of the Philippines. 20 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Gov’t, MILF seal preliminary peace pact". 15 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  6. ^ "Peace Deal Paves The Way For Long And Enduring Peace". 16 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  7. ^ "‘Malaysia’s role should be explained’". The Manila Times. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  8. ^ Ellen T. Tordesillas (28 June 2015). "Magdalo Rep: Malaysia's role in creation of Bangsamoro still cause of concern". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "'Philippine govt and MILF requested Malaysia involvement'". The Star. 26 April 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  10. ^ Ted Regencia. "Philippines prepares for historic peace deal". Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Philippines, Muslim Rebels Try to Salvage Peace Pact". VOA. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  12. ^ a b "Senate sets new timeline for BBL approval". Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Senate BBL debates to start August 17". Sun.Star. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Senate defers BBL deliberations". cnn. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  15. ^ Rodel Clapano, Jose (4 February 2016). "Congress buries Bangsamoro bill". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "No BBL: Next Congress to focus on federalism". Philstar Global. 
  17. ^
  18. ^ "DOCUMENT: Marcos submits overhauled Bangsamoro bill". Rappler. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  19. ^

External links[edit]