Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1

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 LRT1  LRT Line 1
LRT-1 Blumentritt 2011.jpg
Overview
Owner Light Rail Transit Authority
Locale Manila, Philippines
Transit type Rapid transit/Light rail
Number of lines 1[1]
Line number 1
Number of stations 20[2]
Daily ridership 470,700 (2013 average)
658,627 (2012 record)[3]
Website LRT-1, LRMC
Operation
Began operation December 1, 1984[1]
Operator(s) Light Rail Manila Corporation
Number of vehicles BN ACEC 1st Generation LRV
Hyundai Precision and Adtranz 2nd Generation LRV
Kinki Sharyo and Nippon Sharyo 3rd Generation LRV
Train length 2–4 cars
Technical
System length 19.65 km (12.21 mi)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius of curvature 170 metres (558 ft) Mainline - 25 metres (82 ft) Depot[4]
Electrification Overhead line
Average speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
Top speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
System map
approved
extension
North Avenue  MRT3 
Roosevelt
Balintawak
North Luzon
Expressway
Malvar proposed
Quezon
Caloocan
Monumento
5th Avenue
Caloocan
Manila
R. Papa
Abad Santos
Blumentritt  PNR 
Tayuman
Bambang
Doroteo Jose  LRT2 
Carriedo
Pasig River
Central Terminal
United Nations
Pedro Gil
Quirino
Vito Cruz
Manila
Pasay
Gil Puyat
Libertad
EDSA  MRT3 
Depot
Baclaran
Pasay
Parañaque
planned
extension
Redemptorist
Manila International AirportNinoy Aquino International Airport
Asia World
Ninoy Aquino
Dr. Santos
Parañaque
Las Piñas
Las Piñas
Zapote
Niog

The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 is the first metro line of the Manila Light Rail Transit System. Presently, the line contains twenty stations and runs on 19.65 kilometers (12.21 mi)[1] of fully elevated route. The line is colored yellow (old) and green (new) on all LRT maps.

The line runs in a general north-south direction from Baclaran to Monumento; then, it runs in an east-west direction from Monumento to North Avenue, linking the cities of Quezon City, Caloocan, Manila, Pasay, and Parañaque. Passengers can transfer to the Line 2 at Doroteo Jose station, while passengers can transfer to the Line 3 at EDSA and North Avenue stations.

The Line 1 was known for many names such as LRT Line 1, shortened to LRT-1, Yellow Line, Green Line (2012), or the Metrorail. However, the yellow color of the line dates back to its opening in 1984.

On September 12, 2015, Light Rail Manila Corporation (LRMC), a joint venture company of Metro Pacific's Metro Pacific Light Rail Corporation (MPLRC), Ayala Corporation’s AC Infrastructure Holdings Corporation (AC Infra), and the Philippine Investment Alliance for Infrastructure’s Macquarie Infrastructure Holdings (Philippines) PTE Ltd. (MIHPL), started a 32-year concession for the operation and maintenance of LRT Line 1 and the construction of a PhP 65 billion extension project to Bacoor, Cavite.[5]

History[edit]

Technical specifications[edit]

Route[edit]

Main Line Route Map inside a second generation train

The Line 1 is predominantly aligned to the path of Taft Avenue (Radial Road 2), which was chosen largely due to its straight length. Later on, as Taft Avenue ends, it shifts to Rizal Avenue and Rizal Avenue Extension (Radial Road 9) then turning right at EDSA or Circumferencial Road 4 (C-4 Road) before ending at the corner of North and West Avenues and EDSA.

Stations[edit]

A first generation LRV approaching Carriedo LRT Station.

Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 serves 20 stations along its route (a twenty-first station is planned):[2]

Rolling stock[edit]

The LRT Line 1 at various stages in its history has used a two-car, three-car, and four-car trainsets. The two-car trains are the original first-generation ACEC trains (railway cars numbered from 1000). Most were transformed into three-car trains, although some two-car trains remain in service. The four-car trains are the more modern second-generation Hyundai Precision and Adtranz (numbered from 1100) and third-generation Kinki Sharyo / Nippon Sharyo (1200) trains.[6][7] There are 139 railway cars grouped into 40 trains serving the line: 63 of these are first-generation cars, 28 second-generation, and 48 third-generation. One train car (1037) was severely damaged in the Rizal Day bombings and was subsequently decommissioned.[8] The maximum speed of these cars is 80 kilometers per hour (50 mph).[9][10]

The LRT Line 1 fleet is being modernized to cope with increasing numbers of passengers. In the initial phase of its capacity expansion program completed in 1999, the line's seven four-car second-generation trains were commissioned providing an increased train capacity of 1,350 passengers while the original two-car trains capable of holding 748 passengers were transformed into three-car trains with room for 1,122.[6]

The acquisition marked the introduction of the first air-conditioned trains to the line. Earlier LRT Line 1 rolling stock was notorious for its lack of air conditioning, relying instead on forced-air roof ventilation for cooling.[11] Unfortunately, this resulted in hot and stuffy rides. The problem was addressed more fully after a preparatory rehabilitation program completed in 2001 allowed the installation of air conditioners to the older rolling stock.[12] By June 2004, all Yellow Line trains had air conditioning.[13][14]

Rolling stock First-generation Second-generation Third-generation Fourth-generation
Image First Generation 3-car train (2004) Second Generation (1999) Third Generation (2007)
Year 1984 refurbished in 2004 1999 2007 Unknown
Manufacturer BN Constructions Ferroviaires et Métalliques Hyundai Precision/Adtranz Kinki Sharyo / Nippon Sharyo Unknown
Model 1000 Series 1100 series 1200 series 1300 series
Number Built (cars) 64 built; 50 in service 13 out of service 1 decommissioned 28 built 12 in service 16 out of service 48 built 45 in service 3 out of service none (120 Proposed for Cavite/south Extension Line)
Car type 8-axle (4 bogie) rigid body 6-axle (3 bogie) rigid body Unknown
Length 29280 mm 26500 mm (MC car w/ coupler) 26350 mm(M Car w/anti-climber/semi permanent coupler) Unknown
Width 2500 mm 2590 mm Unknown
Height(From top of rail) 3525 mm 3740 mm 3910 mm unknown
Configuration MC-MC 59590 mm (2-car)
89370 mm MC-MC-MC (3-car)(Refurbished Only)
MC-M-M-MC 105700 mm (4 car) MC-M-MC 79350 mm (3 car) MC-MC 53000 mm (2 car) Unknown
Articulation Double Single Unknown
Capacity 748-1,122(Refurbished Only) passengers (81 seated, 293 standing) 1,358 passengers(320 seated 1038 standing) 1,388 passengers(272 seated 1116 standing @ 7 passengers m^2) Unknown
Doors 1400 mm wide; Plug-type; 5-doors/side 1500 mm wide x 1900 mm high ; Interior sliding type; 4-doors/side Unknown
Traction system DC 218 Kw Chopper Type x 1 AC 125 kw VVVF Type with regeneration x 2 AC 105 kw VVVF Control with regeneration x 2 Unknown
Traction power 750 V DC OCS; pantograph power connection
Body Material BI sheet Stainless steel Unknown
Ventilation Forced ventilation(Pre-Refurbishment); 12 units/car Air-conditioned; roof-mounted duct type; 5 units/car(Refurbished) Air-conditioned; roof-mounted duct type; 2 units/car Air-conditioned
Status Refurbished in 2004; in service In Service Planned
[6][14][15]

As part of the second phase of expansion on the Yellow Line, 12 new trains made in Japan by Kinki Sharyo and provided by the Manila Tren Consortium were shipped in the third quarter of 2006 and went into service in the first quarter of 2007. The new air-conditioned trains have boosted the capacity of the line from 27,000 to 40,000 passengers per hour per direction.[7][16][17]

Plans[edit]

South Extension Phase 1 (LRT-1 Extension)[edit]

A southern extension of Line 1, also known as the Southern Extension Project in the Metro Manila Rail Plans, has been proposed and would aim to serve the areas of Parañaque to Cavite. Such an extension would take Quirino Avenue (Road from Parañaque to Bacoor), then would travel on the side of Seaside Drive to the Coastal Road, and from there would travel down the side of Kabihasnan street to Quirino Avenue (again) to its extension, General Emilio Aguinaldo Avenue from the Las Pinas-Bacoor Boundary of Zapote Bridge to Niog. The extension would add 10 stations over some 11.4 kilometers (7.1 mi) of new line and would be the second rail line extending outside the Metro Manila area (after the planned MRT-7 line).

An unsolicited bid to conduct this work from Canada's SNC-Lavalin was rejected by the Philippine government in 2005. In 2006, the government worked with advisers (International Finance Corporation, White & Case, Halcrow and others) to conduct an open-market invitation to tender for the extension and for a 30-year concession to run the extended LRT-1 line. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo subsequently withdrew the project.

The following stations would proposed to compose the Southern Extension:

The line would be extended from Parañaque southwards, connecting Las Piñas and Bacoor to the LRT network.

South Extension Phase 2 (LRT-6)[edit]

Another extension of the LRT-1 in Cavite has been proposed. It will be extended by another 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Bacoor to Dasmariñas with a right-of-way alignment along Aguinaldo Highway. This public-private partnership project dubbed as LRT-6 would have 7 additional stations in Cavite.

The 7 stations of the proposed South Extension Phase 2 are composed of:

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Date Station Event
December 30, 2000 Blumentritt On Rizal Day, a Yellow Line train (Car number 1037) exploded near Blumentritt station as part of a series of explosions in a terrorist attack known as the Rizal Day bombings. The attack on the LRT killed some 22 people and injured hundreds. Eight members of both Jemaah Islamiyah and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), which include Hambal, Asia's most wanted man, and Fathur Rahman al-Ghozi, were charged with plotting and masterminding the attacks in 2003, some three years after the attacks. Three suspects were put on trial,[18][19] with al-Ghozi receiving 17 years in prison due to the illegal possession of explosives. Al-Ghozi later died in a firefight after attempting to escape from prison. Car number 1037 is currently decommissioned, but there are plans to reconstruct it.
May 5, 2005 Doroteo Jose Lea Aquino Ababa of Pasay City gave birth to a baby girl inside Doroteo Jose station on her way to Fabella Memorial Hospital for a checkup, the first time a baby was born and the first time an LRT passenger gave birth inside an LRT station. She was named Dorotea, after the name of the station.[20]
May 24, 2005 Vito Cruz A fisherman, later identified as Rolly Buenafe of San Pedro, Laguna, jumped off a moving LRT train headed northbound and landed on the tracks. After that incident, he was then subsequently hit by a southbound LRT train, with the man being dragged under the train until the train stopped at Vito Cruz station at about 3:00 pm. LRTA employees then took him to Philippine General Hospital, where he suffered from massive head injuries and eventually died at 8:00 pm. Police say it was an apparent suicide after his wife left him for another man.[21]
August 17, 2005 Vito Cruz In a report by the Philippine Star on August 18, 2005, a man later identified as Ángel Moran was either pushed off or jumped off a moving LRT car, landing on the tracks before he was hit by another train. LRTA officials issued a Code Yellow alert and brought the man to Ospital ng Maynila. As of press time, the man was in critical condition.[22]
September 9, 2006 Pedro Gil Thousands of passengers were stranded after faulty brakes on a southbound LRT train forced operations from Monumento to Baclaran to be suspended. The power supply of the entire line was cut in order to stop the train, which was pulled to Baclaran Station for inspection and repairs. Operations resumed after a few hours.[23]
April 3, 2007 Vito Cruz Train operation from Monumento to Baclaran were temporarily shut down around 6:30 p.m because of a man who committed suicide by jumping down from the 26th floor of a nearby condominium and subsequently getting crushed by a southbound train. Train operations resumed after 7:25 p.m.[24]
August 26, 2007 Blumentritt A lone gunman mounted on a motorcycle reportedly shot security guard Rod Navarro of the Kaizen Security Agency at around 1:00 pm on the head, killing the guard on the spot. A motive has yet to be established for the killing of Navarro.[25]
December 18, 2007 Libertad Train operations from Central Terminal to Baclaran were temporarily suspended after a fire in a residential area in Pasay City forced the suspension of operations due to the proximity of one of the burning buildings to Libertad station. Operations from Central Terminal to Monumento still operated as scheduled. Full service was restored after the fire was controlled.[26]
January 3, 2008 Baclaran Train operations to and from Baclaran were suspended because of a fire at the Baclaran Galleria shopping mall that started at around 5:00 am. Until noontime the fire was still spreading to nearby establishments, and flames even started to encroach entrance of the station. Earlier the station had to be closed because of the thick smoke coming from the fire.[27]
July 17, 2008 Libertad Train operations were limited from Monumento to Gil Puyat when fire broke out in a 4-story Puregold commercial building beside Libertad station at around 2:00 am. Normal operations resumed in the afternoon after the fire was controlled.[28]
March 26, 2009 Tayuman A 41-year-old woman tried to commit suicide by jumping onto the rails as a train bound for Baclaran approcahed. Luckily though, she did not die, as she landed on the direction of the rail and not across it, therefore she was only passed upon by the incoming train. She only suffered minor injuries. No charges were made against her.[29]
May 28, 2009 Pedro Gil At around 7:30 am, train operations from Baclaran to Central were disrupted after steel debris from a nearby construction area fell on the tracks and catenary wires.[30] Operations resumed at 9:45 am.[31]
June 24, 2010 Balintawak The a driver of a third generation four-car LRT train overshot the designated area in the Balintawak Station at around 1:26 pm PST, resulting in the denting of a stationary train (Car number 1248).[32] Car number 1248 is under repair.
October 30, 2010 Pedro Gil Geraldine Mahinay of Parañaque City gave birth to a baby boy inside a coach on Pedro Gil Station.Geraldine together with her brother-in-law was supposed to rush her to the Dr. Jose Favella Memorial Hospital in Sta. Cruz district when the incident happened. After giving birth, both the mother and the child were rushed to the Philippine General Hospital [33]
February 18, 2011 North Avenue Line 1 operations from Balintawak and Roosevelt stations were temporarily suspended after a train sideswiped another (a 1G Train 1013, 1014 & 1015 and a 3G Train 1233, 1234, 1235 & 1236) on Friday morning. A train was at the reversing track when it hit along the side another train from the opposite track. All the trains on tracks in Line 1 were immediately put on hold position at 10:02 am, forcing them to stop but shortly, resume operations from Monumento to Baclaran only.[34] Full operations returned on April 11, 2011. Car numbers 1013 and 1236 are under repairs. News claim that the incident happened in Roosevelt Station whereas the actual event took place at the switching point at the soon-to-be constructed station at North Avenue.
March 28, 2011 United Nations A train was headed to Baclaran when smoke emanated as it approached the United Nations Station. Some of the passengers reportedly panicked and one even broke the train’s windows in an attempt to escape the troubled train. Only two passengers were injured after being hit by shards of broken glass which was broken by one passenger of the train. Both passengers only had minor injuries.[35]
March 29, 2011 Carriedo The operations were disrupted again for the second day after the doors on a northbound train at the Carriedo station failed to close. The malfunction occurred at around 9:20 a.m. PST The doors failed to close despite the train operator’s efforts to close them before moving towards the next station. Since the trains are interconnected, all trains at service on the line at that time came to a standstill while some of the technical personnel of the line addressed the problem. Normal line operations resumed at 9:45 a.m. PST.[36]
March 30, 2011 Carriedo For the third straight day the operations were distrupted again when a train in the Carriedo Station suddenly stopped which resulted for the passengers to disembark the troubled train. Line 1 operations were delayed for 8 minutes because of the said incident.[37]
March 30, 2011 Carriedo Another glitch hit another train late night at the same station where a train stopped early morning that day and a train was unable to move due to door malfunction the day before. The glitch was caused by the safety protocol for the train's door activated and prevented the train from leaving the station. It was theorized that it is possible that some passengers may have leaned on the doors and triggered the activation of the safety protocol of the train[38]
March 31, 2011 Vito Cruz An incident happened at around 9:45 a.m. PST at the Vito Cruz station after one passenger accidentally pressed the alarm button amid the pushing and shoving from a mob of commuters aboard the train. The train was crowded due to militant transport groups’ caravan to protest the fuel price hike which resulted in lesser jeepneys which is also a major mode of transportation in the country. All southbound trains were stranded and unavailable for almost 15 minutes. The incident was the fifth in a row in the last four days of several incidents and accidents in the line.[39]
July 15, 2011 Vito Cruz A fire broke out on a residential area near Vito Cruz station at morning, causing LRT services to be terminated for a while. At 7:53 a.m. PST, LRT operations resumed, but from Roosevelt to Central Terminal and vice versa only. Normal operations resumed at 8:40 a.m. PST.[40]
June 8, 2012 Libertad A woman gave birth while trying to board the LRT in Libertad station.
March 10, 2016 Central Terminal - Pedro Gil A 1st Generation LRV ran in full speed with the doors open.
March 10, 2016 Central Terminal A 1st Generation LRV stopped at the 3-track section before the station. A passenger opened the door using the emergency lever. Upon arriving at the station, the doors of the second car failed to open.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "The LRT Line 1 System". Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  2. ^ a b "LRT Line 1 and LRT Line 2 Route Map". Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  3. ^ "Key Performance Indicator - Line 1 - Green Line". Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  4. ^ "manila lrt - line lrt1" (PDF). Systra. Systra. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "LRMC Company Profile". Light Rail Manila Corporation. Retrieved 2015-09-13. 
  6. ^ a b c The LRT Line 1 Capacity Expansion Project (Phase I). [ca. 2003]. Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  7. ^ a b Kinki Sharyo. [ca. 2010]. Light Rail Transit Authority, Manila Philippines, Light Rail Vehicle. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from the Kinki Sharyo Website.
  8. ^ "Light Rail Transit Authority Annual Report 2006" (pdf). Light Rail Transit Authority. Planning Department/MIS Division. 2007. pp. 18–20. Retrieved January 15, 2010. 
  9. ^ Razon, Evangeline M. (June 1998). "The Manila LRT System" (pdf). Japan Railway and Transport Review 16: 38–39. Retrieved December 15, 2009. 
  10. ^ Otaki, Tsutomu (2007). "The Commissioning – In Case of a Project in Manila" (pdf). KS World (Kinki Sharyo) 14: 12–13. Retrieved January 15, 2010. 
  11. ^ Ronda, Rainier Allan. (August 15, 2003). "No More 'Sweaty' LRT Rides". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  12. ^ The LRT Line 1 Rehabilitation I Project Phase 3 - Rolling Stock Rehabilitation. [ca. 2010]. Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
  13. ^ Varella, Benjie. (September 26, 2003). "LRT to have all air-conditioned trains by April". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on April 15, 2005. Retrieved April 7, 2006. 
  14. ^ a b "LRT Line 1 Capacity Expansion Project (Phase II): Package B". Light Rail Transit Authority.  Retrieved April 7, 2006 from the LRTA Website.
  15. ^ http://ppp.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/LRT1_CavExt_PIM_04Jun2012.pdf
  16. ^ "3rd Generation LRV Mock Up on Display". Light Rail Transit Authority. March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on April 24, 2006. Retrieved April 7, 2006. 
  17. ^ Olchondra, Riza T. (December 7, 2006). "'3G' trains to serve LRTA riders Dec. 11: More comfortable, safer rides assured for commuter". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
  18. ^ Terrorist raps filed vs Asia's most wanted man, Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 8, 2003
  19. ^ DOJ Indicts Asia's Most Wanted Terrorist in 2000 LRT Bombing, Department of Justice Press Release, July 7, 2003
  20. ^ Childbirth at Doroteo Jose Station, Light Rail Transit Authority Press Release, December 1, 2005
  21. ^ Seaman killed by LRT train, Philippine Star, May 26, 2005
  22. ^ Man jumps onto LRT tracks, Philippine Star, August 18, 2005
  23. ^ (Tagalog) Tren ng LRT tumirik, libong pasahero stranded, Pilipino Star Ngayon, September 10, 2006
  24. ^ Cops tag man who committed suicide at LRT, ABS-CBN Interactive, April 5, 2007
  25. ^ LRT guard shot dead in Manila, ABS-CBN Interactive, August 27, 2007
  26. ^ Fire partially stops LRT operations, Philippine Daily Inquirer, December 18, 2007
  27. ^ Baclaran blaze continues to spread, officials raise fire alarm level, GMA News and Public Affairs, January 3, 2008
  28. ^ Fire disrupts operations at LRT Libertad station, GMA News and Public Affairs, July 17, 2008
  29. ^ Woman jumps into LRT tracks, survives, Philippine Daily Inquirer, March 26, 2009
  30. ^ Metal on tracks leaves LRT passengers stranded, GMA News and Public Affairs, May 28, 2009
  31. ^ LRT resumes operations, Philippine Daily Inquirer, May 28, 2009
  32. ^ LRT 1 train dented in mishap, Philippine Daily Inquirer, June 24, 2010
  33. ^ Woman gives birth inside a LRT-1 coach, ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, October 30, 2010
  34. ^ Empty LRT-1 trains collide in Quezon City, ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, February 18, 2011
  35. ^ Smoke from an LRT-1 train halts operation leaving two injured, ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, March 28, 2011
  36. ^ New glitch stops LRT-1 operations , The Philippine Star, March 29, 2011
  37. ^ LRT-1 Train Bogs Down Again, ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, March 30, 2011
  38. ^ Fourth glitch hits LRT-1 train exec blames Safety Protocol, March 30, 2011
  39. ^ Erring passenger accidentally presses alarm button on LRT-1 train, Manila Bulletin, March 31, 2011
  40. ^ Fire near LRT-1 Vito Cruz station limited train service, Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 15, 2011

External links[edit]