|TLD type||Country code top-level domain|
|Registry||Star Joint Venture|
|Sponsor||Star Joint Venture (Korea Computer Center)|
|Intended use||Entities connected with|
|Actual use||Used mainly by government|
|Registered domains||9 (As of 22 April 2017)|
|Registration restrictions||Must be a company, organization, or government entity based in North Korea|
North Korea applied for the .kp Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) in 2004. ICANN, however, refused because North Korea did not meet some of the requirements. Another attempt was made via Korea Computer Center (KCC) Europe in 2006. Later, the main body of KCC and the North Korean Ambassador to the United Nations petitioned ICANN again. They were refused again for providing insufficient information. A new application was sent in January 2007 and an ICANN delegation visited the country in May. This time ICANN agreed to assign .kp to North Korea.
Previously, the .kp domain was managed by Korea Computer Center (KCC) Europe. A large number of .kp websites were also hosted by KCC Europe in Germany. However, in 2011, management was transferred to the Pyongyang-based Star Joint Venture.
Domains and subdomains
- Communications in North Korea
- Internet censorship in North Korea
- Internet in North Korea
- List of North Korean websites banned in South Korea
- List of North Korea-related topics
.kr (top-level domain for South Korea)
- Coldewey, Devin (20 September 2016). "North Korea accidentally lets slip all its .KP domains — and there aren't many". TechCrunch. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Preliminary Report for Special Meeting of the ICANN Board of Directors". 11 September 2007.
- Seliger, Bernhard; Schmidt, Stefan (2010). The Hermit Kingdom Goes Online: Information Technology, Internet Use and Communication Policy in North Korea. Jefferson: McFarland. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-4766-1770-1.
- Hoare, James E. (2012). "Korean Central News Agency (KCNA)". Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. London: Scarecrow Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-8108-7987-4.
- ".kp domain assigned to Star JV". North Korea Tech. 3 May 2011.
- "North Korea’s DNS files reveal few Internet websites". North Korea Tech. September 2016.
- Bryant, Matthew (21 September 2016). "NorthKoreaDNSLeak". GitHub. TL;DR Project. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- Williams, Martyn (13 September 2017). "North Korean cultural websites". North Korea Tech. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- Williams, Martyn (9 August 2018). "Kim Chaek University of Technology launches Internet web site". North Korea Tech. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Williams, Martyn (27 September 2018). "Manmusang website appears on the Internet". North Korea Tech. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Williams, Martyn (13 September 2017). "North Korean government and NGO websites". North Korea Tech. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- Williams, Martyn (14 September 2017). "The Pyongyang Times has a new address". North Korea Tech. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
- Williams, Martyn (19 July 2017). "North Korea's tourism agency is online". North Korea Tech. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- Kyungmin Ko; Seungkwon Jang; Heejin Lee (2008). ".kp North Korea". Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2007/2008. IDRC. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-7619-3674-9.