.tr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

.tr
Introduced17 September 1990
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistrytrABİS (run by Information and Communication Technologies Authority of Turkey)
Sponsor.tr Domain Registry (managed by Information and Communication Technologies Authority of Turkey's Computer Center DNS Group)
Intended useEntities connected with  Turkey
Actual useVery popular in Turkey, especially com.tr subdomain (as of 19 February 2008, there were 103,175 com.tr registrations); gets some other uses related to Turkey
Registered domains403,394 (Feb 21, 2019)[1]
Registration restrictionsVarying restrictions on generic 3rd-level subdomain names; registrant must be located in Turkey or have a representative there
StructureSecond-level registrations were initially prohibited; registrations are made directly at the third level beneath generic-category 2nd level domains, with the exception of the registrar website (trabis.gov.tr)
DocumentsRegulations
FAQ
Dispute policiesDispute Resolution
DNSSECno
Registry websitewww.trabis.gov.tr
Former logo when administered under NIC.tr

.tr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Turkey. It is administered by trABİS (under the Information and Communication Technologies Authority of Turkey) and managed by the Computer Center DNS Group of the ICT Authority. The domain was formerly administered by NIC.tr and managed by the Turkey Internet Society (the local chapter of ISOC) until September 2022.

Statistics[edit]

As of March 2017, around 15.53% of all the .tr domains were served via secured HTTPS protocol, with the Let's Encrypt Authority X3 being the most popular SSL certificate.[2] Microsoft-IIS is the most popular web server, serving 35.31% of the .tr domains, followed by Apache serving 35.14% of the total .tr domains.[2]

Domains[edit]

Second-level[edit]

nic.tr[edit]

nic.tr, formerly the official registry's domain, is one of the two second-level domains under this TLD. However, current registry TRABIS states that, restricted registrations directly at the second level will start one year after their incorporation date,[3] which is 14 September 2022.[4]

ct.tr and nc.tr[edit]

ct.tr and nc.tr are the second level domain names of Northern Cyprus. Because Northern Cyprus is a unrecognised state, it can not have a top-level domain. Because of this, second level domain names were created with the .tr extension, which is the top-level domain name of Turkey. For now, the infrastructure has been created for the future spread of the domain names, which only hosts the websites of some Turkish Cypriot state institutions.[5] ct.tr hosts 33 websites, while nc.tr is never used except for two websites, one of which is a duplicate version of the Republican Assembly's ct.tr version. That has two versions: One that has https, which is expired, and one without it, which is faster than the ct.tr version. The other website is the searching feature of the Republican Assembly.

Sites hosted by ct.tr[edit]

Third-level[edit]

Several third-level domains are present under .tr:

  • gov.tr (reserved for the Government of Turkey and state institutions/organizations)
  • mil.tr (reserved for the Turkish Armed Forces; retired in 2010 and replaced by tsk.tr)
  • tsk.tr (reserved for the Turkish Armed Forces; used since 2010)
  • k12.tr (reserved for schools approved by the Ministry of National Education)
  • edu.tr (reserved for higher education institutions approved by the Council of Higher Education)
  • av.tr (reserved for freelance lawyers, law firms and attorney partnerships)
  • dr.tr (reserved for medical doctors, medical partnerships, hospitals, and healthcare services)
  • bel.tr (reserved for provincial, district, and town municipal organizations and governments)
  • pol.tr (reserved for the General Directorate of Security and police)
  • kep.tr (reserved for Registered Electronic Mail Service Providers [KEPHS] authorized by the Information and Communication Technologies Authority)
  • com.tr (intended for commercial entities)
  • net.tr (reserved for network operators/providers, as well as internet-related access services such as portals, e-mail, etc.)
  • org.tr (reserved for nonprofit entities such as foundations, associations, and non-governmental organizations)
  • info.tr (intended for informational websites)
  • bbs.tr (reserved for entities providing BBS services)
  • nom.tr (reserved for individual/personal use)
  • tv.tr (reserved for entities in the television industry)
  • biz.tr (intended for commercial entities)
  • tel.tr (reserved for use in connection with Turkish telephone numbers)
  • gen.tr (general use)
  • web.tr (general use)
  • name.tr (reserved for individual/personal use)

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "İstatistikler". NIC.TR. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Türkiye internet istatistikleri. turmain.com". www.turmain.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Sıkça Sorulan Sorular". TRABİS - “tr” Ağ Bilgi Sistemi. 15 December 2022. Archived from the original on 21 November 2022. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  4. ^ "NicTR Closed". Nic.tr. 15 December 2022. Archived from the original on 15 December 2022. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  5. ^ ".tr". 6 April 2023. Retrieved 8 April 2023 – via Wikipedia.