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. in
Introduced 1989
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry INRegistry
Sponsor National Internet Exchange of India
Intended use Entities connected with  India
Actual use Was not very popular as Indians preferred generic TLDs such as .com; liberalisation of registration rules in 2005 led to a great increase in registrations, including overseas registrations.
Registration restrictions No restrictions on who can register second-level domains or most third-level domains; restrictions under some specialised subdomains
Structure May register at second level or at third level beneath generic-category 2nd level domains
Documents Policies
Dispute policies .IN Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (INDRP)
Website registry.in
Logo for .भारत, launched on 27 Aug 2014
Introduced 2014
TLD type Internationalised country code top-level domain
Status Active

.in is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for India. The domain is operated by INRegistry under the authority of NIXI, the National Internet Exchange of India. INRegistry was appointed by the government of India.

As of 2005, liberalised policies for the .in domain allow unlimited second-level registrations under .in. Unlimited registrations under the previously structured existing zones are also allowed:

  • .in (available to anyone; used by companies, individuals, and organisations in India)
  • .co.in (originally for banks, registered companies, and trademarks)
  • .firm.in (originally for shops, partnerships, liaison offices, sole proprietorships)
  • .net.in (originally for Internet service providers)
  • .org.in (originally for non-profit organisations)
  • .gen.in (originally for general/miscellaneous use)
  • .ind.in (originally for individuals)

Six zones are reserved for use by qualified institutions in India:

  • .ac.in (Academic institutions)
  • .edu.in (Educational institutions)
  • .res.in (Indian research institutes)
  • .ernet.in (Older, for both educational and research institutes)
  • .gov.in (Indian government)
  • .mil.in (Indian military)

Before the introduction of liberalised registration policies for the .in domain, only 7000 names had been registered between 1992 and 2004. As of March 2010, the number had increased to over 610,000 domain names, with 60% of registrations coming from India, and the rest from overseas.[1] By October 2011, the number had surpassed 1 million domain names.[2] This domain is popular for domain hacks.

The domain .nic.in is reserved for India's National Informatics Centre, but in practice most Indian government agencies have domains ending in .nic.in.

Internationalised domain names and country codes[edit]

India plans to introduce internationalised domain names, that is domain names in 22 local languages used in India. These internationalised domain names will be used together with seven new top domains for India.

These top domains are:

Devanagari string Transliterated string
भारत .bharat
कंपनी.भारत company.bharat
विद्या.भारत vidya.bharat
सरकार.भारत sarkar.bharat

The rest are yet not available (as of September 2014):

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chatterjee, Moumita Bakshi (March 13, 2010). "‘.in' domain registration crosses six-lakh mark". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  2. ^ ".IN Passes One Million Registrations And Looks To Future For Growth". 
  3. ^ https://registry.in/print/877

External links and references[edit]