Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri

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Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
حفیظ جالندھری
Hafeez Jullundhri.jpg
Born (1900-01-14)14 January 1900
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died 21 December 1982(1982-12-21) (aged 82)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Pen name Abu Al-Asar
Occupation Urdu poet
Nationality Pakistani
Ethnicity Punjabi
Citizenship Pakistan Pakistani (post-1947)
British Raj British Indian (pre-1947)
Genre Ghazal
Subject Pakistani Nationalism
Literary movement Pakistan Movement
Notable works Lyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan
Hymn of Kashmir
Notable awards Pride of Performance
Spouse Zeenat Begum
Khurshid Begum
Relatives Shams-ud-Din (father)

Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri (Urdu: ابو الاثر حفیظ جالندھری‎) (born 14 January 1900 - died 21 December 1982) was a Pakistani Urdu-language poet who wrote the lyrics for the National Anthem of Pakistan.[1]

Early life[edit]

Jullundhri was born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India on 14 January 1900. His father, Shams-ud-Din, was a Hafiz-e-Qur'an. Jullundhri initially studied in a mosque school and later joined a local school. He received formal education until the seventh grade.

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Jullundhri migrated to Lahore in the new state of Pakistan.

Literary career[edit]

From 1922 to 1929, Jullundhri remained the editor of a few monthly magazines namely, Nonehal, Hazar Dastaan, Teehzeeb-e-Niswan, and Makhzin. His first collection of poems Nagma-e-Zar[2] was published in 1935. After the World War II, he worked as the director of the Song Publicity Department. During this same time he wrote songs that were much liked by the public.

Jullundhri actively participated in Pakistan Movement and used his writings to propagate for the cause of Pakistan. In early 1948, he joined the forces for the freedom of Kashmir and got wounded. Jullundhri wrote the Kashmiri Anthem, "Watan Hamara Azad Kashmir". He wrote many patriotic songs during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

Jullundhri served as Director General of morals in Pakistan Armed Forces, and very prominent position as adviser to the President, Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan and also Director of Writer's Guild.

Jullundhri's work of poetry, Shahnam-e-Islam,[3] gave him incredible fame which, in the manner of Firdowsi's Shahnameh, is a record of the glorious history of Islam in verse. Jullundhri wrote the national anthem of Pakistan composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla also known as Ahmed G Chagla. He is unique in Urdu poetry for the enchanting melody of his voice and lilting rhythms of his songs and lyrics. His poetry generally deals with romantic, religious, patriotic and natural themes. He chooses his themes, images and tunes from the subcontinent and his language is a fine blend of Hindi and Urdu diction, reflecting the composite culture of South Asia.


Jullundhri married his cousin, Zeenat Begum, in 1917 at the age of 17. They had seven children, all girls. In 1939, he took a young English woman as his second wife, which soon ended in divorce. His first wife, Zeenat Begum, died in 1954. In 1955, Jullundhri married Khurshid Begum, with whom he had a daughter.[citation needed]


Jullundhri died in Lahore, Pakistan, on 21 December 1982 at the age of 82 years. Buried in Model Town, Lahore, his remains were later shifted to a tomb built by the Government of Pakistan near the Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore, the site of the Pakistan Resolution.


For his literary and patriotic services to Pakistan, Jullundhri was awarded the Hilal-e-Imtiaz and Pride of Performance by the Government of Pakistan.

Literary works[edit]

Jullundhri primarily wrote Urdu poetry, generally dealing with romantic, religious, patriotic and natural themes.

Qaumi Tarana: The National Anthem of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Qaumi Tarana

Jullundhri is most famous for writing the lyrics for the Qaumi Tarana, the national anthem of Pakistan, which he wrote in 1952.


Jullundhri's monumental work of poetry, Shahnama-e-Islam, which gave him fame, is, in the manner of Firdowsi’s Shahnama, a narration of Islamic history in verse.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]