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See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.
- Allophone of /p/ between voiced sounds.
- Allophone of /t/ between voiced sounds.
- Allophone of /tɕ/ between voiced sounds.
- Allophone of /k/ between voiced sounds.
- Spelled by doubling the short line on the vowel.
- ㅋ is [k] at the end of a syllable.
- ㄹ is [l] at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [l:].
- ㅂ is [m] before [n] or [m].
- ㄹ may be [n] at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are [n] before [n] or [m].
- ㅇ is [ŋ] at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is [ŋ] before [n], [m], or [ɾ].
- ㅍ is [p] at the end of a syllable.
- Allophone of /s/ before /i/ and /j/.
- Allophone of /s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
- All are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
- Spelled ㅜ before [ʌ], [e], [i]; ㅗ before [ɛ], [a]; ㅚ [ø] can also be pronounced [we]
- Lee, Hyun-bok (1999). "An IPA Illustration of Korean". Handbook of the International Phonetic Association.
- Lee, Hyun-bok (2002). 음성의 연구와 음성의 표기법 [Phonetic Notation in Phonetic Research] (PDF). INTERSPEECH-2002.
- Lee, Hyun-bok (2004). In search of a universal phonetic alphabet – theory and application of an organic visible speech (PDF). INTERSPEECH-2004.
- Sohn, Ho-min (2001). The Korean Language. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521369436.