List of photovoltaic power stations

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Topaz Solar Farm (550 MW) was the world's largest solar farm in 2014 until superseded by the 579-megawatt Solar Star project in 2015.

The following is a list of photovoltaic power stations that are larger than 150 megawatts (MW) in current net capacity.[1] Most are individual photovoltaic power stations, but some are groups of co-located plants owned by different independent power producers and with separate transformer connections to the grid. Wiki-Solar reports total global capacity of utility-scale photovoltaic plants to be some 60 GWAC at the end of 2015.[2][3]

The size of photovoltaic power stations has increased progressively over the last decade with frequent new capacity records. The 97 MW Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant went online in 2010. Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park reached 200 MW in 2012. In August 2012, Agua Caliente Solar Project, (Arizona, 290 MW) reached 247 MW only to be passed by three larger plants in 2013. As of November 2014, Topaz Solar Farm was the largest PV solar plant in the world at 550 MWAC in central coast area and a second 550-MW plant, the Desert Sunlight Solar Farm is located in the far eastern desert region of Riverside County, California.[4][5] These two plants were superseded by a new "world's largest" facility in June 2015 when the 579 MWAC Solar Star project went online in the Antelope Valley region of Los Angeles County, California.[6] The current largest photovoltaic power station in the world is Longyangxia Dam Solar Park, in Gonghe County, Qinghai, China. Additional even larger solar plants, including some over 1000 MW, have been proposed around the world.

World's largest photovoltaic power stations[edit]

Solar farms that are 150 MW or larger

Name Country Location Capacity
MWp
Generation
GW·h p.a.
Size

km²

Year Remarks Ref
Longyangxia Dam Solar Park  China
36°10′54″N 100°34′41″E / 36.18167°N 100.57806°E / 36.18167; 100.57806 (Longyangxia Dam Solar Park)
850 824[7] 14 2015 320 MW Phase I Completed in December 2013, 530 MW phase II in 2015 [8][9][10][11][12]
Kamuthi Solar Power Project  India
9°24′25″N 78°21′32″E / 9.40694°N 78.35889°E / 9.40694; 78.35889 (Kamuthi Solar Power Project)
648 n.a. 10.1 2016 Completed on 21 September 2016 [13][14]
Solar Star (I and II)  United States
34°49′50″N 118°23′53″W / 34.83056°N 118.39806°W / 34.83056; -118.39806 (Solar Star)
597 n.a. 13 2015 597 MWAC (747.3 MWp) connected to the grid on June 19, 2015.[15] Consists of Solar Star I (318 MWAC or 397.8 MWDC) and Solar Star II: 279 MWAC or 349.5 MWDC [16][17]
Topaz Solar Farm  United States
35°23′N 120°4′W / 35.383°N 120.067°W / 35.383; -120.067 (Topaz Solar Farm)
550 1,301 9.5 2014 Gradually commissioned since February 2013, reached final capacity 550 MW in November 2014 [18][19][20]
Desert Sunlight Solar Farm  United States
33°49′33″N 115°24′08″W / 33.82583°N 115.40222°W / 33.82583; -115.40222 (Desert Sunlight Solar Farm)
550 1,287 16 2015 Phase I with 300 MW completed in 2013. Construction of phase II to final capacity of 550 MW completed in January 2015 [21][22][23][24][25]
Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park  China
36°24′00″N 95°07′30″E / 36.40000°N 95.12500°E / 36.40000; 95.12500 (Golmud Solar Park)
500 23 2014 Phase I completed in October 2011, followed by Phase II and III. 60 MW phase IV under construction. Within a group of 1,000 MW of co-located plants [11][26][27][28]
Copper Mountain Solar Facility  United States
35°47′N 114°59′W / 35.783°N 114.983°W / 35.783; -114.983 (Copper Mountain Solar Facility)
458 1,087 2015 Phase 1 completed in December 2010. Phase 2 completed in January 2013. Phase 3 completed in early 2015. Construction of 94 MW phase 4 scheduled to commence in 2015 and be completed by year-end 2016. [8][29][30]
Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park  Pakistan
29°19′N 71°49′E / 29.317°N 71.817°E / 29.317; 71.817 (Quaid-E-Azam Solar Park)
400 1000 26.3 2015 First phase of 100 MW completed in April 2015 and inaugurated in May 2015. Approved to be upgraded to 1,500 MW. [31][31][32][33][34]
Yanchi Solar Park  China
380 525 2016 First phase of 380 MW completed in June 2016. Up to 2,000 MW when complete. [8][35][36]
Charanka Solar Park  India
23°54′N 71°12′E / 23.900°N 71.200°E / 23.900; 71.200 (Charanka Solar Park)
345 n.a. 20 2012 Collection of 23 co-located power plants, of which the largest is 51 MW [37][38][39][40]
Springbok Solar Farm  United States
35°21′N 118°0′W / 35.350°N 118.000°W / 35.350; -118.000 (Springbok Solar Farm)
328 n.a. 12 2016 260MW(AC) Another 90MW proposed [41]
Cestas Solar Farm  France
44°43′32″N 0°49′1″W / 44.72556°N 0.81694°W / 44.72556; -0.81694 (Cestas Solar Farm)
300 380 2.5 2015 Completed in October 2015 [42]
Agua Caliente Solar Project  United States
32°57.2′N 113°29.4′W / 32.9533°N 113.4900°W / 32.9533; -113.4900 (Agua Caliente)
290 626 9.71 2014 Project was completed in April 2014 [43][44][45][46]
Antelope Valley Solar Ranch  United States
34°46′N 118°25′W / 34.767°N 118.417°W / 34.767; -118.417 (Antelope Valley Solar Ranch)
266 525 8.50 2015 Has received government loan guarantee Corresponds to 230 MWAC [4][43][47][48][49][50]
Mount Signal Solar  United States
32°40′24″N 115°38′23″W / 32.67333°N 115.63972°W / 32.67333; -115.63972 (Mount Signal Solar)
265.7 n.a. 8.01 2014 Corresponds to 206 MWAC. Completed in May 2014. [51][52]
Silver State South Solar Project  United States
35°38′N 115°21′W / 35.633°N 115.350°W / 35.633; -115.350 (Silver State South Solar Project)
250 n.a. 11.7 2016 Completed in June 2016. [41]
California Valley Solar Ranch  United States
35°20′N 119°55′W / 35.333°N 119.917°W / 35.333; -119.917 (California Valley Solar Ranch)
250 399 7.96 2013 First 130 MW connected February 2013 [53][54][55][56]
El Romero Solar Farm  Chile
 
246 n.a. 2016 at Vallenar in the Atacama region [57]
Mesquite Solar project  United States
33°20′N 112°55′W / 33.333°N 112.917°W / 33.333; -112.917 (Mesquite)
207 413 3.6 2013 First phase of 150 MW in January 2013. Up to 700 MW when complete.  
Garland Solar Facility  United States 200 2016 Completed December 2016. [58]
Cixi solar farm  China
 
200 n.a. 3 2017 Completed in January 2017. Mounted atop Changhe and Zhouxiang aquaculture reservoirs [11][59]
Gonghe Industrial Park Phase I  China
 
200 n.a. 2013 Completed in December 2013. Following phases with 550 MW planned. [11][60]
Tranquillity Solar project  United States
36°37′2″N 120°23′16″W / 36.61722°N 120.38778°W / 36.61722; -120.38778 (RE Tranquillity)
200 n.a. 2016 Completed in September 2016, Fresno County, California [41][61]
Solar Capital De Aar  South Africa
30°35′52″S 24°6′6″E / 30.59778°S 24.10167°E / -30.59778; 24.10167 (Solar Capital De Aar)
175 2014 De Aar completed August 2014, De Aar 3 completed March 2016 [62][63]
Centinela Solar Energy Project  United States
32°40′55″N 115°39′38″W / 32.68194°N 115.66056°W / 32.68194; -115.66056 (Centinela Solar Energy Project)
170 n.a. 8.63 2013 Completed in July 2013 [43][64]
Solarpark Meuro  Germany
51°32′N 13°55′E / 51.533°N 13.917°E / 51.533; 13.917 (Solarpark Meuro)
168 n.a. 2 2012 Adjoins Senftenberg Solarpark [8]
Campo Verde Solar Project  United States
32°45′N 115°43′W / 32.750°N 115.717°W / 32.750; -115.717 (Campo Verde Solar)
161 n.a. 2013 Corresponds to 139 MWAC. Completed in April 2013 [8][65]
Finis Terrae solar project  Chile
22°13′S 69°34′W / 22.217°S 69.567°W / -22.217; -69.567 (María Elena Solar Project)
160 n.a. 2016 [66]
Comanche Solar  United States
38°15′N 104°36′W / 38.250°N 104.600°W / 38.250; -104.600 (Comanche Solar)
156 n.a. 2016 Corresponds to 120 MWAC. Completed in November 2016 [67][68]
Welspun Solar MP project  India
 
151 n.a. 3.05 2014 Completed in February 2014 [69][70][71]
Imperial Solar Energy Center South  United States
32°47′N 115°42′W / 32.783°N 115.700°W / 32.783; -115.700 (Imperial Solar South)
150 n.a. 3.8 2013 Completed in November 2013 [72][73]
Imperial Solar Energy Center West  United States
 
150 2016 Completed April 2016 [41]
Roserock solar farm  United States
 
150 2016 Pecos County, Texas [74]
SolarGen 2 Imperial Valley  United States
 
150 2014
Stateline Solar  United States
 
150 n.a. 6.82 2016 Completed as of September 2016. Another 150MW under construction [41]
Zhongli Tenghui solar farm  China
39°44′07″N 98°04′46″E / 39.73528°N 98.07944°E / 39.73528; 98.07944 (Jiayuguan Solar Park)
150 n/a 2015 largest farm in Jiayuguan Solar Park a group of co-located power plants which has a total of 589MW [75]
Notes:
  • For comparison of the listed "nominal power" in the above table, see list of largest power stations in the world, listing for each renewable and non-renewable technology the world's top 10 largest power stations in terms of nominal capacity.
  • List is generally incomplete, outdated and includes only the largest power stations, only above a capacity of 100 MW
Photovoltaic power plants

Timeline of the largest PV power stations[edit]

Timeline of the largest PV power stations in the world
Year(a) Name of PV power station Country Capacity
MW
1982 Lugo  United States 1
1985 Carrisa Plain  United States 5.6
2005 Bavaria Solarpark (Mühlhausen)  Germany 6.3
2006 Erlasee Solar Park  Germany 11.4
2008 Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park  Spain 60
2010 Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant  Canada 97
2011 Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park  China 200
2012 Agua Caliente Solar Project  United States 290
2014 Topaz Solar Farm(b)  United States 550
2015 Solar Star(b)  United States 579
2015 Longyangxia Dam Solar Park  China 850
Also see list of noteworthy solar parks
(a) year of final commissioning (b) capacity given in  MWAC otherwise in MWDC

Largest PV power stations in each country[edit]

Largest PV power stations in each country
Country Capacity
MW
Name of PV power station
 Australia 102 Nyngan Solar Plant
 Canada 102 Grand Renewable Solar Project
 Czech Republic 38 Ralsko Solar Park
 Chile 246 El Romero Solar Farm
 China 850 Longyangxia Dam Solar Park
 France 300 Cestas Solar Farm
 Germany 166 Solarpark Meuro
 Honduras 146 Nacaome and Valle Solar Power Plant
 India 648 Kamuthi Solar Power Project
 Iran 7 Persian Gulf [76]
 Italy 84 Montalto di Castro Photovoltaic Power Station
 Jamaica 28 Clarendon solar farm
 Japan 148 Eurus Rokkasho Solar Park (Aomori)
 Jordan 53 Shams Ma'am Solar farm
 Netherlands 30 Sunport Delfzijl [77]
 Pakistan 400 Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park
 Philippines 133 Cadiz Solar Power Plant
 South Africa 175 Solar Capital De Aar
 Spain 60 Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park
 Thailand 126 Tambol Huawai
 Ukraine 106 Perovo Solar Park
 United States 597 Solar Star(b)
(b) capacity given in  MWAC otherwise in MWDC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Note that nominal power may be AC or DC, depending on the plant, and therefore any totals quoted are hybrid. See AC-DC conundrum: Latest PV power-plant ratings follies put focus on reporting inconsistency (update)
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  76. ^ Eng. Min. unveils largest solar plant, Mehr News Agency, 4 February 2017
  77. ^ Sunport Delfzijl Largest solar park in The Netherlands opens, pvtech, John Parnell January 20, 2017

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Photovoltaic power stations at Wikimedia Commons