List of photovoltaic power stations

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2016–2020 development of Bhadla Solar Park (India) documented by satellite imagery

The following is a list of photovoltaic power stations that are larger than 250 megawatts (MW) in current net capacity.[1] Most are individual photovoltaic power stations, but some are groups of co-located plants owned by different independent power producers and with separate transformer connections to the grid. Wiki-Solar reports total global capacity of utility-scale photovoltaic plants to be some 96 GWAC which generated 1.3% of global power by the end of 2016.[2][3][4]

The size of photovoltaic power stations has increased progressively over the last decade with frequent new capacity records. The 97 MW Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant went online in 2010. Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park reached 200 MW in 2012. In August 2012, Agua Caliente Solar Project in Arizona reached 247 MW only to be passed by three larger plants in 2013. In 2014, two plants were tied as largest: Topaz Solar Farm, a PV solar plant at 550 MWAC in central coast area and a second 550-MW plant, the Desert Sunlight Solar Farm located in the far eastern desert region of California.[5][6] These two plants were superseded by a new world's largest facility in June 2015 when the 579 MWAC Solar Star project went online in the Antelope Valley region of Los Angeles County, California.[7] In 2016, the largest photovoltaic power station in the world was the 850 MW Longyangxia Dam Solar Park, in Gonghe County, Qinghai, China. This was passed in 2019 with the completion of the Pavagada Solar Park in Karnataka, India, with a capacity of 2050 MW. The Pavagada Solar Park is also the first solar power park to cross the 2 GW mark.

Bhadla Solar Park became the largest solar park in 2020 with a capacity of 2,245 MW. Spread across more than 5,700 hectares (14,000 acres), the park is located at Bhadla village in Jodhpur district in the Indian desert state of Rajasthan.

As with other forms of power generation, significant challenges exist with regard to regional habitat modification, such as that resulting from the heat island effect, and the resulting stress to local threatened species.[8] Several planned large facilities in the U.S. state of California have been downsized due in part to such concerns.[9][10]

World's largest photovoltaic power stations[edit]

The following is a list of operating solar farms that are 250 MW or larger. BloombergNEF reports that 35 projects of at least 200 MW were commissioned in 2019, up from 30 in 2018.[11]

These lists include a mixture of individual solar power plants and of groups of co-located projects, usually called solar parks.[12]

Name Country Location Capacity
MWDC or MWAC (*)
Annual Output
(GWh)
Land
Size
(km2)
Year Remarks Ref
Bhadla Solar Park  India 27°32′22.81″N 71°54′54.91″E / 27.5396694°N 71.9152528°E / 27.5396694; 71.9152528 (Bhadla Solar Park) 2,245 57 2020 [13][14][15]
Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park  China 36°02′25″N 100°20′40″E / 36.04028°N 100.34444°E / 36.04028; 100.34444 (Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park) 2,200 2020 Built in five phases, it consists of 672 PV arrays with over 7 million PV modules [16][17]
Pavagada Solar Park  India 14°16′9″N 77°24′50″E / 14.26917°N 77.41389°E / 14.26917; 77.41389 (Pavagada Solar Park) 2,050 53 2019 In Karnataka state [18][19]
Benban Solar Park  Egypt 24°27′21.6″N 32°44′20.4″E / 24.456000°N 32.739000°E / 24.456000; 32.739000 (Benban Solar Park) 1,650 37 2019 In Aswan [20]
Tengger Desert Solar Park  China 37°33′00″N 105°03′14″E / 37.55000°N 105.05389°E / 37.55000; 105.05389 (Tengger Desert Solar Park) 1,547 43 2016 In Zhongwei, Ningxia [21][22]
Noor Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates 24°24′11″N 55°16′07″E / 24.40306°N 55.26861°E / 24.40306; 55.26861 (Noor Abu Dhabi) 1,177 8? 2019 Located at Sweihan. [23][24]
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park  United Arab Emirates 24°45′N 55°23′E / 24.750°N 55.383°E / 24.750; 55.383 (Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park) 1,013 2020 Phase I completed in 2013, followed by Phase II and III. Phase IV (including 250 MW PV) is under construction, 950 MW Phase V is planned. [25][26][27]
Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park  India 15°40′53″N 78°17′01″E / 15.681522°N 78.283749°E / 15.681522; 78.283749 (Kurnool Solar Park) 1,000 24 2017 [28]
Datong Solar Power Top Runner Base  China 40°04′25″N 113°08′12″E / 40.07361°N 113.13667°E / 40.07361; 113.13667 (Datong Solar Power Top Runner Project), 40°00′19″N 112°57′20″E / 40.00528°N 112.95556°E / 40.00528; 112.95556 (Datong Solar Power Top Runner Project) 1,000 2016 Total capacity will be 3 GW in 3 phases. [29][30][31]
NP Kunta  India 14°01′N 78°26′E / 14.017°N 78.433°E / 14.017; 78.433 (NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Power Project) 978 2021 In Nambulapulakunta Mandal of Andhra Pradesh state. Total planned capacity 1500 MW [32][33][34][35]
Longyangxia Dam Solar Park  China 36°10′54″N 100°34′41″E / 36.18167°N 100.57806°E / 36.18167; 100.57806 (Longyangxia Dam Solar Park) 850 23 2015 320 MW Phase I Completed in December 2013, 530 MW phase II in 2015 [36][37][38][39][40]
Villanueva Solar Park  Mexico 25°35′5″N 103°2′42″W / 25.58472°N 103.04500°W / 25.58472; -103.04500 (Villanueva Solar) 828 27.5 2018 [41][42][43]
Copper Mountain Solar Facility  United States 35°47′N 114°59′W / 35.783°N 114.983°W / 35.783; -114.983 (Copper Mountain Solar Facility) 802* 16.2 2016 Largest in Nevada. Fifth unit,250MW, added March 2021. [44]
Mount Signal Solar  United States 32°40′24″N 115°38′23″W / 32.67333°N 115.63972°W / 32.67333; -115.63972 (Mount Signal Solar) 794 1,197 15.9 2020 Phase 1 of 206 MWAC in May 2014. Phase 3 of 254 MWAC in July 2018. Phase 2 of 154 MWAC completed in January 2020. Total 614 MWAC [45][46][47][48]
Rewa Ultra Mega Solar  India 24°28′49″N 81°34′28″E / 24.48028°N 81.57444°E / 24.48028; 81.57444 (Rewa Ultra Mega Solar) 750 6.4 2018 [49][50]
Solar Star
(I and II)
 United States 34°49′50″N 118°23′53″W / 34.83056°N 118.39806°W / 34.83056; -118.39806 (Solar Star) 747 1,664 13 2015 579 MWAC, 747.3 MWDC.[51] [52][53]
Charanka Solar Park  India 23°54′N 71°12′E / 23.900°N 71.200°E / 23.900; 71.200 (Gujarat Solar Park 1) 790 20 2012 Situated at Charanka village in Patan district of Gujarat. Capacity expected to go up to 790 MW in 2019. [54][55][56]
Kamuthi Solar Power Project  India 9°21′16″N 78°23′4″E / 9.35444°N 78.38444°E / 9.35444; 78.38444 (Kamuthi Solar Power Project) 648 10.1 2017 Construction began in 2016 and completed in record 8 months. [57][58]
Dau Tieng Solar Power Project  Vietnam 11°27′50″N 106°13′00″E / 11.463827°N 106.216709°E / 11.463827; 106.216709 600 2019 Phases 1 and 2 June 2019; phase 3 completed September 2019 [59]
Desert Sunlight Solar Farm  United States 33°49′33″N 115°24′08″W / 33.82583°N 115.40222°W / 33.82583; -115.40222 (Desert Sunlight Solar Farm) 550* 1,287 16 2015 Phase I of 300 MWAC completed 2013. Phase II to final capacity completed January 2015. [60][61][62][63]
Topaz Solar Farm  United States 35°23′N 120°4′W / 35.383°N 120.067°W / 35.383; -120.067 (Topaz Solar Farm) 550* 1,268 19[64] 2014 Gradually commissioned since February 2013. Reached final capacity November 2014. [65][66][67]
Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park  China 36°24′00″N 95°07′30″E / 36.40000°N 95.12500°E / 36.40000; 95.12500 (Golmud Solar Park) 500 23 2014 Phase I completed in October 2011, followed by Phase II and III. 60 MW phase IV under construction. Within a group of 1,000 MW of co-located plants [39][68][69]
Three Gorges Golmud Solar Park  China 500 2018 [70][71]
Three Gorges Delingha Solar Park  China 500 2018 [70][72]
Núñez de Balboa photovoltaic plant  Spain 38°26′37″N 6°13′20″E / 38.44361°N 6.22222°E / 38.44361; 6.22222 (Núñez de Balboa photovoltaic plant) 500 10 2020 [73]
Roadrunner Solar Project  United States 497 2019 Texas. [74]
Mula Photovoltaic Power Plant  Spain 494 10 2019 [75]
Permian Energy Center  United States 460* 2019 Texas [76]
Springbok Solar Farm  United States 35°15′N 117°58′W / 35.25°N 117.96°W / 35.25; -117.96 (Springbok Solar Farm) 443 717 5.7 2019 350 MWAC [44]
Trung Nam Thuan Nam solar power plant  Vietnam 11°26′19″N 108°50′51″E / 11.4386°N 108.8476°E / 11.4386; 108.8476 450 2020 [77][78]
Agua Caliente Solar Project  United States 32°57.2′N 113°29.4′W / 32.9533°N 113.4900°W / 32.9533; -113.4900 (Agua Caliente) 410 740 9.7 2014 290 MWAC [79][80][81][82][83]
Ananthapuramu - II  India 14°58′49″N 78°02′45″E / 14.98028°N 78.04583°E / 14.98028; 78.04583 (Ananthapuramu II solar park) 400 [84] 17.0 2019 Located at Talaricheruvu village in Tadipatri mandal of Anantapur district. Planned capacity 500 MW [85][86]
Galiveedu solar park  India 14°07′05″N 78°27′31″E / 14.11806°N 78.45861°E / 14.11806; 78.45861 (Galiveedu Solar Park) 400 2018 Located in Galiveedu mandal of Kadapa district [87]
Mesquite Solar project  United States 33°20′N 112°55′W / 33.333°N 112.917°W / 33.333; -112.917 (Mesquite) 400* 1,140 9.3 2016 Largest in Arizona. Up to 700 MWAC when complete. [44]
Pirapora Solar project  Brazil 400 2018 Three phases (191.5 MW, 115 MW, 92.5 MW) [88]
Techren Solar Project  United States 35°47′00″N 115°01′00″W / 35.78333°N 115.01667°W / 35.78333; -115.01667 (Techren Solar) 400* 9.3 2019 100MW Phase 1 and 200MW Phase 2. 400MW when completed in 2020. [89]
Yanchi Solar Park  China 38°09′48″N 106°45′40″E / 38.1633714°N 106.7611986°E / 38.1633714; 106.7611986 380 525 2016 Up to 2,000 MW when complete. [36][90][91]
Prospero Solar Park  United States 379 2020 300 MW(AC), Texas [92]
Loc Ninh Solar Park  Vietnam 350 700 2021 Planned capacity 750 MW [93][94][95]
Shagaya Renewable Energy Park  Kuwait 350 2019 Planned capacity exceeds 3,500 MW. [96]
Greasewood Solar Farm  United States 347 2021 255 MW(AC), Texas, online February [44][97]
Taygete Solar Project  United States 344 2021 Phase 1, 254 MWAC, Texas, planned 690 MW(DC), Phase 2 expected completion 2021 [98]
Misae Solar Park  United States 324 2020 240 MWAC, Texas [99]
Limondale Solar Farm  Australia 34°46′47″S 143°30′35″E / 34.779758°S 143.509738°E / -34.779758; 143.509738 (Limondale) 313 2020 Located in New South Wales. Single Axis Tracking. Innogy
Cestas Solar Park  France 44°43′32″N 0°49′1″W / 44.72556°N 0.81694°W / 44.72556; -0.81694 (Cestas Solar Farm) 300 380 2.5 2015 [100]
Sakaka PV IPP  Saudi Arabia 29°46′25″N 40°03′43″W / 29.77361°N 40.06194°W / 29.77361; -40.06194 (Sakaka Solar Plant) 300 2019 [101]
Nova Olinda Solar Farm  Brazil 292 2017 In Ribeira do Piauí, Piauí [102]
Beacon Solar Project  United States 291 2017 250 MWAC. Kern County, CA. Paired with 10 MWh/20 MW battery [103]
California Flats Solar Project  United States 35°53′N 120°24′W / 35.883°N 120.400°W / 35.883; -120.400 (California Flats Solar Project) 280* 11.7 2017 130 MWAC completed November 2017. Full capacity year-end 2018.

[104] [105] [106]

Great Valley Solar  United States 36°34′52″N 120°22′46″W / 36.58111°N 120.37944°W / 36.58111; -120.37944 (Great Valley) 281 6.5 2018 281 MWDC/200 MWAC. Fresno County, CA [44][107][108]
Garland Solar Facility  United States 34°49′31″N 118°31′30″W / 34.82528°N 118.52500°W / 34.82528; -118.52500 (GA Solar 4) 272 547 8.1 2016 272 MWDC/200 MWAC. Kern County, CA [109][110]
GA Solar 4 Project  United States 32°35′55″N 83°30′05″W / 32.59861°N 83.50139°W / 32.59861; -83.50139 (GA Solar 4) 261 8.1 2019 261 MWDC/200 MWAC. Twiggs County, GA [111][112][113]
Don José Solar Farm  Mexico 260 2018 [42]
Tranquillity Solar project  United States 36°37′2″N 120°23′16″W / 36.61722°N 120.38778°W / 36.61722; -120.38778 (RE Tranquillity) 258 455 7.7 2016 258 MWDC/200 MWAC. Fresno County, CA [44][114][115]
Ituverava Solar Farm  Brazil 254 2017 in Tabocas do Brejo Velho, Bahia [102]
Mandsaur Solar Farm  India 24°5′17″N 75°47′59″E / 24.08806°N 75.79972°E / 24.08806; 75.79972 (Mandsaur Solar Farm) 250 2017 at Runija in Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh state [116]
McCoy Solar Energy Project  United States 33°43′00″N 114°45′00″W / 33.71667°N 114.75000°W / 33.71667; -114.75000 (McCoy Solar Energy Project) 250* 745 9.3 2016 First 250 MW commissioned June 2016. Two more 250MW phases proposed. [117][118]
Silver State South Solar Project  United States 35°38′N 115°21′W / 35.633°N 115.350°W / 35.633; -115.350 (Silver State South Solar Project) 250* 711 11.7 2016 [44]
California Valley Solar Ranch  United States 35°20′N 119°55′W / 35.333°N 119.917°W / 35.333; -119.917 (California Valley Solar Ranch) 250* 675 7.96 2013 [119][120][121]
Stateline Solar  United States 35°35′08″N 115°26′09″W / 35.58556°N 115.43583°W / 35.58556; -115.43583 (Stateline Solar) 250* 658 6.82 2016 [44]
Moapa Southern Paiute  United States 36°31′N 114°45′W / 36.517°N 114.750°W / 36.517; -114.750 (Moapa Southern Paiute Solar Project) 250* 629 8.1 2016 First station on North American tribal lands. Commissioned March 2017. [44][122]
Kadapa Ultra Mega Solar Park  India 14°54′59″N 78°17′31″E / 14.91639°N 78.29194°E / 14.91639; 78.29194 (Kadapa Ultra Mega Solar Park) 250 24 2020 Total planned capacity 1000 MW. [123]
Note: Power capacity in this table is given as the peak DC nameplate capacity of the panels. When this information is not available, the AC capacity after the inverter is given (identified with "*" next to the number). The AC capacity is usually significantly smaller than DC capacity, so the ranking may not be accurate for these plants. See Nominal power (photovoltaic)#Conversion from DC to AC for more information.

Timeline of the largest PV power stations[edit]

Timeline of the largest PV power stations in the world
Year(a) Name of PV power station Country Capacity
MW
1982 Lugo United States 1
1985 Carrisa Plain United States 5.6
2005 Bavaria Solarpark (Mühlhausen) Germany 6.3
2006 Erlasee Solar Park Germany 11.4
2008 Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park Spain 60
2010 Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant Canada 97
2011 Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park China 200
2012 Agua Caliente Solar Project United States 290
2014 Topaz Solar Farm(b) United States 550
2015 Longyangxia Dam Solar Park China 850
2016 Tengger Desert Solar Park China 1547
2019 Pavagada Solar Park India 2050
2020 Bhadla Solar Park India 2245
Also see list of photovoltaic power stations and list of noteworthy solar parks
(a) year of final commissioning (b) capacity given in  MWAC otherwise in MWDC

Largest PV power stations in each country[edit]

Largest PV power stations in each country
Country Capacity
MW
Name of PV power station
Algeria Algeria 90 High Plateaus East, Adrar[124]
Argentina Argentina 312 Cauchari[125]
Australia Australia 313 Limondale Solar Farm
Austria Austria 11.45 Schafflerhofstrasse Solar Farm[126][127]
Bangladesh Bangladesh 28 Technaf Solartech
 Belarus 55 Rechytsa Solar Park [pl]
Belgium Belgium 99.5 Kristal Solar Park[128]
Brazil Brazil 400 Pirapora Solar Complex
 Bolivia 60 Uyuni Photovoltaic Plant[129]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 50 Karadzhalovo[130]
 Burkina Faso 33 Zagtouli Solar Power Station[131]
Canada Canada 102 Grand Renewable Solar Project
Czech Republic Czech Republic 38 Ralsko Solar Park
Chile Chile 246 El Romero Solar Farm
China China 2,200 Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park
 Colombia 86.2 El Paso Solar[132]
Cyprus Cyprus 8 Vassiliko Cement Works Photovoltaic Park
Egypt Egypt 1,500 Benban Solar Park
France France 300 Cestas Solar Park
GhanaGhana 22.25 Bui Solar Park[133]
Germany Germany 187 Solarpark Weesow-Willmersdorf
Honduras Honduras 146 Nacaome and Valle Solar Power Plant
Hungary Hungary 100 Solar Power Plant Kaposvár
India India 2,245 Bhadla Solar Park
 Iran 20 Makran
 Ireland 5.6 Dunderrow [134]
Israel Israel 55 Halutziyot Power Station
Italy Italy 103 Troia solar farm
 Jamaica 28 Clarendon solar farm
Japan Japan 235 Setouchi Kirei Solar Power Plant
Jordan Jordan 53 Shams Ma'an Solar Power Plant
 Kazakhstan 100 SES Saran[135]
 Kenya 55 Garissa Solar Power Plant
Malaysia Malaysia 50 TNB Sepang Solar[136]
Mexico Mexico 828 Villanueva Solar Park[137][138]
 Moldova 1 Fly Ren
 Mongolia 15 Zamyn-Üüd solar plant
NamibiaNamibia 7 Otjikoto solar farm[139]
Netherlands Netherlands 103 Midden-Groningen solar plant[140]
New Zealand New Zealand 1.85 Wairau Valley Solar Farm[141]
Pakistan Pakistan 100 Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park
Peru Peru 180 Rubi Solar Power Plant
Philippines Philippines 150 Concepcion Solar Farm[142]
Portugal Portugal 46 Moura Photovoltaic Power Station
Romania Romania 45 Slobozia Solar Park
Russia Russia 75 Samarskaya Solar Power Station
Spain Spain 500 Núñez de Balboa photovoltaic plant
Senegal Senegal 30 Santhiou-Mekhe
South Africa South Africa 175 Solar Capital De Aar
Sweden Sweden 3 Solsidan
Thailand Thailand 126 Tambol Huawai
 Tunisia 10 Photovoltaic solar power plant of Tozeur
 Turkey 271 Karapınar Solar Power Plant[143]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1,177 Noor Abu Dhabi
United Kingdom UK 72 Shotwick Solar Farm[144]
United States United States 802 Copper Mountain Solar Facility(b)
 Uganda 24 Kabulasoke Solar Power Station(b)[145]
Ukraine Ukraine 246 Nikopol Solar Park [uk]
Vietnam Vietnam 600 Dau Tieng Solar Power Project
(b) capacity given in  MWAC otherwise in MWDC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Photovoltaic power stations at Wikimedia Commons